Official Corruption
Political corruption is the use of power by government officials for illegitimate private gain. Misuse of government power for other purposes, such as repression of political opponents and general police brutality, is not considered political corruption. Neither are illegal acts by private persons or corporations not directly involved with the government. An illegal act by an officeholder constitutes political corruption only if the act is directly related to their official duties, is done under color of law or involves trading in influence.
Forms of corruption vary, but include bribery, extortion, cronyism, nepotism, patronage, graft, and embezzlement. Corruption may facilitate criminal enterprise such as drug trafficking, money laundering, and human trafficking, though is not restricted to these activities.
The activities that constitute illegal corruption differ depending on the country or jurisdiction. For instance, some political funding practices that are legal in one place may be illegal in another. In some cases, government officials have broad or ill-defined powers, which make it difficult to distinguish between legal and illegal actions. Worldwide, bribery alone is estimated to involve over 1 trillion US dollars annually. A state of unrestrained political corruption is known as a kleptocracy, literally meaning "rule by thieves".
Some forms of corruption—-now called “institutional corruption”—-are distinguished from bribery and other kinds of obvious personal gain. Campaign contributions are the prime example. Even when they are legal, and do not constitute a quid pro quo, they have a tendency to bias the process in favor of special interests and undermine public confidence in the political institution. They corrupt the institution without individual members being corrupt themselves. A similar problem of corruption arises in any institution that depends on financial support from people who have interests that may conflict with the primary purpose of the institution.

This is an excerpt from the article Official Corruption from the Wikipedia free encyclopedia. A list of authors is available at Wikipedia.
The article Official Corruption at en.wikipedia.org was accessed 31 times in the last 30 days. (as of: 07/17/2013)
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Political corruption - Wikipedia, the…
In politics, corruption undermines democracy and good governance by flouting or even subverting formal processes. Corruption in elections and in the legislature ...
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Political_corruption
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Official corruption - Legal Dictionary - The Free Dictionary
Final approval of the deal -- which would see massive investment in Uganda's oil sector -- is currently being delayed by wrangles in the country's parliament over ...
legal-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/Official+corruption
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Public corruption | LII / Legal Information Institute
Public corruption involves a breach of public trust and/or abuse of position by federal, state, or local officials and their private sector accomplices. By broad ...
www.law.cornell.edu/wex/public_corruption
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List of United States federal officials convicted of corruption offenses ...
This list only includes federal officials convicted of certain select corruption crimes. For a more complete list see: List of American federal politicians convicted of ...
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_United_States_federal_officials_convicted_of_corruption_offenses
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Official Corruption - Common Sense for Drug Policy
As the article states, "U.S. officials have long pointed to Mexico's rampantly corrupt cops and broken judicial system, but Calderon told the AP this isn't just a ...
www.csdp.org/news/news/corruption.htm
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Official Corruption in Mexico, Once Rarely Exposed, Is Starting to ...
Jun 23, 2013 ... Several former governors and public officials have recently found themselves under investigation or facing public scorn.
www.nytimes.com/2013/06/24/world/americas/official-corruption-in-mexico-once-rarely-exposed-is-starting-to-come-to-light.html?pagewanted=all
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FBI — Public Corruption
Public corruption poses a fundamental threat to our national security and way of life. ... FBI.gov is an official site of the U.S. government, U.S. Department of Justice.
www.fbi.gov/about-us/investigate/corruption
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Official Corruption Bureau - New Jersey State Police
The Official Corruption Bureau, comprised of a Bureau command and North and South Units, is responsible for conducting criminal investigations into ...
www.njsp.org/divorg/invest/official-corruption-bureau.html
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Senior Chinese planning official fired, expelled from party over ...
3 days ago ... A powerful Chinese economic planning official has been expelled from the Communist Party and removed from public office over allegations of ...
www.foxnews.com/world/2013/08/08/senior-chinese-planning-official-fired-expelled-from-party-over-corruption/
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China jails former senior official for…
04.05.2013 · BEIJING (Reuters) - China has sentenced a former provincial deputy governor to life in prison for accepting almost $2 million in bribes, the most senior ...
news.yahoo.com/china-jails-former-senior-official-life-corruption-073715391.html
Search results for "Official Corruption"
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Official Corruption in science
Cambridge University Corruption: Rot at the Top
The 'CORRUPTION' Section mostly concentrates on analysing the ... Cambridge University Admissions system - and to identify some of the officials responsible.
China's master corruption snoops | GlobalPost
Aug 3, 2013 ... A master's degree program at Renmin University in Beijing has just ... The book, Innocent But Corrupt Officials, features a virtual Utopia created ...
China Indicts Former Senior Official Bo Xilai in Corruption Case ...
Jul 25, 2013... da hei," said Zhang Ming, a political scientist at Renmin University in Beijing, ... He has staked his reputation on fighting Official Corruption and ...
President Jonathan's List of University Boards Officially Endorses ...
