Gminas
The gmina (Polish pronunciation [ˈɡmina], plural gminy [ˈɡminɨ]) is the principal unit of administrative division of Poland at its lowest uniform level. It is often translated as "commune" or "municipality." As of 2010 there were 2,459 gminas throughout the country. The word gmina derives from the German word Gemeinde, meaning "community."
The gmina has been the basic unit of territorial division in Poland since 1972, when it replaced the smaller gromada (cluster). There are three types of gminas:
Some rural gminas have their seat in a town which is outside the gmina's division. For example, the rural Gmina Augustów is administered from the town of Augustów, but does not include the town, as Augustów is an urban type gmina in its own right.
The legislative and controlling body of each gmina is the elected municipal council (rada gminy), or in a town: rada miasta (town assembly). Executive power is held by the directly elected mayor of the municipality, called wójt in rural gminas, burmistrz in most urban and urban-rural gminas, or prezydent in towns with more than 100,000 inhabitants and some others which traditionally use the title. A gmina may create auxiliary units (jednostki pomocnicze), which play a subordinate administrative role. In rural areas these are called sołectwos, in towns they may be dzielnicas or osiedles and in an urban-rural gmina, the town itself may be designated as an auxiliary unit. For a complete listing of all the gminas in Poland, see List of Polish gminas.

This is an excerpt from the article Gminas from the Wikipedia free encyclopedia. A list of authors is available at Wikipedia.
The article Gminas at en.wikipedia.org was accessed 23 times in the last 30 days. (as of: 07/21/2013)
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Gmina - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Some rural Gminas have their seat in a town which is outside the gmina's division . For example, the rural Gmina Augustów is administered from the town of ...
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gmina
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List of Polish gminas - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
This is a list of all 2,478 Gminas of Poland (sometimes called communes or municipalities). For more information about what these are and how they are named, ...
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Polish_gminas
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Category:Gminas of Poland - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Gminas in Poland. This list category contains Wikipedia articles about rural and urban-rural Gminas (administrative ...
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Category:Gminas_of_Poland
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List of Polish gminas (U) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
This is a list of all 2,478 Gminas of Poland (sometimes called communes or municipalities). For more information about what these are and how they are named, ...
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Polish_gminas_(U)
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Rede GMinas - A Marca da Construção
Rede Gminas empossa nova diretoria e lança selo do Programa da Qualidade Total. A diretoria da Rede Gminas para o biênio 2013/2015 (composta por: ...
www.redegminas.com.br/
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Category:Gminas in Poland - Wikimedia Commons
Jul 11, 2012 ... As of 2004 there were 2,478 Gminas. The word gmina is derived from the German word Gemeinde, meaning "commune" or "community".
commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Category:Gminas_in_Poland
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6 letter words made by unscrambling the letters in gminas
Unscramble Gminas, Word Decoder for Gminas, Word generator using the letters Gminas, Word Solver Gminas, Possible Scrabble words with Gminas, Anagram ...
www.allscrabblewords.com/unscramble/gminas
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Rede GMinas (RedeGMinas) on Twitter
The latest from Rede Gminas (@RedeGminas). Rede Gminas Materiais de Construção é hoje dentro do Estado de Minas Gerais um dos maiores canais ...
twitter.com/RedeGMinas
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Rede GMinas e Armazém do Piso em…
Materiais de Construção, Rede Gminas e Armazém do Piso, Uberlãndia e Região, Campanha Promocional, Promoção Feliz da Vida com a Rede Gminas ...
www.youtube.com/watch?v=tURvGkc5XYE
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Administrative divisions of Poland…
The administrative division of Poland since 1999 has been based on three levels of subdivision. The territory of Poland is divided into voivodeships (states); these ...
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Administrative_divisions_of_Poland
Search results for "Gminas"
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Gminas in science
Multidimensional poverty analysis in Polish gminas | Martyna Kobus ...
... in Polish Gminas Marta Anacka University of Warsaw Faculty of Economic Sciences e-mail: manacka@wne.uw.edu.pl [eAbstract Martyna Kobus University of ...
Gmina Rogów - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Gmina Rogów is a rural gmina (administrative district) in Brzeziny County, Łódź Voivodeship, in central ... Is a part of University of Live Science in Warsaw.
EconPapers: Spatial distribution and differences in migration ...
Apr 23, 2013 ... Revenues of Gminas from their own sources and total revenues of Gminas are studied in the paper. Changes in revenue ... Örebro University ...
[PDF]Multidimensional poverty analysis in Polish gminas
Multidimensional poverty analysis in Polish Gminas. Marta Anacka. University of Warsaw. Faculty of Economic Sciences e-mail: manacka@wne.uw.edu.pl.
Distance Between Gmina Bardo and Medical University of Warsaw
Distance between Gmina Bardo and Medical University of Warsaw on map, how many miles and kilometers from Gmina Bardo to Medical University of Warsaw ...
