Cortical plate
The cerebral cortex is the outermost layered structure of neural tissue of the cerebrum (brain), in humans and other mammals. It covers the cerebrum, and is divided into two cortices, along the sagittal plane, covering the left and right cerebral hemispheres. The medial longitudinal fissure is a deep groove that separates these two hemispheres. The cerebral cortex plays a key role in memory, attention, perceptual awareness, thought, language, and consciousness. The neocortex which is the major part of the cortex, consists of up to six horizontal layers, each with a different composition in terms of neurons and connectivity. The human cerebral cortex is 2 to 4 millimetres (0.079 to 0.157 in) thick.
It is referred to as grey matter as it consists of cell bodies and capillaries and contrasts with the underlying white matter, that consists mainly of the white myelinated sheaths of neuronal axons.
In large mammals the surface of the cerebral cortex is folded, giving a much greater surface area in a confined space as in the skull. A fold or ridge in the cortex is termed a gyrus (plural gyri) and a groove or fissure is termed a sulcus (plural sulci). In the human brain more than two-thirds is buried in the sulci. The phylogenetically most recent part of the cerebral cortex, the neocortex (also called isocortex), is differentiated into six horizontal layers; the more ancient part of the cerebral cortex, the hippocampus, has at most three cellular layers. Neurons in various layers connect vertically to form small microcircuits, called cortical columns. Different neocortical regions known as Brodmann areas are distinguished by variations in their cytoarchitectonics (histological structure).

This is an excerpt from the article Cortical plate from the Wikipedia free encyclopedia. A list of authors is available at Wikipedia.
The article Cortical plate at en.wikipedia.org was accessed 122 times in the last 30 days. (as of: 05/28/2014)
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Cerebral cortex - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Later born neurons migrate radially into the Cortical plate past the deep layer neurons, and become the upper layers (two to four). Thus, the layers of the cortex  ...
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cerebral_cortex
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Corticogenesis - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The 6 layers are formed in the ventricular zone and then migrate to their final locations in the Cortical plate with the help of various signalers, to form various ...
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Corticogenesis
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cortical plate - Medical Dictionary - The Free Dictionary
1. a flat structure or layer, as a thin layer of bone. 2. dental p. 3. to apply a culture medium to a Petri dish. 4. to inoculate such a plate with bacteria.
medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/cortical+plate
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cortical plate - The Free Dictionary
A smooth, flat, relatively thin, rigid body of uniform thickness. 2. a. A sheet of hammered, rolled, or cast metal. b. A very thin applied or deposited coat of metal. 3.
www.thefreedictionary.com/cortical+plate
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Cortical Plate on the PTC Dental Dictionary | PTC Dental
Cortical plate: The hard, outer shell of the alveolar process.
www.ptcdental.com/dentaldictionary/c/cortical-plate/
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The outermost region of the developing cortical plate is crucial for ...
Jun 22, 2011 ... The outermost region of the developing Cortical plate is crucial for both the switch of the radial migration mode and the Dab1-dependent ...
www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21697392
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Alveolar Bone - SlideShare
Jan 1, 2010... bone includes the compact Cortical plates on the outer surface and the spongy bone between the Cortical plates and the alveolar bone proper ...
www.slideshare.net/syedsadatullah/alveolar-bone
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Alveolar Process - Structural Characteristics
Aug 9, 2012 ... The alveolar process is composed of an outer and inner Cortical plate of compact bone that enclose the spongiosa, a compartment composed ...
www.dental.pitt.edu/informatics/periohistology/en/gu0601.htm
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Dual origin of the mammalian neocortex and evolution of the cortical ...
C. The appearance and the formation of the Cortical plate within the primordial plexiform layer results in the separation of its neurons and fibers into a superficial  ...
link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2FBF00315920
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Cortical Visual Impairment Pediatric…
Go to Fall 1998 Table of Contents. Versión Español de este artículo (Spanish Version) Cortical Visual Impairment Pediatric Visual Diagnosis Fact Sheet™
www.tsbvi.edu/seehear/fall98/cortical.htm
Search results for "Cortical plate"
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Cortical plate in science
HCN1 subunits contribute to the kinetics of Ih in neonatal cortical ...
Aug 20, 2013 ... HCN1 subunits contribute to the kinetics of Ih in neonatal Cortical plate neurons. Luminita Stoenica1,; Wiebke Wilkars2,; Arne Battefeld1,†,*, ...
cortical plate - Search Results University Press Scholarship Online
In reptiles and fish the homologue of the cerebral cortex appears as a Cortical plate which does not reach over the colliculi of the midbrain, which can be ...
The Subplate and Early Cortical Circuits - Annual Review of ...
2Institute of Physiology and Pathophysiology, University Medical Center of the ... and neuromodulatory inputs and project into the developing Cortical plate, ...
The protomap is propagated to cortical plate neurons through an ...
Feb 19, 2013 ... The protomap is propagated to Cortical plate neurons through an ... Edited* by Pasko Rakic, Yale University, New Haven, CT, and approved ...
Neuraminic acid specific lectins as markers of early cortical plate ...
