Glucogenic amino acid
A glucogenic amino acid is an amino acid that can be converted into glucose through gluconeogenesis. This is in contrast to the ketogenic amino acids, which are converted into ketone bodies.
The production of glucose from glucogenic amino acids involves these amino acids' being converted to alpha keto acids and then to glucose, with both processes occurring in the liver. This mechanism predominates during catabolysis, rising as fasting and starvation increase in severity.
In humans, the glucogenic amino acids are:
- Glycine
- Serine
- Valine
- Histidine
- Arginine
- Cysteine
- Proline
- Alanine
- Glutamate
- Glutamine
- Aspartate
- Asparagine
- Methionine
Amino acids that are both glucogenic and ketogenic:
- Isoleucine
- Threonine
- Phenylalanine
- Tyrosine
- Tryptophan
Only leucine and lysine are not glucogenic.

This is an excerpt from the article Glucogenic amino acid from the Wikipedia free encyclopedia. A list of authors is available at Wikipedia.
The article Glucogenic amino acid at en.wikipedia.org was accessed 2,833 times in the last 30 days. (as of: 07/20/2013)
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Glucogenic and Ketogenic Amino Acids - BioCarta
A significant amount of metabolic energy can come from amino acid metabolism, particularly under conditions of starvation. The metabolism of amino acids ...
www.biocarta.com/pathfiles/glucogenicPathway.asp
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Amino Acid Catabolism - C - Rensselaer…
Molecular Biochemistry II Amino Acid Catabolism: Carbon Skeletons. Contents of this page: Glucogenic & ketogenic amino acids Catabolism of amino acids to:
www.rpi.edu/dept/bcbp/molbiochem/MBWeb/mb2/part1/aacarbon.htm
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Glucogenic amino acid - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
A Glucogenic amino acid is an amino acid that can be converted into glucose through gluconeogenesis. This is in contrast to the ketogenic amino acids, which ...
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Glucogenic_amino_acid
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Category:Glucogenic amino acids - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
... main article for this category is Glucogenic amino acid. Glucogenic amino acids are amino acids that can be converted into glucose through gluconeogenesis.
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Category:Glucogenic_amino_acids
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Ketogenic and Glucogenic Amino Acids? - Ask.com
Ketogenic amino acids are those amino acids that can convert into ketone bodies , unlike Glucogenic amino acids that convert to glucose. Some amino acids are ...
www.ask.com/question/ketogenic-and-glucogenic-amino-acids
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Glucogenic And Ketogenic Amino Acids | Lippincott's Illustrated ...
Free interactive eBook preview | Amino Acid Degradation & Synthesis | II. Figure 20.2 Classification of amino acids. [Note: Some amino acids can become ...
www.inkling.com/read/illustrated-reviews-biochemistry-harvey-5th/chapter-20/glucogenic-and-ketogenic-amino
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BCII: Glucogenic & Ketogenic Amino Acids flashcards | Quizlet
Name all the Glucogenic amino acids. Alanine Arginine
quizlet.com/20134865/bcii-glucogenic-ketogenic-amino-acids-flash-cards/
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Chapter 39 Student Notes
A Glucogenic amino acid is one whose carbon skeleton (or a portion of) has the ... The production of glucose from Glucogenic amino acids involves these amino ...
www.onlinebiochemistry.com/obj-512/Chap39-StudNotes.html
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Glucogenic amino acid - Medical Dictionary - The Free Dictionary
amino acid /ami·no ac·id/ (ah-me´no) one of a class of organic compounds containing the amino (NH2) and the carboxyl (COOH) groups; they occur naturally in ...
medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/Glucogenic+amino+acid
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SparkNotes: Amino Acids and Proteins: Functions of Proteins
When the body's energy sources are low, it begins to degrade proteins for use as an alternative energy source. Amino acids can be classified as glucogenic or ...
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Glucogenic amino acid in science
7.2 Glucogenic amino acids serve as carbon sources for ...
7.2 Glucogenic amino acids serve as carbon sources for gluconeogenesis ... Author: Michael Palmer, University of Waterloo Page last modified: 10-12-08.
Effects of glucogenic and ketogenic feeding strategies on splanchnic ...
Aug 23, 2012 ... Effects of glucogenic and ketogenic feeding strategies on splanchnic glucose and amino acid metabolism in postpartum transition Holstein ...
[PDF]Amino Acid Catabolism
Essential amino acids must be obtained from diet. Nonessential amino acids - can ... Glucogenic vs ketogenic amino acids. • Glucogenic amino acids can supply.
BCII: Glucogenic & Ketogenic Amino Acids flashcards | Quizlet
Name all the Glucogenic amino acids. Alanine Arginine
[PDF]Amino Acid Degradation
Apr 14, 2003 ... diverted into gluconeogensis or ketogenesis. Glucogenic amino acids are broken down into one of the following metabolites: pyruvate, α-.
[PDF]Glucogenic amino acids are the primary substrate of gluconeogenesis
(Introduced by J. H. Annegers). Department of Physiology, Medical School, Northwestern University, Chicago, Zllinois 60611. Glucogenic amino acids are the ...
Essential amino acid - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
An essential amino acid or indispensable amino acid is an amino acid that .... the glucogenic essential amino acids from the ketogenic essential amino acids:.
Ketogenic Amino Acids | Healthy Eating | SF Gate
Glucogenic amino acids yield glucose for energy production, whereas the body ... According to the University of Maryland Medical Center, lysine also helps with ...
Amino Acids and protein structure - StudyBlue
Biochemistry 401 with Jain at University of Tennessee - Knoxville ... helices pKa = 4.1 Glucogenic Essential Amino Acids H, I, L, K, M, V, F, R, Y Protein Structure ...
