Man of Sorrows (Geertgen tot Sint Jans)
Man of Sorrows is a small oil on wood Early Netherlandish painting completed c 1485-1495, generally attributed to Geertgen tot Sint Jans. It shows Christ at Calvary, naked above the waist, carrying a heavy wooden cross, his knees buckled from the weight. He wears the Crown of Thorns; its spikes spill blood across his face. His arms are heavily lacerated by what appears to be whip marks, he weakly raises his right hand to display to the viewer the deep wound to his side, where, according to scripture, he was pierced by a lance before his crucifixion. Most startlingly, he stands in his own tomb, a stone sarcophagus. His eyes stare directly at us, a device identified by Panofsky as referring to the biblical text "Behold what I have suffered for you; what have you suffered for me", earlier identified by art historian, Alois Riegl as evoking an "external unity" where Christ's gaze becomes one with the viewer's world. More directly Wouter Slob writes that Christ's expression "confronts the contemporary viewer with the consequences of his sinning; the blood, splashing from the panel, flows because of his guilt."
Given the remnants of hinges on its frame, the work probably formed the left hand side of a diptych of which the opposite panel is now lost, possibly broken apart during the 18th century when composite works of this era, superseded by Mannerism were out of fashion and were broken down to be sold as individual genre pieces. Man of Sorrows is thought to have been created as part of a series of small paintings for the Haarlem Commandery of the Knights of St John, a group of works that explore a range of human emotions. The panel has been described as "one of the most moving...in Early Netherlandish art" and is usually considered as a highly emotive and sorrowful work, especially in its description of Christ's pitiful, almost defeated expression and blood-run face. Nothing is known about the lost right hand panel; it may have contained another religious scene or a donor portrait.
To Christ's left Mary Magdalene kneels praying, her arms resting on the sarcophagus, her eyes downcast, her plaintive expression a study of grief. At the foot of the cross Mary mother of Jesus laments with her arms folded, large drops of tears pouring down her face. She is supported by John the Evangelist with only his head and hands visible, wiping his tears with the back of his hand. Angels dressed in white robes, their eyes swollen with tears, carry Arma Christi, including the lance, Holy Sponge and the three nails from the cross.Erwin Panofsky in 1927 placed the panel in the tradition of iconic devotional depictions of the "Man of Sorrows". He noted especially its focus on the sacrificial aspect of The Passion, and the its unflinching, yet emotive depiction of physical suffering. In some respects the work is unsophisticated; it is composed mainly from simplified geometric forms, while there is not much differentiation in the oval, idealised faces of the female figures. The clothes of any of the figures are not especially detailed; their volume and texture only suggested by the heavy folds. However, it is highly regarded for its complex and innovative composition, with many of the elements presented at oblique angles. It is very tightly cropped, for the era it was produced, cutting off the Magdalene and Evangelist would have been considered daring.
The work is attributed to Geertgen tot Sint Jans mainly for its typically simplified geometric shapes, and similarity to his The Lamentation of Christ; a painting in which the faces and expressions of Mary and John bear striking similarity to the present work. The attribution was accepted by both Friedländer and Panofsky. Panofsky was enthusiastic about the panel, but Friedländer did not hold it in high regard. He praised the description of the Virgin, especially her face and hands, and described the depiction of the Magdalene as "realistic...with such carefully observed shadows" and "among the masters best work". However he found the figure of Christ to be "traditional", and wrote that the "absence of spatial elaboration overall is felt to be all the more vexing". Overall the image, he believed, lacked depth of field and compositional balance. Panofsky, although he generally admired Friedländer's analysis, disagreed strongly, and in 1927 in a general treatise on Netherlandish depictions of the "Man of Sorrows" wrote, "As, however, all the seemingly haphazard composition lines lead with compelling force to the face of the Saviour, which, lifted out of the image, focuses its large, tearful eye on us, the sum of all the sorrows which he suffers, and all of the mourning that is suffered for him, now appears to besiege us."

This is an excerpt from the article Man of Sorrows (Geertgen tot Sint Jans) from the Wikipedia free encyclopedia. A list of authors is available at Wikipedia.
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Mary, Mother Of Sorrows - University of…
Ten or twenty years ago, it would have been unthinkable or, at least, improbable, to consider writing about Mary as the mother of sorrows. Devotion to Mary under that ...
campus.udayton.edu/mary/meditations/sorrowsmed.html
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Man of Sorrows (Geertgen tot Sint Jans) - Wikipedia, the free ...
