Pica disorder
Pica (/ˈpaɪkə/ PY-kə) is characterized by an appetite for substances largely non-nutritive, such as ice, clay, chalk, dirt, or sand. According to DSM-IV criteria, for these actions to be considered pica, they must persist for more than one month at an age where eating such objects is considered developmentally inappropriate, not part of culturally sanctioned practice and sufficiently severe to warrant clinical attention. The most common, the consumption of ice can be considered very devastating to the maintenance to the body as there is a high risk of tooth cracking, enamel deterioration, and jaw joint strain. The consumption of ice also negatively affects the digestive tract which causes the Peristalsis to move slower or even temporarily stop. This will make weight gain easier, and adversely weight loss harder, or even impossible. There are different variations of pica, as it can be from a cultural tradition, acquired taste or a neurological mechanism such as an iron deficiency, or chemical imbalance. It can lead to intoxication in children which can result in an impairment in both physical and mental development. In addition, it can also lead to surgical emergencies due to an intestinal obstruction as well as more subtle symptoms such as nutritional deficiencies and parasitosis. Pica has been linked to mental disorders and they often have psychotic comorbidity. Stressors such as maternal deprivation, family issues, parental neglect, pregnancy, poverty, and a disorganized family structure are strongly linked to pica.[citation needed]
Pica is more commonly seen in women and children, where it affects people of all ages in these subgroups. Particularly it is seen in pregnant women, small children, and those with developmental disabilities such as autism. Children eating painted plaster containing lead may suffer brain damage from lead poisoning. There is a similar risk from eating dirt near roads that existed prior to the phaseout of tetraethyllead in petrol (in some countries) or prior to the cessation of the use of contaminated oil (either used or containing toxic PCBs or dioxin) to settle dust. In addition to poisoning, there is also a much greater risk of gastro-intestinal obstruction or tearing in the stomach.[unreliable medical source?] Another risk of dirt-eating is the ingestion of animal feces and accompanying parasites. Pica can also be found in other animals and is most commonly found in dogs.[citation needed]

This is an excerpt from the article Pica disorder from the Wikipedia free encyclopedia. A list of authors is available at Wikipedia.
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Pica (disorder) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Pica is characterized by an appetite for substances largely non-nutritive, such as ice, clay, chalk, dirt, or sand. According to DSM-IV criteria, for these actions to ...
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pica_(disorder)
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Pica - KidsHealth
Some young kids have the eating disorder pica, which is characterized by persistent and compulsive cravings to eat nonfood items.
kidshealth.org/parent/emotions/behavior/pica.html
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Pica (Eating Disorder): Treatments, Causes, Symptoms - WebMD
Jul 23, 2012 ... Pica is the persistent eating of substances with no nutrition, such as dirt or paint. Learn more.
www.webmd.com/mental-health/mental-health-pica
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Pica - Medscape Reference
18.07.2013 · Pica. Pica is an eating disorder typically defined as the persistent ingestion of nonnutritive substances for at least 1 month at an age for which this ...
emedicine.medscape.com/article/914765-overview
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Pica: MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia
Pica is a pattern of eating non-food materials, such as dirt or paper. ... help reduce the abnormal eating behavior if pica is part of a developmental disorder such ...
www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/001538.htm
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Pica - Encyclopedia of Mental Disorders
Oct 19, 2012 ... Pica is the craving or ingestion of nonfood items. The cravings found in patients diagnosed with pica may be associated with a nutritional ...
www.minddisorders.com/Ob-Ps/Pica.html
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A Little Known Eating Disorder Is on the Rise | Psychology Today
Sep 12, 2011 ... Big jump seen in hospitalizations for pica. By Faith Brynie, Ph.D....
www.psychologytoday.com/blog/brain-sense/201109/little-known-eating-disorder-is-the-rise
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Pica: Causes, Symptoms & Diagnosis - Healthline
Jul 17, 2012 ... People with the disorder pica compulsively eat items that have no nutritional value. An affected person might eat relatively harmless items like ...
www.healthline.com/symptom/pica
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National Autism Center - Pica
The word "pica" comes from the Latin word for magpie, a bird known for its ... conditions such as obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) and schizophrenia.
www.nationalautismcenter.org/learning/pica.php
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Pica — The Eating Disorder That's Not About Food - Everyday Health
May 10, 2010 ... People with the eating disorder pica have non-food cravings for items like chalk and paint. It can affect children, pregnant women, and the ...
www.everydayhealth.com/eating-disorders/pica-eating-disorder.aspx
Search results for "Pica disorder"
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Pica disorder in science
Pica | University of Maryland Medical Center
May 31, 2013 ... Pica is a pattern of eating non-food materials, such as dirt or paper. ... abnormal eating behavior if pica is part of a developmental disorder such ...
Pica: MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia
Pica is a pattern of eating non-food materials, such as dirt or paper. ... the abnormal eating behavior if pica is part of a developmental disorder such ... of Psychiatry, Department of Psychiatry, Columbia University Medical Center, New York, NY.
