Revolutionary Movement 8th October
The Revolutionary Movement 8th October (MR8) (in Portuguese: Movimento Revolucionário 8 de Outubro) was a Brazilian political movement, formerly an urban guerrilla group. During the military dictatorship in Brazil, the MR8 was formed by Brazilian Communist Party members who disagreed with the party's decision not to take part in the armed resistance against the military government - the so-called Dissidência da Guanabara (DI-GB). The name Movimento Revolucionário 8 de Outubro was taken from another organization, which had been recently destroyed by police repression: as the dictatorship's propaganda boasted about police efficiency in the suppression of "terrorists", the DI-GB started taking actions under the same name, as a way to demoralize the regime. The new organization defined itself as Marxist-Leninist. MR8 was the main force behind the kidnapping of American ambassador Charles Burke Elbrick in 1969, the basis of the film Four Days in September.
In the late 1970s, the MR8 conducted a thorough auto-criticism for their participation in the armed resistance against the dictatorship. Under the leadership of Daniel Terra, it defined the struggle for "democratic liberties" as the main task for the Brazilian left. As such, it became active inside the MDB, the party of the "allowed opposition", under the leadership of Orestes Quércia. It had an important role in the reawakening of the students' movement in 1976-77.
However, in 1978, the MR-8 again shifted its policies. It came to believe that the "national issue" was more important than the "democratic issue"; while it never abandoned the struggle against the dictatorship, it became increasingly aggressive against other leftist tendencies, particularly the Trotskyists, which were frequently seen as anti-national and supportive of "petty-bourgeois issues" like feminism, environmentalism, gay rights, etc. During this phase, the MR-8 became increasingly isolated within the left, prompting alliances among most other tendencies against their provocative actions.
While they had played an important role in the students' movement in 1977, when the working class and unionist movement came again into political play in 1978, MR8's role was at the best marginal, and frequently negative. At that point, they developed an intense political enmity towards the unionist leadership of the ABC Region, which later gave birth to the Workers' Party. Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva and other leaders of the party, and its union branch CUT, were described as "social-democrats", "yellow unionists", "imperialist agents", and accused of dividing the opposition against the dictatorship - i.e. the MDB.
With the end of the dictatorship, they were the only significant part of the Brazilian left to remain within the PMDB, the continuation of the MDB. Most other tendencies joined the Workers' Party, while the Brazilian Communist Party and the Communist Party of Brazil re-launched themselves as independent political parties. As such, the MR8 is a bit of an oddity in Brazilian politics: while it considers itself "Marxist-Leninist", it is not organized under democratic centralism, and it operates within a bourgeois centre-to-left political party, in direct contradiction with Marxist-Leninist tenets of independence from bourgeois organizations.
MR8 maintained a high international profile, and developed close relations with the government of Saddam Hussein in Iraq. In the late 1990s, MR8 somewhat softened its violent opposition to the other leftist tendencies, and became a more common-sense socialist group, even supporting Lula's run for presidency in 2002 and his government, while at the same time increasing its nationalist streak.
MR8 publishes a twice-weekly newspaper titled Hora do Povo.

This is an excerpt from the article Revolutionary Movement 8th October from the Wikipedia free encyclopedia. A list of authors is available at Wikipedia.
The article Revolutionary Movement 8th October at en.wikipedia.org was accessed 447 times in the last 30 days. (as of: 11/07/2013)
Images on Revolutionary Movement 8th October
Preview image:
Original:
Search results from Google and Bing
1
>30
1
Revolutionary Movement 8th October - Wikipedia, the free ...
The Revolutionary Movement 8th October (MR8) (in Portuguese: Movimento Revolucionário 8 de Outubro) was a Brazilian political movement, formerly an ...
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Revolutionary_Movement_8th_October
2
>30
2
MR-8 - Terrorist Organization Profile - START - National Consortium ...
