Contrastive stress
In linguistics, stress is the relative emphasis that may be given to certain syllables in a word, or to certain words in a phrase or sentence. The term is also used for similar patterns of phonetic prominence inside syllables. The word "accent" is often used with this sense, but it may be used for other kinds of prominence; stress specifically may thus be called stress accent or dynamic accent.
The stress placed on syllables within words is called word stress or lexical stress. The stress placed on words within sentences is called sentence stress or prosodic stress. The latter is one of the three components of prosody, along with rhythm and intonation.

This is an excerpt from the article Contrastive stress from the Wikipedia free encyclopedia. A list of authors is available at Wikipedia.
The article Contrastive stress at en.wikipedia.org was accessed 33 times in the last 30 days. (as of: 05/24/2014)
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Contrastive stress | Define Contrastive stress at Dictionary.com
a stress imposed on a word or syllable contrary to its normal accentuation in order to contrast it with an alternative word or syllable or to focus attention on it, ...
dictionary.reference.com/browse/contrastive+stress
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Stress (linguistics) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
In linguistics, stress is the relative emphasis that may be given to certain syllables in a word, or to certain words in a phrase or sentence. The term is also used for ...
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stress_(linguistics)
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Contrastive stress | Doctors Speak Up
AIM: To identify the function of Contrastive stress and practise using it in context. INTRODUCTION: Sometimes word stress can be used in a sentence to contrast ...
doctorsspeakup.com/content/contrastive-stress
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Contrastive Accent and Contrastive Stress - Jstor
The name we generally give is Contrastive stress, but I propose contrastive ... to it. l I will keep the old term Contrastive stress as well, but restrict its meaning.
www.jstor.org/stable/411252
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Help Yourself to English: Pronunciation: contrastive stress
Nov 4, 2012 ... You are going to watch a short video where you will hear and practise some more examples of Contrastive stress. Then you will do a short ...
ils-nantes.blogspot.com/2012/11/pronunciation-contrastive-stress.html
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Contrastive Stress, Contrastive Intonation and Contrastive Meaning
Although the term “Contrastive stress” has been incorrectly used in the past to describe default accent. contrastive intonation, or a combination of the two. English ...
jos.oxfordjournals.org/content/2/2/141.abstract
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ESL Intonation Guide - English as 2nd Language - About.com
Let's discuss the four basic types of word stress that lead to proper intonation in English. tonic stress; emphatic stress; Contrastive stress; new information stress.
esl.about.com/od/speakingenglish/a/tstress.htm
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Stress - Teflpedia
Stress can refer to "Contrastive stress" - where stress is placed on a particular word to indicate a difference of opinion.
teflpedia.com/Stress
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Connected Speech Level 3 Contrastive…
Level 3 Stress -- Contrasting. Listen to a sentence. Pay attention to the focus word. Read five sentences and choose the best response. Then click on the ...
www.youtube.com/watch?v=uy0vjGFtRe0
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Contrastive phonology POR JENNY DUENAS…
Contrastive phonology POR JENNY DUENAS Presentation Transcript. PRELIMINARY NOTIONSLinguistics is a science that implies a serious and deep study of a language.Lots ...
www.slideshare.net/jenita61/contrastive-phonology-por-jenny-duenas
Search results for "Contrastive stress"
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Contrastive stress in science
Acoustic and Perceptual Cues to Contrastive Stress in Dysarthria ...
Acoustic and Perceptual Cues to Contrastive stress in Dysarthria. Rupal Patel Pamela Campellone Northeastern University, Boston, MA. Contact author: Rupal  ...
Contrastive Stress, Contrastive Intonation and Contrastive Meaning
Although the term “Contrastive stress” has been incorrectly used in the past to describe ... English does have Contrastive stress. ... 1983 Oxford University Press.
Interchange Arcade - Cambridge University Press
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[PDF]Contrastive Accent and Contrastive Stress - Jstor
CONTRASTIVE ACCENT AND Contrastive stress. DWIGHT L. BOLINGER . University of Colorado. 'This whiskey,' said O'Reilly, sampling spirits that ...
[PDF]1 The Interaction of Contrastive Stress and Grammatical Context in ...
in the Undergraduate College of The Ohio State University by .... of vowel reduction and Contrastive stress (pitch accent) in the creation of pragmatic implicatures.
[PDF]Asymmetries in the Acquisition of Contrastive Stress Baby Born ...
