Prior Analytics
The Prior Analytics or Analytica Priora is Aristotle's work on deductive reasoning, which is known as his syllogistic. Being one of the six extant Aristotelian writings on logic and scientific method, it is part of what later Peripatetics called the Organon.
Analytics comes from the Greek word "analutos" meaning "solvable" and the Greek verb "analuein" meaning "to solve". However, in Aristotle's corpus, there are distinguishable differences in the meaning of "analuein" and its cognates. There is also the possibility that Aristotle may have borrowed his use of the word "analysis" from his teacher Plato. On the other hand, the meaning that best fits the Analytics is one derived from the study of Geometry and this meaning is very close to what Aristotle calls έπιστήμη "episteme", knowing the reasoned facts. Therefore, Analysis is the process of finding the reasoned facts.
Aristotle's Prior Analytics represents the first time in history when Logic is scientifically investigated. On those grounds alone, Aristotle could be considered the Father of Logic for as he himself says in Sophistical Refutations, "... When it comes to this subject, it is not the case that part had been worked out before in advance and part had not; instead, nothing existed at all."
A problem in meaning arises in the study of Prior Analytics for the word "syllogism" as used by Aristotle in general does not carry the same narrow connotation as it does at present; Aristotle defines this term in a way that would apply to a wide range of valid arguments. Some scholars prefer to use the word "deduction" instead as the meaning given by Aristotle to the Greek word συλλογισμός "sullogismos". At present, "syllogism" is used exclusively as the method used to reach a conclusion which is really the narrow sense in which it is used in the Prior Analytics dealing as it does with a much narrower class of arguments closely resembling the "syllogisms" of traditional logic texts: two premises followed by a conclusion each of which is a categorial sentence containing all together three terms, two extremes which appear in the conclusion and one middle term which appears in both premises but not in the conclusion. In the Analytics then, Prior Analytics is the first theoretical part dealing with the science of deduction and the Posterior Analytics is the second demonstratively practical part. Prior Analytics gives an account of deductions in general narrowed down to three basic syllogisms while Posterior Analytics deals with demonstration.
In the Prior Analytics, Aristotle defines syllogism as "... A deduction in a discourse in which, certain things being supposed, something different from the things supposed results of necessity because these things are so." In modern times, this definition has led to a debate as to how the word "syllogism" should be interpreted. Scholars Jan Lukasiewicz, Józef Maria Bocheński and Günther Patzig have sided with the Protasis-Apodosis dichotomy while John Corcoran prefers to consider a syllogism as simply a deduction.
In the third century AD, Alexander of Aphrodisias's commentary on the Prior Analytics is the oldest extant and one of the best of the ancient tradition and is presently available in the English language.
In the sixth century, Boethius composed the first — known — Latin translation of the Prior Analytics. No Westerner between Boethius and Abelard is known to have read the Prior Analytics. The so-called Anonymus Aurelianensis III from the second half of the twelfth century is the first extant Latin commentary, or rather fragment of a commentary.

This is an excerpt from the article Prior Analytics from the Wikipedia free encyclopedia. A list of authors is available at Wikipedia.
The article Prior Analytics at en.wikipedia.org was accessed 1,220 times in the last 30 days. (as of: 01/01/2014)
Images on Prior Analytics
Preview image:
Original:
Search results from Google and Bing
1
>30
1
Prior Analytics - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Prior Analytics or Analytica Priora is Aristotle's work on deductive reasoning, which is known as his syllogistic. Being one of the six extant Aristotelian ...
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Prior_Analytics
2
>30
2
The Internet Classics Archive | Prior Analytics by Aristotle
Prior Analytics by Aristotle, part of the Internet Classics Archive.
classics.mit.edu/Aristotle/prior.html
3
>30
3
Aristotle, Prior Analytics: Aristotle, Robin Smith: 9780872200647 ...
Aristotle, Prior Analytics [Aristotle, Robin Smith] on Amazon.com. *FREE* super saver shipping on qualifying offers. 'This volume is an impressive tour de force.
www.amazon.com/Aristotle-Prior-Analytics/dp/0872200647
4
>30
4
Prior Analytics, by Aristotle
Prior Analytics. Aristotle. Translated by A. J. Jenkinson. logo. This web edition published by eBooks@Adelaide. Rendered into HTML by Steve Thomas.
5
>30
5
Prior Analytics Ltd
Prior Analytics help deliver CRM that works for you.
www.prior-analytics.com/
6
>30
6
Prior Analytics - Aristotle - Google Books
WE must first state the subject of our inquiry and the faculty to which it belongs: its subject is demonstration and the faculty that carries it out demonstrative ...
7
>30
7
LibriVox » Prior Analytics by Aristotle
Oct 6, 2010 ... Prior Analytics is the third of Aristotle's six texts on logic which are collectively known as the Organon ("Instrument"). In Prior Analytics Aristotle ...
librivox.org/prior-analytics-by-aristotle/
8
>30
8
Aristotle's Logic (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy)
Mar 18, 2000 ... In the Prior Analytics, Aristotle adopts a somewhat artificial way of expressing predications: instead of saying “X is predicated of Y” he says “X ...
plato.stanford.edu/entries/aristotle-logic/
9
>30
9
Listen to Prior Analytics by Aristotle online - TuneIn
Prior Analytics by Aristotle - listen online, on demand topics and episodes, location, contact, schedule and broadcast information.
