Raffinose
Raffinose is a trisaccharide composed of galactose, glucose, and fructose. It can be found in beans, cabbage, brussels sprouts, broccoli, asparagus, other vegetables, and whole grains. Raffinose can be hydrolyzed to D-galactose and sucrose by the enzyme α-galactosidase (α-GAL), an enzyme not found in the human digestive tract. α-GAL also hydrolyzes other α-galactosides such as stachyose, verbascose, and galactinol, if present. The enzyme does not cleave β-linked galactose, as in lactose.
The raffinose family of oligosaccharides (RFOs) are alpha-galactosyl derivatives of sucrose, and the most common are the trisaccharide raffinose, the tetrasaccharide stachyose, and the pentasaccharide verbascose. RFOs are almost ubiquitous in the plant kingdom, being found in a large variety of seeds from many different families, and they rank second only to sucrose in abundance as soluble carbohydrates.
Humans and other monogastric animals (pigs and poultry) do not possess the α-GAL enzyme to break down RFOs and these oligosaccharides pass undigested through the stomach and upper intestine. In the lower intestine, they are fermented by gas-producing bacteria that do possess the α-GAL enzyme and make carbon dioxide, methane, and/or hydrogen—leading to the flatulence commonly associated with eating beans and other vegetables. α-GAL is present in digestive aids such as the product Beano.
Procedures concerning cryopreservation have used raffinose to provide hypertonicity for cell desiccation prior to freezing. Either raffinose or sucrose is used as a base substance for sucralose.

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Raffinose - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Raffinose. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Jump to: navigation, search ... Raffinose is a trisaccharide composed of galactose, fructose, and glucose.
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Raffinose
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Battling Broccoli? - DrWeil.com
May 26, 2006 ... Methane-producing bacteria in the colon feed on Raffinose and release gas in the process. There's nothing you can do to broccoli and other ...
www.drweil.com/drw/u/id/QAA366540
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Raffinose Chemical Structure - About.com…
This is the chemical structure of Raffinose. ... Methoxy Functional Group - Chemical Structure of the Methoxy Functional Gro...
chemistry.about.com/od/factsstructures/ig/Chemical-Structures---R/Raffinose.htm
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Raffinose | C18H32O16 | ChemSpider
Structure, properties, spectra, suppliers and links for: Raffinose.
www.chemspider.com/Chemical-Structure.388379.html
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D-(+)-Raffinose pentahydrate BioXtra, ≥99% (HPAE) - Sigma-Aldrich
Sigma-Aldrich offers Sigma-R0514, D-(+)-Raffinose pentahydrate for your research needs. Find product specific information including CAS, MSDS, protocols ...
www.sigmaaldrich.com/catalog/product/sigma/r0514?lang=en®ion=US
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Raffinose - PubChem
Structure, classification, information, physical and chemical properties for Gossypose, Melitose, Melitriose, 6G-alpha-D-galactosylsucrose, d-(+)-Raffinose,  ...
pubchem.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/summary/summary.cgi?cid=439242
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Raffinose - Merriam-Webster Online
a crystalline slightly sweet sugar C18H32O16 obtained commercially from cottonseed meal and present in many plant products ...
www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/raffinose
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raffinose - definition of raffinose by the Free Online Dictionary ...
A white crystalline sugar, C18H32O16·5H2O, obtained from cottonseed meal, sugar beets, and molasses. [French, from raffiner, to refine : re-, again (from Old ...
www.thefreedictionary.com/raffinose
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raffinose
General Information: Raffinose is a trisaccharide composed of galactose, fructose , and glucose. It can be found in beans, cabbage, brussels sprouts, broccoli, ...
www.uni-duesseldorf.de/MathNat/Biologie/Didaktik/zucker/sugar/raffinose.html
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RAFFINOSE PENTAHYDRATE - AMRESCO
Raffinose PENTAHYDRATE. Grade:ULTRA PURE GRADE. CAS Number: 17629-30-0; Synonym(s): melitose, melitriose, ...
www.amresco-inc.com/RAFFINOSE-PENTAHYDRATE-J392.cmsx
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Raffinose in science
The response of liver to lactobionate/raffinose (University of ...
The response of liver to lactobionate/Raffinose (University of Wisconsin--UW) solution during hypothermic preservation: a study using 31phosphorus nuclear ...
[PDF]Solution during Hypothermic Preservation: A Study U
26, 273-276 (1989). The Response of Liver to Lactobionate/Raffinose. (University of. Wisconsin-UW). Solution during Hypothermic Preservation: A Study.
UMIM: Healing Foods Pyramid | University of Michigan Health System
Humans are missing an enzyme required to break down Raffinose sugars found in beans. The bacteria in ... University of Iowa Hospitals and Clinics Available at:  ...
Raffinose market update | CPL Business Consultants
Food Research Users of Raffinose. Clemson University; Colorado State University; Eastern Regional Research Centre; Food Research And Development ...
Abstract - Journal of Bacteriology - American Society for Microbiology
Role of Dihydrolipoamide Dehydrogenase in Regulation of Raffinose Transport ... Mailing address: University at Buffalo, SUNY, Department of Microbiology and  ...
Browsing University of Waikato Theses by Subject "raffinose"
The enzyme, alpha-galactosidase was extracted from peanuts using various buffers and solvents. The specific activity of soluble preparation of peanut ranged  ...
Physiological aspects of raffinose family oligosaccharides in plants ...