Apr 5, 2013 ... President Jonathan's steady march towards firmly incorporating corruption as a common standard in all federal establishments has been given ...
Corruption on College Campuses - Economic Observer Online - In ...
Jun 5, 2013 ... Summary:14 university officials have been investigated for corruption in Jiangxi Province over the past five years, including three university ...
Official Corruption in Mexico, Once Rarely Exposed, Is Starting to ...
Jun 23, 2013 ... Official Corruption in Mexico, Once Rarely Exposed, Is Starting to Come to Light .... in Barcelona, Spain, while attending a local university.
[PDF]Corruption in Education: A Global Legal Challenge - Santa Clara ...
Jan 1, 2008 ... founded in Northeastern India in 427 and expired in 1127 as a result "declining financial support and corruption among university officials"). 2.
Corruption in China - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Official deviance and corruption have taken place at both the individual and unit .... Professor of Political Science at Colgate University in Hamilton, New York.
GLOBAL: The corruption of ethics in higher education - University ...
Feb 6, 2011 ... Corruption has a negative effect on quality. The university becomes a high-priced , low-quality good if officials admit or give high grades to the ...
Corruption and Anti-Corruption (Australian National University ...
Corruption and Anti-Corruption (Australian National University) ... Investigators, & Judgeson how to investigate and prosecute cases of Official Corruption.
Books on the term Official Corruption
International Handbook on the Economics of Corruption
International Handbook on the Economics of Corruption
Susan Rose-Ackerman, 2007
In all countries, some public officials are more corrupt than others, depending on variations in the opportunities for private gain and the willingness to pay of private citizens and businesses. Effective anti-corruption campaigns need to be able ...
Syndromes of Corruption: Wealth, Power, and Democracy
Syndromes of Corruption: Wealth, Power, and Democracy
Michael Johnston, 2005
But where state elites operate in a setting of very weak institutions, little political competition, and expanding economic opportunities, the stage is set for corruption with impunity. There Official Moguls - powerful political figures and their ...
Corruption and Racketeering in the New York City Construction ...
Corruption and Racketeering in the New York City Construction ...
Ronald Goldstock, 1990
Introduction Official Corruption in the New York City construction industry, like labor racketeering, has persisted throughout the twentieth century.1 Official Corruption occurs when a public official (1) solicits or receives a bribe in exchange for ...
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Blog posts on the term
Official Corruption
Jilted mistresses exposing Chinese officials’ corruption | Nation & World | The Seattle Times
seattletimes.com/html/nationworld/2021488235_jiltedmistressesxml.html
China ousts top energy official over corruption – report
Natural Gas News: Liu Tienan, a former deputy chief of China’s top economic planning body and head of the country’s energy watchdog, has been thrown out of the Chinese Communist Party and will be prosecuted for corruption, state media reported this week.
interfaxenergy.com/natural-gas-news-analysis/asia-pacific/china-ousts-top-energy-official-over-corruption-report/
Investvine » Singapore anti-corruption official sacked for corruption
The head of Singapore’s anti-corruption agency is resigning over corruption at his agency.
investvine.com/singapore-anti-corruption-official-sacked-for-corruption/
Xi Jinping wants to hold position than tackle corruption: Ex-top official | NewsYaps
Bao Tong, the most trusted aide to purged reformist Communist Party chief Zhao Ziyang, characterised the new president as no different from Mao Zedong - the leader who led China into the chaos of the Cultural Revolution.
www.newsyaps.com/xi-jinping-wants-to-hold-position-than-tackle-corruption-ex-top-official/44667/
Mpumalanga official, company director charged with corruption | Fight Against Crime South Africa
www.fightagainstcrime.co.za/mpumalanga-official-company-director-charged-with-corruption/
Vatican Official Arrested and Accused of Fraud, Corruption and Slander in Alleged $26 Million Money-Laundering Plot | TheBlaze.com
VATICAN CITY (TheBlaze/AP) -- A Vatican official was arrested Friday by Italian police for allegedly trying to bring 20 million euros ($26 million) in cash into the country from Switzerland aboard an Italian government plane, his lawyer said. The allegations are stunning, especially considering that they involve an official...
www.theblaze.com/stories/2013/06/28/vatican-official-arrested-and-accused-of-fraud-corruption-and-slander-in-alleged-26-million-money-laundering-plot/
Institutional Corruption of Pharmaceuticals - PNHP's Official Blog
pnhp.org/blog/2013/07/24/institutional-corruption-of-pharmaceuticals/
China sacks top economic official over corruption charges | TruthDiveTruthDive
truthdive.com/2013/08/10/China-sacks-top-economic-official-over-corruption-charges.html
Egyptian officials: Israeli drone strikes Sinai rocket-launching site, kills five, page 1
www.abovetopsecret.com/forum/thread963983/pg1
Public mounts fight against corruption via China's microblogs|Society|In-depth|WantChinaTimes.com
www.wantchinatimes.com/news-subclass-cnt.aspx?id=20130805000002&cid=1503
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