Pseudo-penannular
The Celtic brooch, more properly called the penannular brooch, and its closely related type, the pseudo-penannular brooch, are types of brooch clothes fasteners, often rather large. They are especially associated with the beginning of the Early Medieval period in Ireland and Britain, although they are found in other times and places—for example, forming part of traditional female dress in areas in modern North Africa.
Beginning as utilitarian fasteners in the Iron Age and Roman period, they are especially associated with the highly ornate brooches produced in precious metal for the elites of Ireland and Scotland from about 700 to 900, which are popularly known as Celtic brooches or similar terms. They are the most significant objects in high-quality secular metalwork from Early Medieval Celtic art, or Insular art, as art historians prefer to call it. The type continued in simpler forms such as the thistle brooch into the 11th century, during what is often known as the Viking Age in Ireland and Scotland.
Both penannular and pseudo-penannular brooches feature a long pin attached by its head to a ring; the pin can move freely around the ring as far as the terminals, which are close together. In the true penannular type, the ring is not closed; there is a gap between the terminals wide enough for the pin to pass through. In the pseudo-penannular type, the ring is closed, but there are still two separately defined terminals, which are joined by a further element. The penannular type is a simple and efficient way of fastening loosely woven cloth (where the pin will not leave a permanent hole), but the pseudo-penannular type is notably less efficient.
The brooches were worn by both men and women, usually singly at the shoulder by men and on the breast by women, and with the pin pointing up; an Irish law code says that in the event of injury from a pin to another person, the wearer is not at fault if the pin did not project too far and the brooch was worn in these ways by the sexes. The most elaborate examples were clearly significant expressions of status at the top of society, which were also worn by clergy, at least in Ireland, though probably to fasten copes and other vestments rather than as everyday wear. The Senchas Mhor, an early Irish law tract, specified that the sons of major kings, when being fostered, should have "brooches of gold having crystal inserted in them", while the sons of minor kings need wear only silver brooches.

This is an excerpt from the article Pseudo-penannular from the Wikipedia free encyclopedia. A list of authors is available at Wikipedia.
The article Pseudo-penannular at en.wikipedia.org was accessed 132 times in the last 30 days. (as of: 07/10/2013)
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Celtic brooch - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Both penannular and Pseudo-penannular brooches feature a long pin attached by its head to a ring; the pin can move freely around the ring as far as the ...
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Celtic_brooch
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Penannular Brooches and Other Cloak Pins at The Harp and Dragon
Penannular means almost a ring. Some were Pseudo-penannular, i.e., made to look like true penannulars, except that the opening, although indicated, was ...
www.harpanddragon.com/penjew.htm
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British Museum - pseudo-penannular brooch
Bronze Pseudo-penannular brooch with band linking terminals; interlace knot design, once set with stones; pin once riveted to hoop.
www.britishmuseum.org/research/collection_online/collection_object_details.aspx?objectId=88220&partId=1
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British Museum - Search results for "viking silver brooch"
Results 1 - 10 of 33 ... Page: 1; 2 · 3 · 4 · Next · Pseudo-penannular brooch.
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British Museum - pseudo-penannular brooch
Copper alloy Pseudo-penannular brooch; flat hexagonal section; cast opposed animal heads at centre of hoop; ring-and-dot, ribbed, punched and incised linear ...
www.britishmuseum.org/research/collection_online/collection_object_details.aspx?objectId=64517&partId=1
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British Museum - pseudo-penannular brooch
Silver Pseudo-penannular brooch with plain hoop of oval section cast with subrectangular terminals which are linked by a narrow bar with two lines of hatched ...
www.britishmuseum.org/research/collection_online/collection_object_details.aspx?objectId=87472&partId=1
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From Ireland Coming: Irish Art from the Early Christian to the ... - Google Books Result
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CELTIC PENANNULAR GROUP FINAL - Celtic Studio
Penannular means almost a ring. Some were Pseudo-penannular, i.e., made to look like true penannulars, except that the opening, although indicated, was ...
www.celticstudio.com/celticstudio/catalogue/celtic/VINTAGE/PEBBLE%20ITEMS/PEBBLE%20ITEMS.htm
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The Archaeology of Celtic Britain And Ireland: C. Ad 400 - 1200 - Google Books Result
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Miracle Celtic Tara Brooch Pseudo Penannular by SweetLenasRetro
Celtic Tara brooch or Pseudo-penannular brooch features green moss agate stones and an antiqued silver tone finish. This is a modern reproduction.
www.etsy.com/listing/122706034/miracle-celtic-tara-brooch-pseudo
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Pseudo-penannular in science
Celtic brooch - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Both penannular and Pseudo-penannular brooches feature a long pin attached by its head ... In the Pseudo-penannular type, the ring is closed, but there are still two ..... Princeton University Press, 2001, ISBN 0-691-08825-X, 9780691088259 ...
British Museum - pseudo-penannular brooch
Copper alloy Pseudo-penannular brooch; flat hexagonal section; cast ... He did not go to university formally, although he did attend some lectures in law when ...
METALWORK, VIKING, 9TH CEN.; Pseudopenannular brooch; ca ...
