List of city name changes in Russia and Soviet Union
Reasons for geographical renaming in Russia were
- a particularly large number of cities and towns were renamed in Russia after the October Revolution of 1917
- more renamings happened during the whole history of the Soviet Union due to political reasons
- in 1945, German cities around Königsberg were made part of the Kaliningrad Oblast exclave, see list of cities and towns in East Prussia
- soon after the reconquest of Southern Sakhalin in 1945, Japanese placenames were replaced with Russian ones.
- Circa 1972-73, many Chinese or Chinese-sounding place names in the Russian Far East were replaced with Russian-sounding ones
- in 1991, after the dissolution of the Soviet Union, renamings (often for restoration of original names) happened
In the list below sometimes the year of renaming appears in brackets after the new name.
- Abinsky → Abinsk (1963)
- Adygeysk (1969) → Teuchezhsk (1976) → Adygeysk (1992)
- Aksayskaya → Aksay (1957)
- Alexandria (1838) → Dakhovsky (1864) → Dakhovsky Posad (1874) → Sochi (1896)
- Alexandrovsk (1896) → Polyarny (1939)
- Alexandrovskaya → Alexandrovka → Alexandrovsky (1917) → Alexandrovsk-Sakhalinsky (1926)
- Alexandrovskoye (1860) → Alexandrovka (1926) → Krasnopartizansk (1931) → Kuybyshevka-Vostochnaya (1936) → Belogorsk (1957)
- Alexeyevsk (1912) → Svobodny (1917)
- Almetyevo → Almetyevsk
- Antrea → Kamennogorsk (1948)
- Apsheronskaya (1863) → Apsheronsk (1947)
- Armyansky Aul (1839) → Armavir (1848)
- Arzamas-16 (1946) → Kremlyov (1991) → Sarov (1995)
- Astapovo → Lev Tolstoy (rural locality) (1918)
- Balanda → Kalininsk (1962)
- Bashanta → Gorodovikovsk (1971)
- Batalpashinkaya (1804) → Batalpashinsk (1931) → Sulimov (1934) → Yezhovo-Cherkessk (1937) → Cherkessk (1939)
- Beloozero (862) → Belozersk (1777)
- Belorechenskaya (1863) → Belorechensk (1958)
- Beloretsk → Mezhgorye (1995)
- Belotsarsk (1914) → Khem-Beldyr (1918) → Kyzyl (1926)
- Bikinskaya → Bikin
- Biryuch → Budyonny → Krasnogvardeyskoye → Biryuch (2007)
- Bobriki → Donskoy
- Bobriki → Stalinogorsk (1934) → Novomoskovsk (1961)
- Bogdanovo → Spassk → Bednodemyanovsk (1925) → Spassk (2005)
- Bolokhovsky → Bolokhovo
- Bondyuzhsk → Mendeleyevsk
- Borovskaya Sloboda → Bor (1938)
- Beryozovskoye (Björkö) → Koivisto → Primorsk (1948)
- Chegem Pervy → Chegem
- Chembar → Belinsky (1948)
- Chertanla → Novyy Uzen' (1835) → Novouzensk
- Chesnokovka → Novoaltaysk (1962)
- Chelyabinsk-40 (1945) → Chelyabinsk-65 → Ozyorsk (1994)
- Chelyabinsk-70 → Snezhinsk (1991)
- Chibyu (1929) → Ukhta (1939)
- Chinnay → Krasnogorsk
- Cranz → Zelenogradsk (1945)
- Darkehmen → Angerapp (1938) → Ozyorsk (1945)
- Dmitriyev → Dmitriyev-na-Svape → Dmitriyev
- Dmitrovka → Dmitrovsk → Dmitrovsk-Orlovsky → Dmitrovsk (2005)
- Dokshukino (1913) → Nartkala (1967)
- Dolgoprudny → Dirizhablstroy → Dolgoprudny
- Dvigatelstroy → Kaspiysk (1947)
- Dzerzhinsky → Sorsk (1966)
- Elektroperedacha → Elektrogorsk (1946)
