Audiolingual method
The audio-lingual method, Army Method, or New Key, is a style of teaching used in teaching foreign languages. It is based on behaviorist theory, which professes that certain traits of living things, and in this case humans, could be trained through a system of reinforcement—correct use of a trait would receive positive feedback while incorrect use of that trait would receive negative feedback.
This approach to language learning was similar to another, earlier method called the direct method. Like the direct method, the audio-lingual method advised that students be taught a language directly, without using the students' native language to explain new words or grammar in the target language. However, unlike the direct method, the audio-lingual method didn’t focus on teaching vocabulary. Rather, the teacher drilled students in the use of grammar.
Applied to language instruction, and often within the context of the language lab, this means that the instructor would present the correct model of a sentence and the students would have to repeat it. The teacher would then continue by presenting new words for the students to sample in the same structure. In audio-lingualism, there is no explicit grammar instruction—everything is simply memorized in form. The idea is for the students to practice the particular construct until they can use it spontaneously. In this manner, the lessons are built on static drills in which the students have little or no control on their own output; the teacher is expecting a particular response and not providing that will result in a student receiving negative feedback. This type of activity, for the foundation of language learning, is in direct opposition with communicative language teaching.
Charles Fries, the director of the English Language Institute at the University of Michigan, the first of its kind in the United States, believed that learning structure, or grammar was the starting point for the student. In other words, it was the students' job to orally recite the basic sentence patterns and grammatical structures. The students were only given “enough vocabulary to make such drills possible.” (Richards, J.C. et-al. 1986). Fries later included principles for behavioural psychology, as developed by B.F. Skinner, into this method.

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Audio-lingual method - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The audio-lingual method, Army Method, or New Key, is a style of teaching used in teaching foreign languages. It is based on behaviorist theory, which ...
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Audio-lingual_method
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Audio Lingual Method | sriartini46
Jun 29, 2013 ... 1. Definition The Audiolingual method is a method for foreign language teaching which emphasized the teaching of listening and speaking ...
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The Audiolingual Method
The Audiolingual method. A. Important Concepts. 1. Selection of materials -- contrastive analysis. a. Major advocates and researchers in contrastive analysis:  ...
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The audio lingual method of teaching english - SlideShare
Jun 1, 2013 ... This presentation is all about the audio-lingual method of teaching languages. This method, also known as the army method, is no longer ...
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Background and Characteristics of the…
Background and Characteristics of the Audio-Lingual Method. Susan Kifuthu ESLM 587 February 6, 2002 The Audio-Lingual method of teaching English as a second language ...
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The Audio-lingual method - SIL International
Mar 21, 1999 ... The audio-lingual method was widely used in the United States and other countriesin the 1950's and 1960's. It is still used in some programs ...
www-01.sil.org/lingualinks/languagelearning/waystoapproachlanguagelearning/TheAudioLingualMethod.htm
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Teaching approaches: what is audiolingualism? | Onestopenglish
The audiolingual approach was also based on the behaviourist theory of ... to dismiss the audiolingual approach as an outmoded method of the 1960s is to ...
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The Audio-lingual Method | English Language Teaching ... - TJ Taylor
An overview of the development and characteristics of the Audio-lingual method, also known as the Army Method. Based on Behaviorism, this teaching method ...
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Audio-Lingual Method of Teaching English | Blog About ESL
Feb 22, 2013 ... The Audio-Lingual Method of Teaching English relies on repetition and drills. This method has been scientifically discredited but is sometimes ...
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audio-lingual - The Free Dictionary
Information about audio-lingual in the free online English dictionary and ... Adj. 1. audio-lingual - of or relating to a method of teaching language that focuses on ...
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Audio-lingual method - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The audio-lingual method, Army Method, or New Key, is a style of teaching ... Charles Fries, the director of the English Language Institute at the University of ...
Audiolingual method - SlideShare
Feb 5, 2011 ... THE Audiolingual method By Teachers Claudia M and Paula B. ... After the war- technology rush- foreign students at US Universities.
[PDF]The Audio-Lingual Method in the University: Fad or Panacea? - JStor
It was obvious to most professors that the audio-lingual method of the Institutes could not be used in a university without some modification. Actually, we are ex-.
