Aspect (grammar)
Aspect is a grammatical category that expresses how an action, event or state, denoted by a verb, relates to the flow of time.
A basic aspectual distinction is that between perfective and imperfective aspects (not to be confused with perfect and imperfect verb forms; the meanings of the latter terms are somewhat different). Perfective aspect is used in referring to an event conceived as bounded and unitary, without reference to any flow of time during it ("I helped him"). Imperfective aspect is used for situations conceived as existing continuously or repetitively as time flows ("I was helping him"; "I used to help people"). Further distinctions can be made, for example, to distinguish states and ongoing actions (continuous and progressive aspects) from repetitive actions (habitual aspect).
Certain aspectual distinctions express a relation in time between the event and the time of reference. This is the case with the perfect aspect, which indicates that an event occurred prior to (but has continuing relevance at) the time of reference: "I have eaten"; "I had eaten"; "I will have eaten".
Different languages make different grammatical aspectual distinctions; some (such as Standard German; see below) do not make any. The marking of aspect is often conflated with the marking of tense and mood (see tense–aspect–mood). Aspectual distinctions may be restricted to certain tenses: in Latin and the Romance languages, for example, the perfective–imperfective distinction is marked in the past tense, by the division between imperfects and preterites. Explicit consideration of aspect as a category first arose out of study of the Slavic languages; here verbs often occur in the language in pairs, with two related verbs being used respectively for imperfective and perfective meanings.

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Grammatical aspect - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Aspect is a grammatical category that expresses how an action, event or state, denoted by a verb, relates to the flow of time. A basic aspectual distinction is that  ...
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Grammatical_aspect
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aspect - Grammar and Composition…
Aspect is the verb form that indicates completion, duration, or repetition of an action. The two primary aspects in English are perfect and progressive.
grammar.about.com/od/ab/g/aspectterm.htm
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Tense, Aspect, Mood - Learning Proper…
Tense aspect and mood are basic grammatical concepts in English. Learning them is crucial and made fast and easy with the knowledge of Whitesmoke! Enter now.
www.whitesmoke.com/tense-aspect-mood
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Russian Verb Aspects - Russian Grammar
Russian Verb Aspects. Russian Lessons .Net - Free online russian language lessons. Russian Grammar - Verbs - Present Tense. Learn to speak Russian with our lessons ...
www.russianlessons.net/grammar/verbs_aspect.php
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What Is the Aspect of a Verb? (grammar lesson) - Grammar Monster
What is verb aspect. Examples of verb aspect. See the entry for Aspect in Grammar Monster's list of grammar terms and definitions.
www.grammar-monster.com/glossary/aspect.htm
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Tense and Aspect @ The Internet Grammar of English - UCL
Tense and Aspect. VERBS. PAGE 6/7. TENSE refers to the absolute location of an event or action in time, either the present or the past. It is marked by an ...
www.ucl.ac.uk/internet-grammar/verbs/tense.htm
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Grammatical aspect
In linguistics, the grammatical aspect of a verb is a grammatical category that defines the temporal flow (or lack thereof) in a given action, event, or state (in a ...
www.princeton.edu/~achaney/tmve/wiki100k/docs/Grammatical_aspect.html
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aspect - Oxford Dictionaries
3 Grammar a grammatical category or form that expresses the way in which time is denoted by the verb: the semantics of tense and aspect four verbal aspects.
www.oxforddictionaries.com/us/definition/american_english/aspect
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The Principles of Verbal Aspect
The Russian verbal system differs from that of other European languages in one important way: it is built primarily on the distinction of aspect (whether the action ...
www.alphadictionary.com/rusgrammar/aspect.html
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Tense and Aspect - English Verbs - e Learn English Language
In grammar, the word tense refers to the time period in which the verb of a sentence places an action. There are three tenses in English: future, present, or past.
www.elearnenglishlanguage.com/esl/grammar/tense-aspect.html
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Aspect (grammar) in science
Grammatical aspect - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Aspect is a grammatical category that expresses how an action, event or state, ..... Kansas Working Papers in Linguistics (University of Kansas title=Mayan ...
The Evolution of Grammar - University of Chicago Press
The book The Evolution of Grammar: Tense, Aspect, and Modality in the ... Revere Perkins, and William Pagliuca is published by University of Chicago Press.
Grammar Aspect Usage And Meaning Russian Verb - Cambridge ...
Cambridge University Press logo ... A Grammar of Aspect ... Aspect - the relationship between imperfective and perfective verbs - has always been one of the ...
Grammar | Study Skills | University of Manchester
Adapted with permission from The University of Manchester School of Nursing, ... Below you will find more examples illustrating various aspects of grammar:.
Aspects of Contemporary Grammar | Oxford University Press
Aspects of Contemporary Grammar. 4th February 2014, 11:00 - 12:00 (GMT). Webinar. Dates: 4th February 2014; Times: 11:00 - 12:00 (GMT); Speaker: Jon Hird.
aspect - definition and examples of verb aspect in English
aspect. Longman Student Grammar of Spoken and Written English by Douglas Biber, Susan ... Examples and Observations: ... Oxford University Press, 1994)
Welcome to Kaplan Aspect - Free English Test - Grammar Questions
Kaplan Aspect can help you accellerate your career progression, secure a valued university placement or simply travel the world.
Grammar - The University of Nottingham
There are many grammar websites available on the Internet. ... You can probably find advice on almost any aspect of grammar for academic writing on this site.
