Andean civilizations
The Andean civilizations made up a loose patchwork of different cultures that developed from the highlands of Colombia to the Atacama Desert. They are mainly based on the cultures of Ancient Peru and some others such as Tiahuanaco. The Inca Empire was the last sovereign political entity that emerged from the Andean civilizations before conquest by Spaniards. Tahuantinsuyo was a patchwork of languages, cultures and peoples. The components of the empire were not all uniformly loyal, nor were the local cultures all fully integrated. For example, the Chimú used money in their commerce, while the Inca empire as a whole had an economy based on exchange and taxation of luxury goods and labor, and it is said that Inca tax collectors would take the head lice of the lame and old as a symbolic tribute. The portions of the Chachapoya that had been conquered were almost openly hostile to the Inca, and the Inca nobles rejected an offer of refuge in their kingdom after their troubles with the Spanish.
Spanish rule ended or transformed many elements of the Andean civilizations notably influencing religion and architecture.

This is an excerpt from the article Andean civilizations from the Wikipedia free encyclopedia. A list of authors is available at Wikipedia.
The article Andean civilizations at en.wikipedia.org was accessed 2,958 times in the last 30 days. (as of: 11/12/2013)
Images on Andean civilizations
Preview image:
Original:
Search results from Google and Bing
1
2
1
Andean civilizations - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Andean civilizations made up a loose patchwork of different cultures that developed from the highlands of Colombia to the Atacama Desert. They are mainly ...
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Andean_civilizations
2
1
2
Category:Andean civilizations…
Subcategories. This category has the following 7 subcategories, out of 7 total.
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Category:Andean_civilizations
3
3
3
Andean civilization -- Encyclopedia Britannica
Although the Andes Mountains extend from Venezuela to the southern tip of the continent, it is conventional to call “Andean” only the people who were once part  ...
www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/23519/Andean-civilization
4
8
4
Lesson 2 Ancient Andean Civilizations
1. World History: Ancient Civilizations. Chapter 9: Ancient America. Lesson 2 Ancient Andean. Civilizations. MAIN IDEAS. Culture The art of the Chavín, which  ...
www.eduplace.com/ss/socsci/ca/books/bkf3/reviews/pdfs/LS_6_09_02.pdf
5
>30
5
The Rise of Andean Civilization
Introduction. In 1532, when 150 Spanish conquistadores led by Francisco Pizarro captured and garroted the Inka emperor Atawallpa, they triggered the collapse ...
www.columbia.edu/itc/anthropology/andeanciv/
6
>30
6
Early Civilizations of the Andes
Determining Main Ideas. Use a chart to record important information about early Andean civilizations. TAKING NOTES. Culture. Chavíní. Nazca. Moche. Time.
sharepoint.chiles.leon.k12.fl.us/mcneilt/Textbook%20for%20World%20History/Chapter%2009/Ch%209%20Sec%203.pdf
7
>30
7
HISTORY OF ANDEAN CIVILIZATION - HistoryWorld
HISTORY OF ANDEAN CIVILIZATION including Civilizations before 200 BC, Mochica and Nazca, Tiwanaku and Wari, Sican and Chimú.
www.historyworld.net/wrldhis/plaintexthistories.asp?historyid=ab59
8
>30
8
Andean civilization - Encyclopedia - The Free Dictionary
Andean civilization. Complex of aboriginal cultures that evolved in the Andean region (see Andes Mountains) of western South America before the arrival of the  ...
encyclopedia2.thefreedictionary.com/Andean+civilization
9
>30
9
Andean Civilizations - About Archaeology
The Andean civilizations is a term used by archaeologists to refer to any of several civilizations of the Andes Mountains.
archaeology.about.com/od/aterms/g/andean.htm
>30
4
10
Andean peoples (South American peoples)…
Aboriginal inhabitants of the area of the Central Andes in South America. Although the Andes Mountains extend from Venezuela to the southern tip of the continent, it ...
www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/23548/Andean-peoples
Search results for "Andean civilizations"
Google: approx. 464.000
Andean civilizations in science
Ancient canals reveal underpinnings of early Andean civilization ...
Nov 29, 2005 ... Ancient canals reveal underpinnings of early Andean civilization. Canals discovered in the Peruvian Andes dating back over 5400 years offer ... The discovery by Vanderbilt University anthropologist Tom Dillehay and his ...