MR-8 emulated the same guerrilla terrorist tactics of fellow militants ALN including robberies, kidnappings, and assassinations. The MR-8's most publicized ...
www.start.umd.edu/start/data_collections/tops/terrorist_organization_profile.asp?id=4119
3
>30
3
Revolutionary Movement 8th October News, Videos, Photos, and ...
Explore the comprehensive Revolutionary Movement 8th October archive on ESPN.com, including news, features, video clips, PodCasts, photos, and more.
search.espn.go.com/revolutionary-movement-8th-october/
4
>30
4
Revolutionary Movement 8th October - Babylon 9 Translation ...
The Revolutionary Movement 8th October (in Portuguese: Movimento Revolucionário 8 de Outubro, (MR8)) was a Brazilian political movement, formerly an ...
www.babylon.com/definition/Revolutionary%20Movement%208th%20October/
5
>30
5
MIT Western Hemisphere Project: Brian Train on Urban Guerrilas in ...
By the end of 1967 the main focus of revolutionary activity was in the cities, ... members of the MR-8 (Revolutionary Movement of October 8) in September 1969 , ...
web.mit.edu/hemisphere/events/mnm03-1m/brazil-train.shtml
6
>30
6
Revolutionary Movement 8th October - Wikidata
Jan 6, 2013 ... Revolutionary Movement 8th October (Q2657568)[edit]. No description defined yet ... español, eswiki, MR-8, [edit]. français, frwiki, MR-8, [edit].
www.wikidata.org/wiki/Q2657568
7
>30
7
Revolutionary Movement 8th October | Facebook
Revolutionary Movement 8th October. 34 likes · 1 talking about this. The Revolutionary Movement 8th October was a Brazilian political movement, formerly an ...
www.facebook.com/pages/Revolutionary-Movement-8th-October/135320209834419?viewas=0&sk=wiki
8
>30
8
Revolutionary Movement 8th October - Search
http://www.calibex.com. Revolutionary Movement on Sale! Web.
feed.snapdo.com/?publisher=Minutes&dpid=network2&q=Revolutionary_Movement_8th_October
9
>30
9
revolutionary movement 8th october - OneLook Dictionary Search
We found one dictionary that includes the word Revolutionary Movement 8th October: General dictionaries General (1 matching dictionary). Revolutionary ...
www.onelook.com/?lang=all&w=revolutionary+movement+8th+october
>30
1
10
First Revolutionary Movement in Texas:…
This site provides in depth resources on the start of the first Texas Revolutionary and Independence Movements in 1834
www.sonofthesouth.net/texas/first-revolutionary-movement.htm
Search results for "Revolutionary Movement 8th October"
Google: approx. 132.000
Revolutionary Movement 8th October in science
MR-8 - Terrorist Organization Profile - START - National Consortium ...
As an organization, the MR-8 was strongly opposed to the military regime that ... and had links with radical student circles in the Federal University of Rio de ...
Revolutionary Movement 8th October - Wikipedia, the free ...
The Revolutionary Movement 8th October (MR8) (in Portuguese: Movimento Revolucionário 8 de Outubro) was a Brazilian political movement, formerly an ...
Jayaprakash Narayan - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
listen (help·info)) (11 October 1902 – 8 October 1979), widely known as JP Narayan, ... 3 Politics; 4 Bihar Movement and Total Revolution; 5 Emergency; 6 Death; 7 Family; 8 Awards ... He was forced to transfer to many universities thereafter.
Revolution of 1905 - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Revolution of 1905 was a wave of mass political and social unrest that spread through .... of the peasantry, and the fountain head of the revolutionary movement. .... Students of universities, other schools of higher learning, and occasionally those .... A strike by railway workers on 21 October [O.S. 8 October] 1905 quickly ...
Tlatelolco massacre - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
[8] According to the reports of the head of the Federal Directorate of Security 1,345 people ... There were movement committees at each school and heady experiences of ... A revolution was happening - not Che's revolution - but a revolution from .... On 2 October 1968, around 10,000 university and high school students ...