Aug 12, 2013 ... Physiological aspects of Raffinose family oligosaccharides in plants: protection against abiotic stress. A. I. ElSayed1,*,; M. S. Rafudeen2, ...
Books on the term Raffinose
Plant Biochemistry
Plant Biochemistry
P. M. Dey, J. B. Harborne, 1997
During foliar photoassimilation of 14CO2, lychnose, isolychnose, Raffinose and its family of oligosaccharides become labeled. Galactinol, sucrose and Raffinose are labeled at an early stage but lychnose and isolychnose acquire label after ...
Biology of Inositols and Phosphoinositides
Biology of Inositols and Phosphoinositides
A. Lahiri Majumder, B. B. Biswas, 2006
1.2.2 Osmolyte strategy using myo-inositol as a substrate including galactinol and Raffinose in plants Recently, it has been suggested that Raffinose family oligosaccharides (RFO), such as Raffinose and stachyose, are also able to function as ...
Brew Chem 101: The Basics of Homebrewing Chemistry
Brew Chem 101: The Basics of Homebrewing Chemistry
1996
Although Janson claims this course in chemistry for the nonchemist is for "the homebrewer whether beginner or expert," it likely will be of most help to the intermediate or advanced home-brewer eager to fine-tune and standardize output. Janson tries to keep the hard science to a minimum and explains terms and processes fully and clearly. ...
Storage Carbohydrates in Vascular Plants: Distribution, ...
Storage Carbohydrates in Vascular Plants: Distribution, ...
David Hopkin Lewis, 1984
Galactinol could not be replaced as a donor by UDP-a-D-galactose but p- nitrophenyl-a-D-galactopyranoside and Raffinose also serve as donors to some extent. The reaction with Raffinose as donor corresponds to the exchange reaction ...
Bergey's Manual of Determinative Bacteriology
Bergey's Manual of Determinative Bacteriology
1994
Based on the data contained in the four-volume Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, BMDB-9 also includes new genera and species, new combinations, and new taxa published through the January 1992 issue of the IJSB. Users will find short general descriptions that encompass all organisms by Groups; shape and size, Gram reaction, other pert...
Chemical News and Journal of Industrial Science
Chemical News and Journal of Industrial Science
1816
18, 19.16 81 sugar, and maltose, as well as sucrose and Raffinose, are extracted. Raffinose is less soluble in alcohol than the other sugars named, according to Beilstein I grm. being soluble in 1000 cc. of cold go per cent alcohol, freely soluble ...
The Different Roles of Surface and Bulk Effects on the ...
The Different Roles of Surface and Bulk Effects on the ...
Sai Prasanth Chamarthy, 2007
229 Figure 9.1: Measured powder X-ray diffraction pattern of Raffinose pentahydrate overlaid with the calculated X-ray ... 250 Figure 9.3: Thermo- gravimetric (TG) curves for anhydrous amorphous Raffinose prepared at 110°C and 80°C..
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Raffinose
Global Food Biotechnology Food Technology and Nutrition Abstract Updates: Synthesis of raffinose by fungal α-galacotosidase from Absidia corymbifera
Sang-Ho Baik Abstract In order to investigate the optimal conditions for Raffinose synthesis, α-galactosidase was purified from Absidia corymbifera IFO8084 with a recovery yield of approximately 8. 1% (8.
foodtech.nthrys.org/2013/10/synthesis-of-raffinose-by-fungal.html
Raffinose (thing) by drownzsurf - Everything2.com
Oligosaccharide Trisaccharide Complex Carbohydrate Fermented by bacteria Flatulence Fuel Raffinose pentahydrate; beta-DFructofuranosyl- O-alpha-D-gal...
everything2.com/user/drownzsurf/writeups/Raffinose
Galactinol and Raffinose Constitute a Novel Function to Protect Plants from Oxidative Damage
www.plantphysiol.org/content/147/3/1251.abstract
Raffinose in Chloroplasts is Synthesized in the Cytosol and Transported across the Chloroplast Envelope
pcp.oxfordjournals.org/content/early/2009/10/30/pcp.pcp151
Keiser cat (1990-2007): Raffinose is on the nose, and why beans make people fart...
Raffinose is is a complex carbohydrate (a trisaccharide made up of galactose, fructose, and glucose - which are sugars). Raffinose is present in beans and brassicas (cabbage, brussels sprouts, broccoli), and whole grains.
keisercat.blogspot.com/2006/04/raffinose-is-on-nose-and-why-beans.html
raffinose Medical Definition | Medical Terminology Dictionary
medicalterminology.eu/raffinose/
FODMAPS: Fructose, Fructans, Sorbitol, Raffinose
Diet with Low FODMAP: This includes Fructose, fructans, sorbitol, Raffinose. Symptoms of Gastrointestinal disorder include abdominal pain, bloating, wind, reflux, diarrhoea and/or constipation.
fodmaps.blogspot.com/2009/09/fodmaps-and-health-hazards.html
論文検索 in cloning : Molecular cloning, characteristics and low temperature response of raffinose synthase gene in Cucumis sativus L.: バイオマーケットjp
science.biomarket.jp/m/pubmed/article-86717.html
Soaking the common bean in a domestic preparation reduced the contents of raffinose-type oligosaccharides | MGB 2nd Int. Consensus Conference
www.minibypass.net/soaking-the-common-bean-in-a-domestic-preparation-reduced-the-contents-of-raffinose-type-oligosaccharides/
Beans to the 3rd power & healthy recipe videos
macnmos.com/2013/11/beans-to-the-3rd-power/
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