- Enso (1887) → Svetogorsk (1948)
- Esutoru → Uglegorsk (1946)
- Fischhausen → Primorsk (1946)
- Friedland → Pravdinsk (1946)
- Galkino-Vrasskoye (1884) → Ochiai (1905) → Dolinsk (1946)
- Goly Karamysh → Baltser → Krasnoarmeysk (1942)
- Gorodetsk → Bezhetsk (1766)
- Gorodok → Zakamensk (1959)
- Grushyovskaya → Gornoye Grushyovskoye → Alexandrovsk-Grushyovsky → Shakhty (1921)
- Gukovsky → Gukovo
- Gumbinnen → Gusev
- Gundorovka → Donetsk
- Gzhatsk → Gagarin
- Heiliegenbeil → Mamonovo
- Heinrichswalde → Slavsk
- Iletskaya Zashchita → Iletsk → Iletskoye → Iletskaya Zashchita → Sol-Iletsk
- Iman → Dalnerechensk
- Insterburg → Chernyakhovsk
- Ivanovo-Voznesensk → Ivanovo
- Izhevsky Zavod → Izhevsk → Ustinov → Izhevsk
- Izhma → Sosnogorsk
- Kainsk → Kuybyshev
- Kalata → Kirovgrad
- Kaliningrad → Korolyov
- Kamen → Kamen-na-Obi
- Kamenskaya → Kamensk-Shakhtinsky
- Kamensky Zavod → Kamensk-Uralsky
- Kamyshin → Dmitriyevsk → Kamyshin
- Kasivabora → Severo-Kurilsk
- Kaspiysky → Lagan
- Khabarovka → Khabarovsk
- Kharovsky → Kharovsk
- Khibinogorsk → Kirovsk, Murmansk Oblast
- Khlynov → Vyatka → Kirov
- Khonto → Nevelsk
- Khotchino → Gatchina → Trotsk (1923) → Krasnogvardeysk (1929) → Gatchina (1944)
- Khrushchyovskaya → Uzlovaya
- Kiyskoye → Mariinsk
- Kodinsky → Kodinsk
- Kolchugino → Lenino → Leninsk-Kuznetsky
- Komsomolsky → Yugorsk
- Korela → Keksgolm → Priozersk
- Korsakovsky Post → Otomari → Korsakov
- Kozlov → Michurinsk
- Königsberg → Kaliningrad
- Krasnaya Sloboda → Krasnoslobodsk
- Krasnoflotsky → Krasnoarmeysky → Krasnoarmeysk
- Krasnoyarsk-26 → Zheleznogorsk
- Kremlyov → Sarov
- Krestov Brod → Roshal
- Kseniyevsky → Asino
- Kudelka → Asbest
- Kukarka → Sovetsk
- Kurgannaya → Kurganinsk
- Kushvinsky Zavod → Kushva
- Kuznetsk → Novokuznetsk → Stalinsk → Novokuznetsk
- Kuznetsovo → Konakovo
- Labiau → Polessk
- Labinskaya → Labinsk
- Lakinsky → Lakinsk
- Laptevo → Yasnogorsk
- Lazdinay → Lazdenen → Krasnoznamensk
- Lermontovsky → Lermontov
- Likhvin → Chekalin
- Lopasnya → Chyornoye Ozero → Chekhov
- Losinaya Sloboda → Losino-Petrovsky
- Lyantorsky → Lyantor
- Lyutoga → Rudaka → Aniva
- Maoka (Mauka) → Kholmsk
- Mechetnaya → Nikolayevsk → Pugachyov
- Medvezhyya Gora → Medvezhyegorsk
- Melekess → Dimitrovgrad
- Mikhaylovskoye → Shpakovskoye → Mikhaylovsk
- Mikhaylovsky Zavod → Mikhaylovsk
- Mikoyan-Shakhar → Klukhori → Karachayevsk
- Mukhtuya → Lensk
- Muravlenkovsky → Muravlenko
- Mysovaya → Mysovsk → Babushkin
- Naberezhnye Chelny → Brezhnev → Naberezhnye Chelny
- Nadezhdinsk → Kabakovsk → Nadezhdinsk → Serov
- Naykhoro → Gornozavodsk
- Nazyvayevskaya → Nazyvayevka → Nazyvayevsk
- Neuhausen → Guryevsk
- Nevdubstroy → Kirovsk
- Nevyansky Zavod → Nevyansk
- Nezametny → Aldan
- Nikolayevsky → Nikolayevsk → Nikolayevsk-na-Amure
- Nikolo-Pestrovka → Nikolo-Pestrovsky → Nikolsk
- Nikolskoye → Nikolsk → Nikolsk-Ussuriysky → Voroshilov → Ussuriysk
- Nikolsky Khutor → Sursk
- Nizhnetagilsky Zavod → Nizhny Tagil
- Nizhnevartovsky → Nizhnevartovsk
