Piracy iure gentium
Piracy is typically an act of robbery or criminal violence at sea. The term can include acts committed on land, in the air, or in other major bodies of water or on a shore. It does not normally include crimes committed against persons traveling on the same vessel as the perpetrator (e.g. one passenger stealing from others on the same vessel). The term has been used throughout history to refer to raids across land borders by non-state agents.
Piracy or pirating is the name of a specific crime under customary international law and also the name of a number of crimes under the municipal law of a number of States. It is distinguished from privateering, which is authorized by national authorities and therefore a legitimate form of war-like activity by non-state actors. Privateering is considered commerce raiding, and was outlawed by the Peace of Westphalia (1648) for signatories to those treaties.
Those who engage in acts of piracy are called pirates. Historically, offenders have usually been apprehended by military personnel and tried by military tribunals.
In the 21st century, the international community is facing many problems in bringing pirates to justice.

This is an excerpt from the article Piracy iure gentium from the Wikipedia free encyclopedia. A list of authors is available at Wikipedia.
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Piracy Jure Gentium Legal Definition - Duhaime.org
Many jurisdictions have definitions of piracy within their internal criminal or penal laws but piracy jure gentium refers not to domestic or, as it used to be called, ...
www.duhaime.org/LegalDictionary/P/PiracyJureGentium.aspx
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Piracy - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Piracy is typically an act of robbery or criminal violence at sea. The term can include acts committed on land, in the air, or in other major bodies of water or on a ...
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Piracy
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Re Piracy Jure Gentium [1934] AC 586 - British and Irish Legal ...
www.bailii.org/cgi-bin/markup.cgi?doc=/uk/cases/UKPC/1934/1934_54.html&query=Piracy+and+Jure+and+Gentium&method=boolean
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Piracy Jure Jentium Law & Legal Definition - Help Build USLegal
Piracy jure jentium means piracy according to law of nations and consists os any ... Piracy jure gentium is a subject of international law and can be tried and ...
definitions.uslegal.com/p/piracy-jure-jentium/
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Piracy Jure Gentium & International Law - E-International Relations
Feb 24, 2010 ... Piracy as a word was first recorded in the English language in 1419 (Wolfram Alpha, 2009). However, piracy or piracy jure gentium (piracy by ...
www.e-ir.info/2010/02/24/piracy-jure-gentium-international-law/
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In re Piracy Jure Gentium - Uniset.ca
Actual robbery is not an essential element of the crime of piracy jure gentium. A frustrated attempt to commit a piratical robbery is equally piracy jure gentium.
www.uniset.ca/other/cs5/1934AC586.html
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Piracy : A Legal Definition
Dec 13, 2010 ... defined piracy not as a specific act, but rather “as defined by the law of nations. ..... essential element in the crime of piracy jure gentium.
www.fas.org/sgp/crs/misc/R41455.pdf
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A Note on re Piracy Jure Gentium - jstor
A NOTE ON RE PIRACY JURE GENTIUM. When the Merchant of Venice was reckoning the hazards to which. Antonio's hips were subject he recalled that along ...
www.jstor.org/stable/2190430
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EJIL: Talk! – Prosecuting pirates in national courts: US v Said and ...
Aug 23, 2010 ... Nonetheless, I cannot resist the obvious quote from the Privy Council in Re Piracy Jure Gentium [1934] AC 586, which responded to the ...
www.ejiltalk.org/prosecuting-pirates-in-national-courts-us-v-said-and-piracy-under-us-law/
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Piracy Jure Gentium: The Jurisdictional Conflict Of the High Seas ...
I INTRODUCTION Four hundred and six incidents of piracy and armed robbery occurred in 2009; two hundred and seventeen of those incidents were attributed  ...
litigation-essentials.lexisnexis.com/webcd/app?action=DocumentDisplay&crawlid=1&doctype=cite&docid=41+J.+Mar.+L.+%26+Com.+561&srctype=smi&srcid=3B15&key=41186afb1baac9e7859b75fe4de9235b
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Piracy iure gentium in science
Piracy - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Piracy is typically an act of robbery or criminal violence at sea. ...... George Mason University professor Peter Leeson has suggested that the international ... existing law and did not seek to restrict the scope of the offence of piracy jure gentium.
