PESEL
PESEL (Polish Powszechny Elektroniczny System Ewidencji Ludności, Universal Electronic System for Registration of the Population) is the national identification number used in Poland since 1979. It always has 11 digits, identifies just one person and cannot be changed to another one.
The PESEL number is mandatory for all permanent residents of Poland and for temporary residents living in Poland for over 2 months. Applicants for Polish citizenship must request a PESEL number together with their passport application.
The PESEL was the system designed by the communist government (during PRL) to trace a personal information about every citizen. Itself is the direct "child" of the previous system MAGISTER (called identically like msc. studies degree in Poland), which was designed to trace and record data about "most dangerous to system and communist power" people, which basically as a danger was treated everyone with university degree.
It has the form of YYMMDDZZZXQ, where YYMMDD is the date of birth (with century encoded in month field), ZZZ is the personal identification number, X denotes sex (even number for females, odd number for males) and Q is a control digit, which is used to verify whether a given PESEL is correct or not.
Having a PESEL in the form of ABCDEF GHIJK, one can check the vailidity of the number by computing the following expression:
A*1 + B*3 + C*7 + D*9 + E*1 + F*3 + G*7 + H*9 + I*1 + J*3
Then the last digit of the result should be subtracted from 10. If the result of the last operation is not equal to the last digit of a given PESEL, the PESEL is incorrect. This system works reliably well for catching one-digit mistakes and digit swaps.
Checking validity of PESEL: 44051401358 (number 8, the last digit, is the check digit for this PESEL):
1 * 4 + 3 * 4 + 7 * 0 + 9 * 5 + 1 * 1 + 3 * 4 + 7 * 0 + 9 * 1 + 1 * 3 + 3 * 5 = 101
Getting the last digit of the result (101 modulo 10):
101/10 = 10 remainder 1
In order to get the check digit one need to take the 10s complement of the number. It means the modulo result has to be subtracted from 10.
10 - 1 = 9
9 is not equal to the last digit of PESEL, which is 8, so the PESEL contains errors.

This is an excerpt from the article PESEL from the Wikipedia free encyclopedia. A list of authors is available at Wikipedia.
The article PESEL at en.wikipedia.org was accessed 2,584 times in the last 30 days. (as of: 08/07/2014)
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PESEL - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
PESEL (Polish Powszechny Elektroniczny System Ewidencji Ludności, Universal Electronic System for Registration of the Population) is the national ...
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/PESEL
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Get a PESEL number | EU and non EU citizens - Foreigners in Poland
Learn where and how to receive your own PESEL number. Procedures, forms and documentation you need in order to obtain your personal PESEL number.
www.foreignersinpoland.com/polish-law/pesel-number.html
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Polish Identification Number PESEL
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How to get a PESEL « British In Poland
Aug 18, 2008 ... A PESEL is an 11 digit identification number partly based on your date of birth. Polish people are assigned one within a couple of months of ...
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Co można wyczytać z numeru PESEL? - Dowód osobisty - Gmina ...
PESEL to system przeznaczony do ewidencji ludności. Każdy obywatel otrzymuje taki numer. Nie są to jednak przypadkowe liczby. Można z nich wyczytać ...
www.infor.pl/prawo/gmina/dowod-osobisty/262172,Co-mozna-wyczytac-z-numeru-PESEL.html
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eWnioski.pl | Wniosek o nadanie lub zmianę numeru PESEL
Elektroniczny formularz wniosku o nadanie lub zmianę numeru PESEL. Wypełnij online i pobierz gotowy plik PDF!
ewnioski.pl/formularze/wniosek-o-nadanie-lub-zmiane-numeru-pesel/informacje
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Pesel & Carr (PeselandCarr) on Twitter
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Poprawność numeru PESEL - Szewo
PESEL Powszechny Elektroniczny System Ewidencji Ludności powstał w 1979 roku i zawiera następujące dane ewidencyjne: numer PESEL; nazwisko i imiona  ...
www.szewo.com/php/pesel.phtml
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PESEL in science
PESEL - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
PESEL (Polish Powszechny Elektroniczny System Ewidencji Ludności, Universal ... which basically as a danger was treated everyone with university degree.
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Raisa PESEL's Overview. Current. MASc Student - Electrical and Computer Engineering at University of Waterloo. Past. Teaching Assistant for ECE 327 - Digital ...
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Louisa Frances PESEL (1870-1947) was a distinguished scholar, practitioner and educator of the art of embroidery. Until 1907 she held the post of Director of the ...
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From 1901 to 1910: On Lewis Day's recommendation, PESEL was appointed ... 1948 to 1949: Louisa PESEL first gave her publications to Leeds University Library  ...
[PDF]Passport No. PESEL No.1 - iFE
AT THE TECHNICAL UNIVERSITY OF LODZ for the academic year 20……/20… … Passport No. PESEL No.1. Complete all sections. Please type or print clearly.
[PDF]Passport No. PESEL No.
APPLICANTS AT THE LODZ UNIVERSITY OF TECHNOLOGY for the academic year. 20……/20…… Passport No. PESEL No. 1. Complete all sections. Please ...
Visa Information
Faculty of Management. University of Lodz .... A PESEL is an 11 digit identification number partly based on your date of birth. For foreigners you get it in the same ...
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Books on the term PESEL
The American Journal of Semitic Languages and Literatures
The American Journal of Semitic Languages and Literatures
1913
a matter of dispute), has of course not escaped the attention of the commentators. It is regarded as due to an editorial change. Budde thinks the original text had ephod for PESEL in 18:31, Moore in 18:30. Likewise must an editor be held ...
Service-Oriented Computing - ICSOC 2006: 4th International ...
Service-Oriented Computing - ICSOC 2006: 4th International ...
Asit Dan, Winfried Lamersdorf, 2006
In this situation we also assume that for each “Patient” object in a mixed fragmentation we have their “PESEL” subobjects – id number with identical content in every resource. We utilize the knowledge about “PESEL” content to make join on ...
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PESEL
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