10
>30
10
Prior Analytics (work by Aristotle) -- Encyclopedia Britannica
The topic Prior Analytics is discussed in the following articles: contribution to ... Prior Analytics (two books), containing the theory of syllogistic (described below).
www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/477131/Prior-Analytics
Search results for "Prior Analytics"
Prior Analytics in science
Prior Analytics - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Prior Analytics or Analytica Priora is Aristotle's work on deductive reasoning, which is known as his syllogistic. ..... Cambridge University Press. p. 27.
Categories. On Interpretation. Prior Analytics - Harvard University ...
Cover: Categories. On Interpretation. Prior Analytics: , from Harvard University Press Cover: Categories. On Interpretation. Prior Analytics in HARDCOVER ...
Aristotle's Prior Analytics book I: Translated with an introduction and ...
Aristotle's Prior Analytics marks the beginning of formal logic. For Aristotle ... Gisela Striker is a professor of philosophy and classics at Harvard University.
Prior Analytics: Book I // Reviews // Notre Dame Philosophical ...
Feb 2, 2010 ... Reviewed by John Corcoran, University of Buffalo ... PAS treats many aspects of Aristotle's Prior Analytics: historical context, previous writings ...
Aristotle's Prior Analytics book I - Oxford University Press
Aristotle's Prior Analytics marks the beginning of formal logic. For Aristotle himself , this meant the discovery of a general theory of valid deductive argument, ...
Aristotle's Prior Analytics book I - Oxford University Press
The Prior Analytics marks the beginning of formal logic, and is one of the most influential works in the history of thought. It is here that Aristotle sets out his system ...
Indirect proofs in the Prior Analytics - New APPS: Art, Politics ...
Jan 11, 2013 ... Conflicts and transformations of the university; Fauxphilnews ... The first chapters of the Prior Analytics focus on showing which combinations of ...
Prior Analytics / Aristotle - eBooks@Adelaide - The University of ...
Mar 23, 2013 ... Your fair use and other rights are in no way affected by the above. eBooks@ Adelaide The University of Adelaide Library University of Adelaide ...
Books on the term Prior Analytics
Prior Analytics
Aristotle, 2004
WE must first state the subject of our inquiry and the faculty to which it belongs: its subject is demonstration and the faculty that carries it out demonstrative science.
Aristotle, Prior Analytics
1989
'This volume is an impressive tour de force. It is state-of-the-art Aristotle: it employs the most recent philological, philosophical, and logical advances which since the 1970's at least have rendered previous translations and commentaries obsolete. The translation is the first to take account of the recent epistemically orientated natur...
Aristotle's Prior Analytics book I : Translated with an ...
Gisela Striker, 2009
The second view prevailed among Aristotle's Peripatetic followers, as shown by the traditional title Organon (literally, 'tool') used to refer to all of Aristotle's logical works (Categories, de Interpretatione, Prior Analytics, Posterior Analytics, Topics, ...
Aristotle: Categories. On Interpretation. Prior Analytics (Loeb Classical Library No. 325)
1938
Aristotle, great Greek philosopher, researcher, reasoner, and writer, born at Stagirus in 384 BCE, was the son of Nicomachus, a physician, and Phaestis. He studied under Plato at Athens and taught there (367–47); subsequently he spent three years at the court of a former pupil, Hermeias, in Asia Minor and at this time married Pythias, one of Hermei...
Prior Analytics
Aristotle, 2004
... 27.........................................................................................................................99 Prior Analytics by Aristotle Kessinger Publishing reprints thousands of hard −to−find Prior Analytics.
Prior Analytics
Aristotle, 2013
Aristotle (384-322 B.C.) is one of the most famous philosophers in history following the line of the great Greek philosophers Socrates and Plato, who was his teacher. Aristotle wrote on a great variety of subjects including physics, ethics, poetry, and animals.This version of Aristotle’s Prior Analytics includes a table of contents.
Prior Analytics and Posterior Analytics
Aristotle, 2010
Contained in this volume are books by Aristotle on the subject of logic or as the author would describe it, analytics.
Aristotle's Prior Analytics book I: Translated with an introduction and commentary (Clarendon Aristotle)
2009
Gisela Striker is a professor of philosophy and classics at Harvard University. She received her doctoral degree in 1969 from the University of Göttingen, where she taught philosophy until 1986. She moved to the US in 1986, teaching at Columbia University in New York until 1989. In 1989 she moved to Harvard University. From 1997 t0 2000 she was Lau...
Al-Farabi's Short Commentary on Aristotle's Prior Analytics
Nicholas Rescher, 1963
Nicholas Rescher here presents the first translation of this work in English, and supplements this with an informative introduction and numerous explanatory footnotes.

Blog posts on the term
Prior Analytics
Indirect proofs in the Prior Analytics - New APPS: Art, Politics, Philosophy, Science
(Cross-posted at M-Phi) A few days ago I wrote a post on a dialogical conceptualization of indirect proofs. Not coincidentally, much of my thinking on this topic at the moment is prompted by the Prior Analytics, as we are currently holding a reading group of the text in Groningen. We...
www.newappsblog.com/2013/01/indirect-proofs-in-the-prior-analytics.html
Prior Analytics book download Aristotle Download Prior Analytics Prior Analytics - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia The Prior Analytics or Analytica Priora is Aristotle's work on deductive reasoning, which is known as his syllogistic. For Aristotle himself, this meant the discovery of a general theory of valid deductive argument, a. Text:...