METALWORK, VIKING, 9TH CEN.; Pseudopenannular brooch; ca.9th cen ... People affiliated with the University of Michigan can log in to view them.
METALWORK, VIKING, 9TH CEN.; Pseudopenannular brooch; ca ...
METALWORK, VIKING, 9TH CEN.; Pseudopenannular brooch; ca.9th cen ... University of Michigan MLibrary. Quick Links; MLibrary Image Collections · MLibrary ...
British Museum - pseudo-penannular brooch
Silver Pseudo-penannular brooch with plain hoop of oval section cast with subrectangular terminals which are linked by a narrow bar with two lines of hatched ...
Books on the term Pseudo-penannular
From Ireland Coming: Irish Art from the Early Christian to the ...
From Ireland Coming: Irish Art from the Early Christian to the ...
Colum Hourihane, 2001
British Museum, MLA 1866,3-20,1 slides through a gap between the terminals, whereas in the Hunterston/"Tara" type the "terminals" are joined and the gap closed, hence its description as "Pseudo-penannular." Nevertheless, the presence of ...
The Archaeology of Celtic Britain And Ireland: C. Ad 400 - 1200
The Archaeology of Celtic Britain And Ireland: C. Ad 400 - 1200
Lloyd Robert Laing, 2006
The more ornate forms of penannular and Pseudo-penannular brooches do not seem to have outlived the Viking period ... The different types of dress-fastener which are related to the penannular tradition are: A Pseudo-penannular brooch: the ...
Medieval Ireland: An Encyclopedia
Medieval Ireland: An Encyclopedia
Sean Duffy, 2004
The Pseudo-penannular brooch remained fashionable in Ireland for the following two centuries—a corresponding tradition of penannular brooches but with similar elaborate ornament emerged in Pictland. The Pictish brooches are further ...
Treasures of early Irish art: 1500 B. C. to 1500 A. D. From the ...
Treasures of early Irish art: 1500 B. C. to 1500 A. D. From the ...
Lee Boltin, Metropolitan Museum of Art (New York, N.Y.), 1977
Large Ardagh brooch Early Christian period ( second phase), eighth century Silver, gilded, with added glass L. 33.5 Cm. Near Ardagh, County Limerick NMI, 1874: 10 This is a large silver-gilt pseudopenannular brooch of the Tara class, with a ...
Fermanagh: history and society : interdisciplinary essays on the ...
Fermanagh: history and society : interdisciplinary essays on the ...
William J. Roulston, 2004
The brooch which the warrior wears on his left shoulder is quite weathered but enough detail survives to identify it as either a penannular or a Pseudo-penannular brooch with expanded terminals, roughly circular in outline. It looks like a ...
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Pseudo-penannular
tree44tailor: is certainly achieved from a pseudo-penannular type, http://www.tiffanyjewelryoutletshop.net/Tiffany Sale, symbols of looked like there was not expected being u
tb.uat.airenhe.com/view/post:186741
The Tara Brooch | blog.totallyirishgifts.com
Original Tara Brooch The Tara Brooch Many ancient brooches have been found in Ireland, but the Tara Brooch is the most impressive and best preserved. Found in 1850, this Celtic designed Tara Brooch dates back to 700AD, the Iron Age.
blog.totallyirishgifts.com/?p=150
brightly coloured sunflowers: Penannular brooch - Traditional Berber clasp
Figure 1: A penannular brooch (traditional Berber clasp) Above is a brooch/clasp which is very much associated with the traditional Berber community in Tunisia. It is made from silver and can be found in a triangular or a crescent shape which swivels freely and has a pin to fix the brooch on to the garment.
brightlycolouredsunflowers.blogspot.com/2010/12/penannular-brooch.html
JEWELRY AND PERSONAL ORNAMENT (Medieval Ireland)
The history of Irish early-medieval metalworking is best understood by examining the development of personal ornament. At the beginning of the Christian era, the well-to-do Irish wore cloak fastenings which derived— like other aspects of their costume—from late Roman Britain
what-when-how.com/medieval-ireland/jewelry-and-personal-ornament-medieval-ireland/
Accessory of the day : Brooch | Thestyletrain
A brooch is a decorative jewelery item designed to be attached to garments, often to hold them closed. It is usually made of metal, often silver or gold but sometimes bronze or some other material.
www.thestyletrain.com/?p=235
Forgotten Scraps: Monster Sweet Tooth
Welcome to the next Little Miss Muffet Challenge and theme this time is Glitter and Shine! For my shine I covered the lollipops with lacquer with a nice thick coating. The glitter comes in on the angel wing chipboard where I covered it using a pearl color, an Adirondack Acrylic Paint Dabbers, and then I added Sticklets Glitter Glue to give it some details.
forgottenscraps.blogspot.com/2011/04/monster-sweet-tooth.html
Hidden Glamorgan: Early Medieval Metal Work in Glamorgan
Early Medieval Metal Work in Glamorgan A few years ago whilst out metal detecting in the ancient Vale of Glamorgan, we found these two beautiful pieces of early medieval metal work. They were both found roughly half a mile from each other.
glamorganhistoryandarchaeology.blogspot.com/2012/02/early-medieval-metal-work-in-glamorgan.html
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