- Nizhnevolzhsk → Narimanov
- Nizhny Novgorod → Gorky → Nizhny Novgorod
- Noda → Chekhov (2004)
- Nolinsk → Molotovsk → Nolinsk
- Novaya Derevnya → Alexandrovsky → Novonikolayevsky → Novonikolayevsk → Novosibirsk
- Novaya Pokrovka → Svoboda (1943) → Liski → Georgiu-Dezh (1965) → Liski (1990)
- Novgorod → Veliky Novgorod (1998)
- Novo-Mariinsk → Anadyr
- Novoalexandrovskaya → Novoalexandrovsk
- Novokuybyshevsky → Novokuybyshevsk
- Novonikolayevsk → Novosibirsk
- Novopavlovskaya → Novopavlovsk
- Novotroitsk → Baley
- Novovoronezhsky → Novovoronezh
- Novy Zay → Zainsk
- Novye Petushki → Petushki
- Nyakh → Nyagan
- Obdorsk → Salekhard
- Olensk → Vilyuysk
- Olkhovsky → Artyomovsk
- Olzheras → Mezhdurechensk
- Omutninsky Zavod → Omutninsk
- Oraniyenbaum → Lomonosov
- Orenburg → Chkalov → Orenburg
- Oreshek → Nöteborg → Shlisselburg → Petrokrepost → Shlisselburg
- Orlov → Khalturin → Orlov
- Osinovka → Osinniki
- Ostyako-Vogulsk → Khanty-Mansiysk
- Pavlovo → Pavlovsky Posad
- Pavlovsk → Slutsk → Pavlovsk
- Pechory → Petseri → Pechory
- Pereyaslavl-Ryazansky → Ryazan
- Perm → Molotov → Perm
- Permskoye → Komsomolsk-na-Amure
- Pervomaysky → Novodvinsk
- Pesochnya → Kirov
- Petergof → Petrodvorets → Petergof
- Petropavlovsky → Petropavlovsky Port → Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky
- Petropavlovsky → Severouralsk
- Petrovskoye → Petrovsk-Port → Makhachkala
- Petrovskoye → Svetlograd
- Petrovsky Zavod → Petrovsk-Zabaykalsky
- Pillau → Baltiysk
- Pokrovskaya → Pokrovsk → Engels
- Pokrovskoye → Pokrovsk
- Porechye → Demidov
- Poshekhonye → Poshekhonye-Volodarsk → Poshekhonye
- Prishib → Leninsk
- Protva → Zhukov
- Pryoysish-Elau → Bagrationovsk
- Pyora → Gondatti → Vladimiro-Shimanovsky → Shimanovsk
- Raduga → Vladimir-30 → Raduzhny
- Ragnit → Neman
- Ranenburg → Chaplygin
- Rastyapino → Dzerzhinsk
- Rauschen → Svetlogorsk
- Raychikha → Raychikhinsk
- Romanov-Borisoglebsk → Tutayev
- Romanov-na-Murmane → Murmansk (1917)
- Romanovsky → Kropotkin
- Saint Petersburg (1703) → Petrograd (1914) → Leningrad (1924) → Saint Petersburg (1991)
- Samara → Kuybyshev → Samara
- Selyutora → Siritoru → Makarov
- Semyonovka → Arsenyev
- Serdobol → Sortavala
- Sereda → Furmanov
- Sergiyev Posad → Sergiyev → Zagorsk → Sergiyev Posad
- Sergiyevskoye → Plavsk
- Shakhty → Gusinoozyorsk
- Sharypovskoye → Sharypovo → Chernenko → Sharypovo
- Shcheglovo → Shcheglovsk → Kemerovo
- Shikhrany → Kanash
- Shkotovo-17 → Tikhookeansky → Fokino
- Sieklakhti → Lakhdenpokhya
- Simbirsk → Ulyanovsk
- Skalisty → Gadzhiyevo
- Slavyanskaya → Slavyansk-na-Kubani
- Solnechnogorsky → Solnechnogorsk
- Sorochinskoye → Sorochinsk
- Spassk → Spassk-Tatarsky → Kuybyshev → Bolgar
- Spasskoye → Spassk → Spassk-Dalny
- Spasskoye → Spassk → Spassk-Ryazansky
- Stakhanovo → Zhukovsky
- Stallupönen → Nesterov
- Stary Rogozhsky Yam → Bogorodsk → Noginsk
- Stavropol → Togliatti
- Stavropol → Voroshilovsk → Stavropol
- Stupinskaya → Elektrovoz → Stupino
