Legio VII Gemina Felix
Legio septima Gemina (Seventh Twin Legion) was a Roman legion; its full name was Legio VII Gemina Felix. It dates back to 69 AD, the Year of the four emperors, when the governor of Hispania Tarraconensis, Galba, levied a legion to march on Rome. The legion settled in the city called Legio (modern-day León, Spain) in 74 AD and was still in Hispania at the end of the fourth century.Tacitus calls the legion "Galbiana", to distinguish it from the old Legio VII Claudia, but this appellation is not found on any inscriptions. It appears to have received the appellation of "Gemina" on account of its amalgamation by Vespasian with one of the German legions, not improbably the Legio I Germanica. Between 86 and 89 the Legion was commanded by the future emperor Trajan.
After serving in Pannonia, and in the civil wars, it was settled by Vespasian in Hispania Tarraconensis, to supply the place of the Legio VI Victrix and Legio X Gemina, two of the three legions ordinarily stationed in the province, but which had been withdrawn to Germania. That its regular winter quarters, under later emperors, were at Leon, we learn from the Antonine Itinerary, Ptolemy, and the Notitia Imperii, as well as from a few inscriptions; but there are numerous inscriptions to prove that a strong detachment of it was stationed at Tarraco (modern Tarragona), the chief city of the province. The following are a selection, in order of time:In the inscriptions the legion has the surnames of "P. F. ANTONINIANA", "P. F. ALEXANDRIANA", and "P. F. SEVERIANA ALEXANDRIANA"; and its name occurs in a Greek inscription as ΛΕΤ. Ζ. ΔΙΔύμη, while another mentions a χιλίαρχον ἐν Ἱσπανίᾳ λεγεῶνος ἑβδόμης. There is an inscription in which is found a "Tribunus Militum LEG. VII. GEMINAE FELICIS IN GERMANIA", from a comparison of which with two inscriptions found in Germany, it has been inferred that the legion was employed on an expedition into Germany under Alexander Severus, and that this circumstance gave rise to the erroneous designation of Γερμανική in the text of Ptolemy.
The Legion had units stationed at their extended fortified camps:
At Tarraco under the direct command of the governor of the Tarraconensis province.
At Emerita Augusta, under the direct orders of the governor of the Lusitanian province.
At Astorga, near the gold mines to supervise and escort of its imperial trains
Somewhere unknown in the north of Portugal near their gold mines.
At Tritium Magallum (Tricio in Rioja)
At Lucus Augusti (Lugo)
And at Segisama (Sasamon Burgos) to control the main Roman Via of access to Aquitania
Also under the Legion were five auxiliary units, a cavalry wing, two cohorts of equitatae and two of peditatae,
II Wing, Flavia Hispanorum civium romanorum, cantoned in Petavonium (near Zamora).
Cohors I Celtiberorum Equitata civium romanorum, cantoned within Municipium Flaviae Brigantia (near La Coruña).
Cohors I Galica Equitata civium romanorum, cantoned at Pisoraca, (Herrera de Pisuerga, Palencia).
Cohors II Galica, cantoned in the unknown locality of "ad cohortem Galicam" (suspected to be in Portugal).
Cohors III Lucensium, cantoned near Lucus Augustium (Lugo).
During the majority of its existence the number of effectives under the Military commander of the VII were usually around the 7,712 between auxiliaries and regulars, not counting local levies and other reinforcements send from Rome for temporary services.
The station of this legion in the Gallaecia Roman province grew into an important city, León, that after the invasions of 409 AD in Iberia became part of the Suevic Kingdom, which resisted the attacks of the Visigoths til 586, when it was taken by Leovigild; and it was one of the few cities which the Visigoths allowed to retain their fortifications. The Roman bridge over the Tâmega River in Chaves, Portugal, then Aquae Flaviae, was built by the stationed legionaries of the Legio VII Gemina at the time of Trajan.

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Legio VII Gemina - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Legio septima Gemina (Seventh Twin Legion) was a Roman legion; its full name was Legio VII Gemina Felix. VII Gemina dates back to the Year of the four ...
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Legio_VII_Gemina
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Legio VII Gemina – Wikipédia, a enciclopédia livre
Legio VII Gemina ("Sétima Legião Gêmea") foi uma legião romana cujo nome completo era Legio VII Gemina Felix. A Sétima Gemina tem suas origens no Ano  ...
pt.wikipedia.org/wiki/Legio_VII_Gemina
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Legio VII Gemina - Wikipedia, la enciclopedia libre
En el año 74, el emperador Vespasiano decidió el traslado de la Legio VII Gemina Felix a la provincia Hispania Tarraconensis, asentándola en el antiguo ...
es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Legio_VII_Gemina
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VII Gemina Felix (Roman legion) -- Encyclopedia Britannica
From Vespasian's time to the end of the empire the legionary force in Spain was limited to the VII Gemina Felix legion, stationed at Legio (León) in the north.
www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/536456/VII-Gemina-Felix
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Can't recruit legio VII Gemina Felix - Total War Center
Oct 31, 2009 ... Hello, I'm having a bit a of a problem, I've been owner of Byzantium for a quite some time now, it has a field of mars etc, but I can't recruit any ...