Piracy Jure Gentium & International Law - E-International Relations
Feb 24, 2010 ... However, piracy or piracy jure gentium (piracy by the law of nations) as it is known was part of ... This was reaffirmed in re Piracy Jure Gentium [1934] AC 586 and piracy jure gentium ..... Written at: American Military University
Piracy Jure Gentium: The Jurisdictional Conflict Of the High Seas ...
AUTHOR: Trinity College, Masters-in-Law 2010; Vermont Law School, J.D. 2009; University of West Georgia, B.A. 2003. I would like to thank Professor Clive ...
[PDF]131 This article will examine the history of piracy jure gentium and ...
stable, working definition of what constitutes the crime of piracy jure gentium. ... University of Miami International & Comparative Law Review 293, 302; Lucas ...
In re Piracy Jure Gentium - Uniset.ca
International Law – Piracy jure gentium – Actual Robbery not an essential ..... Ortolan (1802-1873), a French jurist, and professor at the University of Paris, says  ...
Multiple choice questions - Oxford University Press
Oxford University Press - Online Resource Centres. Search ... Question 7. Is piracy under international (jure gentium) law subject to universal jurisdiction?
Search the Issue Archive - School of Law - University of San Diego
Volume, 15. Month, November. Year, 2013. Title, A High Seas Requirement for Inciters and Intentional Facilitators of Piracy Jure Gentium and Its (Lack of) ...
Piracy Jure Gentium Legal Definition - Duhaime.org
Many jurisdictions have definitions of piracy within their internal criminal or penal laws but piracy jure gentium refers not to domestic or, as it used to be called, ...
Expanding the Universal Jurisdiction in International Law
Piracy jure gentium for numerous centuries has been considered as a scourge and pirates may tried, ... Crimes or delicts jure gentium, other than piracy jure gentium and war criminals, raise .... Shashi Singh · University of Madras, Chennai .
Books on the term Piracy iure gentium
International Law
International Law
Malcolm Nathan Shaw, 2003
The punishment of the offenders takes place whatever their nationality and wherever they happened to carry out their criminal activities. Piracy under international law (or piracy jure gentium) must be distinguished from piracy under municipal ...
De Iure Belli Ac Pacis Libre Tres, In Quibus Ius Naturae Et Gentium, Item Juris Publici Praecipua Explicantur...
De Iure Belli Ac Pacis Libre Tres, In Quibus Ius Naturae Et Gentium, Item Juris Publici Praecipua Explicantur...
Hugo Grotius, 2005
Grotius, Hugo. De Iure Belli Ac Pacis Libri Tres, In Quibus Ius Naturae Et Gentium, Item Juris Publici Praecipua Explicantur. Cum Annotatis Auctoris. Edited by P.C. Molhuysen. Preface by C. Van Vollenhoven. Leiden: A.W. Sijthoff. 1919. xv, 752 pp. Reprinted 2005 by The Lawbook Exchange, Ltd. ISBN 1-58477-539-4. Cloth. * Reprint of the standard crit...
A Selection of Cases Illustrative of English Criminal Law
A Selection of Cases Illustrative of English Criminal Law
PIRACY. [Actual robbery is not an essential element of piracy jure gentium.] In re Piracy Jure Gentium. Judicial Committee of the Privy Council. 1934. L.R. [1934] A.C. 586. This was a Special Reference made by Order in Council. Viscount ...
Piracy in the Ancient World
Piracy in the Ancient World
1996
A classic work of scholarship and, typical of a scholastic academic standard long lost, [it] is still the best on its subject. (Alan Cameron Lloyd's List)Still the standard work on ancient piracy. (Lionel Casson, author of Ships and Seamanship in the Ancient World)
The Law of International Sea Piracy
The Law of International Sea Piracy
Barry Hart Dubner, 1980
But a simple act of violence on the part of crew or passengers does not constitute in itself the crime of piracy, not at least ... The following suggestions are offered as to the elements of piracy jure gentium : I. It is not necessary that a purpose to ...
