Last emperor of Persia
Mohammad Rezâ Šâh Pahlavi (Persian: Mohamad Rezā Ŝāhh Pahlawi, [mohæmˈmæd reˈzɒː ˈʃɒːhe pæhlæˈviː]; 26 October 1919 – 27 July 1980) was the ruler of Iran (Shah of Iran) from 16 September 1941 until his overthrow by the Iranian Revolution on 11 February 1979. He took the title Šâhanšâh ("Emperor" or "King of Kings") on 26 October 1967. He was the second and last monarch of the House of Pahlavi of the Iranian monarchy. Mohammad Reza Shah Pahlavi held several other titles, including that of Aryamehr (Light of the Aryans) and Bozorge Arteštârân (Head of the Warriors, Persian: Bozorg Arteŝdārān).
Mohammad Rezâ Pahlavi came to power during World War II after an Anglo-Soviet invasion forced the abdication of his father Reza Shah. During Mohammad Reza's reign, the Iranian oil industry was briefly nationalized under the democratically elected Prime Minister Mohammad Mosaddegh before a U.S.-backed coup d'état deposed Mosaddegh and brought back foreign oil firms, and Iran marked the anniversary of 2,500 years of continuous monarchy since the founding of the Persian Empire by Cyrus the Great. As ruler, he introduced the White Revolution, a series of economic, social and political reforms with the proclaimed intention of transforming Iran into a global power and modernizing the nation by nationalizing certain industries and granting women suffrage.
A secular Muslim, Mohammad Reza gradually lost support from the Shi'a clergy of Iran as well as the working class, particularly due to his strong policy of modernization, secularization, conflict with the traditional class of merchants known as bazaari, recognition of Israel, and corruption issues surrounding himself, his family, and the ruling elite. Various additional controversial policies were enacted, including the banning of the communist Tudeh Party, and a general suppression of political dissent by Iran's intelligence agency, SAVAK. According to official statistics, Iran had as many as 2,200 political prisoners in 1978, a number which multiplied rapidly as a result of the revolution.
Several other factors contributed to strong opposition to the Shah among certain groups within Iran, the most notable of which were United States and UK support for his regime, clashes with Islamists and increased communist activity. By 1979, political unrest had transformed into a revolution which, on 17 January, forced him to leave Iran. Soon thereafter, the Iranian monarchy was formally abolished, and Iran was declared an Islamic republic led by Ayatollah Khomeini. Facing likely execution should he return to Iran, he died in exile in Egypt, whose President, Anwar Sadat, had granted him asylum. Mohammad Reza Shah Pahlavi is often called "the last Shah of Iran" as well as "the Shah of Iran" or simply "the Shah".

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List of kings of Persia - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Great King, King of Persia, King of Anshan, King of Media, King of Babylon, King of Sumer ... 261 BC, 281 BC, 261 BC, Son of Seleucus I, Co-ruler from 291.
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_kings_of_Persia
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Achaemenid Empire - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
550–330 BCE), or First Persian Empire, was an empire in Western and Central .... Achaemenes was himself a minor 7th-century ruler of the Anshan (Ansham or .... first millennium, Alexander can be considered as the "last of the Achaemenids.
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Achaemenid_Empire
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Timeline of the Ancient Rulers of Persia (Modern Iran)
A quick look at the ancient Persian rulers. ... Roman Emperors Table of Dates of the Byzantine Roman Emperors · 428 A.D. · Tyrants of Syracuse - List of the ...
ancienthistory.about.com/od/persiatimelines/qt/080909TimelineAncientPeria.htm
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Kingdoms of Persia - Persia - The History Files
Last Median-controlled Persian king. 559 BC ... First 27th Egyptian Dynasty ruler. 521 BC ..... Defeated and captured Roman Emperor Valerian in 260. c.241.
www.historyfiles.co.uk/KingListsMiddEast/EasternPersia.htm
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A timeline of the Persians - Piero Scaruffi
1194: the last Persian Seljuq ruler dies and Seljuq power collapses in Iran 1220: the Mongols invade Transoxania (Bukhara and Samarkand) and Iran/Persia
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Iran Politics Club: First and Last Persian Emperors & Kings ...