- Suchansky Rudnik → Suchan → Partizansk
- Sudostroy → Molotovsk → Severodvinsk
- Sundyr → Mariinsky Posad
- Suyetikha → Biryusinsk
- Sverdlovsk-45 → Lesnoy
- Svobodny → Cherepanovo
- Svyatoy Krest → Prikumsk → Budyonnovsk → Prikumsk → Budyonnovsk
- Syana → Kurilsk
- Sysertsky Zavod → Sysert
- Taldom → Leninsk → Taldom
- Tapiau → Gvardeysk
- Tashino → Pervomaysk
- Temir-Khan-Shura → Buynaksk
- Terijoki → Zelenogorsk
- Tetyukhe → Dalnegorsk
- Tikhmenevsky → Sikuka → Poronaysk
- Tikhoretskaya → Tikhoretsk
- Tilsit → Sovetsk
- Tomarioru → Tomari
- Tomsk-7 → Seversk
- Toro → Shakhtyorsk
- Troitsa → Udomlya
- Troitsko-Zaozyornoye → Zaozyorny
- Troitskosavsk → Kyakhta
- Troitskoye → Troitsky → Troitsk
- Trongzund → Uuras → Trongzund → Vysotsk
- Trotsk → Chapayevsk
- Truyevo-Naryshkino → Kuznetsk
- Tsaritsyn → Stalingrad → Volgograd
- Tsarskoye Selo → Detskoye Selo → Pushkin
- Tsaryovokokshaysk → Krasnokokshaysk → Yoshkar-Ola
- Tsimlyanskaya → Tsimlyansk
- Turyinsky → Krasnoturyinsk
- Tver → Kalinin → Tver
- Tyndinsky → Tynda
- Udinsk → Verhneudinsk → Ulan-Ude
- Ulala → Oyrot-Tura → Gorno-Altaysk
- Uralmedstroy → Krasnouralsk
- Usolye → Usolye-Sibirskoye
- Ust-Abakanskoye → Khakassk → Abakan
- Ust-Belokalitvenskaya → Belaya Kalitva
- Ust-Katavsky Zavod → Ust-Katav
- Ust-Medveditskaya → Serafimovich
- Ust-Sheksna → Rybansk → Rybnaya Sloboda → Rybnoy → Rybinsk → Shcherbakov → Rybinsk → Andropov → Rybinsk
- Ust Zeysky military post → Blagoveshchensk
- Vasilyovo → Chkalovsk
- Vayenga → Severomorsk
- Velikoknyazheskaya → Proletarskaya → Proletarsk
- Velyaminovsky → Tuapse
- Verkhneudinsky → Verkhneudinsk → Ulan-Ude
- Vinodelnoye → Ipatovo
- Vladikavkaz → Ordzhonikidze → Dzaudzhikau → Ordzhonikidze → Vladikavkaz
- Vladimirovka → Toyokhara → Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk
- Volkhovstroy → Volkhov (1940)
- Volodary → Volodarsk
- Vorontsovo-Alexandrovskoye → Sovetskoye → Zelenokumsk
- Voskresenskoye → Voskresensk → Istra (not to be confused with another Voskresensk)
- Voznesenskaya → Vereshchagino
- Vyzhaikha → Krasnovishersk
- Yakovlevskoye → Privolzhsk
- Yama → Yamsky Gorodok → Yama → Yamburg → Kingisepp (1922)
- Yauntlatgale → Abrene → Pytalovo
- Yegorshino → Artyomovsky
- Yekaterinburg → Sverdlovsk → Yekaterinburg
- Yekaterinodar → Krasnodar
- Yekaterinenstadt (Baronsk) → Marxstadt → Marks
- Yuryuzansky Zavod → Yuryuzan
- Zaozyorny-13 → Krasnoyarsk-45 → Zelenogorsk (1992)
- Zarinskaya → Zarinsk
- Zatishye → Elektrostal
- Zavolzhye → Zavolzhsk
- Zavoyko → Yelizovo
- Zernovoy → Zernograd
- Zeysky Sklad → Zeya-Pristan → Zeya
- Zhdanovsk → Zapolyarny
- Zheleznodorozhny → Yemva
- Zhirnoye → Zhirnovsky → Zhirnovsk
- Zimmerbude → Svetly
- Zlatoust-36 → Tryokhgorny
- Zmeiny → Never-1 → Rukhlovo → Skovorodino

This is an excerpt from the article List of city name changes in Russia and Soviet Union from the Wikipedia free encyclopedia. A list of authors is available at Wikipedia.
