Reciprocity rule
The Golden Rule or ethic of reciprocity is a maxim,ethical code or morality that essentially states either of the following:
- One should treat others as one would like others to treat oneself. (Directive form.)
- One should not treat others in ways that one would not like to be treated (Cautionary form, also known as the Silver Rule).
This concept describes a "reciprocal", or "two-way", relationship between one's self and others that involves both sides equally, and in a mutual fashion.
This concept can be explained from the perspective of psychology, philosophy, sociology and religion. Psychologically, it involves a person empathizing with others. Philosophically, it involves a person perceiving their neighbor as also "an I" or "self." Sociologically, this principle is applicable between individuals, between groups, and also between individuals and groups. (For example, a person living by this rule treats all people with consideration, not just members of his or her in-group.) Religions figure prominently in the history of this concept.
As a concept, the Golden Rule has a history that long predates the term "Golden Rule", or "Golden law", as it was called from the 1670s in England and Europe. As a concept of "the ethic of reciprocity," it has its roots in a wide range of world cultures, and is a standard way that different cultures use to resolve conflicts. It has a long history, and a great number of prominent religious figures and philosophers have restated its reciprocal, "two-way" nature in various ways (not limited to the above forms).Rushworth Kidder notes that the Golden Rule can be found in the early contributions of Confucianism (551–479 BC). Kidder notes that this concept's framework appears prominently in many religions, including "Hinduism, Buddhism, Taoism, Zoroastrianism, and the rest of the world's major religions". According to Greg M. Epstein, " 'do unto others' ... is a concept that essentially no religion misses entirely."Simon Blackburn also states that the Golden Rule can be "found in some form in almost every ethical tradition". All versions and forms of the proverbial Golden Rule have one aspect in common: they all demand that people treat others in a manner in which they themselves would like to be treated.

This is an excerpt from the article Reciprocity rule from the Wikipedia free encyclopedia. A list of authors is available at Wikipedia.
The article Reciprocity rule at en.wikipedia.org was accessed 16 times in the last 30 days. (as of: 08/17/2014)
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Reciprocity (social psychology) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Reciprocity in social psychology refers to responding to a positive action with another positive action, rewarding kind actions. As a social construct, reciprocity ...
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Reciprocity_(social_psychology)
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Influence and Persuasion: The Rule of…
Using hardwired principles of influence, you can get people to say yes to any number of requests. Here are the applications for sales, advertising, and direct marketing.
www.directcreative.com/influence-and-persuasion-the-rule-of-reciprocity.html
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Ethic of reciprocity
The Golden Rule or ethic of reciprocity is a maxim, an ethical code, or a morality, that essentially states either of the following: The Golden Rule is arguably the ...
www.princeton.edu/~achaney/tmve/wiki100k/docs/Ethic_of_reciprocity.html
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Golden Rule - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Golden Rule or ethic of reciprocity is a maxim, ethical code or morality that essentially states either of the following: (Positive form of Golden Rule): One ...
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Golden_Rule
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What Is the Rule of Reciprocity? Why We're Compelled by Social ...
Have you ever felt compelled to buy something after a salesman offers you a free sample? Learn more about the powerful influence the rule of reciprocity has on ...
psychology.about.com/od/socialinfluence/f/rule-of-reciprocity.htm
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Give And Take: How The Rule Of Reciprocation Binds Us : Shots ...
Nov 26, 2012... Christmas cards, we're programmed to reciprocate when we receive a gift. But the rule of reciprocity can also complicate politics and medicine.
www.npr.org/blogs/health/2012/11/26/165570502/give-and-take-how-the-rule-of-reciprocation-binds-us
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Say No to That Free Sample! The Rule of Reciprocity - LearnVest
Dec 16, 2011 ... There are little tricks businesses use to get us to buy. While some are pretty obvious, like sales and coupons, there are sneakier methods you ...
www.learnvest.com/knowledge-center/put-back-that-free-sample-the-rule-of-reciprocity/
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The Golden Rule - The Ethic of Reciprocity - Food for the Soul
The Golden Rule also known as The Ethic of Reciprocity, the concept that one should treat others with fairness and respect, has been expressed many different  ...
foodforthesoul.hubpages.com/hub/remember-the-golden-rule
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The Rules of Reciprocity - Powder Magazine
Dec 17, 2012 ... The rule of reciprocity runs deep. Parents teach their children that when they receive something, they are obligated to repay that debt.
www.powdermag.com/stories/rules-of-reciprocity/
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The Golden Rule of Reciprocity | Asia Society
Students will review, compare and contrast The Golden Rule of Reciprocity--from different religious teachings • Students will analyze primary text of sacred and ...
asiasociety.org/education/resources-schools/elementary-lesson-plans/golden-rule-reciprocity
Search results for "Reciprocity rule"
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Reciprocity rule in science
Residency & Reciprocity : Indiana University Southeast
Residency & Reciprocity. Rules Determining Resident and Nonresident Student Status for Indiana University Fee Purposes ... Reciprocity (Kentucky Students).