Man of Sorrows is a small oil on wood Early Netherlandish painting completed c 1485-1495, generally attributed to Geertgen tot Sint Jans. It shows Christ at ...
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Man_of_Sorrows_(Geertgen_tot_Sint_Jans)
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Geertgen tot Sint Jans: Man of sorrows - Art and the Bible
Apr 26, 2008 ... Geertgen tot Sint Jans ca. 1460/65 – ca. 1488/93. Man of sorrows. oil on panel ( 25 × 24 cm) — after 1486 Museum Catharijneconvent, Utrecht.
www.artbible.info/art/large/558.html
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Engendering Contrition, Wounding the Soul: Geertgen Tot Sint Jans ...
Geertgen tot Sint Jans' Man of Sorrows*. [...] a broken and a contrite heart, O God, thou wilt not despise. Psalm 51:17. For he that eateth and drinketh unworthily,.
www.jstor.org/stable/20067181
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GEERTGEN tot Sint Jans - Web Gallery of Art, image collection ...
GEERTGEN tot Sint Jans. Netherlandish painter (b. 1460/65 ...
www.wga.hu/html/g/geertgen/
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Web Gallery of Art, image collection, virtual museum, searchable ...
Geertgen tot Sint Jans, a servant of the wealthy Commandery of the Knights of St John in Haarlem, was ... His Man of Sorrows can easily be held in one's hand.
www.wga.hu/html/g/geertgen/virdolor.html
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Northern Renaissance Exam #2 Flashcards - Cram.com
Man of Sorrows iconography stems from the mystical vision of St. Gregory, who doubted the ... Geertgen tot Sint Jans, Man of Sorrows, oil on panel, c. 1480-85.
www.cram.com/flashcards/northern-renaissance-exam-2-2131452
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File:Geertgen tot Sint Jans - Man of Sorrows - WGA08517.jpg ...
Mar 21, 2013 ... Artist, Creator:Geertgen Tot Sint Jans. Title, Man of Sorrows. Date, circa 1495. Medium, oil on panel. Dimensions, Height: 26 cm (10.2 in).
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Geertgen tot Sint Jans: Biography from Answers.com
... in the Wilderness. For more information on Geertgen tot Sint Jans, visit Britannica.com. ... Geertgen's late style is represented by the painting Man of Sorrows.
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Geertgen tot Sint Jans Facts - Biography - YourDictionary
The principal source of knowledge concerning Geertgen tot Sint Jans, also called ... Geertgen's late style is represented by the painting Man of Sorrows.
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Man of Sorrows (Geertgen tot Sint Jans) - Wikipedia, the free ...
Man of Sorrows (Geertgen tot Sint Jans) ... Man of Sorrows is a small oil on wood Early Netherlandish painting completed c 1485-1495, generally attributed to Geertgen tot Sint Jans. It shows .... Amsterdam: Amsterdam University Press, 2005.
John Decker - Georgia State University
The Technology of Salvation and the Art of Geertgen tot Sint Jans. ... Wounding the Soul: Geertgen tot Sint Jans' Man of Sorrows,” Artibus et Historiae, Vol. XXIX ...
GSU - Art History, John Decker - Georgia State University
The Technology of Salvation and the Art of Geertgen tot Sint Jans. ... Wounding the Soul: Geertgen tot Sint Jans' Man of Sorrows," Artibus et Historiae, no.
Geertgen tot Sint Jans: Man of sorrows - Art and the Bible
Apr 26, 2008 ... Geertgen tot Sint Jans ca. 1460/65 – ca. 1488/93. Man of sorrows. oil on panel ( 25 × 24 cm) — after 1486 Museum Catharijneconvent, Utrecht.
Geertgen tot Sint Jans: Biography from Answers.com
... in the Wilderness. For more information on Geertgen tot Sint Jans, visit Britannica.com. ... Geertgen's late style is represented by the painting Man of Sorrows.
GEERTGEN tot Sint Jans - Web Gallery of Art, image collection ...
GEERTGEN tot Sint Jans. Netherlandish painter (b. 1460/65 ...
Geertgen tot Sint Jans - Encyclopedia.com
Get information, facts, and pictures about Geertgen tot Sint Jans at Encyclopedia. com. Make research ... Geertgen's late style is represented by the painting Man of Sorrows. In this shockingly ... Licensed from Columbia University Press.
Review - Historians of Netherlandish Art - Book Reviews
Among the paintings attributed to Geertgen tot Sint Jans and his circle, ... connects the Utrecht Man of Sorrows with indulgences the Haarlem Knights were  ...