Books on the term Glucogenic amino acid
Nutritional Biochemistry
Nutritional Biochemistry
Tom Brody, 1999
TABLE 8.4 Glucogenic and Ketogenic Amino Acids Purely ketogenic Leucine, lysine Both ketogenic and glucogenic Isoleucine, phcnylalanine, tyrosine, tryptophan Purely glucogenic Alanine, serine, glycine, cysteine, aspartic acid, asparagine ...
General, Organic, and Biological Chemistry, 6th ed.
General, Organic, and Biological Chemistry, 6th ed.
H. Stephen Stoker, 2011
Glucogenic amino acids are shaded blue, and ketogenic amino acids are shaded green. Some amino acids (marked with an asterisk) have more than one degradation pathway and are thus present more than once in the diagram. Amino acids ...
Advanced Nutrition and Human Metabolism
Advanced Nutrition and Human Metabolism
Sareen Annora Stepnick Gropper, Jack L. Smith, James L. Groff, 2009
Remember that amino acids that can be used for production of glucose are termed glucogenic, and those producing ketones ... The dispensable ( nonessential) Glucogenic amino acids are usually interconverted with carbohydrate, but like the ...
Amino Acids and Proteins for the Athlete: The Anabolic Edge, ...
Amino Acids and Proteins for the Athlete: The Anabolic Edge, ...
Mauro G. Di Pasquale, 2010
Liver mitochondria experience a severe nonvolatile acid load during amino acid oxidation. It is suggested that this acid load is alleviated mainly by the respiratory chain proton pump in a form of uncoupled respiration. GLUCOGENIC AND ...
Nutritional Ecology of the Ruminant
Nutritional Ecology of the Ruminant
Peter J. Van Soest, 1994
This concept was revived by MacRae and Lobley (1986), who suggested that using propionate in glu- coneogenesis spares Glucogenic amino acids. When acetate ratios are high, propionate may be insufficient for gluconeogenesis and ...
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Glucogenic amino acid
Memorizing ketogenic and glucogenic Amino Acids - USMLE Forums
Memorizing ketogenic and Glucogenic amino acids USMLE Step 1 Forum
www.usmle-forums.com/usmle-step-1-forum/40248-memorizing-ketogenic-glucogenic-amino-acids.html
Impaired amino acid metabolism contributes to fasting-induced hypoglycemia in fatty acid oxidation defects
hmg.oxfordjournals.org/content/early/2013/08/09/hmg.ddt382.abstract
Biochem Amino Met
Biochemistry :: Amino Acid Metabolism1. A. B. C. D. 2. A. B. C. D. 3. A. B. C. D. 4. A. B. C. D. 5. A. B. C. D. 6. A. B. C. D. 7. A. B. C. D. 8. A. B. C. D. 9. A. C. 10. A. B. C. D.
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About the metabolic fate of the carbon skeleton of amino acids | The Biochemistry Questions Site
Answer to Biochemistry Question AM-02 about Amino acid Metabolism. Answer: (b) Ketogenic (Since the question only make reference to acetoacetyl CoA, we assume that it is the final product of the catabolism of this amino acid and no glucogenic metabolites are produced.) Amino acids are used for different…
biochemistryquestions.wordpress.com/2008/05/30/about-the-metabolic-fate-of-the-carbon-skeleton-of-amino-acids/
Your Total Health!: Glucogenic amino acid
A Glucogenic amino acid is an amino acid that can be converted into glucose through gluconeogenesis. This is in contrast to the ketogenic amino acids that are converted into ketone bodies.
yourhealthzone.blogspot.com/2009/06/glucogenic-amino-acid.html
SpringerPlus | Full text | Interactive network analysis of the plasma amino acids profile in a mouse model of hyperglycemia
Amino acids are a group of metabolites that are important substrates for protein synthesis, are important as signaling molecules and play central roles as highly connected metabolic hubs, and therefore, there are many reports that describe disease-specific abnormalities in plasma amino acids profile. However, the causes of progression from a healthy control to a manifestation of the plasma amino acid changes remain obscure. Here, we extended the plasma amino acids profile to relationships that have interactive properties, and found remarkable differences in the longitudinal transition of hyperglycemia as a diabetes emergency. What is especially important is to understand pathogenesis for better treatment and early diagnosis of diabetes. In this study, we performed interactive analysis using time course data of the plasma samples of AKITA mice, which develop hyperglycemia. Primarily, we decided to analyze the interactive property of amino acids which had highly significant association with hyperglycemia, namely alanine, glycine, leucine, isoleucine and valine. Next, we inferred the interactive network structure, which reproduces the actual time course within an error allowance of 10% using an S-system model (a conceptual mathematical model for analyzing and simulating networks). The emphasis of this study was altered interactions of plasma amino acids that show stabilizing and destabilizing features in a variety of clinical settings. By performing sensitivity analysis, the most dominant relations in this network were selected; the control paths from glycine to isoleucine in healthy control and from alanine to glycine in hyperglycemia. This result is in good agreement with the biological knowledge regarding branched-chain amino acids, and suggests the biological importance of the effect from alanine to glycine.
www.springerplus.com/content/2/1/287
Weight of the Evidence: Protein Is Essential, But Too Much is Too Much
Why do I consider protein the important focus for the short and long-term? In a word, it's satiety. That and animal based protein is nutrient-dense; when in included at adequate levels in your diet, it is much easier to meet nutrient needs each day.
weightoftheevidence.blogspot.com/2012/08/protein-is-essential-but-too-much-is.html
Ketogenic Amino Acids | The Vitamin Magazine
Amino acids – which also called the building blocks of life - have a gigantic role in our lives as well as the general state of our health.
www.thevitaminmag.com/ketogenic-amino-acids/
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