Weather Underground - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The "Days of Rage", their first public demonstration on October 8, 1969, was a riot in ... The Weathermen grew out of the Revolutionary Youth Movement (RYM) ..... and that university-campus-based demonstrations needed to be punctuated ...
Front de libération du Québec - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The organization was also influenced by other movements, such as those for the ... 3 October crisis; 4 Decline; 5 See also; 6 Bibliography; 7 References; 8 External links ... In 1966 Revolutionary Strategy and the Role of the Avant-Garde was ... English-owned businesses, banks, McGill University, Loyola College and the ...
Thammasat University massacre - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Thammasat University Massacre, or Massacre of 6 October 1976 (เหตุการณ์ ... [8] In August, Bangkok police went on a rampage through the Thammasat ... (The supreme commander outranks the army chief, but the position is less influential.) ..... "Political Conflict in Thailand: Reform, Reaction, Revolution"; Bryce Beemer, ...
Otpor! - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
was a civic youth movement that existed from 1998 until 2003 in Serbia (then a ... Otpor had an important "watch dog" role after the October 5, 2000 revolution. ... was formed in Belgrade on 10 October 1998 in response to repressive university and ... on intervention from Amnesty International after being detained for 8 hours .
Books on the term Revolutionary Movement 8th October
The Unpast: Elite Violence and Social Control in Brazil, ...
The Unpast: Elite Violence and Social Control in Brazil, ...
R. S. Rose, 2005
87 In April 1973, together with the ALN and VPR, the MR-8 (Movimento Revolucionario 8 de Outubro — 8th of October Revolutionary Movement),88 PCBR (Partido Comunista Brasileiro Revolucionario — Brazilian Revolutionary Communist ...
The Art of Chivalry: European Arms and Armor from the ...
The Art of Chivalry: European Arms and Armor from the ...
Helmut Nickel, Stuart W. Pyhrr, Leonid Tarassuk, 1982
Alsdorf Mr. 8: Mrs. Arthur G. Altschul Mr. 8: Mrs. Robert 0. Anderson Mr. 8: Mrs. Philip Anschutz Mr. 8c Mrs. Charles Benton Mr. 8c Mrs. Edwin A. Bergman Mr. & Mrs. Donald Blinken Carol Bellamy President of the City Countil Gordon Davis ...
We Created Chavez: A People’s History of the Venezuelan Revolution
We Created Chavez: A People’s History of the Venezuelan Revolution
George Ciccariello-Maher, 2013
“Ciccariello-Maher’s history of the Venezuelan left is essential to understanding the Chávez era.” - Dorothy Kronick, The New Republic“Terrific.” - Greg Grandin, The Nation“[A] crisply written social and political history of the critical decades leading up to Chávez's election in 1998. . . . For those who want to see the revolution continue, C...
The Chinese Recorder Index: A Guide to Christian Missions in ...
The Chinese Recorder Index: A Guide to Christian Missions in ...
Kathleen L. Lodwick, 1986
Ball, Lucy Mills, (Mrs. Dyer), First wife, ARR: 1838, MR:8; DEA:1844,MR:8; LOC: Hong Kong,MR:8; Macao, MR:8;Singapore,MR:8; SPO:MR:8. Baller, OTH:15:52, 32:98, 46:232,292, 374, 442,60: 589,591,63:302,69:669,670; UNS:15:52, 17:207,  ...
The Politics of Military Rule in Brazil, 1964-1985
The Politics of Military Rule in Brazil, 1964-1985
Thomas E. Skidmore, 1990
The largest and most important country in Latin America, Brazil was the first to succumb to the military coups that struck that region in the 1960s and the early 1970s. In this authoritative study, Thomas E. Skidmore, one of America's leading experts on Latin America and, in particular, on Brazil, offers the first analysis of more than two dec...