Oct 29, 2005 ... 1. Faculty of Arts. University of Groningen. Asymmetries in the Acquisition of. Contrastive stress. Petra Hendriks. CLCG, University of Groningen.
[PDF]Comprehension of Contrastive Stress by Broca's ... - ScienceDirect
Comprehension of Contrastive stress by Broca's Aphasics. Sergey Avrutin. Department of Linguistics, Yale University. Stuart Lubarsky. Department of Linguistic ...
"The production of contrastive stress in people with Parkinson's ...
... people with Parkinson's disease (PD) used to mark Contrastive stress and to determine how those ... to determine how the participants produced Contrastive stress, and perceived stress ratings of each ... Laura Germann, Purdue University  ...
[PDF]Acoustic characteristics of contrastive stress production in normal ...
Disorders and Waisman Center, University of Wisconsin-Madison,. Madison, WI 53705). Contrastive stress drills are often used in speech therapy for persons.
[PDF]Selected acoustic characteristics of contrastive stress production in ...
Apr 28, 2010 ... gation was to explore selected acoustic aspects of Contrastive stress ... from informahealthcare.com by Arizona State University on 04/28/10.
Books on the term Contrastive stress
An Introduction to Language, 9th Edition
An Introduction to Language, 9th Edition
Victoria Fromkin, 2010
Assuming no prior knowledge of linguistics, AN INTRODUCTION TO LANGUAGE, Ninth Edition, is appropriate for a variety of fields--including education, languages, psychology, anthropology, English, and teaching English as a Second Language (TESL)--at both the undergraduate and graduate levels. This completely updated edition retains the clear descript...
A Linguistic Analysis of Sentence Stress
A Linguistic Analysis of Sentence Stress
A. J. Szwedek, 1986
view of approaches to sentence stress. In the second part, she discusses various problems connected with the distinction between normal and Contrastive stress. With reference to normal stress she points out that on the whole, generative ...
Motor Speech Disorders: Substrates, Differential Diagnosis, and Management, 3e
Motor Speech Disorders: Substrates, Differential Diagnosis, and Management, 3e
Joseph R. Duffy, 2012
With expanded and updated information including current techniques, approaches, and case studies, the 3rd edition of this bestselling book continues its reputation as a dependable and outstanding evidence-based source on acquired motor speech disorders in adults. It covers the substrates of motor speech and its disorders, the disorders and their di...
The Phonology of English as an International Language
The Phonology of English as an International Language
Jennifer Jenkins, 2000
Success was, of course, dependent on each speaker's correct placement of Contrastive stress and on each listener's ability to interpret the English nuclear placement system. The L1 speakers, as one would anticipate, placed Contrastive stress ...
An Introduction to Language
An Introduction to Language
Victoria Fromkin, 2013
Assuming no prior knowledge of linguistics, AN INTRODUCTION TO LANGUAGE, Tenth Edition, is appropriate for a variety of fields--including education, languages, psychology, cognitive science, anthropology, English, and teaching English as a Second Language (TESL)--at both the undergraduate and graduate levels. This completely updated edition retains...
A Survey of Word Accentual Patterns in the Languages of the ...
A Survey of Word Accentual Patterns in the Languages of the ...
Harry van der Hulst, Rob Goedemans, Ellen van Zanten, 2010
unstressed (penultimate or final) syllables in two of the Formosan first order subgroups (Atayalic and Rukai-Tsouic) as evidence of Contrastive stress in Proto- Austronesian (Wol¤ 1993). This viewpoint is shared by Ross (1992) and Zorc ( 1993).
Interventions for Speech Sound Disorders (Communication and Language Intervention) (Communication and Language...
Interventions for Speech Sound Disorders (Communication and Language Intervention) (Communication and Language...
2010
The purpose of this book is to describe and critically analyze a spectrum of phonologic and articulatory intervention approaches used in the treatment of speech sound disorders (SSD) in children. This book and DVD set includes 23 treatment approaches used with young children with functional or motor-based speech disorders from early childhood throu...
Current Issues in the Phonetic Sciences: Proceedings of the ...
Current Issues in the Phonetic Sciences: Proceedings of the ...
Harry Francis Hollien, Patricia Hollien, 1979
Final vowel lengthening in English as a function of position-of-word and Contrastive stress Three studies considered the effects of Contrastive stress and position-of-word on final-vowel lengthening in English. The first study investigated the ...
