Colonial organism
In biology, a colony refers to individual organisms of the same species living closely together, usually for mutual benefit, such as stronger defense or the ability to attack bigger prey. Some insects (ants and honey bees, for example) live only in colonies. The Portuguese man o' war is an example of a colony of four different polyp forms.
A colony of single-cell organisms is known as a colonial organism[citation needed]. Colonial organisms were probably the first step toward multicellular organisms via natural selection. The difference between a multicellular organism and a colonial organism is that individual organisms from a colony can, if separated, survive on their own, while cells from a multicellular life form (e.g., cells from a brain) cannot. Volvox (technically a coenobium) is an example of the border between these two states.
A bacterial colony is defined as a visible cluster of bacteria growing on the surface of or within a solid medium, presumably cultured from a single cell. Because all organisms within the colony descend from a single ancestor, they are genetically identical (except for mutations that occur at a low frequency, as well as the more likely possibility of contamination). Obtaining such genetically identical organisms (or pure strains) can be useful in many cases; this is done by spreading bacteria on a culture plate and starting a new stock of bacteria from a single colony.
A biofilm is a colony of microorganisms often comprising several species, with properties and capabilities greater than the aggregate of capabilities of the individual organisms.

This is an excerpt from the article Colonial organism from the Wikipedia free encyclopedia. A list of authors is available at Wikipedia.
The article Colonial organism at en.wikipedia.org was accessed 157 times in the last 30 days. (as of: 06/06/2014)
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Colony (biology) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
In biology, a colony refers to individual organisms of the same species living closely together, usually for mutual benefit, such as stronger defense or the ability to ...
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Colony_(biology)
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What's Colonial Organisms? - Ask.com
Colonial organisms are organisms that live closely together, in a colony. For example, algae is considered a Colonial organism. Salps are also considered ...
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What Is a Colonial Organism - Ask.com
A Colonial organism is a colony of unicellular organisms. The organisms within the colony can survive on their own if they are separated as they are individual.
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Definition of colonial organism - WikiAnswers
The simplest level of multicellular organization occurs in Colonial organism. A Colonial organism also called a colony is an organism of a few to many cells that  ...
wiki.answers.com/Q/Definition_of_colonial_organism
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Top 10 Colonial Organisms - Toptenz.net
Oct 7, 2011 ... While many living things live their lives in organized groups, some take socialism to strange extremes; some link their bodies together to ...
www.toptenz.net/top-10-colonial-organisms.php
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Colony - definition from Biology-Online.org
Colony. Definition. noun, plural: colonies. (biology) Several individual organisms (especially of the same species) living together in close ...
www.biology-online.org/dictionary/Colony
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colonial organism
Colonial organism. a collection of genetically identical cells that are permanently associated but in which little or no integration of cell activities occurs.
salem.k12.va.us/staff/jwright/vocabulary/colonial_organism.html
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What is the difference between a colonial organism - Yahoo! Answers
A Colonial organism is one that lives in a colony with other individuals of the same species (e.g. Volvox). Multicellular organisms are those that are ...
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Difference between colonial and multicellular? - Yahoo! Answers
The difference between a multicellular organism and a Colonial organism is that individual organisms from a colony can, if separated, survive ...
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Differentiate among a colonial organism, a multicellular organism ...
A colony refers to several individual organisms of the same species living closely together, usually for mutual benefit, such as stronger defences, the ...
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Search results for "Colonial organism"
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Colonial organism in science
[PDF]Colony Morphology - RCI Rutgers
The diameter of a representative colony may be measured. Tiny colonies are referred to as punctiform. 1b. Surface – Bacterial colonies are frequently shiny and ...
Bacterial colonies
Bacterial colonies, Gram reaction and cell shapes. Produced by Jim Deacon Institute of Cell and Molecular Biology, The University of Edinburgh ...
Bacterial Colonies - Center for Polymer Studies
In this section you will study shapes of bacterial colonies grown under various nutrient conditions. The primary questions are these: Why are the shapes of ...