Geertgen tot Sint Jans - Facts from the Encyclopedia - Yahoo ...
Geertgen tot Sint Jans - (gārt´gn tôt sĭnt yäns), fl. latter half of 15th cent., Dutch painter. Geertgen is the ... Columbia University Press ... Examples of his paintings are Man of Sorrows (Utrecht) and Adoration of the Kings (Cleveland Mus. of Art).
Books on the term Man of Sorrows (Geertgen tot Sint Jans)
Petrus Christus:
Petrus Christus:
Joel Morgan Upton, 1990
The print of Christ as the Man of Sorrows by the Master of Saint Erasmus in Dresden (Fig. ... to ask us, the twins of Saint Thomas, as few other similar paintings before it or after it, until Geertgen tot Sint Jans's Man of Sorrows in Utrecht (Fig.
Crying in the Middle Ages: Tears of History (Routledge Studies in Medieval Religion and Culture)
Crying in the Middle Ages: Tears of History (Routledge Studies in Medieval Religion and Culture)
Elina Gertsman, 2011
Sacred and profane, public and private, emotive and ritualistic, internal and embodied, medieval weeping served as a culturally charged prism for a host of social, visual, cognitive, and linguistic performances. Crying in the Middle Ages addresses the place of tears in Jewish, Christian, and Islamic cultural discourses, providing a key resource for...
The Oxford Dictionary of Christian Art and Architecture
The Oxford Dictionary of Christian Art and Architecture
Tom Devonshire Jones, Linda Murray, Peter Murray, 2013
Visual images of the words, Man of Sorrows, do not begin to appear in general use until the theme of the Mocking of Christ ... a Northern image by Geertgen tot Sint Jans of the late 15th century, combines the theme of the Man of Sorrows, the  ...
Allegory and Epic in English Renaissance Literature: Heroic Form in Sidney, Spenser, and Milton
Allegory and Epic in English Renaissance Literature: Heroic Form in Sidney, Spenser, and Milton
Kenneth Borris, 2000
Challenging conventional notions that literary allegorism declined around 1600, Kenneth Borris reassesses the Renaissance relations between allegory and heroic poetry. He concentrates particularly on the major texts of Sidney, Spenser and Milton. Borris offers a fresh approach to the interaction of allegory with literary genres; focusing on epic, h...
Enduring Creation: Art, Pain, and Fortitude
Enduring Creation: Art, Pain, and Fortitude
Nigel Jonathan Spivey, 2001
Mindful, perhaps, that the output of St Thomas Aquinas totalled some eight and half million words, Thomas a Kempis consciously writes ... 36 MAN OF SORROWS Geertgen tot Sint Jans, second half of fifteenth century Detail ofa painted panel.
Allegory and Epic in English Renaissance Literature: Heroic ...
Allegory and Epic in English Renaissance Literature: Heroic ...
Kenneth Borris, 2000
... Ambrosius Theodosius 15, 28, 43, 100 macrocosm and microcosm 75, 188, 216 Maggi, Vincenzo 29 Malatesta, Giuseppe 24, 25, 26 Man of Sorrows 96,151 Man of Sorrows with Mourners andArma Christi (Geertgen tot Sint Jans) 152 Man , ...
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Man of Sorrows (Geertgen tot Sint Jans)
Man of Sorrows (Geertgen tot Sint Jans) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Geertgen tot Sint Jans: Man of sorrows
Picture and description of a work by Geertgen tot Sint Jans: Man of sorrows. Oil on panel (25 x 24 cm) , dated after 1486.
www.artbible.info/art/large/558.html
Northern Renaissance Exam #2 Flashcards - Cram.com
Study Flashcards On Northern Renaissance Exam #2 at Cram.com. Quickly memorize the terms, phrases and much more. Cram.com makes it easy to get the grade you want!
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The Technology of Salvation and the Art of Geertgen Tot Sint Jans Visual Culture in Early Modernity: Amazon.de: John R. Decker: Englische Bücher
John R. Decker - The Technology of Salvation and the Art of Geertgen Tot Sint Jans jetzt kaufen. Kundrezensionen und 0.0 Sterne. Art / History / General
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IRSA | Artibus et Historiae no. 57 (XXIX), 2008
Artibus et Historiae is an international refereed journal that publishes essays from a diversity of approaches on all aspects, areas and periods of the history of art. It is published by the Institute for Art Historical Research IRSA.
irsa.com.pl/artibus/57
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