Brownlie's Principles of Public International Law
Brownlie's Principles of Public International Law
James Crawford, 2013
This is the eighth edition of Sir Ian Brownlie's classic distillation of public international law. Serving as a single volume introduction to the field as a whole, the book seeks to present international law as a system that is based on, and helps structure, relations among states and other entities at the international level. It aims to ident...
Papers relating to foreign affairs [afterw.] Foreign ...
Papers relating to foreign affairs [afterw.] Foreign ...
United States dept. of state, 1865
act was one of piracy, it was piracy jure gentium, and therefore does not Ml within the treaty ; for the treaty applies only if the offence be one which could not be tried in this country, and must be tried in the foreign country. But if this were piracy ...
International Criminal Law: Cases and Commentary
International Criminal Law: Cases and Commentary
2011
International Criminal Law: Cases and Commentary presents a concise and comprehensive explanation of the development of major areas in substantive international criminal law, through a selection of key illustrative cases from domestic and international jurisdictions. The focus is on the law related to individual criminal liability for war crimes, c...
Cases on Criminal Law
Cases on Criminal Law
Sect1on XXII PIRACY Actual robbery is not an essential element of piracy jure gentium [§478] In re PIRACY JURE GENTIUM Judicial Committee of the Privy Council [1934] A.C. 586 This was a special reference made by Order in Council.
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Blog posts on the term
Piracy iure gentium
131 This article will examine the history of piracy jure gentium and ...
www.law.mq.edu.au/public/download.jsp?id=131968
A High Seas Requirement for Inciters and Intentional Facilitators of Piracy Jure Gentium and Its (Lack of) Implications for Impunity by Jon Bellish :: SSRN
Around 2005, maritime piracy began to make a troubling resurgence three quarters of a century after consensus had been reached that the age of piracy had “perma
papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2226030
Piracy - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Piracy
Piracy Jure Gentium Legal Definition
The legal definition of Piracy Jure Gentium is Piracy according to the law of nations.
www.duhaime.org/LegalDictionary/P/PiracyJureGentium.aspx
Courts can try piracy offences on the high seas | The Star
Attorney General v Mohamud Mohammed Hashi & 8 others-www.kenyalaw.org (2012)eKLR. Court of Appeal, at Nairobi Civil Appeal No. 113 of 2011 J.W. Onyango Otieno, Alnashir Visram, M. K. Koome, H. M. Okweng D. Maraga JJ A. October 18, 2012. Reported by C W Lupao.
www.the-star.co.ke/news/article-93302/courts-can-try-piracy-offences-high-seas
In re Piracy Jure Gentium
www.uniset.ca/other/cs5/1934AC586.html
EJIL: Talk! – Prosecuting pirates in national courts: US v Said and piracy under US law
On August 17, a US District Court handed down a fascinating piece of statutory interpretation that apparently means that unless a Somali pirate succeeds in stealing something, he cannot be charged with piracy under US law. There have been a number of national piracy trials taking place in Western States, notably in the US and the Netherlands. (I have written on piracy trials in Kenya elsewhere.) In the Netherlands a group of Somali pirates was sentenced to five years in prison.
www.ejiltalk.org/prosecuting-pirates-in-national-courts-us-v-said-and-piracy-under-us-law/
Opinio Juris » Blog Archive Whale Wars, Round II! U.S. Court of Appeals Issues Preliminary Injunction Against Sea Shepherd "Pirates" » Opinio Juris
In a tartly worded opinion, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit has reversed a lower court and granted a group representing Japanese whalers a preliminary injunction against the protest activities of Sea Shepherd.
opiniojuris.org/2013/02/27/whale-wars-round-ii-u-s-court-of-appeals-issues-preliminary-injunction-against-sea-shepherd-pirates/
Bericht: (Auburtin) Gerichtsbarkeit der Staaten - Zeitschrift für ...
www.zaoerv.de/05_1935/5_1935_1_b_665_2_678_1.pdf
» Court of Appeal Land Mark Jurisprudence: An Analysis of Decisions Issued by Extra-Ordinary Benches of the Court of Appeal Between October 1993 and October 2013
www.kenyalaw.org/Forum/?p=2577
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