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List of renamed cities and towns in Russia - Wikipedia, the free ...
a particularly large number of cities and towns were renamed in Russia after the ... Soviet Union, renamings (often for restoration of original names) happened.
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_renamed_cities_and_towns_in_Russia
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Geographical renaming - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
This can range from the uncontroversial change of a street name to a highly .... The Soviet Union replaced German city names in the former East Prussia that ... with Russian names unrelated to the old German and Japanese place names after ...
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List of places named after Joseph Stalin - Wikipedia, the free ...
Most of these places had their names changed back to the original ones shortly ... of the Soviet Union in 1956, or after the beginning of destalinization in 1961. ... changed back, since they refer to the battle of Stalingrad rather than the city itself. ... Stalinogorsk, 1934–1961 – Novomoskovsk, Russia; Stalinogród, 1953–1956 ...
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List of city name changes - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
This is a list of cities and towns whose names were officially changed at one or .... Minsk (Минск) (Russian name since 19th century as transcribed from Polish) ...
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_city_name_changes
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List of renamed cities in Belarus - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The following is the list of cities in Belarus that underwent a name change in the past ... took place when the country was a member of the Soviet Union (1919- 1991). ... when the Russian administration transcribed the names of many cities from ...
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_renamed_cities_in_Belarus
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Saint Petersburg - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Saint Petersburg (Russian: Санкт-Петербург, tr. ... In 1914 the name of the city was changed from Saint Petersburg to Petrograd (Russian: .... The names of saints Peter and Paul, bestowed upon original city's citadel ... During World War II , German forces besieged Leningrad following the Axix invasion of the Soviet Union in ...
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Saint_Petersburg
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Volgograd - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
From February 2013, the city's name has been changed back to "Stalingrad" in ... During the Russian Civil War, Tsaritsyn came under Soviet control from ... In 1945 the Soviet Union awarded Stalingrad the title Hero City for its resistance. ... devastation) established sister/friendship/twinning links (see list below) in the spirit of ...