Dec 6, 2006 ... So you think you know the First and Last Persian Emperors? Don't be so sure! There is always room to learn! Nationalism is good, but shoving ...
iranpoliticsclub.net/history/first-last-emperors/
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Persian Kings in the Bible - Iran in the Bible - Cyrus Charter of ...
Cyrus the Great (580-529 BC) (known as Kourosh in Persian; Kouros in Greek; Kores in Hebrew) was the first Achaemenian Emperor and founder of Iran, who ...
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How Long Did the Persian Empire Last - Ask.com
The Persian Empire (c.550-330 BCE) lasted for about two centuries. It stretched from parts of modern Pakistan, ... who was the last ruler of the persian empire?
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The Persians - International World History Project
History of the Ancient Persians including Cyrus and Darius. ... their vigorous new ruler, who soon demonstrated that he deserved to be called "the Great. ... such as the resurrection of the dead and a last judgment - influenced later Judaism.
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A Brief History of Persian Empire - Pars Times
But of course you will refuse my advice; as the last thing you wish for is to live in peace.8. In 529 BC a bloody battle was fought, destroying most of the Persian ...
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Last emperor of Persia in science
A timeline of the Persians - Piero Scaruffi
A timeline of the Persians. ... 225: Ardashir I Sassanid defeats Artabanus V, last Parthian ruler, and moves the capital to .... 1935: Tehran University is founded
Regensburg lecture - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The author of this criticism was the Byzantine Emperor Manuel II Palaiologos (or ... an "educated Persian" (who remained unnamed in all the dialogues), as well as .... a relationship with Islam that Pope John Paul II built over the last twenty years. .... Tariq Ramadan, an influential visiting fellow in the University of Oxford, said ...
Maurice (emperor) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Once he became Emperor, he brought the war with Persia to a victorious conclusion: ... He stands out as one of the last Emperors whose Empire still bore a strong .... Ostrogorski, G; History of the Byzantine State, Rutgers University Press (July ...
Achaemenid Empire - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Cyrus is considered to be the first true king of the Persian Empire, as his ... east in the first millennium, Alexander can be considered as the "last of the Achaemenids. ..... According to Professor Stanley Insler of Yale University, as many as 72 ...
Julian (emperor) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
He was the last emperor of the Constantinian dynasty, the empire's first Christian ..... Ammianus states that Julian longed for revenge on the Persians and that a ...... New Haven: Yale University Press, 2009, ISBN 978-0-300-13719-4 , page 232 ...
Mohammad Reza Pahlavi - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Mohammad Rezā Shāh Pahlavī (Persian: محمد رضا شاه پهلوی, [mohæmˈmæd ... He was the second and last monarch of the House of Pahlavi of the Iranian monarchy. ... As ruler, he introduced the White Revolution, a series of economic, social and .... an annual ceremony to commemorate the founding of Tehran University.
Yazdegerd III - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Yazdegerd III or Yazdgerd III (also spelled Yazdiger or Yazdigerd, Persian: یزدگرد سوم, "made by God") was the thirty-eighth and last king of the Sasanian ...
Manuel II Palaiologos - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Despotēs in the Morea and subsequently the last Byzantine emperor, 1448–1453 . .... with a Persian) in which the Emperor stated: "Show me just what Muhammad brought that ... Oxford Dictionary of Byzantium, Oxford University Press, 1991.
Mughal Empire - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Mughal power was severely limited and the last emperor, Bahadur Shah II had ...... Turko-Persia in historical perspective, Cambridge University Press, 1991. pg ...
Books on the term Last emperor of Persia
Shahnameh: The Persian Book of Kings
Shahnameh: The Persian Book of Kings
Firdawsī, 2006
A new translation of the late-tenth-century Persian epic follows its story of pre-Islamic Iran's mythic time of Creation through the seventh-century Arab invasion, tracing ancient Persia's incorporation into an expanding Islamic empire. 15 ...
Royal Genealogies, Or the Genealogical Tables of Emperors, ...
Royal Genealogies, Or the Genealogical Tables of Emperors, ...
