Incestum
Sexual attitudes and behaviors in ancient Rome are indicated by Roman art, literature and inscriptions, and to a lesser extent by archaeological remains such as erotic artifacts and architecture. It has sometimes been assumed that "unlimited sexual license" was characteristic of ancient Rome:
However, sexuality was not excluded as a concern of the mos maiorum, the traditional social norms that affected public, private, and military life.Pudor, "shame, modesty", was a regulating factor in behavior, as were legal strictures on certain sexual transgressions in both the Republican and Imperial periods. The censors were public officials who determined the social rank of individuals and would, on occasion, remove citizens from the senatorial or equestrian order for sexual misconduct. The mid-20th-century sexuality theorist Michel Foucault regarded sex throughout the Greco-Roman world as governed by restraint and the art of managing sexual pleasure.
Roman society was patriarchal (see paterfamilias), and masculinity was premised on a capacity for governing oneself and others of lower status, not only in war and politics, but in bed. "Virtue" (virtus), related to the Latin word for "man", vir, was an active masculine ideal of self-discipline. The corresponding ideal for a woman was pudicitia, often translated as chastity or modesty, but a more positive and even competitive personal quality that displayed both her attractiveness and self-control.Roman women of the upper classes were expected to be well-educated, strong of character, and active in maintaining their family's standing in society. But with extremely few exceptions, surviving Latin literature preserves the voices only of educated male Romans on the subject of sexuality. While visual art was created by those of lower social status and of a greater range of ethnicity, it was commissioned by people wealthy enough to afford it, including in the Imperial era former slaves, and was tailored to their taste and inclinations.
Some sexual attitudes and behaviors in ancient Roman culture differ markedly from those in later Western societies.Roman religion supported sexuality as an aspect of prosperity for the state, and individuals might turn to private religious practice or "magic" for improving their erotic lives or reproductive health. Prostitution was legal, public, and widespread. "Pornographic" paintings were featured among the art collections in respectable upperclass households. It was considered natural and unremarkable for adult males to be sexually attracted to teen-aged youths of both sexes, and pederasty was condoned as long as the younger partner was not a freeborn Roman. "Homosexual" and "heterosexual" did not form the primary dichotomy of Roman thinking about sexuality, and no Latin words for these concepts exist. No moral censure was directed at the adult male who enjoyed sex acts with either women or males of inferior status, as long as his behaviors revealed no weaknesses or excesses, nor infringed on the rights and prerogatives of his male peers. While perceived effeminacy was denounced, especially in political rhetoric, sex in moderation with male prostitutes or slaves was not regarded as improper or vitiating to masculinity, if the male citizen took the active and not the receptive role. Hypersexuality, however, was condemned morally and medically in both men and women. Women were held to a stricter moral code, and same-sex relations between women are poorly documented, but the sexuality of women is variously celebrated or reviled throughout Latin literature. In general the Romans had more flexible gender categories than the ancient Greeks.
A late 20th-century paradigm analyzed Roman sexuality in terms of a "penetrator–penetrated" binary model, a misleadingly rigid analysis that may obscure expressions of sexuality among individual Romans. Even the relevance of the word "sexuality" to ancient Roman culture has been disputed, but in the absence of any other label for "the cultural interpretation of erotic experience", the term continues to be used.

This is an excerpt from the article Incestum from the Wikipedia free encyclopedia. A list of authors is available at Wikipedia.
The article Incestum at en.wikipedia.org was accessed 63 times in the last 30 days. (as of: 01/02/2014)
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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities (1890), INCESTUM
Hence the substantive Incestum in its earliest signification, and before the juristic distinction between incest jure gentium and incest juris civilis had been ...
www.perseus.tufts.edu/hopper/text?doc=Perseus:text:1999.04.0063:entry=incestum-cn
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incestum - Wiktionary
Incestum. Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary. Jump to: navigation, search. Latin[edit]. Noun[edit]. Incestum. accusative singular of incestus. Retrieved ...
en.wiktionary.org/wiki/incestum
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Incestum
Dec 8, 2006 ... The article 'Incestum' in William Smith's Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities.
penelope.uchicago.edu/Thayer/E/Roman/Texts/secondary/SMIGRA*/Incestum.html
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Incestum - Wikipedia
L'Incestum nel diritto romano indicava l'unione sessuale tra persone legate da vincoli di parentela o affinità, oppure la violazione del trentennale voto di castità ...
it.wikipedia.org/wiki/Incestum
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Incestum - Abstrus-promotion.de
www.Incestum.de.
www.abstrus-promotion.de/incestum/index2.html
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Incestum w prawie rzymskim - Wydawnictwo KUL
21 Lut 2007 ... Joanna Misztal-KoneckaISBN: 978-83-7363-439-8Stron: 374Format: A5Rok wydania: 2007Łacińskie słowo Incestum oznaczało w sensie ...
www.wydawnictwokul.lublin.pl/sklep/product_info.php?products_id=863
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Incestum in English - Latin-English Dictionary - Glosbe
Incestum translation in Latin-English dictionary. ... Incestum in English. translation and definition "Incestum", Latin-English Dictionary online ...
en.glosbe.com/la/en/incestum
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Latin Definition for: incestus, incesta, incestum (ID: 23142) - Latin ...
incestus, incesta, Incestum. adjective. Definitions: unchaste; unholy, unclean, religiously impure, polluted, defiled, sinful, lewd. Age: In use throughout the ages/  ...
