Plato's Four Cardinal Virtues
The cardinal virtues are a set of four virtues recognized in the writings of Classical Antiquity and, along with the theological virtues, also in Christian tradition. They consist of:
- Prudence - ability to judge between actions with regard to appropriate actions at a given time
- Justice - the perpetual and constant will of rendering to each one his right
- Temperance or Restraint - practicing self-control, abstention, and moderation; tempering the appetition
- Fortitude - forbearance, endurance, and ability to confront fear, uncertainty and intimidation
These were derived initially from Plato's scheme (see Protagoras 330b, which also includes piety (hosiotes)); expanded on by Cicero, and adapted by Saint Ambrose, Augustine of Hippo, and Thomas Aquinas (see Summa Theologica II(I).61). The term "cardinal" comes from the Latin cardo or hinge; the cardinal virtues are so called because they are the basic virtues, required for a virtuous life.

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Cardinal virtues - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Plato identified the four cardinal virtues with the classes of the city described in The Republic, and with the faculties of man. Plato narrates a discussion of the ...
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cardinal_virtues
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What Are Plato's Four Cardinal Virtues?…
Plato's Four Cardinal Virtues are Prudence that is the right judgment and actions at all times, Justice that is always giving people their rights, Temperance that
www.ask.com/question/what-are-plato-s-four-cardinal-virtues
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Cardinal Virtues - The Four Cardinal Virtues - Catholicism - About.com
The cardinal virtues are the four principal moral virtues, which represent the ... and they entered into Christian teaching by way of Plato's disciple Aristotle.
catholicism.about.com/od/beliefsteachings/tp/Cardinal_Virtues.htm
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Justice, Wisdom, Courage, and Moderation:…
The four cardinal virtues – justice, wisdom (prudence), courage (fortitude), and moderation (self-control, temperance) – come not just from Plato or Greek ...
www.catholiceducation.org/articles/religion/re0017.html
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What are the Four Cardinal Virtues?…
Wow, this is great wisdom, i am trying to imagine a society of people living and practicing the cardinal virtues…. It would be a good one isnt it?
fallibleblogma.com/index.php/what-are-the-four-cardinal-virtues/
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Plato's Ethics: An Overview (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy)
Sep 16, 2003 ... Like other ancient philosophers, Plato maintains a virtue-based ...... has been dubbed 'the four cardinal Platonic virtues'—wisdom, courage, ...
plato.stanford.edu/entries/plato-ethics/
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CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Cardinal Virtues…
Cardinal Virtues. The four principal virtues upon which the rest of the moral virtues turn or are hinged. Those who recite the Divine Office find constantly recurring ...
www.newadvent.org/cathen/03343a.htm
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Plato #5 Republic 4 Virtues Classes in the city Parts of the soul The ...
Plato #5. Republic 4. Phil 201. Dr. Tobias Hoffmann. The city founded by ... these virtues (wisdom, courage, moderation, and justice) is found in the city in.
faculty.cua.edu/hoffmann/courses/201_1068/Plato-5%20Republic.4.pdf
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Plato - Harry J. Gensler
Plato (Web exercise) ... Individuals and Ethics. In Plato's Republic, the four cardinal virtues are wisdom, temperance, courage and justice. These reflect the ...
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The Cardinal Virtue of Wisdom | The Art…
An essay on the cardinal virtue of wisdom ... What are the most important virtues for a man to live? Benjamin Franklin had his program of thirteen.
www.artofmanliness.com/2012/03/31/manvotional-the-cardinal-virtues-wisdom/
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Justice, Wisdom, Courage, and Moderation: The Four Cardinal Virtues
These four cardinal virtues are not the only virtues, but they are the cardes, the ... They are knowable by human nature, which God designed, not Plato. ..... He is an alumnus of Calvin College (AB 1959) and Fordham University (MA 1961, Ph.D.
Virtue - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
This enumeration is traced to Greek philosophy and was listed by Plato in addition ... In Christianity, the three theological virtues are Faith, Hope and Love, a list ..... Religion and Cultural Memory: Ten Studies, Stanford University Press, 2006, ...
Cardinal virtues - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Plato identified the four cardinal virtues with the classes of the city described in The Republic, and with the faculties of man. Plato narrates a discussion of the ...
