Ota Benga
Ota Benga (circa 1883 – March 20, 1916) was a Congolese man, an Mbuti pygmy known for being featured in an anthropology exhibit at the Louisiana Purchase Exposition in St. Louis, Missouri in 1904, and in a controversial human zoo exhibit in 1906 at the Bronx Zoo. Benga had been freed from African slave traders by the missionary Samuel Phillips Verner, a businessman recruiting Africans for the Exposition. He traveled with Verner to the United States. At the Bronx Zoo, Benga had free run of the grounds before and after he was "exhibited" in the zoo's Monkey House. Except for a brief visit with Verner to Africa after the close of the St. Louis Fair, Benga lived in the United States, mostly in Virginia, for the rest of his life.
Displays of non-Western humans as examples of "earlier stages" of human evolution were common in the early 20th century, when racial theories were frequently intertwined with concepts from evolutionary biology. African-American newspapers around the nation published editorials strongly opposing Benga's treatment. Dr. R.S. MacArthur, the spokesperson for a delegation of black churches, petitioned the New York City mayor for his release from the Bronx Zoo.
The mayor released Benga to the custody of Reverend James M. Gordon, who supervised the Howard Colored Orphan Asylum in Brooklyn and made him a ward. That same year Gordon arranged for Benga to be cared for in Virginia, where he paid for him to acquire American clothes and to have his teeth capped, so the young man could be more readily accepted in local society. Benga was tutored in English and began to work. When, several years later, the outbreak of World War I stopped ship passenger travel and prevented his returning to Africa, he became depressed. He committed suicide in 1916 at the age of 32.

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Ota Benga - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Ota Benga (circa 1883 – March 20, 1916) was a Congolese man, an Mbuti pygmy known for being featured in an anthropology exhibit at the Louisiana Purchase ...
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ota_Benga
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Ota Benga: The Story of the Pygmy on…
Abstract. One of the most fascinating historical accounts about the fallout of biological evolution theory on human relations is the story of Ota ...
www.creationresearch.org/crsq/articles/30/otabenga.html
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From the Belgian Congo to the Bronx Zoo :…
08.09.2006 · In 1906, the Bronx Zoo put Ota Benga, a Congolese pygmy, on display in a cage in its Monkey House. Protests by a group of African-American ministers soon ...
www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=5787947
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The Case of Ota Benga - Creation Science
Ota Benga was brought from the Belgian Congo in 1904 by noted African explorer Samuel Verner along with other pygmies and displayed in an exhibit in the ...
www.bestbiblescience.org/hsota.htm
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The Scandal at the Zoo - New York Times
Aug 6, 2006 ... But the Ota Benga “exhibit” did not last. A scandal flared up almost immediately, fueled by the indignation of black clergymen like the Rev.
www.nytimes.com/2006/08/06/nyregion/thecity/06zoo.html?pagewanted=all
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Ota Benga Story: Enslaved Human Zoo Captive Ota Benga Ended ...
Mar 20, 2013 ... The sad tale of Ota Benga (pictured) highlights the many racially motivated atrocities Black people faced even as the dawn of the 20th century ...
newsone.com/2293605/ota-benga-story/
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Ota Benga: The Pygmy in the Zoo: Phillips Verner Bradford, Harvey ...
In 1904, white missionary Samuel Phillips Verner (grandfather of the author) brought eight Congolese pygmies, including Ota Benga, out of Kasailand in Africa ...
www.amazon.com/Ota-Benga-The-Pygmy-Zoo/dp/0312082762
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Ota Benga Alliance | For Peace, Healing and Dignity
In honoring Ota Benga, we focus our efforts on the need to treat each other with dignity, with respect for cultural diversity as a source of strength, and with truth as  ...
otabenga.org/
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Ota Benga: the pygmy put on display in a zoo - Creation
Ota Benga was spared from a massacre perpetuated by the Force Publique, a group of thugs working for the Belgium government endeavouring to extract ...
creation.com/ota-benga-the-pygmy-put-on-display-in-a-zoo
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Ota Benga: The man who was put on display in the zoo!