Graça Minas
Guimarães: University of Minho, 2004. PhD Thesis. Journal Publications: 1. G. Minas, J. S. Martins, J. H. Correia – Highly Selective Optical Detection in a ...
[PDF]x-ray cmos detector array with scintillating light guides - IEEE Xplore
G. Minas, P. Goncalves. Department of Industrial Electronics. University of Minho. Guimarães, Portugal. *gerardo@dei.uminho.pt. A. J. Ferreira, S. Lanceros- ...
[PDF]transparency of web portals of rural gminas in ód metropolitan area
formation function in Gminas is being extorted by permanent progress in the scope .... developed by the Cyberspace Policy Research Group at the University of.
Books on the term Gminas
OECD Urban Policy Reviews OECD Urban Policy Reviews, Poland 2011
OECD Urban Policy Reviews OECD Urban Policy Reviews, Poland 2011
OECD, 2011
Administratively, cities have the status of an individual urban municipality (gmina) or, as in the case of small towns, they constitute a part of urban-rural municipalities. The Council of Ministers grants city status to a municipality, defining its ...
Does Decentralization Enhance Service Delivery and Poverty Reduction?
Does Decentralization Enhance Service Delivery and Poverty Reduction?
Ehtisham Ahmad, Giorgio Brosio, 2009
for 1995–2006 (in 2005 fixed prices), separating rural and urban Gminas.2 It is easily seen that variation among urban Gminas is much bigger. Obviously urban Gminas differ from their rural counterparts in expenditure assignment. However ...
OECD Economic Surveys: Poland 1998
OECD Economic Surveys: Poland 1998
OECD, 1998
Indeed, the floods were of an unprecedented magnitude, affecting 0.5 million hectares of arable land across 29 voivodships and some 700 localities (Gminas). The grain harvest in particular is estimated to have been reduced by 2 to 3 per cent ...
The Urban Mosaic of Post-Socialist Europe: Space, Institutions and ...
The Urban Mosaic of Post-Socialist Europe: Space, Institutions and ...
Sasha Tsenkova, Zorica Nedovic-Budic, Zorica Nedović-Budić, 2006
These were further subdivided into self-governing Gminas or boroughs as the important local government unit (Regulski 2003). Warsaw's central gmina was further subdivided into seven districts. As part of the decentralization, in the mid 1990s ...
Safety Nets, Politics, and the Poor: Transitions to Market Economies
Safety Nets, Politics, and the Poor: Transitions to Market Economies
Carol Graham, 1994
The first is the variability of resources and administrative skills among Gminas. In resource-poor Gminas in depressed areas, the capacity to deliver benefits is far more limited. At the same time, the need is much greater; as a result, the outcome  ...
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Gminas
Allocation of Community Development Funds to Gminas by Formula: Illustrative Analysis for the Communal Credit and Development Program
This report suggests an alternative to the current method of distributing sub-national grants in Poland. Referring specifically to the national government's allocation of community development funds to Gminas (localities), the report proposes using a formula-based method rather than the existing application method. The application method tends to disadvantage smaller, less-organized Gminas, which also tend to have the greatest investment needs. It also prevents Gminas from planning for future investments since the outcome of the application process is uncertain. This report details a formula for diagnosing local infrastructure and housing investment needs, and allocating larger per capita grants to Gminas that demonstrate such need.
www.urban.org/url.cfm?id=411084
Promoção Show de Prêmios Rede GMinas | Baú da Promoção
Parrticipe da Promoção Show de Prêmios Rede Gminas e concorra a 1 Fiat Palio e 80 vale-compras de R$2.500,00 !
www.baudapromocao.com.br/2013/02/promocao-show-de-premios-rede-gminas.html
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Construir Minas » Rede GMinas entrega dois automóveis Fox na Construir Minas
www.feiraconstruir.com.br/minas/rede-gminas-entrega-dois-automoveis-fox-na-construir-minas/
GUS - Główny Urząd Statystyczny - Housing economy in 2011
Główny Urząd Statystyczny - Portal Statystyki Publicznej. Wskaźniki makroekonomiczne, wykresy, roczniki, formularze, koniunktura, statystyka regionalna i międzynarodowa.
www.stat.gov.pl/gus/5840_1956_ENG_HTML.htm
PROMOÇÃO SHOW DE PRÊMIOS GMINAS
novomundoweb.com.br/promocao-show-de-premios-gminas/
.: Solennitá Cerimonial & Eventos - Blog :.: Coquetel Rede GMINAS
Aconteceu no dia 03 de agosto no Alfenas Tênis Clube o coquetel de apresentação da mais nova rede de materiais de construção de Minas Gerais. .
solennita.blogspot.com/2010/08/coquetel-rede-gminas.html
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