University of Southampton, U.K.. Early Cortical plate and subplate cells in the developing neocortex of many animal species and humans contain one specific ...
Differentiation of the cortical plate in early human foetuses.
Department of Anatomy, University School of Medical Sciences, PoznaĹ„, Poland . The aim of the study is to describe the differentiation of the Cortical plate in ...
Homogenous glycine receptor expression in cortical plate neurons ...
Department of Physiology, Hamamatsu University School of Medicine, 20-1 ... Glycinergic membrane responses have been described in Cortical plate neurons  ...
Orthopedic Hardware — UW Radiology
Like the blade plate, it has a side plate that is attached to the distal femur with several cortical screws. Rather than a blade, this plate has a hollow metal barrel  ...
Books on the term Cortical plate
The Cognitive Neurosciences
The Cognitive Neurosciences
Michael S. Gazzaniga, 2004
Stage I. Initial formation of the Cortical plate (from approximately the 6th to the 10th fetal weeks). During the 7th fetal week, postmitotic cells begin to migrate from the ventricular zone outward to form a new accumulation of cells at the junction of ...
Neuroscience: Exploring the Brain
Neuroscience: Exploring the Brain
2006
Widely praised for its student-friendly style and exceptional artwork and pedagogy, Neuroscience: Exploring the Brain is a leading undergraduate textbook on the biology of the brain and the systems that underlie behavior. This edition provides increased coverage of taste and smell, circadian rhythms, brain development, and developmental disorders a...
Epilepsy: A Comprehensive Textbook
Epilepsy: A Comprehensive Textbook
Jerome Engel, Timothy A. Pedley, Jean Aicardi, 2008
Neocortex Lateral ventricles v Ongoing proliferation of neural precursors in theV/ Initial departure from theV7 Active migration into the Cortical plate Arrest and differentiation into neurons £ Face ^U>-> Developmental stages FIGURE 1.
Wheater's Functional Histology: A Text and Colour Atlas, 5th Edition
Wheater's Functional Histology: A Text and Colour Atlas, 5th Edition
2006
This best-selling atlas contains over 900 images and illustrations to help you learn and review the microstructure of human tissues. The book starts with a section on general cell structure and replication. Basic tissue types are covered in the following section, and the third section presents the microstructures of each of the major body systems. ...
The Neurobiology of Australian Marsupials: Brain Evolution ...
The Neurobiology of Australian Marsupials: Brain Evolution ...
Ken Ashwell, Ken W. S. Ashwell, 2010
Diprotodont marsupials also have a strikingly laminated loose-packed zone (lpz) of their Cortical plate from about the 3rd to 11th postnatal week (see atlas plates WP19–2 to 6 and WP25–2 to 5), with rows of cells aligned parallel with the pial ...
Dutton's Orthopaedic Examination Evaluation and Intervention, Third Edition
Dutton's Orthopaedic Examination Evaluation and Intervention, Third Edition
Mark Dutton, 2012
A complete evidence-based textbook and reference for physical therapy students and practitioners Dutton’s Orthopaedic Examination, Evaluation, and Intervention provides you with a systematic, logical approach to the evaluation and intervention of the orthopedic patient. Comprehensive and up-to-date, Dutton’s strikes the perfect balance in its cover...
Cortical white matter: Beyond the pale
Cortical white matter: Beyond the pale
Javier DeFelipe
DEVELOPMENTAL ASPECTS OF INTERSTITIAL NEURONS IN of the cortical WM are often referred to as “subplate” cells. During development, the subplate is a transient cell compartment just below the future layers VI-II, or “Cortical plate”.
Illustrated Anatomy of the Head and Neck, 4e (Fehrenbach, Illustrated Anatomy of the Head and Neck)
Illustrated Anatomy of the Head and Neck, 4e (Fehrenbach, Illustrated Anatomy of the Head and Neck)
Margaret J. Fehrenbach, 2011
Featuring a robust collection of full-color illustrations and photographs, Illustrated Anatomy of the Head and Neck, 4th Edition, provides a complete look at head and neck anatomy, with an emphasis on the specific anatomy of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ). Chapters are organized by anatomical systems, including one covering the anatomical basis ...
The Prefrontal Cortex: Its Structure, Function and ...
The Prefrontal Cortex: Its Structure, Function and ...
J.P.C. de Bruin, M.A. Corner, M.G.P. Feenstra, 1991
the Cortical plate into the laminated adult cortex (see Fig. 2) (Van Eden and Uylings, 1985a). At birth, the Cortical plate contains most of the neurons that will contitute the adult cortex but, until postnatal day (P) 2, some of the last generated  ...
Illustrated Dental Embryology, Histology, and Anatomy, 3e
Illustrated Dental Embryology, Histology, and Anatomy, 3e
2011
Featuring detailed illustrations and full-color photographs, Illustrated Dental Embryology, Histology, and Anatomy, 3rd Edition, provides a complete look at dental anatomy, combined with dental embryology and histology and a review of dental structures. A clear, reader-friendly writing style helps you understand both basic science and clinical appl...