One of the most fascinating stories about the effects of evolution on human relations is the story of Ota Benga, a pygmy who was put on display in a zoo as an ...
onehumanrace.com/docs/ota_benga.asp
Search results for "Ota Benga"
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Ota Benga in science
Ota Benga - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Ota Benga (circa 1883 – March 20, 1916) was a Congolese man, an Mbuti ..... Elegy for the Elephant, by Dr. Ben B. Halm, was staged at Fairfield University in ...
Ota Benga under My Mother's Roof - University of South Carolina
Ota Benga under My Mother's Roof. Carrie Allen McCray. Edited with an Introduction by Kevin Simmonds. A harrowing tale of objectification, friendship, and ...
About Us | Ota Benga Alliance
Founded on January 31, 2003, the mission of the Ota Benga Alliance is to raise ... He was born in the Congo and educated at Lovanium University (Kinshasa) in ...
Ota Benga - Environmental Graffiti
Sep 23, 2011 ... In the years after slavery was abolished, injustices were still visited upon people of color that made the ideal of human rights something of a ...
Ota Benga: The man who was put on display in the zoo!
Dr Douglas C. Wallace, (professor of molecular genetics at Emory University School of ... The man, a pygmy named Ota Benga (or 'Bi', which meant 'friend' in his ...
Ota Benga - Conservapedia
Aug 26, 2013 ... Ota Benga in the Bronx Zoo. Ota Benga was a pygmy man dehumanized by evolutionary racists and placed on ... Duke University Press, p. 157 ...
[PDF]Ota Benga: The Pygmy in the Zoo by Phillips Verner Bradford ... - jstor
(both University of South. Carolina. Press). Ota Benga: The Pygmy in the Zoo. By Phillips Verner Bradford and Harvey Blume. New York: St. Martin's. Press, 1992 ...
Ota Benga: the pygmy put on display in a zoo - Creation
Ota Benga and Polly, the chimpanzee Verner brought from te Congo. Genetic ... Franz Boas of Columbia University 'lent his name' to the anthropological exhibit.
OTABENGA John Strand
One event was titled the “University of Man”, meant to celebrate the emerging science of anthropology and popular notions of biological evolution.
Ota Benga - Material for Researchers
The book: Ota Benga - The Pygmy in the Zoo, is the story of a remarkable .... New York, date uncertain, copied from volume in Columbia University Library, pp.
Books on the term Ota Benga
Ota: The Pygmy in the Zoo
Ota: The Pygmy in the Zoo
Phillips Verner Bradford, 1993
Describes how, in 1906, a missionary in Africa brought Benga to the United States and placed him on display at the World's Fair
Ota Benga: The Pygmy in the Zoo
Ota Benga: The Pygmy in the Zoo
Phillips Verner Bradford and Harvey Blume, 1992
In 1904, white missionary Samuel Phillips Verner (grandfather of the author) brought eight Congolese pygmies, including Ota Benga, out of Kasailand in Africa in order to exhibit them for the anthropology department at the St. Louis World's Fair. Then in 1906, Ota was placed on display with an orangutan in a primate house cage at the Bronx Zoo....
Animal Kingdom
Animal Kingdom
1914
He was out of breath and altogether meek, but otherwise did not show any indication of distress from his aquatic monoeuvers. THE STORY OF Ota Benga, THE PYGMY By SAMUEL P. VERNER HE news of Ota Benga's sad death shocked ...
Ota Benga Under My Mother's Roof (Palmetto Poetry)
Ota Benga Under My Mother's Roof (Palmetto Poetry)
Carrie Allen McCray and Kevin Simmonds, 2012
"In a narrative that moves like a classical tragedy, Ota Benga is 'caught in a web / of flawed science,' but emerges as a complex and real figure, a man out of time, out of place, whose dignity and humanity have left us with a harrowing story shared here by one who knew him best. Carrie Allen McCray weaves a rich tapestry in this cul...
