Manitoba general election, 1922
Manitoba's general election of July 18, 1922 was held to elect Members of the Legislative Assembly of the Province of Manitoba, Canada.
As in the previous election of 1920, the city of Winnipeg elected ten members by the single transferable ballot. All other constituencies elected one member by first-past-the-post balloting.
This election was a watershed moment in Manitoba's political history. Since the formal introduction of partisan government in 1888, Manitoba had been governed alternately by the Liberal Party and the Conservative Party. Although the previous election of 1920 sustained the Liberals in power, it also saw the two-party dichotomy weakened by the rise of farmer and labour parliamentary blocs. In 1922, the old system was entirely swept away by the rise of the United Farmers of Manitoba (UFM).
The UFM had existed for several years as a farmer's organization, but did not field candidates for political office before the 1922 campaign. It did not have a leader during the election, and its most prominent members insisted that it was not a "party" in the traditional sense. UFM candidates often highlighted their lack of experience in partisan politics, and promised to govern the province in a restrained and responsible manner if elected to office.
The UFM membership was also heterogeneous. Although many supporters were free-trade agrarian Liberals before 1920, a number were also Conservatives. Some prominent UFM figures were also notable members of Manitoba's francophone community, which generally supported the Conservative Party before 1920.
The United Farmers fielded candidates in rural constituencies, and also endorsed candidates of the Progressive Association in Winnipeg. On election day, the UFM and Progressives unexpectedly won 25 seats out of 52. Elections in three northern seats were deferred until later.
The UFM caucus met for the first time after the election, for the purpose of choosing a leader and premier of the province. After Thomas Crerar and Robert Hoey declined the invitation to govern, the caucus selected medical doctor John Bracken. Although he had no political experience, Bracken agreed to lead the UFM government. He ran for a deferred election in The Pas, and was duly elected. The UFM also won deferred elections in Ethelbert and Rupertsland, giving them a narrow majority in the legislature.
The other parties fared poorly in the 1922 campaign. The Liberals, led by outgoing premier Tobias C. Norris, fell from twenty-one seats to eight. The Conservatives, under their newly-chosen leader Fawcett Taylor, fell from eight seats to seven.
The Independent Labour Party also experienced difficulties. In the 1920 election, Manitoba's various left-wing and working-class groups submerged their differences to run a united campaign. This cooperation was successful, and eleven labour candidates were elected to form the second-largest parliamentary bloc. By the 1922 election, however, the Labour Party was beset by long-standing divisions among socialists, communists and conservative trade unionists.
A total of thirteen labour candidates ran for ten seats in Winnipeg. Six were members of the ILP, and a seventh, former Social Democrat John Queen, ran as an "Independent Workers" candidate allied with the ILP. The other candidates were divided among themselves. The banned Communist Party ran three candidates under its legal front, the Workers Party. These candidates disrupted meetings of Socialist incumbent George Armstrong, and accused him of selling out his principles to moderates and social gospellers. Two conservative trade-unionists also ran as Union Labour candidates, opposing radicalism in the labour movement.
Five ILP candidates were elected, and John Queen was also elected in Winnipeg. Labour leader Fred Dixon topped the poll in Winnipeg for a second time, although by a reduced margin from 1920. George Armstrong lost his Winnipeg seat, and no other labour parties candidates were elected.
Six independent candidates were also elected. After the election, the United Farmers governed as the "Progressive Party of Manitoba".

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Manitoba general election, 1922 - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Manitoba's general election of July 18, 1922 was held to elect Members of the Legislative Assembly of the Province of Manitoba, Canada. As in the previous ...
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Manitoba's general election of 29 June 1920 was held to elect members of the Legislative Assembly of the Province of Manitoba, Canada.
17th Manitoba Legislature - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
... Manitoba Legislature were elected in the Manitoba general election held in July 1922. The legislature sat from January 18, 1923 to June 4, 1927. The United Farmers of Manitoba formed the government. .... University of Manitoba Press. p. 3.
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