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Soviet Union - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Other names .... The Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (Russian: Сою́з Сове́тских ... The Soviet Union had its roots in the Russian Revolution of 1917, which deposed the .... World War I by military defeat and food shortages in major Soviet cities. ..... at the time of Brezhnev's death in 1982 was one of aversion to change.
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Kaliningrad - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
At the end of World War II in 1945, the city became part of the Soviet Union ... Today, there is some debate as to whether to change the name of the city back to ... Russian cities have reverted to their pre-Soviet names, e.g. Saint Petersburg, ...
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Moscow - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The city is named after the river (old Russian: гра́д Моско́в, literally "the city by the Moskva River"). .... When the USSR ceased to exist in the same year, Moscow still continued to be .... Temperature changes in the city are depicted in the table below: ...... Overall, Russia lost 52 billionaires during the recession List of Russian ...
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Geographical renaming - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
This can range from the uncontroversial change of a street name to a highly disputed ... of the renamed places in their names, such as the Pusan National University in ... The Soviet Union replaced German city names in the former East Prussia that ... Russian names unrelated to the old German and Japanese place names ...
List of renamed cities and towns in Russia - Wikipedia, the free ...
a particularly large number of cities and towns were renamed in Russia after the ... Soviet Union, renamings (often for restoration of original names) happened.
Volgograd - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
From February 2013, the city's name has been changed back to "Stalingrad" in ... Map of Tsaritsyn (Volgograd) City map, Russian edition on 1909 ... In 1945 the Soviet Union awarded Stalingrad the title Hero City for its resistance. ... wartime devastation) established sister/friendship/twinning links (see list below) in the spirit ...
Kaliningrad - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
At the end of World War II in 1945, the city became part of the Soviet Union ... Today, there is some debate as to whether to change the name of the city back to ... other Russian cities have reverted to their pre-Soviet names, e.g. Saint Petersburg, .... of Immanuel Kant in front of the Immanuel Kant State University of Russia.
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Saint Petersburg is often described as the most Western city of Russia, as well ... In 1724 the Academy of Sciences, University and Academic Gymnasium ... a burial vault of Russian emperors) coincidentally were the names of the first ... forces besieged Leningrad following the Axix invasion of the Soviet Union in June 1941.
List of institutions of higher learning in Russia - Wikipedia, the free ...
The following is a list of universities and other higher educational institutions in Russia, based ... However, some established names in the Russian language differ from the ... Occasionally, the names of cities in English are also mentioned ..... in Siberia · Education in the Soviet Union (Historical); List of Russian scientists ...
Tashkent - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
During its long history, Tashkent has had various changes in names and political and ... The modern spelling of "Tashkent" reflects Russian orthography and .... of the Soviet Union in 1991, Tashkent was the fourth-largest city in the USSR and a ... historic mosques and significant Islamic sites, including the Isamic University.
Minsk - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The change of gas as industrial fuel to mazut for financial reasons has ... All of the initial street names were replaced by Russian names, though the spelling of the .... After the 1569 Polish–Lithuanian union, the city became a destination for ... (In many cases, they are graduates of Minsk universities who decide to settle in ...
Moscow - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The city is named after the river (old Russian: гра́д Моско́в, literally "the city by the Moskva River"). .... When the USSR ceased to exist in the same year, Moscow still continued to .... Temperature changes in the city are depicted in the table below: .... Jewish enrollment was restricted in schools and universities and in 1891 all ...
List of world map changes - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
January 7 — The Libyan National Congress changes the name of the country ..... a city in Tatarstan, Russian SFSR, USSR, was renamed Brezhnev in honor of ...
Books on the term List of city name changes in Russia and Soviet Union
The Handbook of the Former Soviet Union
The Handbook of the Former Soviet Union
Michael Kort, 1997
Peter's city has had three official names. ... In response to the anti-German mood in Russia after the outbreak of World War I, the German-sounding St. Petersburg was changed to the ... In 1991 the Russian parliament officially changed the name back to St. Petersburg. Through all the political storms and name changes, generations of people who live there have affectionately called their city "Peter.
