Gyrus of Broca
Broca's area /broʊˈkɑː/ or /ˈbroʊkə/ is a region in the frontal lobe of the hemisphere of the hominidbrain with functions linked to speech production.
The production of language has been linked to the Broca's area since Pierre Paul Broca reported impairments in two patients. They had lost the ability to speak after injury to the posterior inferior frontal gyrus of the brain. Since then, the approximate region he identified has become known as Broca's area, and the deficit in language production as Broca's aphasia. Broca's area is now typically defined in terms of the pars opercularis and pars triangularis of the inferior frontal gyrus, represented in Brodmann's cytoarchitectonic map as areas 44 and 45 of the dominant hemisphere. Studies of chronic aphasia have implicated an essential role of Broca's area in various speech and language functions. Further, functional MRI studies have also identified activation patterns in Broca's area associated with various language tasks. However, slow destruction of the Broca's area by brain tumors can leave speech relatively intact suggesting its functions can shift to nearby areas in the brain.

This is an excerpt from the article Gyrus of Broca from the Wikipedia free encyclopedia. A list of authors is available at Wikipedia.
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Broca's area - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Broca's area or the Broca area /broʊˈkɑː/ or /ˈbroʊkə/ is a region in the .... The tumor and the surgery destroyed the left inferior and middle frontal gyrus, the  ...
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Broca's_area
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Gyrus of Broca - The Free Dictionary
An area located in the frontal lobe usually of the left cerebral hemisphere and associated with the motor control of speech. Also called Broca's center.
www.thefreedictionary.com/Gyrus+of+Broca
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Broca's gyrus - The Free Dictionary
Definition of Broca's gyrus in the Online Dictionary. Meaning of Broca's gyrus. Pronunciation of Broca's gyrus. Translations of Broca's gyrus. Broca's gyrus ...
www.thefreedictionary.com/Broca's+gyrus
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Angular Gyrus - THE BRAIN FROM TOP TO BOTTOM
Any attempt to define the precise boundaries of a particular area of the brain, such as Broca's area or Wernicke's area, will involve some serious problems.
thebrain.mcgill.ca/flash/a/a_10/a_10_cr/a_10_cr_lan/a_10_cr_lan.html
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Left precentral gyrus and Broca's aphasia: a clinicopathologic study.
We describe an autopsied case in which a circumscribed lesion involving the left precentral gyrus caused mild but lasting Broca's aphasia. The patient ...
www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/2909914
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HESCHL'S GYRUS WERNICKE'S BROCA'S - Mosaic
peech is the only window through which the physiologist can view cerebral life." Since this assertion by the French physiologist Fournie in 1887, advances in.
www.mosaicsciencemagazine.org/pdf/m07_02_76_03.pdf
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Broca's and Wernicke's Areas | CARTA
Broca's area is found in the left inferior frontal gyrus and Wernicke's area is located in the left posterior superior temporal gyrus. Non-human primates (both apes ...
carta.anthropogeny.org/moca/topics/brocas-and-wernickes-areas
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Speech and the Brain
Broca was a French neurologist who had a patient with severe language problems: ... But there is an area of the brain called the angular gyrus that lies about ...
webspace.ship.edu/cgboer/speechbrain.html
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Broca's convolution - Merriam-Webster Online
Definition of Broca's convolution from the Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary with audio pronunciations, ... Broca's convolution or Broca's gyrus or Broca's area ...
www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/Broca's%20convolution
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Gray, Henry. 1918. Anatomy of the Human Body. Page 822
The middle frontal gyrus (gyrus frontalis medius; medifrontal gyre), between the ... and is named the Gyrus of Broca, from the fact that Broca described it as the ...
www.bartleby.com/107/pages/page822.html
Search results for "Gyrus of Broca"
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Gyrus of Broca in science
Angular Gyrus - THE BRAIN FROM TOP TO BOTTOM
Any attempt to define the precise boundaries of a particular area of the brain, such as Broca's area or Wernicke's area, will involve some serious problems.
inferior parietal lobule - The Brain from Top to Bottom
Though the terms Broca's area and Wernicke's area are in common use, it is ... gyrus) is connected by large bundles of nerve fibres to both Broca's area and ...
brainareas / Broca's Area
... area is in green. Broca's Area is located near the inferior frontal gyrus of the left temporal lobe (see ... (pp. 83-107). New York: Oxford University Printing Press.