Books on the term Aspect (grammar)
A Grammar of Aspect: Usage and Meaning in the Russian Verb
A Grammar of Aspect: Usage and Meaning in the Russian Verb
James Forsyth, 1970
This book examines the aspect - the relationship between imperfective and perfective verbs - found in the Russian language.
The Evolution of Grammar: Tense, Aspect, and Modality in the Languages of the World
The Evolution of Grammar: Tense, Aspect, and Modality in the Languages of the World
1994
Joan Bybee and her colleagues present a new theory of the evolution of grammar that links structure and meaning in a way that directly challenges most contemporary versions of generative grammar. This study focuses on the use and meaning of grammatical markers of tense, aspect, and modality and identifies a universal set of grammatical categories. ...
The Evolution of Grammar: Tense, Aspect, and Modality in the ...
The Evolution of Grammar: Tense, Aspect, and Modality in the ...
Joan Bybee, Revere Perkins, William Pagliuca, 1994
Joan Bybee and her colleagues present a new theory of the evolution of grammar that links structure and meaning in a way that directly challenges most contemporary versions of generative grammar.
A Grammar of Aspect: Usage and Meaning in the Russian Verb (Studies in the Modern Russian Language)
A Grammar of Aspect: Usage and Meaning in the Russian Verb (Studies in the Modern Russian Language)
2010
This book was originally published in 1970. Aspect - the relationship between imperfective and perfective verbs - has always been one of the features of Russian grammar that English-speaking students find particularly difficult. It has in fact often appeared to be an insoluble mystery, largely because of the frequency of exceptions to the stated ru...
Time, Tense and Aspect in Early Vedic Grammar: Exploring ...
Time, Tense and Aspect in Early Vedic Grammar: Exploring ...
Eystein Dahl, 2010
Drawing on insights from formal semantics and linguistic typology, this book presents a comprehensive account of the tense/aspect/mood system in Early Vedic, the language of the Rigveda.
Spanish Grammar (Barron's Foreign Language Guides)
Spanish Grammar (Barron's Foreign Language Guides)
2011
This concise summary of Spanish grammar serves language students as a handy textbook supplement for classroom use. It's also a helpful quick-reference source for translators whose first language is English. Topics covered include parts of speech, sentence structure, punctuation, idioms, and pronunciation advice. New in this edition are definit...
Aspectual Grammar and Past-time Reference
Aspectual Grammar and Past-time Reference
Laura A. Michaelis, 1998
This work examines the linguistic constructions which speakers use to talk about events that occurred in the past and states which held in the past.
Aspects of the Grammar and Lexica of Artificial Languages
Aspects of the Grammar and Lexica of Artificial Languages
2011
This book treats various areas of the phonetics, orthography, morphology, syntax, and lexica of artificial languages in an effort to determine what features such languages have in common, and how they differ. Among the topics dealt with are affricates, digraphs, stress, plural formation, demonstratives, prepositional case assignment, color terms, t...
The Acquisition of Lexical and Grammatical Aspect
The Acquisition of Lexical and Grammatical Aspect
Ping Li, 2000
This book provides a state-of-the-art review of the acquisition of lexical and grammatical aspect, in both first and second language acquisition.
McGraw-Hill Handbook of English Grammar and Usage, 2nd Edition
McGraw-Hill Handbook of English Grammar and Usage, 2nd Edition
Mark Lester, 2012
Who or Whom? / Its or It’s / Lie or Lay? Can't remember those grueling grammar lessons from junior high? Troubled that your professional writing lacks polish? Stop worrying! You've just picked up the painless prescription for proper English! Acclaimed grammarians Mark Lester and Larry Beason know that English teachers aren't the only...
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Blog posts on the term
Aspect (grammar)
Grammatical aspect - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Grammatical_aspect
What Is the Aspect of a Verb? (grammar lesson)
What is verb aspect. Examples of verb aspect. See the entry for Aspect in Grammar Monster's list of grammar terms and definitions.
www.grammar-monster.com/glossary/aspect.htm
Lesson 8
Cantonese grammar lesson on the aspect and tense in Cantonese
www.chinese-lessons.com/cantonese/grammarL8Aspect.htm
Russian Verb Aspects - Russian Grammar
Russian Verb Aspects. Russian Lessons .Net - Free online russian language lessons. Russian Grammar - Verbs - Present Tense. Learn to speak Russian with our lessons and exercises.
www.russianlessons.net/grammar/verbs_aspect.php
The tense, mood and aspect system of Haitian Creole and ... - Archipel
www.archipel.uqam.ca/264/1/Haitian_TMA_system.pdf
The Evolution of Grammar: Tense, Aspect, and Modality in the Languages of the World: Amazon.de: Joan Bybee: Englische Bücher
Joan Bybee - The Evolution of Grammar: Tense, Aspect, and Modality in the Languages jetzt kaufen. Kundrezensionen und 0.0 Sterne. Language Arts & Disciplines /
www.amazon.de/The-Evolution-Grammar-Modality-Languages/dp/0226086658
Present perfect aspect – tips and activities | Onestopenglish
Tips and ideas from Kerry Maxwell and Lindsay Clandfield on teaching the present perfect aspect.
www.onestopenglish.com/grammar/grammar-reference/verbs-and-tenses/present-perfect-aspect-tips-and-activities/152813.article
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