www.latin-dictionary.net/definition/23142/incestus-incesta-incestum
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EUdict | incestum | Latin-German dictionary
Latin-German translation for Incestum - online dictionary EUdict.com.
www.eudict.com/?lang=latger&word=incestum
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RhymeZone: incestum
Words and phrases that have similar spelling to Incestum: (4 results). cestum, incest, cestrum, pinetum. Commonly searched words are shown in bold.
rhymezone.com/r/rhyme.cgi?Word=incestum&org1=syl&org2=l&typeofrhyme=spell&org3=n
Search results for "Incestum"
Google: approx. 34.100
Incestum in science
Dissertatio inauguralis iuridica Sistens historiam et ... - WorldCat
Dissertatio inauguralis iuridica Sistens historiam et rationem iuris Incestum ... Golden Gate University - Los AltosLos Altos, California 94022-1526, United ...
Dissertatio Inauguralis Iuridica Sistens Historiam Et ... - WorldCat
Dissertatio Inauguralis Iuridica Sistens Historiam Et Rationem Iuris Incestum Prohibentis Preview this item ... Dissertation: University, Diss., 1787--Tübingen.
[PDF]Fallen Vestals: An exploration into virginity, crimen, incestum, and ...
Incestum, AND PUNISHMENT ... after being charged with crimen Incestum. 2 .... 5Takacs, Sarolta, Vestal Virgins, Sibyls, and Matrons,(Texas, University of ...
Fulvia - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Charged with "Incestum", Clodius defended himself by stating that he was not in ..... of Fulvia, Classics Graduate Theses, Published by Queen's University, 2007.
Publius Clodius Pulcher - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Bona Dea scandal and trial for Incestum[edit] ..... Stephen L. Dyson, Rome: A Living Portrait of an Ancient City (Johns Hopkins University Press, 2010), p.
Definitions of Roman legal terms - BoyWiki
Nov 26, 2013 ... Incestum is an act that violates religious purity. ... North, and S.R.F. Price, Religions of Rome: A History (Cambridge University Press, 1998), vol.
gb206-ms1707 - Manuscripts and papers of James Brown with ...
This material is held at, GB 206 Leeds University Library ... Piano Concerto (1993 ), the cantata Ad Incestum Lucernae (1974), Serenade for Orchestra (1968), ...
Books on the term Incestum
Virginity Revisited: Configurations of the Unpossessed Body
Virginity Revisited: Configurations of the Unpossessed Body
Bonnie MacLachlan, Judith Fletcher, 2007
Koch, however, misunderstood the very nature of the term Incestum. Incestum was not just 'incest,' nor was it the same as stuprum (sexual defilement, which covers adultery and rape).106 Both familial incest and the Vestal's Incestum were  ...
Family Care
Family Care
Jessa Callaver, 2013
When 18-year-old Josie agreed to sacrifice her last high school spring break babysitting for the new family in town she could have never foreseen the result. The Sharps are young, attractive, successful with a gorgeous home and a hidden secret. What's the most that could happen?
Rome's Vestal Virgins
Rome's Vestal Virgins
Robin Lorsch Wildfang, 2006
Incestum in the same era seem also to have been the result of an outbreak ofa similar pestilence at Rome. In 274 or 273 bce, the Vestal Sextilia was con- demned for Incestum and buried alive.28 Although the reasons for this accusation are ...
A dictionary of Greek and Roman antiquities, ed. by W. Smith
A dictionary of Greek and Roman antiquities, ed. by W. Smith
Greek antiquities, sir William Smith, 1842
It was Incestum to have knowledge of a vestal virgin, and both parties were punished with death. It docs not appear that there was any legislation as to Incestum : the rules relating to it were founded on usage (moribus). Th.it which was stuprum ...
Law and Crime in the Roman World (Key Themes in Ancient History)
Law and Crime in the Roman World (Key Themes in Ancient History)
Jill Harries, 2007
What was crime in ancient Rome? Was it defined by law or social attitudes? How did damage to the individual differ from offences against the community as a whole? This 2007 book explores competing legal and extra-legal discourses in a number of areas, including theft, official malpractice, treason, sexual misconduct, crimes of violence, homicide, m...
Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities
Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities
Sir William Smith, 1853
Incestum or INCESTUS. Incestum is Bon castum, and signifies generally all immoral and irreligious acta.' In a narrower sense it denotes the unchastity of a Vestal, and sexual intercourse «f persons within certain degrees of consanguinity .
Rome's Vestal Virgins
Rome's Vestal Virgins
Robin Lorsch Wildfang, 2006
Comprehensive and thoroughly up-to-date, this volume offers a brand new analysis of the Vestal Virgins’ ritual function in Roman religion. Undertaking a detailed and careful analysis of ancient literary sources, Wildfang argues that the Vestals’ virginity must be understood on a variety of different levels and provides a solution to the problem of ...
The Women of Pliny's Letters (Women of the Ancient World)
The Women of Pliny's Letters (Women of the Ancient World)
Jo-Ann Shelton, 2012
Pliny's letters offer a significant source of information about the lives of Roman women (predominantly, though not exclusively, upper-class women) during the late first and early second centuries CE. In the 368 letters included in his ten published books of epistles, Pliny mentions over 30 women by name, addresses letters to seven, and refers...
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Incestum
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