Operating system user interface
In computing, a shell is a user interface for access to an operating system's services. In general, operating system shells use either a command-line interface (CLI) or graphical user interface (GUI), depending on a computer's role and particular operation.
The design of a shell is guided by cognitive ergonomics and the goal is to achieve the best workflow possible for the intended tasks; the design can be constricted by the available computing power (for example, of the GPU) or the available amount of graphics memory. The design of a shell is also dictated by the employed computer periphery, such as computer keyboard, pointing device (a mouse with one button, or one with five buttons, or a 3D mouse) or touchscreen, which is the direct human–machine interface.
CLI shells allow some operations to be performed faster, for example rearranging large blocks of data. However, they require the user to memorize all commands and their calling syntax, and also to learn the shell-specific scripting language, for example bash script. CLIs are also easier to be operated via refreshable braille display and provide certain advantages to screen readers.
Graphical shells have a low burden to start using a computer, and they are characterized as being simple and easy to use. With the widespread adoption of programs with GUIs, the use of graphical shells has gained greater adoption. Since graphical shells come with certain disadvantages (for example, lack of support for easy automation of operation sequences), most GUI-enabled operating systems also provide additional CLI shells.

This is an excerpt from the article Operating system user interface from the Wikipedia free encyclopedia. A list of authors is available at Wikipedia.
The article Operating system user interface at en.wikipedia.org was accessed 260 times in the last 30 days. (as of: 07/15/2014)
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Operating system - Wikipedia, the free…
An operating system (OS) is a collection of software that manages computer hardware resources and provides common services for computer programs. The operating system ...
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Operating_system
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HowStuffWorks "User Interface"
The user interface is a program or set of programs that sits as a layer above the operating system itself. Learn about the user interface.
www.howstuffworks.com/operating-system10.htm
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Operating Systems and the User Interface Operating System - IICSN
Operating Systems and the User Interface. Operating System. When you turn on your computer, there's a lot going on inside, and the real man behind the curtain  ...
www.iicsn.org/Staff/TeacherSites/GayMark/MartinezADocuments/OSandUI.pdf
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Operating Systems: Role of the operating system - Wikibooks, open ...
The operating system acts as an interface between the hardware and the programs ... The User Interface is the interaction between the User and the Machine, ...
en.wikibooks.org/wiki/A-level_Computing/AQA/Problem_Solving,_Programming,_Operating_Systems,_Databases_and_Networking/Operating_Systems/Role_of_the_operating_system
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User interface - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Examples of this broad concept of user interfaces include the interactive aspects of computer operating systems, hand tools, heavy machinery operator controls, ...
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/User_interface
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Operating system shell - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
An operating system shell is a software component that presents a user interface to various operating system functions and services. Thus, it is nearly ...
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Operating_system_shell
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Graphical user interface - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Good user interface design relates to the user, not the system architecture. ... As of 2011, some touch-screen-based operating systems such as Apple's iOS ...
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Graphical_user_interface
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What is Graphical User Interface (GUI)? - Computer Hope
Computer dictionary definition for what Graphical User Interface (GUI) means ... Unlike a command line operating system or CUI like Unix or MS-DOS, GUI ...
www.computerhope.com/jargon/g/gui.htm
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GCSE ICT - operating systems and user interfaces
identify different types of software (operating systems, user interfaces, utilities, applications software, programming languages);; identify the main features of a ...
www.klbict.co.uk/gcse/theory/5_3/5_3_1_system.htm
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User Operating-System Interface
User Operating-System Interface. There are two fundamental approaches for users to interface with the OS. One technique is to provide a command-line ...
siber.cankaya.edu.tr/OperatingSystems/ceng328/node60.html
Search results for "Operating system user interface"
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Operating system user interface in science
Operating Systems
An operating system is a set of programs that lies between applications software and the ... Thus you both establish a user interface and execute software.
Operating system and user interface - ApuMatti
University of Helsinki, A Leading European University ... A user interface (UI) is the part of an operating system, program or device that the user uses to input and  ...
Operating Systems - OIT - University of Minnesota
Jun 10, 2013 ... Mac OS X is the trademarked name for a series of graphical user interface-based operating systems developed by Apple Inc. for their ...
[PDF]Operating System
1.2.3 Operating System as User Interface. 1.3 I/O System Management. 1.4 Assembler. 1.5 Compiler. 1.6 Loader. 1.7 History of Operating System. 1.8 Summary.
[PDF]AGE BASED USER INTERFACE IN MOBILE OPERATING SYSTEM
functionalities graphical user interface, but the interface has now haunting effects for .... The academic professionals belong to Lovely Professional University. 5.
Operating system simulation (OSS) in Java : the user interface ...
Operating system simulation (OSS) in Java : the user interface ... (OSS) in Java : the user interface. Other thesis, Concordia University. ... The simulated operating system is a multi-process system running on a single processor. The underlying ...
Operating Systems Notes - Personal.kent.edu
The 1960's definition of an operating system is “the software that controls the ... Some of the operating system functions are: implementing the user interface, ...
Operating system - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
4.2 Networking; 4.3 Security; 4.4 User interface ... A multi-user operating system allows multiple users to access a computer system at the same time. ... At Cambridge University in England the job queue was at one time a washing line from ...
