Algae to fuel
Algae fuel or algal biofuel is an alternative to fossil fuel that uses algae as its source of natural deposits. Several companies and government agencies are funding efforts to reduce capital and operating costs and make algae fuel production commercially viable. Like fossil fuel, algae fuel releases CO2 when burnt, but unlike fossil fuel, algae fuel and other biofuels only release CO2 recently removed from the atmosphere via photosynthesis as the algae or plant grew. The energy crisis and the world food crisis have ignited interest in algaculture (farming algae) for making biodiesel and other biofuels using land unsuitable for agriculture. Among algal fuels' attractive characteristics are that they can be grown with minimal impact on fresh water resources, can be produced using saline and wastewater, have a high flash point, and are biodegradable and relatively harmless to the environment if spilled. Algae cost more per unit mass than other second-generation biofuel crops due to high capital and operating costs, but are claimed to yield between 10 and 100 times more fuel per unit area. The United States Department of Energy estimates that if algae fuel replaced all the petroleum fuel in the United States, it would require 15,000 square miles (39,000 km2), which is only 0.42% of the U.S. map, or about half of the land area of Maine. This is less than 17 the area of corn harvested in the United States in 2000.
According to the head of the Algal Biomass Organization, algae fuel can reach price parity with oil in 2018 if granted production tax credits. However, in 2013, Exxon Mobil Chairman and CEO Rex Tillerson said that after committing to spend up to $600 million over 10 years on development in a joint venture with J. Craig Venter’s Synthetic Genomics in 2009, Exxon pulled back after four years (and $100 million) when it realized that algae fuel is "probably further" than 25 years away from commercial viability. On the other hand, Solazyme and Sapphire Energy already began commercial sales of algal biofuel in 2012 and 2013, respectively, and Algenol hopes to produce commercially in 2014.

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Low cost, high grade sustainable fuel oil…
Algae crude to transport fuel technology. Algae.Tec is commercialising an enclosed modular high-yield (non-GMO) algae-to-biofuels growth system to produce fuel for ...
algaetec.com.au/
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Algae For Fuel
Skip to navigation [n]; Skip to content [c]; Skip to footer [f]. AgriLIFE Research · Search. /Teaching; /Research; /Extension; /Service · Topics · Locations · Units.
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Energy 101 | Algae-to-Fuel | Department…
How Energy Department scientists and researchers produce clean, renewable fuel -- from algae.
energy.gov/articles/energy-101-algae-fuel
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Algae fuel - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Algae fuel or Algal biofuel is an alternative to fossil fuel that uses algae as its source of natural deposits. Several companies and government agencies are ...
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Algae_fuel
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HowStuffWorks "How Algae Biodiesel Works"
Many people are interested in algae biodiesel as a green fuel. Learn all about algae biodiesel and how researchers make biodiesel from algae.
science.howstuffworks.com/environmental/green-science/algae-biodiesel.htm
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16-Year-Old Develops a New Way to Turn Algae into Fuel | Inhabitat ...
Jun 20, 2013 ... 16-year-old Evie Sobczak figured out a way to harvest and extract algae oils -- without using any chemicals -- and turn them into biofuel.
inhabitat.com/16-year-old-develops-a-new-way-to-turn-algae-into-fuel/
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Algae Basics - History of Algae as Fuel - About Algae
History as Fuel. The idea of using algae as a source of food, feed and energy goes back more than half a century. Production of methane gas from algae was ...
allaboutalgae.com/history/
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How Does it Work? - Sapphire Energy
The process for making algae into fuel at a very base level is this: Sunlight and CO2 are the source of energy and carbon dioxide, rather than sugar or other ...
www.sapphireenergy.com/green-crude/how-does-it-work/
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Teen's biofuel invention turns algae into fuel | Tampa Bay Times
Jun 14, 2013 ... For a fifth-grade science fair, Evie Sobczak found that the acid in fruit could power clocks; she connected a cut-up orange to a clock with wire ...
www.tampabay.com/news/education/k12/budding-scientist-headed-on-a-summer-trip-to-nasa-lab/2126473
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Biodiesel from Algae Oil - Oilgae…
Biodiesel from Algae Oil - Oilgae - Information, News, Links for Algal Fuel, Alga Bio-diesel, Biofuels, Algae Biofuel, Energy - oilgae.com
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Algae to fuel in science
University researchers advance work in algae biofuels - The ...
Aug 7, 2013 ... A new grant from the National Science Foundation will allow University researchers to further their work in algae biofuels over the next four ...
University of Michigan researchers test algae as fuel source ...
Jul 31, 2013 ... For some, algae can be a lakeside nuisance. But for a team of University of Michigan research, it might be the key ingredient for a new fuel.
San Diego Center for Algae Biotechnology (SD-CAB)
The mission of the San Diego Center for Algae Biotechnology (SD-CAB) is to ... April 30, 2013 - For its proponents, algae hold the promise of a green and clean source of fuel, food and ... UCSD is among 29 universities joining with Coursera
Aussie algae fuel green oil hope - University of Queensland
Jul 24, 2013 ... Newly trialled native algae species provide real hope for the development of commercially viable fuels from algae, a University of Queensland ...
