Cultivation of the land
Agriculture, also called farming or husbandry, is the cultivation of animals, plants, fungi, and other life forms for food, fiber, biofuel, drugs and other products used to sustain and enhance human life. Agriculture was the key development in the rise of sedentary human civilization, whereby farming of domesticated species created food surpluses that nurtured the development of civilization. The study of agriculture is known as agricultural science. The history of agriculture dates back thousands of years, and its development has been driven and defined by greatly different climates, cultures, and technologies. However, all farming generally relies on techniques to expand and maintain the lands that are suitable for raising domesticated species. For plants, this usually requires some form of irrigation, although there are methods of dryland farming. Livestock is raised in a combination of grassland-based and landless systems, in an industry that covers almost one-third of the world's ice- and water-free area. In the developed world, industrial agriculture based on large-scale monoculture has become the dominant system of modern farming, although there is growing support for sustainable agriculture, including permaculture and organic agriculture.
Until the Industrial Revolution, the vast majority of the human population labored in agriculture. Pre-industrial agriculture was typically subsistence agriculture/ Self-sufficiency in which farmers raised most of their crops for their own consumption instead of cash crops for trade. A remarkable shift in agricultural practices has occurred over the past century in response to new technologies, and the development of world markets. This also led to technological improvements in agricultural techniques, such as the Haber-Bosch method for synthesizing ammonium nitrate which made the traditional practice of recycling nutrients with crop rotation and animal manure less necessary.
Modern agronomy, plant breeding, agrochemicals such as pesticides and fertilizers, and technological improvements have sharply increased yields from cultivation, but at the same time have caused widespread ecological damage and negative human health effects. Selective breeding and modern practices in animal husbandry have similarly increased the output of meat, but have raised concerns about animal welfare and the health effects of the antibiotics, growth hormones, and other chemicals commonly used in industrial meat production. Genetically Modified Organisms are an increasing component of agriculture today, although they are banned in several countries. Agricultural food production and water management is targeted as an increasingly global issue that is fostering debate on a number of issues. Significant degradation of land and water resources, including the depletion of aquifers, has been seen in recent decades, and the effects of global warming on agriculture and of agriculture on global warming are still not fully known.
The major agricultural products can be broadly grouped into foods, fibers, fuels, and raw materials. Specific foods include cereals (grains), vegetables, fruits, oils, meat and spices. Fibers include cotton, wool, hemp, silk and flax. Raw materials include lumber and bamboo. Other useful materials are produced by plants, such as resins, dyes, drugs, perfume, biofuels and ornamental products such as cut flowers and nursery plants. Over one third of the world's workers are employed in agriculture, second only to the services sector, although the percentages of agricultural workers in developed countries has decreased significantly over the past several centuries.

This is an excerpt from the article Cultivation of the land from the Wikipedia free encyclopedia. A list of authors is available at Wikipedia.
The article Cultivation of the land at en.wikipedia.org was accessed 39 times in the last 30 days. (as of: 11/21/2013)
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Cultivation of the land - definition of…
ag·ri·cul·ture (g r-k l ch r) n. The science, art, and business of cultivating soil, producing crops, and raising livestock; farming. [Middle English, from Latin ...
www.thefreedictionary.com/Cultivation+of+the+land
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cultivation - definition of cultivation…
Could that which procures a freer vent for the products of the earth, which furnishes new incitements to the cultivation of land, which is the most powerful ...
www.thefreedictionary.com/cultivation
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Agriculture - Wikipedia, the free…
Agriculture, also called farming or husbandry, is the cultivation of animals, plants, fungi, and other life forms for food, fiber, biofuel, drugs and other products ...
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Agriculture
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cultivated land - The Free Dictionary
Definition of cultivated land in the Online Dictionary. Meaning of cultivated land. Pronunciation of cultivated land. Translations of cultivated land. cultivated land ...
www.thefreedictionary.com/cultivated+land
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cultivation - Dictionary Definition : Vocabulary.com
Definition of cultivation : Cultivation is the act of caring for or raising plants. ... ( agriculture) production of food by preparing the land to grow crops (especially on a ...
www.vocabulary.com/dictionary/cultivation
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cultivate - Oxford Dictionaries
Definition of cultivate in British and World English in Oxford dictionary. ... 1 prepare and use (land) for crops or gardening: the peasants who cultivated the land ...
www.oxforddictionaries.com/definition/english/cultivate
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Cultivate Synonyms, Cultivate Antonyms | Thesaurus.com
Synonyms for cultivate at Thesaurus.com with free online thesaurus, antonyms, and ... verb develop land for growing; verb enrich situation; give special attention  ...