The Soviet Experiment: Russia, the USSR, and the Successor States
The Soviet Experiment: Russia, the USSR, and the Successor States
Ronald Suny, 2010
Now thoroughly revised in its second edition, The Soviet Experiment examines the complex themes of Soviet history, ranging from the last tsar of the Russian empire to the first president of the Russian republic. Author Ronald Grigor Suny, one of the most eminent Soviet historians of our time, examines the legacies left by former Soviet leaders and ...
National Identity as an Issue of Knowledge and Morality
National Identity as an Issue of Knowledge and Morality
N. Z. Chavchavadze, N. V. Chavchavadze, Ghia Nodia, 1994
21 Closely related to the question of national languages are the politics of place names and capital cities, the ... For example, the campaigns throughout the non-Russian republics of the Soviet Union to change place names into local ...
Stalin's Successors: Leadership, Stability and Change in the Soviet Union
Stalin's Successors: Leadership, Stability and Change in the Soviet Union
Seweryn Bialer, 1982
'... a penetrating view of the Soviet governmental system and its likely future in the 1980s. His dissection of Stalin's rule by mass terror is masterly.' John Barkham, Federal Times'He displays a mastery of detail and excellent judgment. The book is solidly based on a remarkably broad knowledge of the available data.' Myro...
Encyclopedia of Contemporary Russian Culture
Encyclopedia of Contemporary Russian Culture
Tatiana Smorodinskaya, Karen Evans-Romaine, Helena Goscilo, 2007
names. and. renaming,. Soviet. The tradition of renaming cities and other inhabited areas existed in Russia before the Soviet ... Stalin's name vanished from all geographical names of the USSR (thus Stalingrad became Volgograd), and after 1991, ... Murray, J. (2000) Politics and Place-Names: Changing Names in the Late Soviet Period, Birmingham: Department of Russian, University of Birmingham.
Russia's Foreign Policy: Change and Continuity in National Identity
Russia's Foreign Policy: Change and Continuity in National Identity
Andrei P. Tsygankov, 2010
Now fully updated and revised, this clear and comprehensive text explores the past thirty years of Soviet/Russian international relations, comparing foreign policy formation under Gorbachev, Yeltsin, Putin, and Medvedev. Challenging conventional views of Moscow's foreign policy, Andrei P. Tsygankov shows that definitions of national interest d...
Maxwell's Guide to Authority Work
Maxwell's Guide to Authority Work
Robert L. Maxwell, 2002
Examples include the names of mountains, deserts, and rivers, all coded in X51 fields: Authority records: 151 *a Rocky ... a jurisdiction within Russia when the Soviet Union went out of existence, but the city itself did not change its name.
The Soviet-Afghan War: How a Superpower Fought and Lost
The Soviet-Afghan War: How a Superpower Fought and Lost
Michael A. Gress, Lester W. Grau and Russia, 2002
This is the third volume in a trilogy on the operational aspects of the Soviet-Afghan War of 1979-1988. The first two dealt respectively with Soviet and mujahideen tactics. This one is the perspective of the Russian General Staff. It follows the Soviet tradition of recording the events and experiences of previous wars not from a historical perspect...
Centaur: The Life and Art of Ernst Neizvestny
Centaur: The Life and Art of Ernst Neizvestny
Albert Leong, 2002
beginning to lay a foundation for free enterprise and a market economy in Gorbachev's Russia. ... L'vov, Saratov, Samara, Minsk, Dnepropetrovsk, Taganrog, Evpatoria, Rostov-on- Don, Kaliningrad, Essentukov, Kharkov, and other Soviet cities. ... to it.4" The abortive coup attempt of August 1991 brought not only an end to the Soviet Union and its empire, but also a wave of name changes in Russia. ... The litany of repeated names of streets and cities had a numbing effect on the brain.