[PDF]Aristotle's Cardinal Virtues: - Society for Philosophy in Practice
had flunked out after his first semester at a prestigious university and was continuing ... (Dictionary of Scholastic Philosophy, Wuellner, 1956) summarizing Aristotle's four cardinal ... Table 1: Aristotle's Cardinal Virtues and Their Subdivisions.
What Are Plato's Four Cardinal Virtues? - Ask.com
Plato's Four Cardinal Virtues are Prudence that is the right judgment and actions at all times, Justice that is always giving people their rights, Temperance that.
[PDF]"cardinal virtues" In: The Encyclopedia of Christian Civilization
with St. Ambrose (c.339–397), for the four cen- tral moral virtues ... virtues. Christian thinkers inherited this basic struc- ture from classical writers. Plato ... On his view, Plato's “wisdom”. (sophia) ... Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Colish ...
Books on the term Plato's Four Cardinal Virtues
The Cardinal Virtues: Aquinas, Albert and Philip the Chancellor
The Cardinal Virtues: Aquinas, Albert and Philip the Chancellor
Saint Thomas (Aquinas), Saint Albertus (Magnus), Rollen Edward Houser, 2004
"These translations from the Latin works of Thomas Aquinas, Albert the Great, and Philip the Chancellor concentrate on the four cardinal virtues - prudence, justice, courage, and temperance - first identified by Plato as essential ...
Beyond Good & Evil: Prelude to a Philosophy of the Future
Beyond Good & Evil: Prelude to a Philosophy of the Future
Friedrich Nietzsche and Walter Kaufmann, 1989
Represents Nietzsche's attempt to sum up his philosophy. In nine parts the book is designed to give the reader a comprehensive idea of Nietzche's thought and style. With an inclusive index of subjects and persons.
Archetypes of Wisdom: An Introduction to Philosophy
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Douglas Soccio, 2012
The Cardinal Virtues Plato identifies four “cardinal virtues” as necessary for a good society and for a happy individual. Cardinal virtues are essential, basic virtues that provide optimal functioning for the human soul. Temperance is another ...
Basic Writings of Nietzsche (Modern Library Classics)
Basic Writings of Nietzsche (Modern Library Classics)
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A better title for this book might be The Indispensable Writings of Nietzsche. Indeed, the six selections contained in Walter Kaufmann's volume are not only critical elements of Nietzsche's oeuvre, they are must-reads for any aspiring student of philosophy. Those coming to Nietzsche for the first time will be pleased to find three of his ...
The Ethics of Aquinas
The Ethics of Aquinas
Stephen J. Pope, 2002
for his brother Satyrus around the four Platonic virtues, it seemed right to call them cardinal virtues, because they invested his brother's life with cosmic significance by leading him to its author.13 Ambrose explored the nature of such cardinal ...
Archetypes of Wisdom: An Introduction to Philosophy
Archetypes of Wisdom: An Introduction to Philosophy
Douglas J. Soccio, 2012
ARCHETYPES OF WISDOM: AN INTRODUCTION TO PHILOSOPHY, 8E brings philosophy to life through lively narratives, engaging illustrations, and an easy-to-understand writing style. Using conversational language, the textbook walks readers through the lives and works of history's greatest philosophers, and then brings it all together with helpful stud...
Back to Virtue: Traditional Moral Wisdom for Modern Moral ...
Back to Virtue: Traditional Moral Wisdom for Modern Moral ...
Peter Kreeft, 1992
The four cardinal virtues— justice, wisdom (prudence), courage (fortitude), and moderation (self-control, temperance)— come not just from Plato or Greek philosophy. You will find them in Scripture. They are knowable by human nature, which ...
Stoic Virtues: Chrysippus and the Religious Character of ...
Stoic Virtues: Chrysippus and the Religious Character of ...
Christoph Jedan, 2009
Prior to this, Socrates seems to have discussed a group of five virtues so frequently that Gregory Vlastos termed them 'Socrates' five canonical virtues'.6 In the Republic, Plato singled out the four, later so-called 'cardinal', virtues of wisdom ...
The Ultimate Man's Survival Guide
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Frank Miniter, 2013
Frank Miniter is the author of the New York Times bestseller The Ultimate Man's Survival Guide and The Politically Incorrect Guide[trademark] to Hunting. A frequent commentator on radio and television, he is currently the Director of Communications for the Congressional Sportsmen's Foundation (CSF). Prior to CSF, Miniter was executive edi...
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