[PDF]Pica: A Review of Recent Assessment and Treatment ... - daddcec.org
Tennessee Technological University .... disorders. Extending Paniagua's point specif- ically to pica could lead to ... pendent disorder rather than as a symptom.
Causes Of Pica Eating Disorder - HealthCentral
Everything you need to know about causes of pica eating disorder, including the ... eating disorders according to a study completed at the University of Virginia.
The Pica-Autism Connection: Help & Perspective in "Got Questions ...
Jun 21, 2013... a connection between autism and pica or other eating disorders?” ... associate director of clinical services at the University of Rochester's ...
Pica | University of Michigan Health System
Apr 10, 2009 ... Pica is an eating disorder that is characterized by the repeated eating of non- nutritive substances over a period of one month or longer. Patients ...
Eating Disorder: Pica - Emedicine Medscape
Jul 18, 2013 ... Pica. Pica is an eating disorder typically defined as the persistent ingestion of nonnutritive substances for at least 1 month at an age for which ...
Pica: The Un-finicky Feline
Other than its destructive potential, pica can be extremely hazardous to your cat's ... chewing or eating these plants can cause a wide range of symptoms from drooling to ... Click here to return to the University of California School of Veterinary ...
Big Jump Seen in Hospitalizations for Pica Eating Disorder
Sep 9, 2011 ... Eating disorders as the primary reason for entering the hospital have ... jumped 93 percent for patients with an eating disorder called pica.
American Society for Nutrition - Pica: Eating Disorder or Survival ...
Oct 31, 2012 ... Pica: Eating Disorder or Survival Strategy? ... book author and current Associate professor at Cornell University Dr. Sera Young during her MA ...
Books on the term Pica disorder
DSM-IV-TR in Action: Includes DSM-5 Update Chapter
DSM-IV-TR in Action: Includes DSM-5 Update Chapter
Sophia F. Dziegielewski, 2013
The risk of developing pica is increased by poverty, neglect, lack of parental supervision, and developmental delay. In termsof ... Rumination disorder (307.53 )is included as Feedingand Eating Disorders of Infancy or Early Childhood.
Pica Eating - Overcoming Pica Eating Disorder for Life (Eating disorder help, Eating disorder books, Eating disorder...
Pica Eating - Overcoming Pica Eating Disorder for Life (Eating disorder help, Eating disorder books, Eating disorder...
Jane Connor, 2013
Overcoming Pica Eating Disorder Today only, get this Amazon bestseller for just $2.99. Regularly priced at $4.99. Read on your PC, Mac, smart phone, tablet or Kindle device. This book contains proven steps and strategies on how to overcome pica, a potentially dangerous eating disorder where one consumes non-nutritive or non-food items like soil, ro...
Kaplan & Sadock's Concise Textbook of Clinical Psychiatry
Kaplan & Sadock's Concise Textbook of Clinical Psychiatry
Benjamin J. Sadock, Virginia A. Sadock, 2008
Pica is diagnosed even when these symptoms occur in the context of another disorder, such as autistic disorder, schizophrenia, or Kleine-Levin syndrome. Pica appears much more frequently in young children than in adults; it also occurs in ...
Decoding Your Dog: The Ultimate Experts Explain Common Dog Behaviors and Reveal How to Prevent or Change Unwanted...
Decoding Your Dog: The Ultimate Experts Explain Common Dog Behaviors and Reveal How to Prevent or Change Unwanted...
American College of Veterinary Behaviorists, Debra F. Horwitz DVM, John Ciribassi DVM and Steve Dale, 2014
"Kudos to the Veterinary Behaviorists! Decoding Your Dog is a welcome addition to the voices supporting science-based and benevolent dog training. Read this book and your dog will thank you for it!" -- Patricia B McConnell, PhD, CAAB, author of The Other End of the Leash: Why We Do What We Do Around Dogs "Behavioral problems often ri...
Kaplan and Sadock's Concise Textbook of Child and Adolescent ...
Kaplan and Sadock's Concise Textbook of Child and Adolescent ...
Benjamin J. Sadock, Virginia A. Sadock, Harold I. Kaplan, 2009
Feeding and Eating Disorders of Infancy or Early Childhood Table 1 0-3 Differential Diagnosis of Tic Disorders {continued) ... Pica is diagnosed even when these symptoms occur in the context of another disorder, such as autistic disorder, ...
The Pocket Guide to the DSM-5(TM) Diagnostic Exam
The Pocket Guide to the DSM-5(TM) Diagnostic Exam
Abraham M. Nussbaum, 2013
The Pocket Guide to the DSM-5 Diagnostic Exam is the only interview book with DSM-5 criteria.The guide addresses the goals of the interview, provides an efficient structure for learning how to conduct one, reviews the screening questions, and then explains how DSM-5 impacts the interview. The sixth chapter, the core of the guide, walks the reader t...