New study suggests theory for insect colonies as 'superorganisms ...
Jan 19, 2010 ... Now, researchers from UF, the University of Oklahoma and the ... how the size of multicellular organisms affects the life cycle of individuals ...
[PDF]Biology and Systematics of Colonial Organisms - The Journal of ...
Biology and Systematics of. Colonial organisms edited by G. Larwood. Department of Geology. University of Durham. England and B. R. Rosen. Department of ...
Deadly competition between sibling bacterial colonies
Jan 13, 2009 ... Deadly competition between sibling bacterial colonies. Avraham Be'era1, .... Stanford University's HighWire Press® | Online ISSN 1091-6490
[PDF]Branching and Self-Organization in Marine Modular Colonial ...
Department of Biological Sciences, University at Buffalo (State. University of ... modular Colonial organisms, there is neither a clear explanation about the growth  ...
Insect Colonies Function Like Superorganisms | LiveScience
Jan 19, 2010... insect colonies function in a manner similar to individual organisms, ... by the USDA and Pennsylvania State University point towards some ...
[PDF]THE DEVELOPMENT OF A COLONIAL ORGANISM: SYMPLEGMA ...
OF A COLONIAL. ORGANISM: SYMPLEGMA. VIRIDE. N. J. BERRILL. ( Department of Zoology, McGill University, Montreal). The compact, closely related group ...
[PDF]Do multi-branched colonial organisms exceed normal growth after ...
2Department of Biological Sciences, University at Buffalo. (The State University of New ... ority in the functioning of modular Colonial organisms. (Rinkevich 1996) ...
Books on the term Colonial organism
Interactions and Adaptation Strategies of Marine Organisms
Interactions and Adaptation Strategies of Marine Organisms
Andrew D. Naumov, Herman Hummel, Alexey A. Sukhotin, 1997
Two morphogenetic strategies: A - Growth of an unitary organism like a sea- anemone with long-time increase in body size; B - Growth by multiplication of modules, like the hydroid colony. coenosarc) in spatial adaptation of modular organisms ...
Colonial Culture in France Since the Revolution (French Edition)
Colonial Culture in France Since the Revolution (French Edition)
2013
Colonial Culture in France since the Revolution examines several aspects of French colonialism as well as its post-colonial heritage. The collection includes contributions by scholars and literary figures alike.--Charles Tshimanga-Kashama, University of Nevada, Reno
The Extended Organism: The Physiology of Animal-Built Structures
The Extended Organism: The Physiology of Animal-Built Structures
J Scott Turner, 2009
In Biology and Systematics of Colonial organisms, ed. G. Larwood and B. R. Rosen, 11: 49–80. London: Academic Press. Gleick, J. (1987). Chaos: Making a New Science. New York: Penguin. Harris, S. (1977). What's So Funny about Science ...
The Extended Organism: The Physiology of Animal-Built Structures
The Extended Organism: The Physiology of Animal-Built Structures
J. Scott Turner, 2002
Can the structures that animals build--from the humble burrows of earthworms to towering termite mounds to the Great Barrier Reef--be said to live? However counterintuitive the idea might first seem, physiological ecologist Scott Turner demonstrates in this book that many animals construct and use structures to harness and control the flow of energ...
A Briefer History of Time: From the Big Bang to the Big Mac
A Briefer History of Time: From the Big Bang to the Big Mac
Eric Schulman, 1999
If it occurs with identical cells (as in Colonial organism Disorder), then the cells become temporarily or permanently associated but little integration of cellular activities occurs. If the cells are not identical (as in Multicellular Organism Disorder), ...
Darwin's Doubt: The Explosive Origin of Animal Life and the Case for Intelligent Design
Darwin's Doubt: The Explosive Origin of Animal Life and the Case for Intelligent Design
Stephen C. Meyer, 2013
When Charles Darwin finished The Origin of Species, he thought that he had explained every clue, but one. Though his theory could explain many facts, Darwin knew that there was a significant event in the history of life that his theory did not explain. During this event, the “Cambrian explosion,” many animals suddenly appeared in the fossil record ...
