Audio-Lingual Method
The audio-lingual method, Army Method, or New Key, is a style of teaching used in teaching foreign languages. It is based on behaviorist theory, which professes that certain traits of living things, and in this case humans, could be trained through a system of reinforcement—correct use of a trait would receive positive feedback while incorrect use of that trait would receive negative feedback.
This approach to language learning was similar to another, earlier method called the direct method. Like the direct method, the audio-lingual method advised that students be taught a language directly, without using the students' native language to explain new words or grammar in the target language. However, unlike the direct method, the audio-lingual method didn’t focus on teaching vocabulary. Rather, the teacher drilled students in the use of grammar.
Applied to language instruction, and often within the context of the language lab, this means that the instructor would present the correct model of a sentence and the students would have to repeat it. The teacher would then continue by presenting new words for the students to sample in the same structure. In audio-lingualism, there is no explicit grammar instruction—everything is simply memorized in form. The idea is for the students to practice the particular construct until they can use it spontaneously. In this manner, the lessons are built on static drills in which the students have little or no control on their own output; the teacher is expecting a particular response and not providing that will result in a student receiving negative feedback. This type of activity, for the foundation of language learning, is in direct opposition with communicative language teaching.
Charles Fries, the director of the English Language Institute at the University of Michigan, the first of its kind in the United States, believed that learning structure, or grammar was the starting point for the student. In other words, it was the students' job to orally recite the basic sentence patterns and grammatical structures. The students were only given “enough vocabulary to make such drills possible.” (Richards, J.C. et-al. 1986). Fries later included principles for behavioural psychology, as developed by B.F. Skinner, into this method.

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Audio-lingual method - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Audio-Lingual Method, Army Method, or New Key, is a style of teaching used in teaching foreign languages. It is based on behaviorist theory, which ...
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Audio-lingual_method
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Audio Lingual Method | sriartini46
Jun 29, 2013 ... 1. Definition The Audiolingual Method is a method for foreign language teaching which emphasized the teaching of listening and speaking ...
sriartini46.wordpress.com/2013/06/29/audio-lingual-method/
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The Audio-lingual Method | English Language Teaching ... - TJ Taylor
An overview of the development and characteristics of the Audio-Lingual Method, also known as the Army Method. Based on Behaviorism, this teaching method ...
www.tjtaylor.net/english/teaching-method-audio-lingual
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Audio-Lingual Method of Teaching English | Blog About ESL
Feb 22, 2013 ... The Audio-Lingual Method of Teaching English relies on repetition and drills. This method has been scientifically discredited but is sometimes ...
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The Audiolingual Method
The Audiolingual Method. A. Important Concepts. 1. Selection of materials -- contrastive analysis. a. Major advocates and researchers in contrastive analysis:  ...
www.auburn.edu/~nunnath/engl6240/alm.html
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The audio lingual method of teaching english - SlideShare
Jun 1, 2013 ... This presentation is all about the Audio-Lingual Method of teaching languages. This method, also known as the army method, is no longer ...
www.slideshare.net/williamalake/the-audio-lingual-method-of-teaching-english
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Background and Characteristics of the Audio-Lingual Method
Feb 6, 2002 ... The Audio-Lingual Method of teaching English as a second language had its origins during World War II when it became known as the Army ...
www.tcnj.edu/~eslsla/Methodologies/Audiolingual.html
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Teaching approaches: what is audiolingualism? | Onestopenglish
The audiolingual approach was also based on the behaviourist theory of ... to dismiss the audiolingual approach as an outmoded method of the 1960s is to ...
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AUDIO-LINGUAL AUDIO-VISUAL METHOD
AUDIO-LINGUAL AUDIO-VISUAL METHOD. Mid 1960's - three new technological aids came into general use in the classroom-language laboratory, portable ...
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The Audio-lingual method - SIL International
Mar 21, 1999 ... The Audio-Lingual Method was widely used in the United States and other countriesin the 1950's and 1960's. It is still used in some programs ...
www-01.sil.org/lingualinks/languagelearning/waystoapproachlanguagelearning/TheAudioLingualMethod.htm
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Audio-lingual method - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Audio-Lingual Method, Army Method, or New Key, is a style of teaching ... Charles Fries, the director of the English Language Institute at the University of ...
Audiolingual method - SlideShare
Feb 5, 2011 ... THE AUDIOLINGUAL METHOD By Teachers Claudia M and Paula B. ... After the war- technology rush- foreign students at US Universities.
[PDF]The Audio-Lingual Method in the University: Fad or Panacea? - JStor
It was obvious to most professors that the Audio-Lingual Method of the Institutes could not be used in a university without some modification. Actually, we are ex-.
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the International University Menendez Pelayo, which hires the services of the ... Keywords: Ministry of Education, Vaughan Systems, Audiolingual method, ...
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Background. The Coleman Report in 1929 recommended a reading-based approach to foreign language teaching for use in American schools and colleges  ...
[PDF]4 The Audiolingual Method
American universities to develop foreign language programs for inilitary persoiiiiel .... examine the features of the Audiolingual Method nt tlie levels of ap- proach ...
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Feb 5, 2011 ... This paper has as its objective to present the Audiolingual method, ... University 1989) rejected the approaches which the Direct Method had ...
Audio Lingual Method - Term Paper - Ebrian88 - StudyMode.com
The Audio-Lingual Method is a method of foreign language teaching which ... Therefore, the government commissioned American universities to develop foreign ...
Books on the term Audio-Lingual Method
English Language Teaching: Approaches, Methods, Techniques
English Language Teaching: Approaches, Methods, Techniques
Nagaraj, 1996
This method was developed mainly in America in the sixties and seventies. The Audio-Lingual Method tried to demonstrate the fact that a language teaching method can be based on rigorous scientific disciplines like linguistics and ...
Techniques and Principles in Language Teaching
Techniques and Principles in Language Teaching
Diane Larsen-Freeman, 2000
INTRODUCTION The Audio-Lingual Method, like the Direct Method we have just examined, is also an oral-based approach. However, it is very different in that rather than emphasizing vocabulary acquisition through exposure to its use in ...
Techniques and Principles in Language Teaching
Techniques and Principles in Language Teaching
Diane Larsen-Freeman and Marti Anderson, 2011
This is an updated third edition of our popular introduction to language teaching methodology, which describes different methods and approaches in language teaching. Clear and jargon-free, it provides practical step-by-step guidance for new teachers, and introduces more experienced teachers to new approaches and teaching ideas. Includes a new chapt...
The Study of Language
The Study of Language
George Yule, 2006
method. Despite all these barriers, the need for instruction in other languages has led to a variety of educational ... This approach, called the audiolingual method, was strongly influenced by a belief that the fluent use of a language was  ...
Fundamental Concepts of Language Teaching: Historical and ...
Fundamental Concepts of Language Teaching: Historical and ...
H. H. Stern, 1983
bases of audiolingualism and led to a prolonged and heated debate on the audiolingual method between 1966 and 1972. Meanwhile teaching materials and teaching practice had only just caught up with the audiolingual thought and ...
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