Language: Its Structure and Use
Language: Its Structure and Use
Edward Finegan, 2011
Whatever you do and wherever you go, you use language to interact. This text explains what human language is and how it works, giving you a look into the multiple fascinating and surprising facets of this uniquely human trait. It offers many opportunities to ask your own questions and explore the language in use all around you.
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Blog posts on the term
Contrastive stress
The Other Things Matter: A Rocking Good Time With ELF and Contrastive Stress (oh yeah!)
This is a picture of the ocean. It is here because I use the word beach in this post.
theotherthingsmatter.blogspot.com/2013/08/a-rocking-good-time-with-elf-and.html
Gender Differences in the Acoustic Parameters of Contrastive Stress Production
Gender Differences in the Acoustic Parameters of Contrastive stress Production | Brigham Young University
jur.byu.edu/?p=1195
stress » [WATCH]: The Workplace Stress Solution
[WATCH]: The Workplace Stress Solution ]]> Sign up for our WellCast newsletter for more of the love, lolz and happy! http://goo. gl/GTLhb Your job’s a joke, you’re broke, your love life’s D.
stress.robsideas.com/2013/09/03/watch-the-workplace-stress-solution/
"The production of contrastive stress in people with Parkinson's diseas" by Laura Germann
Purpose: The purpose of this study was twofold: To determine what acoustic cues people with Parkinson's disease (PD) used to mark Contrastive stress and to determine how those cues differed from healthy controls. ^ Methods: Twenty six participants were studied, 13 with a diagnosis of Parkinson's Disease and 13 age and sex-matched controls. Participants read a sentence on a computer monitor and were asked to produce it once neutrally, then contrastively in response to examiners' questions. Acoustic cues (frequency, duration, and intensity) were measured to determine how the participants produced Contrastive stress, and perceived stress ratings of each utterance were also collected from ten untrained listeners. ^ Results: Both groups were found to use similar patterns of vowel durations, frequency, and intensity across sentence positions and word stress patterns. However, raters judged people with PD as significantly more likely than controls to place stress on the wrong word/not stress any words in a given utterance. ^ Conclusion: Contrary to previous literature, these data suugest that individuals with PD can produce changes in frequency, duration, and intensity in a Contrastive stress context. However, similar to previous findings, individuals with PD were perceived as less effective at marking Contrastive stress. Future research should examine what acoustic cues contribute to the perceptual differences between individuals with PD and control participants. ^
docs.lib.purdue.edu/dissertations/AAI1529650/
Help Yourself to English: Pronunciation: contrastive stress
(A2), B1, B2, (C1) In spoken English, we often put an extra accent or stress on the most important word in a sentence. Look at this sentence: "He offered me thirteen percent but I wanted fourteen.
ils-nantes.blogspot.com/2012/11/pronunciation-contrastive-stress.html
Stressing words in spoken English | British Council Voices
Brita Haycraft, who shared her 'tricks and techniques for better spoken English' at one of our seminars for teachers in the UK yesterday, tells us that one often overlooked, but very important element to being understood in English is stressing the right words in a sentence.
blog.britishcouncil.org/2013/10/09/why-teaching-how-to-stress-words-in-spoken-english-is-important/
Teacher Cristina Colegio Kukulcan: What's wrong with it? Pronunciation Contrastive stress
The meaning of the sentence can change depending on the stressed word or words. .
valenciajvc.blogspot.com/2011/06/whats-wrong-with-it-pronunciation.html
John Wells’s phonetic blog: contrastive accent on zero
How do we accent the absence of something? a zero morpheme, if you will? When we use contrastive focus, we do it by nuclear-accenting the contrasted item(s). It wasn’t blue, | it was green.
phonetic-blog.blogspot.com/2012/06/contrasting-accent-on-zero.html
Lexical stress in French? : Open Board
www.textkit.com/greek-latin-forum/viewtopic.php?f=6&t=59877
ESL Intonation – Stress Types | Elyami's Weblog
ESL Intonation Guide Improving sentence intonation is one of the key elements in your English pronunciation. Let's discuss the four basic types of word stress that lead to proper intonation in English. tonic stress emphatic stress Contrastive stress new information stress Tonic Stress Tonic stress refers to the syllable in a word which receives the…
elyami.wordpress.com/2008/09/05/esl-intonation-stress-types/
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