People's Republic of China–Germany relations
Sino-German relations were formally established in 1861, when Prussia and the Qing Empire concluded the first Sino-German treaty during the Eulenburg Expedition. Ten years later, the German Empire was founded and the new state inherited the old Prussian treaty. The relations were on the whole, frosty, with Germany joining imperialist powers like Great Britain and France in carving out spheres of influence in the Chinese empire.
The Germans also participated in the crushing of the Boxer Rebellion. After World War I, relations gradually improved, though this would gradually change during the 1930s as Adolf Hitler allied himself with Japan. During the aftermath of World War II Germany was split in two states: a liberal democratic West Germany and a communist East Germany. Cold War tensions led to West Germany's alliance with the United States against communism and thus allied against China. The Eastern part was allied through the Soviet Union with China. After the German reunification, relations between Germany and China gradually and vastly improved.
According to a 2013 BBC World Service Poll, 13% of Germans view Chinese influence positively, with 67% expressing a negative view. However, 40% of Chinese people view Germany's influence positively, compared with 23% which view it negatively.

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China–Germany relations - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Foreign relations of Germany - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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The Federal Republic of Germany and the People's Republic of China established diplomatic relations in 1972. Over the past 40 years, these relations have ...
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40 years of Sino-German relations | Germany | DW.DE | 11.10.2012
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Relations between the People's Republic of China and the two ...
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agreement between the people's republic of china and the federal ...
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Delegation for relations with the People's Republic of China
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China - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
China, officially the People's Republic of China, is a sovereign state located in East Asia. It is the world's most populous country, with a population of over 1.35 ...
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People's Republic of China–Germany relations in science
Auswärtiges Amt - China
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Books on the term People's Republic of China–Germany relations
Foreign Relations Of The People's Republic Of China
Foreign Relations Of The People's Republic Of China
John W. Garver, 1992
Exploring China's foreign relations in terms of five broad interrelated dimensions, rather than chronologically, this volume surveys Chinese foreign policy from 1949 to the present. It covers the historical influence on China's foreign relations; its relations with the superpowers; revolutionary China; its economic relations; and national...
The Politics of China: Sixty Years of The People's Republic of China
The Politics of China: Sixty Years of The People's Republic of China
Roderick MacFarquhar, 2011
Thirty years ago, China was emerging from one of the most traumatic periods in its history. The Chinese people had been ravaged by long years of domestic struggle, terrible famine and economic and political isolation. Today, China has the world's second largest economy and is a major player in global diplomacy. This volume, written by some of ...
Issues on Economic Relations Between the EU and China and ...
Issues on Economic Relations Between the EU and China and ...
Wang Li, 2009
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Nordic, Central, and Southeastern Europe 2013
Nordic, Central, and Southeastern Europe 2013
Wayne C. Thompson, 2013
Albania's relations with the People's Republic of China soured in the late 1970s because of a change that occurred in ... West Germany in an attempt to re— solve bilateral differences that prevented the establishment of diplomatic relations.
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People's Republic of China–Germany relations
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