Heroes of the Soviet Union 1941-45 (Elite)
Heroes of the Soviet Union 1941-45 (Elite)
Henry Sakaida and Christa Hook, 2004
An unrivalled illustrated reference source on fighting men and commanders, past and present. Each volume is packed with full colour artwork, making military history uniquely accessible to enthusiasts of all ages.
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List of city name changes in Russia and Soviet Union
An empire dies slowly | John Lloyd
For all the lavishness of Putin's $50 billion Olympic splurge, the events will take place not just on the bones of ancestors, but on the still crumbling infrastructure of a Soviet empire that money and hard power cannot rebuild.
blogs.reuters.com/john-lloyd/2014/01/02/an-empire-dies-slowly/
Terrorism in Russia: A threat made real | The Economist
TWO bomb attacks in the southern city of Volgograd within 24 hours have killed more than 30 people, injured over 100 and brought the city once known as...
www.economist.com/blogs/easternapproaches/2013/12/terrorism-russia
Anachronistic Toponyms and Name Changes: Where Am I From? | GeoCurrents
If a city or a country has changed its name, what is the best way to refer to it in the past: the contemporary name or the one that is historically correct?
www.geocurrents.info/geonotes/anachronistic-toponyms-and-name-changes-where-am-i-from
Johnson’s Russia List :: 2014-#1 :: 1 January 2014 | Johnson's Russia List
[check back for updates, including more links; links also posted to facebook and twitter] Johnson’s Russia List :: 2014-#1 :: 1 January 2013E-Mail: davidjohnson@starpower. netA project of the Institute for European, Russian and Eurasian Studies (IERES) at The George Washington University’s Elliott School of International Affairs: www.
russialist.org/johnsons-russia-list-2013-235-1-january-2014/
Pub Quiz Question: New Names Of Leningrad, Sverdlovsk and Lvov?
The breakup of the Soviet Union meant a series of name changing as cities ditched their Communist allegiances. Here is a quick guide to the main changes.
suite101.com/a/pub-quiz-question-new-names-of-leningrad-sverdlovsk-and-lvov-a320670
Saudi Arabia and CIA Behind Terror Bombings in Southern Russia? « Socio-Economics History Blog
Saudi Arabia and CIA Behind Terror Bombings in Southern Russia? by Bill Van Auken, World Socialist Web Site, http://www.globalresearch.ca/ Back-to-back terrorist bombings in the southern Russian city of Volgograd killed at least 32 people over the weekend and left nearly 70 more wounded, many seriously, in the space of less than 24 hours. The shocking…
socioecohistory.wordpress.com/2014/01/03/saudi-arabia-and-cia-behind-terror-bombings-in-southern-russia/
Russian terrorist attacks since 1991: what's changed? | News | theguardian.com
Two bomb attacks today in Volgograd are thought to be the work of terrorists. Using a database of terrorism we look at how the frequency and type of attack has changed.
www.theguardian.com/world/2013/dec/30/russian-terrorist-attacks-since-1991-whats-changed
The Vatic Project: The Prosecution of Bush, Obama, and the Neocons/Neolibs for Murder, Torture, and Sodomy
Vatic Note: First thing I suggest you do is everywhere you see the word "Jewish" replace it with the phrase "KHAZAR ZIONIST BANKERS" and you will be correct technically, ethically and reality wise, in what you are saying. Remember, language is the programmer to manipulate our thoughts and beliefs, a basic form of mind control.
vaticproject.blogspot.com/2014/01/the-prosecution-of-bush-obama-and.html
Preview 2014 - Men’s World Championship: All roads lead to the highlight of the year | FIVB - Press release
Lausanne, Switzerland, January 1, 2014 – In Lodz, a large clock is counting down the time to the start of the 18th FIVB Volleyball World Championship for men. It is now just eight months until the highlight of the season from September 3 to 21 and, even as we enter the new year, the volleyball world is already focusing on the prestigious event, which will take place in Poland for the first time.
www.fivb.org/viewPressRelease.asp?No=44085&Language=en
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