Books on the term Operating system user interface
Computer Concepts And C Programming
Computer Concepts And C Programming
D.A.Godse A.P.Godse, 2008
5.2.3 Multi User/Multi Tasking Operating System A multi user/multi tasking operating system allows many users to take ... of user interfaces are : • Graphical User Interface • Command Line Interface 5.3.1 Graphical User Interface All modern ...
UNIX Operating System: The Development Tutorial via UNIX ...
UNIX Operating System: The Development Tutorial via UNIX ...
Yukun Liu, Yong Yue, Liwei Guo, 2011
To operating systems, usually, there are two kinds of user interfaces, a character user interface (CUI), also known as a command line interface, and a graphical user interface (GUI) (Sarwar et al 2006). Some operating systems have both of ...
Operating Systems: Design and Implementation (Second Edition)
Operating Systems: Design and Implementation (Second Edition)
Andrew S. Tanenbaum, 1997
Most books on operating systems deal with theory while ignoring practice. While the usual principles are covered in detail, the book describes a small, but real UNIX-like operating system: MINIX. The book demonstrates how it works while illustrating the principles behind it. Operating Systems: Design and Implementation Second Edition provides the M...
Operating Systems Incorporating UNIX and Windows
Operating Systems Incorporating UNIX and Windows
Colin Ritchie, 2003
The principles of HCI are clearly of consequence to computer system designers and hence to operating system design. Inconsistency and lack of forethought in the design of the user interface of much software has been a matter of annoyance  ...
The Design of the UNIX Operating System [Prentice-Hall Software Series]
The Design of the UNIX Operating System [Prentice-Hall Software Series]
Maurice J. Bach, 1986
Classic description of the internal algorithms and the structures that form the basis of the UNIX operating system and their relationship to programmer interface. The leading selling UNIX internals book on the market.
TEXTBOOK OF COMPUTER SCIENCE FOR CLASS XI
TEXTBOOK OF COMPUTER SCIENCE FOR CLASS XI
SEEMA BHATNAGAR, 2008
For a computer like this, an operating system is not needed as it simply runs on a single program. 3.6.1 Interactive Graphical User Interface (GUI) Based Operating system user interface is that part of the operating system which is visible to the ...
Modern Operating Systems (2nd Edition) (GOAL Series)
Modern Operating Systems (2nd Edition) (GOAL Series)
2001
For introductory courses in Operating Systems in Computer Science, Computer Engineering, and Electrical Engineering programs. This widely anticipated revision of a worldwide best seller incorporates the latest developments in operating systems technologies and contains complete chapters on computer security, multimedia operating systems, Windows 20...
Understanding Computers: Today and Tomorrow: Today and Tomorrow
Understanding Computers: Today and Tomorrow: Today and Tomorrow
Deborah Morley, Charles S. Parker, 2012
Some of the major distinctions among operating systems include the type of user interface utilized, whether the operating system is targeted for personal or network use, and what type of processing the operating system is designed for.
User Interface Design and Evaluation (Interactive Technologies)
User Interface Design and Evaluation (Interactive Technologies)
Debbie Stone, 2005
Whether you are a professional new to the user-centered design field, or an experienced designer who needs to learn the fundamentals of user interface design and evaluation, this book can lead the way.What will you get from this book? Based on a course from the Open University, UK which has been taught to over a thousand professionals and students,...
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Blog posts on the term
Operating system user interface
PS4 user interface and features: everything we know so far -- PlayStation Universe
www.psu.com/a021615/
Philip Greenspun's Weblog » New software for my Samsung Note 3; user interface still painful
blogs.law.harvard.edu/philg/2013/12/11/new-software-for-my-samsung-note-3-user-interface-still-painful/
Linux Mint vs. Ubuntu: Which is the better operating system?
Comparing two of the most popular Linux-based operating systems, this review will give you recommendations on Linux Mint vs. Ubuntu.
www.udemy.com/blog/linux-mint-vs-ubuntu/
Subtle UI texture in Photoshop - Matt Gemmell
How to add texture to UI designs using noise on gradient layers in Photoshop.
mattgemmell.com/subtle-ui-texture-in-photoshop
The FreeBSD Forums • View topic - An operating system (OS) is an interface between hardware and user
forums.freebsd.org/viewtopic.php?&t=9923
user interface - How to hide "Start" button in Windows 8.1? - Super User
superuser.com/questions/612754/how-to-hide-start-button-in-windows-8-1
How to display the Windows Experience Index score in Windows 8 | Ghacks
www.ghacks.net/2013/12/11/display-windows-experience-index-score-windows-8/
DisQus it, Live it!: BlackBerry Z30 Review - User Interface/OS
So much for the hardware part, let’s now dwell on what this phone can do or what it can do better. I am a user of a BlackBerry Z10 and Q10 so you will find me touching on the evolution of this Operating System for the 10 or so months it has been out.
runyamhere.blogspot.com/2013/11/blackberry-z30-review-user-interfaceos.html
PS4 Vs Xbox One: OS, UI & Functionality Review - NowGamer
We compare the PS4 and the Xbox One's operating system, and what that means for gamers.
www.nowgamer.com/features/2167157/ps4_vs_xbox_one_os_ui_functionality_review.html
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