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Blog posts on the term
Cortical plate
Periodontal radiographic assessment: Furcation involvement and Cortical plate loss | Dr. G's Toothpix
Posted on June 12, 2013 by Dr. Shawneen Gonzalez — No Comments ↓.
drgstoothpix.com/2013/06/12/periodontal-radiographic-assessment-furcation-involvement-and-cortical-plate-loss/
"Elucidating the role of SDF1 signaling during cortical interneuron mig" by Daniel E Lysko
Cell migration is required for normal embryonic development, yet how cells navigate complex paths while integrating multiple guidance cues remains poorly understood. During brain development, interneurons migrate from the ventral ganglionic eminence to the cerebral cortex within several migratory streams. They must exit these streams to invade the Cortical plate. While the chemokine stromal cell-derived factor-1 (SDF1) is required for normal interneuron stream migration and Cortical plate invasion, the mechanism of SDF1 control of interneuron Cortical plate invasion was unknown. Using an in vitro mouse explant system we find that SDF1 reduces interneuron branching and establish the importance of interneuron branching in controlling Cortical plate invasion. Blocking SDF1 signaling, or increasing branching frequency, results in stream exit and Cortical plate invasion in mouse brain slices. These data support a novel model to understand how migrating interneurons switch from stream migration to invade the Cortical plate in which reducing SDF1 signaling increases leading process branching and slows the migration rate, permitting migrating interneurons to sense cortically directed guidance cues. We have also mechanistically linked SDF1's modulation of leading process branching behavior to a dual regulation of both actin and microtubule organization. We find SDF1 consolidates actin at the leading process tip by activating calpain protease and increasing proteolysis of branched-actin-supporting cortactin. Additionally, SDF1 stabilizes the microtubule array near the tip of the leading process by activating the microtubule-associated protein doublecortin (DCX). This allows DCX to bundle microtubules and stabilize the microtubule array within the leading process tip, reducing branching. These data provide mechanistic insight into the regulation of interneuron leading process dynamics during neuronal migration in mice and provides insight into how DCX, a known human neuronal migration disorder gene, participates in this process.^
repository.upenn.edu/dissertations/AAI3551519/
Preforated the Lingual Cortical Plate: Should I Proceed with the Overdenture? | OsseoNews
While drilling the osteotomy in the premolar-canine area, I inadvertently perforated the lingual Cortical plate.
www.osseonews.com/preforated-the-lingual-cortical-plate-should-i-proceed-with-the-overdenture/
Servier | Osteoarthritis pathophysiology: similarities and dissimilarities with other rheumatological diseases and the role of subchondral bone | Medicographia
Back to summary |Download this issue Gabriel HERRERO-BEAUMONT,MDJorge A. ROMAN-BLAS,MD Bone and Joint Research Unit Rheumatology Service IIS Fundación Jiménez Díaz Universidad Autónoma Madrid, SPAIN Osteoarthritis pathophysiology: similarities and dissimilarities with other rheumatological diseases and the role of subchondral bone by J .
www.medicographia.com/2013/10/osteoarthritis-pathophysiology-similarities-and-dissimilarities-with-other-rheumatological-diseases-and-the-role-of-subchondral-bone/
EurekaMag.com Publishes New Reviews of Cerebral Cortex, Human Genome Project and Topinambour
www.sandpointpr.com/2013-10/eurekamag-com-publishes-new-reviews-of-cerebral-cortex-human-genome-project-and-topinambour.html
Osteochondroma of the Mandible: A Rare Case Report
Case Reports in Pathology is a peer-reviewed, open access journal that publishes case reports in all areas of pathology.
www.hindawi.com/crim/pathology/2013/167862/
How Might Autism & Diabetes Be Related? | Science Over a Cuppa
Back in 2012, researchers associated with the M.I.N.D. Institute in California reported a study in which significant links were found between a "Metabolic Syndrome" in mothers and the occurrence of autism in their children. While the media played it up largely as links between autism and diabetes, this Metabolic Syndrome includes a spectrum of related…
scienceoveracuppa.com/2013/10/06/how-might-autism-diabetes-be-related/
Neural Development | Full text | Dicer is required for neural stem cell multipotency and lineage progression during cerebral cortex development
During cerebral cortex development, multipotent neural progenitor cells generate a variety of neuronal subtypes in a fixed temporal order. How a single neural progenitor cell generates the diversity of cortical projection neurons in a temporal sequence is not well understood. Based on their function in developmental timing in other systems, Dicer and microRNAs are potential candidate regulators of cellular pathways that control lineage progression in neural systems.
www.neuraldevelopment.com/content/8/1/14
Cerebral cortex is … | healthPIC
Cerebral cortex It is referred to as grey matter as it consists of cell bodies and capillaries and contrasts with the underlying white matter, that consists mainly of the white myelinated sheaths of neuronal
healthpic.tk/cerebral-cortex-is/
Macro and micro anatomy of the alveolar process | .:: I NeeD MoRe ::.
www.i-need-more.com/macro-and-micro-anatomy-of-the-alveolar-process/
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