[PDF]Paul Broca's historic cases - Brain
1VA Northern California Health Care System, University of California, Davis and University of California, ... injury to the posterior inferior frontal gyrus of the brain.
[PDF]HESCHL'S GYRUS WERNICKE'S BROCA'S - Mosaic
cits beyond the Broca-Wernicke models. According to Harry Whitaker, a neuro- linguist at the University of Rochester who studies aphasia, some patients may.
[PDF]Broca's region: a speech area? - RobotCub
University of Ferrara - Italy. Introduction. Since its first ..... meaningful hand actions activates the left inferior frontal gyrus (Broca's region), the left inferior parietal ...
Language center - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The term language center (or more accurately centers, e.g. Broca's area and Wernicke's ... Superior temporal gyrus (STG): morphosyntactic processing ( anterior ... Donald Loritz: How the Brain evolved Language, Oxford University Press 1999 ...
Cerebral Lobes, Cerebral Cortex, and Brodmann's Areas - CSU, Chico
Broca's Area is found on the inferior third frontal gyrus in the hemisphere that is dominant for language. This area is involved in the coordination or programming  ...
Asyntactic comprehension, working memory, and acute ischemia in ...
Oct 17, 2011... working memory, and acute ischemia in Broca's area versus angular gyrus. ... Department of Neurology, Johns Hopkins University School of ...
Speech and the Brain
Broca was a French neurologist who had a patient with severe language problems: ... But there is an area of the brain called the angular gyrus that lies about ...
Books on the term Gyrus of Broca
Medical Speech-language Pathology: A Practitioner's Guide
Medical Speech-language Pathology: A Practitioner's Guide
Alex F. Johnson, Barbara Holcomb Jacobson, 2007
Broca's aphasia Wernicke's aphasia Anomic aphasia Global aphas a Conduction aphasia Transcortical motor aphasia ... basal ganglia, and insula Posterior region of left superior temporal gyrus and possibly adjacent parietal cortex (lower ...
Networks of the Brain
Networks of the Brain
Olaf Sporns, 2010
Over the last decade, the study of complex networks has expanded across diverse scientific fields. Increasingly, science is concerned with the structure, behavior, and evolution of complex systems ranging from cells to ecosystems. Modern network approaches are beginning to reveal fundamental principles of brain architecture and function, and in Net...
Neurology in Clinical Practice: Principles of diagnosis and ...
Neurology in Clinical Practice: Principles of diagnosis and ...
Walter George Bradley, 2004
Patients with acute Broca's aphasia may be mute or may produce only single words, often with dysarthria and apraxia of ... Broca's aphasia usually include the traditional Broca's area in the posterior part of the inferior frontal gyrus, along with  ...
Principles of Neural Science
Principles of Neural Science
Eric Kandel, James Schwartz and Thomas Jessell, 2000
A Doody's Core Title for 2011! 5 STAR DOODY'S REVIEW! "This is a simply wonderful book that makes accessible in one place all the details of how the neuron and brain work. The writing is clear. The drawings are elegant and educational. The book is a feast for both the eye and mind. The richness, the beauty, and the complexity of neur...
Radiographic Atlas of Skull and Brain Anatomy
Radiographic Atlas of Skull and Brain Anatomy
Massimo Gallucci, Silvia Capoccia, Alessia Catalucci, 2007
The motor component, which, when impaired, is responsible for the so-called non -fluent aphasia, includes Brodmann's area 44, in the opercular part of the inferior orbital gyrus (termed Broca's speech area). Other authors consider area 45 as ...
Introduction to Language Development
Introduction to Language Development
Shelia M. Kennison, 2013
There are between 4,000 and 6,000 languages remaining in the world and the characteristics of these languages vary widely. How could an infant born today master any language in the world, regardless of the language’s characteristics? Shelia M. Kennison answers this question through a comprehensive introduction to language development, taking a uniq...
Paul Broca, Founder of French Anthropology, Explorer of the ...
Paul Broca, Founder of French Anthropology, Explorer of the ...
Francis Schiller, 1979
1, 8, 9, 12, 16, 17, 18, "3rd or inferior frontal gyrus or convolution (1 is approximately Broca's area (in the left hemisphere); 21, 22, 23, "2nd" or middle frontal gyrus; c, c, c, "1st" or superior frontal gyrus; 13, 19, precentral gyrus; 14, 24 , postcentral ...