thesaurus.com/browse/cultivate
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cultivate verb (USE LAND) - Cambridge Dictionary
cultivate verb (USE LAND) - definition, audio pronunciation, synonyms and more for cultivate verb (USE LAND): to prepare land and grow crops on it, or to grow ...
dictionary.cambridge.org/dictionary/british/cultivate_1
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He farms on barren land and reaps millions - Times Of India
Apr 11, 2012 ... It takes around one-and-half month period to prepare the land for cultivation. He employs local labourers for tilling job and begins cultivation by ...
articles.timesofindia.indiatimes.com/2012-04-11/indore/31324788_1_watermelon-cultivation-barren-land
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Cultivated land | Define Cultivated land at Dictionary.com
Cultivated land definition at Dictionary.com, a free online dictionary with pronunciation, synonyms and translation. Look it up now!
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Search results for "Cultivation of the land"
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Cultivation of the land in science
[PDF]2012 Organic Land Grant Assessment - Organic Farming Research ...
program, and a new Organic Production concentration in the Plant Sciences ... role of the land grant universities as a training ground for the next generation of ...
Marginal lands are prime fuel source for alternative energy ...
Jan 16, 2013 ... Marginal lands -- those unsuited for food crops - can serve as prime real estate ... led by Michigan State University shows that marginal lands represent a huge ... “ We estimate that using marginal lands for growing cellulosic ...
University of Michigan News Service | U-M researchers land $2M ...
Jul 31, 2013 ... ANN ARBOR—A team of University of Michigan researchers has been ... The effort will involve growing various combinations of lake algae in ...
A shifting cultivation land use system under population pressure in ...
The status of chitemene shifting cultivation, in northern Zambia was investigated and reviewed. This paper presents results concerning (a) changes in soil ...
Extension, the Land-Grant Mission, and Civic Agriculture: Cultivating ...
Keywords: civic agriculture, community development, Food System Economic Partnership ... In the past, however, land-grant universities, including the Extension ...
[PDF]comparison of runoff and erosion in prairie, pasture, and cultivated ...
DigitalCommons@University of Nebraska - Lincoln · Papers of John .... That 35 million acres of formerly cultivated land have been essentially ruined by erosion ...
DESERTIFICATION OF ARID LANDS
Due to the increased sedentary population, pressures on cultivated land led to a ..... and Patricia Paylore (Editors), Food, Fiber and the Arid Lands, University of ...
cultivate verb (USE LAND) - Cambridge Dictionary
cultivate verb (USE LAND) - definition, audio pronunciation, synonyms and more for cultivate verb (USE LAND): to prepare land and grow crops on it, or to grow ...
Erasing the Swiddens: Shifting Cultivation, Land and Forest Rights ...
Even in these areas, shifting cultivation lands are being aggressively ... of Forestry, University of Toronto 1 in which the fields are cleared and cultivated for  ...
[PDF]Cultivating the Commons
An Assessment of the Potential for Urban Agriculture on Oakland's Public Land by. Nathan McClintock & Jenny Cooper. Department of Geography. University of  ...
Books on the term Cultivation of the land
Shifting Cultivation in Lao PDR: An Overview of Land Use and ...
Shifting Cultivation in Lao PDR: An Overview of Land Use and ...
Pheng Souvanthong, 1995
An Overview of Land Use and Policy Initiatives Pheng Souvanthong. Box 2: Ban Lak Sip Ban Lak Sip village is in Phou Pheung watershed, Luang Prabang province. 47 out of the 50 families are Lao Theung. Traditionally the villagers practised ...
My Promised Land: The Triumph and Tragedy of Israel
My Promised Land: The Triumph and Tragedy of Israel
Ari Shavit, 2013
Shavit is a columnist for the center-left Israeli daily Haaretz. Unlike some on the Israeli Left, he isn’t an anti-Zionist provocateur. Rather, he is a fervently patriotic Israeli with an abiding love for his nation’s history and the best of its traditions and institutions. So his honest and sometimes brutally frank portrait of his homeland’s past ...
Bibliography on land utilization, 1918-36
Bibliography on land utilization, 1918-36
Louise Oldham Bercaw, 1938
While the contribution of foodstuffs from the small scattered farms is considerable, the Cultivation of the land is made practicable only by reason of the major forest operations." International Institute of Aoriculture. (5195) FRANCE. CREDIT FOR ...