Arizona State University : Biofuels Initiative - Algal-Based Biofuels ...
Eukaryotic microalgae also represent a promising alternative renewable source of feedstock for biofuel production. With over 40,000 identified species, ...
UF/IFAS study finds algal cells create fat more quickly than thought ...
Aug 29, 2013 ... And if alga is ever to become a commercially viable fuel source, scientists ... Bala Rathinasabapathi, a professor in the University of Florida's ...
FARMING ALGAE -- BIOFUEL
Farming Algal Fuel: Economics Challenge Process Potential. Global Aquaculture ... for Aquaculture. Kentucky State University Cooperative Extension Program.
Algae fuel - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Department of Environmental Science at Ateneo de Manila University in the Philippines, is working on producing biofuel from a local species of algae.
It Takes a Special Algae to Make Biofuel | Environment News Service
Jul 2, 2013 ... (Photo by Kathy F. Atkinson courtesy University of Delaware). In fact, the ... Australia to Build First CO2 Capture for Algae Biofuel · Camelina ...
Renewable Fuels from Algae Oil - University of Tulsa
TU professors succeed in producing renewable 91-octane gasoline made from algae.
Books on the term Algae to fuel
Algae Energy: Algae as a New Source of Biodiesel
Algae Energy: Algae as a New Source of Biodiesel
Ayhan Demirbas, M. Fatih Demirbas, 2010
Algae Energy covers the production of algae culture and the usage of algal biomass conversion products.
Green Algae Strategy: End Oil Imports and Engineer ...
Green Algae Strategy: End Oil Imports and Engineer ...
Mark Edwards, 2008
The oldest, tiniest yet fastest growing plant on Earth promises to provide sufficient energy to displace oil imports and yield nutritious and affordable food and clean, carbon neutral biofuel.
Algae Biofuels: Algal Fuel Producers, High Lipid Content ...
Algae Biofuels: Algal Fuel Producers, High Lipid Content ...
Books, LLC, Source: Wikipedia, 2011
Please note that the content of this book primarily consists of articles available from Wikipedia or other free sources online.
Transgenic Microalgae as Green Cell Factories
Transgenic Microalgae as Green Cell Factories
Rosa León, Aurora Galvâan, Aurora Galván Cejudo, 2008
Hydrogen. Fuel. Production. by. Transgenic. Microalgae. Anastasios. Melis,*. Michael. Seibert. and. Maria. L. Ghirardi. Abstract. This chapter summarizes the state-of-art in the field of green algal ^-production and examines physiological and ...
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Algae to fuel
Turning algae into fuel
Blue-green in colour, slimy and present in seas and fresh water worldwide - the presence of microalgae is not generally met with great excitement. But this may be about to change. A team of European scientists is on a mission to prove that microalgae can be used to produce bioethanol as a biofuel for ...
phys.org/news/2013-09-algae-fuel.html
Algae to fuel developers: LanzaTech is supersizing our fries : Biofuels Digest
Algae to fuel developers: LanzaTech is supersizing our fries Jim Lane | August 14, 2013 Tweet At the leading edge of lipid technology, scientists turn to the french fry of biofuels, acetates, to grow more renewable oils faster, cheaper. Unsurprisingly, we find LanzaTech’s cohort of carbonpreneurs in Malaysia and especially India right in the thick of it.
www.biofuelsdigest.com/bdigest/2013/08/14/algae-to-fuel-developers-lanzatech-is-supersizing-our-fries/
University of Michigan researchers test algae as fuel source | Michigan Radio
For some, algae can be a lakeside nuisance. But for a team of University of Michigan research, it might be the key ingredient for a new fuel.The National
michiganradio.org/post/university-michigan-researchers-test-algae-fuel-source
Algae Startup Quietly Raises $80M From Big Strategics : Greentech Media
Heliae, with funding from the Mars family and Salim Group, goes after algal nutraceuticals and personal care products.
www.greentechmedia.com/articles/read/Startup-Algae-Oil-Co.-Quietly-Raises-80M-From-Big-Strategics
Pressure cook algae to make better biofuel | Futurity
www.futurity.org/pressure-cook-algae-to-make-better-biofuel/
How Algae Was Promoted From Swamp Weed To Naval Fuel | Alternative Energy & Green Lifestyle
The research is far from perfect but the future is promising for using algae as a clean reusable energy source.
www.coaltransition.org/how-algae-was-promoted-from-swamp-weed-to-naval-fuel/
Algae Int’l, Gulf Hydrocarbon Ink Biodiesel Deal | Domestic Fuel
Posted on August 20, 2013 by John Davis Share this:FacebookTwitterPrintEmail.
domesticfuel.com/2013/08/20/algae-intl-gulf-hydrocarbon-ink-biodiesel-deal/
Biofuel Could Come From Special Algae Cells | EarthTechling
Algae cells make fat quickly, a finding that means they could hold promise as a sustainable, environmentally sound source of oil.
www.earthtechling.com/2013/09/biofuel-could-come-from-special-algae-cells/
Algal Biofuels: A Credible Prospective?
ISRN Renewable Energy is a peer-reviewed, open access journal that publishes original research articles as well as review articles in all areas of renewable energy.
www.hindawi.com/isrn/renewable.energy/2012/631574/
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