JOURNAL OF MORPHOLOGY
JOURNAL OF MORPHOLOGY
1912
Notwithstanding this mixture the parasitic colony not only retains its identity and the anticipatory character of its behavior but ... but rear their broods in separate nests, thus indicating in the clearest manner the integrity of the Colonial organism.
The Biology of Belief: Unleashing the Power of Consciousness, Matter, & Miracles
The Biology of Belief: Unleashing the Power of Consciousness, Matter, & Miracles
Bruce H. Lipton, 2007
The long sought after missing link between life and consciousness; The Biology of Belief will become a cornerstone for the science of the new millennium. Gregg Braden --This text refers to an out of print or unavailable edition of this title.
Evolution's Witness: How Eyes Evolved
Evolution's Witness: How Eyes Evolved
Ivan R. Schwab, Richard R. Dubielzig, Charles Schobert, 2012
A protist, such as Euglena, became a Colonial organism, resembling Volvox (a result of collective modes) with gradual cell specializations such as reproductive cells and visual cells. Once a Colonial organism is successful, it becomes more ...
Mechanical Design in Organisms
Mechanical Design in Organisms
1982
"One of the most useful and important books I have reviewed. The designer of a bridge needs to know the strength of his steel or concrete and he needs to know how forces are transmitted through structures.... A biologist studying an animal or plant structure cannot understand it fully without the same sort of knowledge."--The Quarterly Re...
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Blog posts on the term
Colonial organism
Ediacaran: 2.1 Ga Multicellular Colonial Organisms - Umm, Not
2. 1 GA structures on black shale bedding surface.
ediacaran.blogspot.com/2010/07/21-ga-multicellular-colonial-organisms.html
2013 Nikon Small Worlds winner revealed, colonial plankton takes the crown | Science! | Geek.com
www.geek.com/science/2013-nikon-small-worlds-winner-revealed-colonial-plankton-takes-the-crown-1575624/
OBORGE – Longest Living Organism in the World
oborge.com/longest-living-organism-in-the-world/
How to Succeed in RPGs or Die Trying: Colonial Organism
What's worse than the Worm that Walks?The White Colony from Tales of the Grotesque and Dungeonesque. You're welcome.
psychicmayhem.blogspot.com/2012/05/colonial-organism.html
Eleven Marine Organisms that would make Amazing Aquaman Villains | Southern Fried Science
Physalia physalis. Public domain.
www.southernfriedscience.com/?p=15489
Family doesn't guarantee anything, if you are a sea creature
The often remade song 'He Ain't Heavy… He's My Brother' probably owes a good deal of its enduring popularity to its depiction of the loving familial bond between two siblings - one aiding the other despite great difficulty. While such self-sacrificing behaviour can and does occur, in humans and in ...
phys.org/news/2013-10-family-doesnt-sea-creature.html
Incredible kaleidoscope photographs of Portuguese Man O' War Zooids
The Portuguese Man O' War is a remarkable Colonial organism, made up of various highly specialized organisms called zooids. Aaron Ansarov's photographs capture the structures of these zooids and then mirror them, creating strange psychedelic images of these creatures.
io9.com/incredible-kaleidoscope-photographs-of-portuguese-man-o-476604214
lies.com » Chaetoceros debilis (marine diatom), a colonial plankton…
Chaetoceros debilis (marine diatom), a colonial plankton organism (250x) Wim van Egmond, Micropolitan Museum, Rotterdam, The Netherlands 1st place, 2013 Photomicrography Competition, Nikon’s Small World Reposted from http://lies. tumblr.
www.lies.com/wp/2013/10/30/chaetoceros-debilis-marine-diatom-a-colonial-plankton/
From Groups to Individuals: Evolution and Emerging Individuality // Reviews // Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews // University of Notre Dame
Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews is an electronic, peer-reviewed journal that publishes timely reviews of scholarly philosophy books.
ndpr.nd.edu/news/42826-from-groups-to-individuals-evolution-and-emerging-individuality/
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