James Anderson, 1732
The Family of the last Kings or SOPHIES of $etBa, to our Time. ... Caraissuf the Tartarian King ot' Persia reign'd 14 Years Amiscander reign'd 16 Years. ... David omnenu* the last Emperor at Trebi- zond, was overthrown by Mahomet II.
A History Of Persia
A History Of Persia
Sir Percy Sykes, 2013
From the point of view of the Emperor an assault would have meant the loss of the riches of the Temple of the Sun, which by custom would have been the soldiers' booty, ... Artabanus and Volagases, the last Kings of Parthia, A.D. 209— 226.
A New Account of East India and Persia: Being Nine Years' ...
A New Account of East India and Persia: Being Nine Years' ...
John Fryer, 1992
over their Provinces, that they are Potent enough to engage one another, and countermand the King's Commands, ... the time of Ratnras1, about Two hundred-' and fifty Years ago, sole Monarch of India infra Gangem,&nd the last Emperor that.
A Dictionary, Persian, Arabic and English
A Dictionary, Persian, Arabic and English
John Richardson, Charles Wilkins, 1806
Baber, the great grandson of Tamcrlane, after four invasions, defeated Ibrahim Lodi, the last emperor of this race, and ... :1 celebrated Persian poet of the twelfth century, was a great favourite with the Sultan of Shirvan; but becoming at last ...
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Last emperor of Persia
Episode 34 – Overbalancing | The History of Byzantium
The new Emperor Tiberius II decided to throw the Empire's strength into the war with Persia. He spends liberally and recruits new men to bolster the Eastern Empire. His General Maurice wins him great victories in the East but the Avars and Slavs are quick to take advantage of the weak Danube frontier. Justin II…
thehistoryofbyzantium.com/2013/08/16/episode-34-overbalancing/
Justinian’s First Persian War (524-532 C. E.) and aftermath. | Weapons and Warfare
Posted on November 1, 2013 by Mitch Williamson.
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Byzantine Military: Zealots - A "Marxist" Revolution in Byzantium
Civil War - The Rise of the Zealots Byzantium's Marxist Revolution Rule number one - the "correct" history of any given moment in time is mostly written by those who win the wars. The point of view of the defeated is usually swiftly discarded into the trash can of history.
byzantinemilitary.blogspot.com/2013/11/zealots-marxist-revolution-in-byzantium.html
The Emperors of this World | :: Approach Thailand :: Approach Magazine Hua Hin
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This Week In Freethought History October 27th – November 2nd | American Heathen®
(The following post is courtesy of blog contributor/author Ronald Bruce Meyer) Here’s your week in Freethought History. This is more than just a calendar of events or mini-biographies – it’s a reminder that, no matter how isolated and alone we may feel at times, we as freethinkers are neither unique nor alone in the world.…
theamericanheathen.com/2013/11/02/this-week-in-freethought-history-october-27th-november-2nd/
Lhore, Lhore Hai (Lahore is Lahore) | Urdu Language Blog
There is a Persian saying that if there was no Lahore, Isphahan (Iran) would have been half of the world. There is yet another ancient proverb, "Even if
blogs.transparent.com/urdu/lhore-lhore-hai-lahore-is-lahore/
Docudharma:: On This Day In History October 30
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Grande Strategy
Part III: The Invasion of Iraq Chapter 18: The Clash with Persia Page 1 "Say to the desert Arabs who lagged behind: 'You shall be summoned against a people given to vehement war: you shall fight them, or they shall submit. Then if you show obedience, Allah will grant you a goodly reward, but if you turn back as you did before, He will punish you with a painful Punishment.
www.grandestrategy.com/2007/12/sword-of-allah-chapter-18-clash-with.html
About darius iii
Darius III was the last Persian emperor from the Achaemenid dynasty. He lived from 380 to 330 BC. During his reign the Persian empire was conquered by Alexander the Great.
www.ukessays.com/essays/history/about-darius-iii.php
Main/God Emperor - Television Tropes & Idioms
The God Emperor trope as used in popular culture, with a list of examples from all media.
tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pmwiki.php/Main/GodEmperor
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