[PDF]Climate Variation and the Rise and Fall of an Andean Civilization
Department of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, University of Florida, 7922 N.W. ... Precolumbian Andean civilizations offer exceptional in-sustained by a highly ...
The University of New Mexico Press :: Andean Civilization: A Tribute ...
And, like Moseley's own studies — from Maritime Foundations of Andean Civilization to Chan Chan: The Desert City to Cerro Bául's brewery — these new  ...
Utilising Textile as a Source of Studying Ancient Andean Civilizations
Nov 25, 2013 ... University of St Andrews History Society ... Textiles precede stone and ceramic objects in the Andean region and date back as far as 6000 BC. ... permits a better understanding of the functioning of the Andean civilizations.
Andean civilizations - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Andean civilizations ... The Andean civilizations made up a loose patchwork of different cultures that developed ..... New York: Oxford University Press, 1976.
Maize May Have Fueled Ancient Andean Civilization - US News and ...
Jul 8, 2009 ... Maize May Have Fueled Ancient Andean Civilization. Prehistoric ... of the Wari state,” says Finucane, currently a law student at Yale University.
Crucible of Andean Civilization The Peruvian Coast from 3000 to ...
Winifred Creamer is Professor of Anthropology at Northern Illinois University. ... Thus the beginnings of a distinctive Andean civilization can be traced directly to ...
New Nazca Lines. Pre-Inca Civilization. Yamagata University, Japan.
Peru: New Nazca Lines. Yamagata University, Japan. Japanese Find New Nazca Lines In Peru. Pre-Inca Civilization.
Alan L. Kolata - Department of Anthropology - University of Chicago
... and archaeology and ethnohistory, particularly in the Andean ...
Dr. Michael Moseley - University of Florida
B.A. University of California, Berkeley 1963 Anthropology ... 1975 The Maritime Foundations of Andean Civilization, 131pp, Cummings Publishing Company, ...
Books on the term Andean civilizations
Andean Civilization: A Tribute to Michael E. Moseley (Cotsen Monograph)
Andean Civilization: A Tribute to Michael E. Moseley (Cotsen Monograph)
2009
This volume brings together exciting new field data by more than two dozen Andean scholars who came together to honor their friend, colleague, and mentor. These new studies cover the enormous temporal span of Moseley's own work from the Preceramic era to the Tiwanaku and Moche states to the Inka empire. And, like Moseley's own studies -- ...
Cengage Advantage Books: The Earth and Its Peoples, Complete
Cengage Advantage Books: The Earth and Its Peoples, Complete
Pamela Kyle Crossley, Daniel R. Headrick, Steven W. Hirsch, 2010
The Andean region of South America was an unlikely environment for the development of rich and powerful civilizations (see Map 12.2). Much of the region's mountainous zone is at altitudes that seem too high for agriculture and human ...
The Tiwanaku: Portrait of an Andean Civilization
The Tiwanaku: Portrait of an Andean Civilization
Alan L. Kolata, 1993
This book is an exploration of 3000 years of Tiwanakan history, from the first appearance of their settlement around the shores of Lake Titicaca to their contemporary descendants in the Andes. The author draws on archaeological evidence throughout the region, supplementing this with what can be drawn from later recorded myths and legends. He presen...
Chavin: And the Origins of the Andean Civilization
Chavin: And the Origins of the Andean Civilization
Richard L. Burger, 1995
This is the first detailed up-to-date account in English of Chavin and its precursors.
Chavin and the Origins of Andean Civilization
Chavin and the Origins of Andean Civilization
Richard L. Burger, 1992
The latest in a series of sterling contributions to world archaeology from Thames and Hudson, this book should be a high priority for every library. Burger (anthropology, Yale) presents a synthesis of Peruvian prehistory of the millennium B.C. Toward the end of this period there appeared in the highlands an art tradition centered around the depicti...
The Earth and Its Peoples: A Global History, Volume I
The Earth and Its Peoples: A Global History, Volume I
Pamela Kyle Crossley, Daniel R. Headrick, Lyman L. Johnson, 2007
Andean region of South America was an unlikely environment for the development of rich and powerful civilizations (see Map 12.3). Much of the region's mountainous zone is at altitudes that seem too high for agriculture and human habitation.
Chavin and the Origins of the Andean Civilization
Chavin and the Origins of the Andean Civilization
Richard L. Burger, 1995
At Chavin de Huantar, high up in the Andes, South America's oldest complex culture arose during the first millenium BC and created its earliest city. The Chavin style dominated Peruvian art and architecture for hundreds of years and influenced all that came after. But what was the exact nature of this style? How did Chavin civilization develop...