Lewis's Child and Adolescent Psychiatry: A Comprehensive ...
Lewis's Child and Adolescent Psychiatry: A Comprehensive ...
Andrés Martin, Fred R. Volkmar, Melvin Lewis, 2007
Pica would appear to he without the nosological problems that beset other eating and growth disorders of infants and children, In fact DSM-IV, which lists pica as the first feeding/eating disorder, defines it as the persistent eating of nonnutritive  ...
Midlife Eating Disorders: Your Journey to Recovery
Midlife Eating Disorders: Your Journey to Recovery
Cynthia M. Bulik Ph.D., 2013
First, the bad news. The prevalence of some adult eating disorders is increasing, and these disorders can be deadly. But the good news, according to Bulik, a clinical psychologist and director of the University of North Carolina Eating Disorders Program, is that remission and even recovery from eating disorders is possible at any age. She reviews t...
Kaplan & Sadock's Study Guide and Self-Examination Review in ...
Kaplan & Sadock's Study Guide and Self-Examination Review in ...
Benjamin J. Sadock, Virginia A. Sadock, Pedro Ruiz, 2012
Under these circumstances, pica is diagnosed even when symptoms occur in the context of another mental disorder, such as schizophrenia, autistic disorder, or Kleine-Levin syndrome. Pica occurs more frequently in young children than in ...
DSM-5 Essentials: The Savvy Clinician's Guide to the Changes in Criteria
DSM-5 Essentials: The Savvy Clinician's Guide to the Changes in Criteria
Lourie W. Reichenberg, 2013
Everything you need to know about the DSM-5™ in an organized and concise presentationProviding you with a quick and easy way to get up-to-speed on recent changes to the two main classification systems—DSM-5 Essentials highlights these changes in a logical and systematic manner so that you can easily make the transition from DSM-IV to DSM-5.Author L...
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Blog posts on the term
Pica disorder
Pica-Syndrom – Wikipedia
de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pica-Syndrom
Pica: Causes, Symptoms & Diagnosis
People with the disorder pica compulsively eat items that have no nutritional value. An affected person might eat relatively harmless items like ice or potentially dangerous items like flakes of dried paint or pieces of metal. In the latter case
www.healthline.com/symptom/pica
Pica (Eating Disorder): Treatments, Causes, Symptoms
Pica is the persistent eating of substances with no nutrition, such as dirt or paint. Learn more.
www.webmd.com/mental-health/mental-health-pica
Pica - Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment of Pica - NY Times Health Information
Free articles and multimedia from The NY Times, including information on symptoms, diagnosis, treatments, tests, and surgical procedures, as well as current news and interviews with leading experts.
www.nytimes.com/health/guides/disease/pica/
Pica Disorder: Zach Tahir, 5, suffers from rare disorder meaning he can't resist eating inedible objects | Mail Online
Five-year-old Zach Tahir from Salford, who suffers from the rare Pica disorder, has chewed his way through the carpet and plaster in his bedroom.
www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-2177162/Pica-Disorder-Zach-Tahir-5-suffers-rare-disorder-meaning-resist-eating-inedible-objects.html
Emma Veness diagnosed with Pica disorder after unusual craving for furniture polish | Mail Online
Seven months pregnant Emma Veness, 26, from Birmingham, is inexplicably drawn to eating polish despite her own fears she could be harming her baby.
www.dailymail.co.uk/health/article-2015690/Emma-Veness-diagnosed-Pica-disorder-unusual-craving-furniture-polish.html
May I Ask: May Institute's Teka Harris says pica disorder needs care, safety measures | masslive.com
A person with pica may eat dirt, rocks, screws, nails, hair, feces, crayons, glue, cleaning supplies, plastic, erasers, buttons, paint chips, chalk, wood, glass, needles, rubber bands, cigarette butts or wire.
www.masslive.com/living/index.ssf/2013/08/may_i_ask_may_institutes_teka_harris_says_pica_disorder_needs_care_safety_measures.html
Pica, the strangest eating disorder - Philadelphia Mental Health | Examiner.com
Pica comes from the Latin word for the "magpie," a bird known for its indiscriminate eating habits. Pica is the persistent eating of any non-nutritive substanc
www.examiner.com/article/pica-the-strangest-eating-disorder
The other eating disorders: selective eating disorder, pica, etc.
A diet, weight loss, nutrition, and food news blog with daily news roundups and diet tips, obesity
calorielab.com/news/2005/06/20/the-other-eating-disorders-anorexia-athletica-bigorexia-etc/
What causes pica (craving and consuming non-food items) during pregnancy? | BabyCenter
Find out about the syndrome that causes bizarre cravings for cigarette butts, dirt, paint chips and the like in some pregnant women.
www.babycenter.com/404_what-causes-pica-craving-and-consuming-non-food-items-during_1186643.bc
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