Bulletin - New York Zoological Society
Bulletin - New York Zoological Society
New York Zoological Society, 1916
THE STORY OF Ota Benga, THE PYGMY By Samuel P. Verner THE news of Ota Benga's sad death shocked and grieved me. especially as I had not heard from him in a long time, owing to the distance and conditions which have separated ...
Children of the Days: A Calendar of Human History
Children of the Days: A Calendar of Human History
Eduardo Galeano, 2013
We are the children of the days—that is, of time, earth, and the way we transform life into stories. Uruguayan writer Galeano, whose numerous international prizes include the Lannan Prize for Cultural Freedom, takes measure of our collective history, as he did in Mirrors (2009). But here he creates a universal calendar of commemoration that circles...
Fiction International 40: Animals
Fiction International 40: Animals
Harold Jaffe, Editor, Joe David Bellamy
Ota Benga, suspicious of the monkeys, investigates. He is confronted, then captured by a particularly sneaky monkey, Mono. Ota Benga escapes, then leads the chimpanzee Polly back to the monkey house, only to discover that Mono has set ...
Medical Apartheid: The Dark History of Medical Experimentation on Black Americans from Colonial Times to the Present...
Medical Apartheid: The Dark History of Medical Experimentation on Black Americans from Colonial Times to the Present...
Harriet A. Washington, 2008
National Book Critics Circle Award Winner (Nonfiction)PEN/Oakland Award WinnerBCALA Nonfiction Award WinnerGustavus Meyers Award WinnerFrom the era of slavery to the present day, the first full history of black America’s shocking mistreatment as unwilling and unwitting experimental subjects at the hands of the medical establishment.Medical Aparthei...
The Scrap Book
The Scrap Book
1907
THE TRUE STORY OF Ota Benga. The Little African Pygmy Whose Appearance In the Monkey-House at the Bronx " Zoo " Geated Such an Unexpected Sensation. BRUCE AT BANNOCKBURN. JjCOTS, wha hae " is the imagined.
The Wilderness Warrior: Theodore Roosevelt and the Crusade for America
The Wilderness Warrior: Theodore Roosevelt and the Crusade for America
Douglas Brinkley, 2010
Amazon Best of the Month, August 2009: "The movement for the conversation of wild life and the larger movement for the conservation of all our natural resources are essentially democratic in spirit, purpose, and method." So wrote Theodore Roosevelt, known as the "naturalist President" for his efforts in protecting wildlife and w...
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Blog posts on the term
Ota Benga
ccMixter - The Solace of Ota Benga
ccmixter.org/files/Shelflife/44098
The Curious case of Ota Benga: How worse could it get with Racism? | Bamituni Abamu's Blog.
"After an apology to her fans on Friday for using the N-word, planning a plantation-style wedding for her brother with black servants and fighting a lawsuit accusing Paula Deen of allowing racist behavior at her restaurant in Georgia, Deen’s show, "Paula's Home Cooking" is according to The New York Times being dropped from the Food…
bamituniabamu.wordpress.com/2013/11/19/the-curious-case-of-ota-benga-how-worse-could-it-get-with-racism/
The Zoo Review: Zoo History: Ota Benga
"They are remarkable mimics . .
thezooreviewer.blogspot.com/2013/11/zoo-history-ota-benga.html
RT @JeremyACrosby: @JimNorton I can’t stop yelling OTA BENGA!! and doing Chipbaca, your stupid fucking characters are ruining everything. | The Opie and Anthony Show Meta Site
RT @JeremyACrosby: @JimNorton I can't stop yelling Ota Benga!! and doing Chipbaca, your stupid fucking characters are ruining everything.