Barron's AP World History
Barron's AP World History
John McCannon, 2010
Features of Andean civilizations Most Andean societies had certain features in common. Most were organized into clans called ayllu. Smaller groups cooperated by taking on rotational labor obligations for the entire clan. The Andean peoples ...
The Sea and Civilization: A Maritime History of the World
The Sea and Civilization: A Maritime History of the World
2013
Starred Review. Even though the Earth's surface is 70% water, historical narratives are usually land-centered. Paine (Ships of the World) shifts emphasis from land to water in order to correct this imbalance, an approach that takes the reader through history via the seas. He devises a chronological spiral around the world, starting with a reco...
Development of Google searches


Blog posts on the term
Andean civilizations
Utilising Textile as a Source of Studying Ancient Andean Civilizations | University of St Andrews History Society
standrewshistorysociety.co.uk/2013/11/inca-textile/
Describing biodiversity on tight budgets: Three new Andean lizards discovered
Three beautiful new lizards from the Andes of Peru have been delimited and discovered using different lines of evidences by Peruvian and American biologists from San Marcos and Brigham Young universities respectively. The study was published in the open access journal Zookeys.
phys.org/news/2013-12-biodiversity-tight-andean-lizards.html
Caligula's Horse: Unlocking the Secrets of the Inca Civilization
Emperor Atahualpa This year, due to the so-called "Mayan Prophecy" the pre-Columbian civilizations of America are very much in the public’s mind. Hoping to capitalize on this interest, the Japanese media company TBS has organized an impressive exhibition at Tokyo's National Museum of Science and Nature that takes a detailed look at what is probably the most fascinating of these civilizations, the mighty Inca Empire, which stretched along the mountainous spine of South America until its destruction at the hands of the Spanish in the early 16th century.
caligulas-horse.blogspot.com/2013/11/unlocking-secrets-of-inca-civilization.html
Exploring Bolivia’s ancient civilization: Tiwanaku | A Journey of Wonders
Civilization, what a fascinating word. It has often been used to divide the world and its inhabitants in two separate groups, the civilized and the uncivilized. And yet, what does this word really means? When the conquistadores arrived to the American continent, they didn't hesitate to brand the native cultures as uncivilized. Were they right?…
journeywonders.com/2013/12/09/bolivia-tiwanaku/
Biologists Discover Three New Lizard Species in Peru | Biology | Sci-News.com
Peruvian and American biologists have described three beautiful new species in the lizard genus Liolaemus.
www.sci-news.com/biology/science-new-lizard-species-peru-01627.html
Trephination: Cranial Surgery Started With Hand Drilling In Neolithic Times | TechieTonics
Cave paintings of the Neolithic times suggest that trepanation was practiced for curing epileptic seizures, migraines and mental disorders.
www.techietonics.com/eco-tonics/trephination-cranial-surgery-started-with-hand-drilling-in-neolithic-times.html
Science Doing: Andean civilizations, Inca Empire and Global Warming
Spanish rule ended or transformed many elements of the Andean civilizations notably influencing religion and architecture. Today climate change is melting glaciers that allowed the Incan canal system to work, threatening current water supplies throughout the Andes.
sciencedoing.blogspot.com/2013/01/andean-civilizations-inca-empire-and.html
Maize may have fueled ancient Andean civilization | Ancientfoods
Maize may have fueled ancient Andean civilization Prehistoric skeletons yield evidence that farming of crop started early in Peru’s mountains and led to the rise of an early state society.
ancientfoods.wordpress.com/2009/10/05/maize-may-have-fueled-ancient-andean-civilization/
NephiCode: Ancient Canals in Early Andean Civilization
Canals discovered in the Peruvian Andes dating back over 5,400 years offer long-sought proof that irrigation was at the heart of the development of one of the earth's first civilizations. The discovery by Vanderbilt University anthropologist Tom Dillehay, distinguished professor of anthropology and chair of the department, and his colleagues reported in the Nov.
nephicode.blogspot.com/2010/02/ancient-canals-in-early-andean.html
BOOKSCuenca suburb of Challuabamba is an artifacts treasure trove of ancient Andean civilizations
www.cuencahighlife.com/post/2012/11/27/BOOKS3cbr-3eCuenca-suburb-Challuabamba-is-a-treasure-trove-of-ancient-Andean-civilization.aspx
123