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Legio VII Gemina - Livius
Legio VII Gemina: one of the Roman legions. Its name ... It served in Pannonia and Germania Superior, where it received an additional surname, Felix, 'lucky'.
www.livius.org/le-lh/legio/vii_gemina.html
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Legio VII Gemina (Pia) Felix: Estudio de Una Legion Romana ...
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Customer Reviews. Legio VII Gemina (Pia) Felix: Estudio de Una Legion Romana (Spanish Edition). There are no customer reviews yet. Create your own review.
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Legio VII Gemina Pia Felix Estudio de Una Legion Romana Spanish ...
Legio VII Gemina by Juan Jose Palao Vicente. (Paperback 9788478005468)
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List of Roman legions - Wikipedia, the…
This is a list of Roman legions, including key facts about each legion, primarily focusing on Principate (early Empire, 27 BC - 284 AD) legions, for which there ...
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Legio Vii Gemina Felix - Academia.edu
Novedades sobre la Legio VII Gemina Pía Félixmore. by Legio ... Join Legio Vii and 4,247,479 other researchers on Academia.edu. Connect ... DeVry University.
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Felix FELIX felix news NEWS
... of two roman legions: Legio IV Flavia Felix and Legio VII Gemina Felix. ... Felix, The Inspiring Story Of How A Boston University Student Raised $5,000 In A ...
Legio VII Gemina - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Legio septima Gemina (Seventh Twin Legion) was a Roman legion; its full name was Legio VII Gemina Felix. VII Gemina dates back to the Year of the four ...
Books on the term Legio VII Gemina Felix
Totius Latinitatis Lexicon
Totius Latinitatis Lexicon
Egidio Forcellini, Bailey, 1828
VII. GEM. ANT. P. FEL.— Legio Séptima Gemina Antonina Pia Felix.4 LEG. VÏÏ. G. F. EX. B-F. COS. — Legionis Séptimas Gemina; Felicis Ex Beneticiariis Consulis.5 LEG. VIL MACEÜONIC. PR Legionis Seplimœ Macedónica; Prima;.8 LEG.
Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography: Isabadius-Zymethus. ...
Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography: Isabadius-Zymethus. ...
William Smith, 1857
As its name implies, it grew out of the station of the new 7th legion, which was raised by the emperor Galba in Hispania. ... Vespasian with one of the German legions, not improbably the LEGIO I. GERMANICA. Its full name was VII. GEMIKA FELIX. After serving in Pannonia, and in the civil ... Victrix and X. Gemina, two of the three legions ordinarily stationed in the province, but which had been withdrawn to ...
Imperial Roman Army
Imperial Roman Army
2000
Now available in paperback, The Imperial Roman Army looks at the structure and development of the army between the Republic and the Late Empire, examining why the army has always been accorded such a prominent position in the history of the Roman Empire, and whether that view is justified.The book is divided into three sections. The author first ex...
Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography: Iabadius-Zymethus
Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography: Iabadius-Zymethus
Sir William Smith, 1857
Its full name was VII. Genista Felix. After serving in Pannonia, and in the civil wars , it was settled by Vespasian in Hispania Tarreconensis, to supply the place of the VI. Victrix and X. Gemina, two of the three legions ordinarily stationed in the ...
The Romans in Spain
The Romans in Spain
1998
This book traces the complex process by which an area, seen initially as a war-zone, was gradually transformed by the actions of the Romans and the reactions of the indigenous inhabitants into an integral part of the Roman world.
Zeitschrift Für Papyrologie und Epigraphik
Zeitschrift Für Papyrologie und Epigraphik
2002
The nickname Felix was given by Vespasian in 70 to Legio 1 1 1 1 Flavia Felix and Legio VII Gemina Felix, and by Elagabalus in 218 to Legio II Parthica Pia Fidelis Felix Aeterna; the attribution of this nickname to Legio III Gallica is probably ...
Fodor's See It Spain, 3rd Edition (Full-color Travel Guide)
Fodor's See It Spain, 3rd Edition (Full-color Travel Guide)
2009
"In terms of comprehensiveness of coverage, the very accessible format, and the enthusiastic tone, this series remains one of the best on the market." –Booklist "Fodor's super-informative guidebooks are known for accuracy and attention to detail…" –The Sacramento Bee "The Fodor's guides are notable for their ratin...
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Legio VII Gemina Felix
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