Reciprocity FAQs - Licensure Forms & Instructions |
What AOEs it mean to "apply under the rules of reciprocity"? .... Graduate of a Vermont college or university, have the required level of degree (bachelor or ...
[PDF]IU East ~ Ohio Reciprocity Agreement - Indiana University East
This document concerns the rules determining Ohio Reciprocity Student Status for Indiana ... on the Indiana University East campus for university fee purposes.
[PDF]1. Parsing Reciprocity: Questions for the Golden Rule ... - Bard College
3 Jeffrey Wattles, The Golden Rule (Oxford University Press, 1996), p, 188. ... reciprocity as a principle of behavior appear across humanity's religions and.
[PDF]What to Know About State CPA Reciprocity Rules ... - New Accountant
What to Know About State CPA Reciprocity rules. Paul Swanson, MBA, CPA. Instructor of Accounting. Bradley University, Peoria, IL. John Gillett, PhD, CPA.
Trust, Reciprocity and Rules by Thomas Rietz, Eric Schniter, Roman ...
Sep 8, 2011 ... University of Iowa - Henry B. Tippie College of Business ... game, experiment, rule, minimum standard, information, reciprocity, demonstrability.
Reciprocity rules when humans share food | Futurity
Aug 27, 2013 ... Reciprocity rules when humans share food. University of California, Santa Barbara rightOriginal Study. Posted by Andrea Estrada-UCSB on ...
The University of Toledo - Monroe County Michigan Reciprocity
Apr 29, 2013 ... Monroe County Michigan Reciprocity. Michigan and Ohio have entered into an agreement whereby The University of Toledo agrees to accept, ...
Give And Take: How The Rule Of Reciprocation Binds Us : Shots ...
Nov 26, 2012 ... But the rule of reciprocity can also complicate politics and medicine. ... Kunz was a sociologist at Brigham Young University. Earlier that year ...
[PDF]Trust, Reciprocity and Rules - Chapman University
Sep 6, 2011 ... c Argyros School of Business and Economics, Chapman University,. One University .... rule alone on the trust/reciprocity relationship. In contrast ...
Books on the term Reciprocity rule
The golden rule: the ethics of reciprocity in world religions
The golden rule: the ethics of reciprocity in world religions
Jacob Neusner, Bruce Chilton, 2009
This ethical dictum is a part of most of the world's religions and has been considered by numerous religious figures and philosophers over the centuries. This new collection contains specially
The Golden Rule: The Ethics of Reciprocity in World Religions
The Golden Rule: The Ethics of Reciprocity in World Religions
Bruce D. Chilton and Jacob Neusner, 2009
"After reading this collection, there can be little doubt that this powerful rule has had an enormous influence in shaping religious beliefs throughout the centuries and around the world. This study lends credence to the principle that religions have at their core certain overarching concepts that emphasize basic ethical teachings and that ins...
International Civil Litigation in United States Courts: ...
International Civil Litigation in United States Courts: ...
Gary Born, 1996
Rationale of reciprocity requirement. What is the rationale underlying the Reciprocity rule? Is it that foreign courts and states will have no incentive to recognize U.S. judgments if U.S. courts indiscriminately recognize foreign judgments? Moore ...
The Asperkid's (Secret) Book of Social Rules: The Handbook of Not-so-obvious Social Guidelines for Tweens and...
The Asperkid's (Secret) Book of Social Rules: The Handbook of Not-so-obvious Social Guidelines for Tweens and...
Jennifer Cook O'Toole, 1754
Being a teen or tween isn't easy for anyone -- but it's especially tough for Asperkids. I know. I was one, I taught a whole bunch, and I am going to be raising three! That's also why I know that Asperkdis deserve their very own guide to all of the hidden social rules that are awfully confusing to us, even if they seem obvious to ever...
The Golden Rule
The Golden Rule
Jeffrey Wattles Assistant Professor of Philosophy and Religion Kent State University, 1996
For this later stage, "a rule is looked upon as a law due to mutual consent, which you must respect if you want to be loyal" ... 9 According to Piaget, "The norms of reason, and in particular, the important norm of reciprocity, the source of the logic  ...