The Cultivation Of Whiteness: Science, Health, And Racial Destiny In Australia
The Cultivation Of Whiteness: Science, Health, And Racial Destiny In Australia
Warwick Anderson, 2003
In nineteenth-century Australia, the main commentators on race and biological differences were doctors. But the medical profession entertained serious anxieties about the possibility of "racial denigration" of the white population in the new land, and medical and social scientists violated ethics and principles in pursuit of a more homoge...
Inventory of Major Land Uses in the United States
Inventory of Major Land Uses in the United States
Lawrence Adkins Reuss, Hugh Hill Wooten, Francis Joseph Marschner, 1948
The 31 Eastern States contain 69 percent of this land. The productivity of much of the land classified as plowable pasture is lower in relation to that actually cropped. It usually is more marginal and has more obstacles to cultivation, such as ...
Development Economics Between Markets and Institutions: ...
Development Economics Between Markets and Institutions: ...
Erwin Hendricus Bulte, Ruerd Ruben, 2007
Change in ecosystem service value for cultivated land conversion, 2000-2005. Area (million ha) Per unit ecosystem service value (US$ha-1yr-1) Total value ( million US$yr-1) Land taken into cultivation: 2.04 Loss from conversion * 1,500 3,060 ...
The Gift of Good Land: Further Essays Cultural and Agricultural
The Gift of Good Land: Further Essays Cultural and Agricultural
Wendell Berry, 2009
In this collection of essays, continuing the argument begun with The Unsettling of America, Wendell Berry writes of the importance of good farming to a healthy culture. By health he means not the mere absence of disease, but the operation of a balanced, nondestructive way of life; his essays on the Amish people of Pennsylvania and Ohio offer a mode...
Exploring the Scientific Method: Cases and Questions
Exploring the Scientific Method: Cases and Questions
Steven Gimbel, 2011
It is a common misconception that only regions where the land is left fallow are deficient in cultivation, and that the labor of the poor peasant is as productive as the labor of the wealthy farmer. The crops covering the land deceive us; we view  ...
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Blog posts on the term
Cultivation of the land
Tobacco cultivation continues on in Rangpur | Newsnextbd.com
newsnextbd.com
newsnextbd.com/en/tobacco-cultivation-continues-on-in-rangpur/
Clean Fuel? Dirty War. | Climate Denial Crock of the Week
Not a huge fan of the biofuel thing. More midwest land that's been under protection now being cultivated for ethanol. Rainforests being repurposed to palm cultivation for biodiesel production in Asia and elsewhere. Now this. Raw Story: The west’s drive to reduce its carbon footprint cheaply is fuelling a dirty war in Honduras, where US-backed security…
climatecrocks.com/2014/01/07/clean-fuel-dirty-war/
Green Conduct News | Biofuel Expansion in Central America and the Myth of Vacant Land » Green Conduct News
greenconduct.com/news/2012/07/13/biofuel-expansion-in-central-america-and-the-myth-of-vacant-land/
Bedouin claims to land ownership stand up to test of history | Jews for Justice for Palestinians
Before Israel, Palestine was part of the Ottoman empire, then the League of Nations gave Britain a mandate to govern the territory from the Mediterranean to Iraq (north) Saudi Arabia (south). Both Ottoman and British officials recorded land ownership claims in order to raise taxes and prevent land disputes. These show that the Negev, far from being an empty desert, had many Bedouin villages in which people owned land and engaged in agriculture and animal husbandry. Can this Israeli myth hit the dust before the Bedouin are forcibly moved to a 'town'?
jfjfp.com/?p=54146
Minimising water use, maintaining productivity
As the climate warms up, more and more farmers in Switzerland need to irrigate their crops. This is problematic because many rivers carry less water. If the increase in water use is limited, agricultural production will not be significantly lowered. This conclusion was reached on the basis of models ...
phys.org/news/2014-01-minimising-productivity.html
Agriculture Land Shrinking in China | Peak Oil News and Message Boards
Peak Oil News and Message Boards is a community and collaboration portal about energy-related topics.
peakoil.com/enviroment/agriculture-land-shrinking-in-china
The Land Conservation Act 1960 | CHEAM MAY CHOO
www.cheammaychoo.com/about-the-webpage/the-land-conservation-act-1960/
SLC Agricola S.A. (SLCJY): Poor Yields Sap SLC Agricola - Seeking Alpha
Three out of four will have to do. My Alpha-Rich calls to buy South American ag companies Adecoagro (AGRO) and Cresud (CRESY) have both worked out well, with
seekingalpha.com/article/1907321-Poor-Yields-Sap-SLC-Agricola
Harare, Zimbabwe Council toughens up on urban agriculture — City Farmer News
www.cityfarmer.info/2014/01/07/harare-zimbabwe-council-toughens-up-on-urban-agriculture/
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