opieandanthony.me/2013/12/05/tweets/jimnorton/rt-jeremyacrosby-jimnorton-i-cant-stop-yelling-ota-benga-and-doing-chipbaca-your-stupid-fucking-characters-are-ruining-everything/
AMAZING STORIES AROUND THE WORLD: Ota Benga - The Horrifying Story Of A Human On Display In A Zoo
Ota Benga - The horrifying story of a human on display in a zoo. Ota Benga (circa 1883– March 20, 1916) was a Congolese pygmy known for being featured in an anthropology exhibit at the Louisiana Purchase Exposition in St.
amazingstoriesaroundtheworld.blogspot.com/2013/10/ota-benga-horrifying-story-of-human-on.html
Ota Benga and scientific racism | Arnold Zwicky's Blog
Continuing the story of Madison Grant, who helped to found the Bronx Zoo, from David Samuels’s essay “Wild Things: Animal nature, human racism, and the future of zoos” in the June 2012 Harper’s magazine: the sad tale of Ota Benga. The first concrete application of Grant’s theoretical interests [in preserving species in “pure”, untouched state] to…
arnoldzwicky.org/2012/06/07/ota-benga-and-scientific-racism/
Ota Benga Story: Enslaved Human Zoo Captive Ota Benga Ended Life On This Day In 1916 | News One
The sad tale of Ota Benga (pictured) highlights the many racially motivated atrocities Black people faced even as the dawn of the 20th century was unfolding. A Congolese native and Mbuti pygmy, Benga suffered under America’s racist practices as part of an exhibit for the St. Louis World Fair. Benga, snatched away from his home under the gaze of a businessman and missionary, would later be put on display at the Bronx Zoo’s “Monkey House” exhibit. Dismayed that he couldn’t return to his native land, Benga would commit suicide on the day in 1916.
newsone.com/2293605/ota-benga-story/
In 1906, the Bronx Zoo Put a Black Man on Display in the Monkey House | Mental Floss
The young black man who arrived at the Bronx Zoo in the summer of 1906 cut a striking figure. Dressed in a white suit, he was carrying a wooden bow, a quiver of arrows, and a chimpanzee. He stood 4’ 11” tall and weighed 103 pounds, and when he smiled, he revealed a set of pointy whittled teeth, like a piranha’s. At 23, Ota Benga had already lived an equally unusual life to go with his
mentalfloss.com/article/30399/1906-bronx-zoo-put-black-man-display-monkey-house
Ota Benga | Evolution Tale
%3Cimg+src%3D%22http%3A%2F%2Fevolutiontale.com%2Fwp-content%2Fuploads%2F2013%2F11%2Fota-benga.jpg%22+title%3D%22Ota+Benga%22+%2F%3E+%3Cp%3EAfter+Darwin+claimed+that+human+beings+evolved+from+ape-like+creatures+in+his+book+The+Descent+of+Man%2C+a+search+began+for+fossils+to+back+up+his+theory.+Some+evolutionists%2C+however%2C+believed+that+half-man%2C+half-ape+creatures+could+be+found+not+only+in+the+fossil+record%2C+but+still+living+in+various+parts+of+the+world.+In+the+early+part+of+the+20th+century%2C+this+search+for+living+intermediate+forms+led+to+various+shameful+actions.+One+of+these+involved+the+pygmy+Ota+Benga.%3C%2Fp%3E%0A%3Cp%3EHe+was+captured+in+Congo+in+1904+by+an+evolutionist+researcher+named+Samuel+Verner.+Ota+Benga%2C+whose+name+meant+friend+in+his+own+language%2C+was+married+with+two+children.+Yet+he+was+chained%2C+placed+in+a+cage+like+an+animal+and+transported+to+the+U.S.A.+There%2C+evolutionist+scientists+put+him+in+a+cage+with+various+apes+at+the+St.+Louis+World+Fair+and+exhibited+him+as+the+closest+intermediate+form+to+man.+Two+years
evolutiontale1.wordpress.com/2013/11/06/ota-benga/
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