Watching the English: The Hidden Rules of English Behaviour
Watching the English: The Hidden Rules of English Behaviour
Kate Fox, 2008
In an insightful and engrossing book, Fox explains the puzzling behavior of her fellow Englishmen in an informal way that puts other social anthropologists to shame. While she uses some academic lingo, Watching the English is far from being a dry read or a clinical observation of a certain group of people... Despite being more than 400 pages long, ...
The End of Reciprocity: Terror, Torture, and the Law of War
The End of Reciprocity: Terror, Torture, and the Law of War
Mark Osiel, 2009
Luke 6:27i35; Alan Kirk, '“Love Your Enemies,' the Golden Rule, and Ancient Reciprocity,” 122 J. Biblical Lit. 667, 669 (2003). Kirk argues that the “love your enemies” maxim “excludes the principles of reciprocity and equivalence that are  ...
Rules, Norms, and Decisions: On the Conditions of Practical and Legal Reasoning in International Relations and...
Rules, Norms, and Decisions: On the Conditions of Practical and Legal Reasoning in International Relations and...
Friedrich V. Kratochwil, 1991
By assessing the impact of norms on decision making, this book argues that norms influence choices by providing reasons rather than by being causes for action. It approaches the problem via an investigation of the reasoning process in which norms play a decisive role. Professor Kratochwil argues that depending on the strictness of the guidance that...
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Blog posts on the term
Reciprocity rule
Pleasing Everyone - Rule of Reciprocity In Action - LearnHotDogs.com
Caller: Do you know you can catch more flies with honey than vinegar? Me: Why would I want to catch flies? Caller: I’m talking about the stuff you say. You are mean spirited and will never be able to attract
learnhotdogs.com/pleasing-everyone-rule-of-reciprocity-in-action
ADMISSIONS – reciprocity requirement in Arizona’s rule on admission by motion is not unconstitutional |
Posted on October 10, 2013 by trtblog.
trtcleblog.com/?p=217
The rule of Reciprocity | Anton Guinea The Transitioner
In business, like in life, there is one rule that I think trumps them all. That rule is one that we are all familiar with, we were taught it as kids, it comes straight from a very old book (called the Bible), and the rule is that of ‘Reciprocity’. The rule of Reciprocity is all…
antonguineathetransitioner.com/2013/11/26/the-rule-of-reciprocity/
How the Rule of Reciprocity May Affect Your Friendships
How the Rule of Reciprocity May Affect Your Friendships
friendship.about.com/b/2013/09/20/how-the-rule-of-reciprocity-may-affect-your-friendships.htm
Technique - Shutter Speed Guideline "the Reciprocal Rule" |
www.slrlounge.com/school/the-reciprocal-rule
Social Commerce Rule of Thumb, Part 6: Reciprocity, Share and Share Alike | Digital Intelligence Today
digitalinnovationtoday.com/social-commerce-rule-of-thumb-part-6-reciprocity-share-and-share-alike/
The Unspoken Rule of Reciprocity | JustMyTypeMag
career, Life March 25, 2011.
justmytype.ca/the-unspoken-rule-of-reciprocity/
"The Golden Rule versus the Silver Rule of Reciprocity" by Jan Tullberg
The Golden Rule from the Sermon on the Mount in the Bible instructs: “Do unto others as you would have them do unto you”. This is generally acclaimed as a rule of great wisdom and significant social impact. But the widespread popularity of the rule is accompanied by vagueness concerning its interpretations. Given the authority of Jesus, there is one interpretation of particular interest. The Golden Rule differs from what has been called the silver rule, the principle of reciprocal balance advocated by Confucius, Cicero and others. The Golden Rule does not advocate reciprocity, but generosity also toward persons who behave egoistically without restraint. Is this a good social rule? How should we explain the rationale behind such a radical suggestion? The article concludes that the Golden Rule loses its rationale without religious assumptions about a life after death, and is a destructive thesis for business ethics.
via.library.depaul.edu/jrbe/vol3/iss1/2/
Say No to That Free Sample! The Rule of Reciprocity
There are little tricks businesses use to get us to buy. While some are pretty obvious, like sales and coupons, there are sneakier methods you should be aware of.
www.learnvest.com/knowledge-center/put-back-that-free-sample-the-rule-of-reciprocity/
The Golden Rule Distortions | Ethics Alarms
It is hard to avoid learning the Golden Rule, yet people go to great lengths to forget it, and mold it to their needs.
ethicsalarms.com/2013/11/30/the-golden-rule-distortions/
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