4 - The Audiolingual Method - University Publishing Online
Background. The Coleman Report in 1929 recommended a reading-based approach to foreign language teaching for use in American schools and colleges  ...
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the International University Menendez Pelayo, which hires the services of the ... Keywords: Ministry of Education, Vaughan Systems, Audiolingual method, ...
[PDF]4 The Audiolingual Method
In 1939 the University of hlichigan developed the first English Lan- guage Institute .... examine the features of the Audiolingual method nt tlie levels of ap- proach ...
CAL: Digests: Eight Approaches to Language Teaching
The Audio-Lingual Method is based on the behaviorist belief that language ... New York: Educational Solutions (95 University Place, New York, NY 10003).
Multimodal English: The Audiolingual Method
Feb 5, 2011 ... This paper has as its objective to present the Audiolingual method, ... University 1989) rejected the approaches which the Direct Method had ...
Books on the term Audiolingual method
Techniques and Principles in Language Teaching
Techniques and Principles in Language Teaching
Diane Larsen-Freeman, 2000
INTRODUCTION The Audio-Lingual Method, like the Direct Method we have just examined, is also an oral-based approach. However, it is very different in that rather than emphasizing vocabulary acquisition through exposure to its use in ...
Beyond Methods: Macrostrategies for Language Teaching
Beyond Methods: Macrostrategies for Language Teaching
B. Kumaravadivelu, 2002
In this work, B. Kumaravadivelu presents a macrostrategic framework designed to help both beginning and experienced language teachers develop a systematic, coherent and personal theory of practice. His book offers to provide the tools a teacher needs in order to self-observe, self-analyze, and self-evaluate his or her own teaching acts. The framewo...
The Study of Language
The Study of Language
George Yule, 2006
method. Despite all these barriers, the need for instruction in other languages has led to a variety of educational ... This approach, called the Audiolingual method, was strongly influenced by a belief that the fluent use of a language was  ...
Approaches and Methods in Language Teaching (Cambridge Language Teaching Library)
Approaches and Methods in Language Teaching (Cambridge Language Teaching Library)
Jack C. Richards, 2001
This second edition is an extensive revision of this successful text. Like the first edition, it surveys the major approaches and methods in language teaching, such as grammar translation, audiolingualism, communicative language teaching, and the natural approach. The text examines each approach and method in terms of its theory of language and lan...
Fundamental Concepts of Language Teaching: Historical and ...
Fundamental Concepts of Language Teaching: Historical and ...
H. H. Stern, 1983
bases of audiolingualism and led to a prolonged and heated debate on the Audiolingual method between 1966 and 1972. Meanwhile teaching materials and teaching practice had only just caught up with the audiolingual thought and ...
Research Methods in Second Language Acquisition: A Practical Guide
Research Methods in Second Language Acquisition: A Practical Guide
2011
Research Methods in Second Language Acquisition: A Practical Guideis an informative guide to research design and methodology for graduate students and scholars. Each chapter of this volume offers background, step-by-step guidance, and relevant studies to create comprehensive coverage of each method. Includes chapters by expert scholars on an array ...
Success in English Teaching: A Complete Introduction to ...
Success in English Teaching: A Complete Introduction to ...
Paul Davies, Eric Pearse, 2000
Situational Language Teaching takes the Direct Method idea of presentation and practice using objects, pictures, and ... Two of the main activities of the Audiolingual method are dialogue repetition and memorization, and substitution drilling.
How Languages Are Learned (Oxford Handbooks for Language Teachers)
How Languages Are Learned (Oxford Handbooks for Language Teachers)
2006
This thoroughly updated third edition presents the main theories of language acquisition, considering their bearing on language teaching. It discusses the effects of factors such as intelligence, personality, and age. It helps teachers assess the merits of different methods and textbooks.This new edition includes more information on theories of fir...
Second Language Vocabulary Acquisition: A Rationale for Pedagogy
Second Language Vocabulary Acquisition: A Rationale for Pedagogy
James Coady, Thomas Huckin, 1997
In their reaction to the ungraded speech imposed upon learners in the Direct Method, Palmer and Hornby stressed selection, ... The audio-lingual method (or the structural approach, as it was called by its founders) was developed by American ...
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