Harrison's Neurology in Clinical Medicine, 3E
Harrison's Neurology in Clinical Medicine, 3E
Stephen Hauser and Scott Josephson, 2013
Neurology – as only Harrison’s can cover it Featuring a superb compilation of chapters related to neurology that appear in Harrison’s Principles of Internal Medicine, Eighteenth Edition, this concise, full-color clinical companion delivers the latest knowledge in the field backed by the scientific rigor and authority that have defined Harrison’s. Y...
Localization in Clinical Neurology
Localization in Clinical Neurology
Brazis, Joseph C. Masdeu, José Biller, 2011
Patients with Broca aphasia are often depressed because of their plight and frustrated by specific failures at ... This impairment may be related to damage to the supramarginal gyrus, which is part of the auditory association cortex [407].
Miller's Anatomy of the Dog, 4e
Miller's Anatomy of the Dog, 4e
Howard E. Evans PhD and Alexander de Lahunta DVM PhD, 2012
Now in full-color, Miller's Anatomy of the Dog, 4th Edition features unparalleled coverage of canine morphology, with detailed descriptions and vivid illustrations that make intricate details easier to see and understand. Updated content reflects the latest knowledge on development, structure, and function, making this a valuable reference for...
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Blog posts on the term
Gyrus of Broca
The Widening Gyrus » American Scientist
www.americanscientist.org/issues/id.9800/issue.aspx
The Broca Divide – The Broca Divide
A child’s first word. No matter the word, it is a milestone.
brocadivide.wordpress.com/2012/11/06/brocadivide/
Cortical Plasticity after Cochlear Implantation
Neural Plasticity is an international, interdisciplinary journal dedicated to the publication of articles related to all aspects of neural plasticity, with special emphasis on its functional significance as reflected in behavior and in psychopathology. Neural Plasticity publishes research and review articles from the entire range of relevant disciplines, including basic neuroscience, behavioral neuroscience, cognitive neuroscience, biological psychology, and biological psychiatry.
www.hindawi.com/journals/np/2013/318521/
Blogging Stroke: Early speech therapy hastens shift in cortical activation, improves outcomes post-stroke
Matthew Edwardson, MDMattioli F, Ambrosi C, Mascaro L, Scarpazza C, Pasquali P, Frugoni M, et al.  Early Aphasia Rehabilitation Is Associated With Functional Reactivation of the Left Inferior Frontal Gyrus: A Pilot Study.
strokeblog.strokeahajournal.org/2013/12/early-speech-therapy-hastens-shift-in.html
Reproducibility of Activations in Broca Area with Two Language Tasks: A Functional MR Imaging Study
www.ajnr.org/content/28/7/1346.long
Broca’s Convolution: How We Know Human Speech Did Not Evolve | Across the Fruited Plain
I have heard and read from many folks who subscribe to evolutionism, that human speech and communication evolved from the grunts, howls, squeaks and groans of animals. Part of the proof they cite is our ability to communicate with animals today. But did human speech actually evolve from pet sounds? (queue The Beach Boys)... Human…
sepetjian.wordpress.com/2012/10/09/brocas-convolution-how-we-know-human-speech-did-not-evolve/
Talking Brains: Connectivity patterns between Broca's area and the temporal lobe
There have now been a sufficient number of in vivo tractography studies of language-related areas to discern the general patterns of connectivity between Broca's area and the temporal lobe. In vivo tractography is achieved using diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) which is sensitive to the direction (orientation) of water molecule diffusion.
www.talkingbrains.org/2009/08/connectivity-patterns-between-brocas.html
Aphasia
Aphasia is brain damage leading to language problems. Here's a summary.
changingminds.org/explanations/brain/dysfunction/aphasia.htm
Broca’s Area, 1865 | Are you Scicurious?
Broca, P. "On the site of the faculty of the articulated speech" The meeting of the Anthropological Society, 1865. Broca is a name known universally amongst neuroscientists, med students, linguists, and really almost anyone who's ever had an interest in language and the brain. Broca lends his name to Broca's area, an area of the…
scicurious.wordpress.com/2008/07/31/brocas-area-1865/
USMLE - Disturbances of Higher Cortical Function | USMLE Step 1, Step 2 CK and Step 3
www.score95.com/blog/blog/usmle-disturbances-of-higher-cortical-function/
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