Princeton Alumni Weekly
Princeton Alumni Weekly
1999
Daniel M. Duffield Jr. '52 Mr. 8 Mrs. Patrick L. Duffy P97 Mr. John J. Durante '57 Mr. Robert C. Dykes '93 Mr. Eldon H. Earle Jr. '35 Mr. Timothy Earley '78 Mr. John S. Eberhard! '37 Dr. Bruce K. Ecltman '69 Brig. Gen. George D. Eggers Jr. '47 ...
Che Guevara: His Revolutionary Legacy
Che Guevara: His Revolutionary Legacy
2009
Olivier Besancenot lives in France, where he works as a postal carrier. He received 1,498,581 votes in the first round of the French presidential elections in 2007.Michael Löwy is Research Director in Sociology at the National Centre for Scientific Research in Paris.
Automata Theory and Its Applications
Automata Theory and Its Applications
Bakhadyr Khoussainov, Anil Nerode, 2001
Of course, if p is already in C, then Mr. (8) is lucky. He has already landed in C. But if the position is not in C, then the opponent of Mr. (8), following the strategy F (i-i), may well force Mr. (d) to keep out of C. We note that this resembles the ...
Laws, Outlaws, and Terrorists: Lessons from the War on Terrorism (Belfer Center Studies in International Security...
Laws, Outlaws, and Terrorists: Lessons from the War on Terrorism (Belfer Center Studies in International Security...
Gabriella Blum, 2010
In an age of global terrorism, can the pursuit of security be reconciled with liberal democratic values and legal principles? During its "global war on terrorism," the Bush administration argued that the United States was in a new kind of conflict, one in which peacetime domestic law was irrelevant and international law inapplicable. From...
Development of Google searches


Blog posts on the term
Revolutionary Movement 8th October
Video: Vlog: Mr. 8 Nights #8 Ft. Rick Ross, Flo-Rida, DJ Khaled & French Montana (Starring DJ Camilo) [User Submitted]
Mr 8 Nights A Week is a web series starring Hot97 FM's DJ Camilo. Go to www.DJCAMILO.com for club tour dates. Directed by: Juganot_Vandal STRICTLY LIVE FILMS Call or email us for your next video project! Phone: 917.387.FILM (3456) Email: StrictlyLiveFilms.@gmail.com Visit us online at: www.STRICTLYLIVEFILMS.com
www.worldstarhiphop.com/videos/video.php?v=wshhE7S1V8N9b85Xcx6X
On the Anniversary of the Founding of the American Party of Labor « The Red Phoenix
Dec. 8, 2013 Today is the fifth anniversary of the founding of the American Party of Labor (APL). On December 8th, 2008, the Party came into existence with the conclusion of our Founding Congress. Delegates from the pre-party committee came together from all over the United States to attend this Congress. During this session, the…
theredphoenixapl.org/2013/12/08/on-the-anniversary-of-the-founding-of-the-american-party-of-labor/
The 'Revolution' Is Here: Diplo Premieres New Album Ahead of October 8 Release
Wesley Pentz (known on the streets as Diplo) is a cutting edge DJ, music producer, rapper and songwriter. Born in Mississippi, Diplo is an innovator ...
dashburst.com/diplo-revolution-ep/
8th October 1969 – the Weathermen’s Days of Rage | Dorian Cope presents On This Deity
by Dorian.
www.onthisdeity.com/8th-october-1969-%E2%80%93%C2%A0the-weathermens-days-of-rage/
What you want to say… Open Thread, 2nd of October 2013 | The Cedar Lounge Revolution
As always, following on Dr. X’s suggestion, it’s all yours, “announcements, general discussion, whatever you choose”, feel free.
cedarlounge.wordpress.com/2013/10/02/what-you-want-to-say-open-thread-2nd-of-october-2013/
Professor Layton and the Unwound Future Walkthrough: 144 Mr 8:20
Cocoa Sticker(must have solved Puzzle 026)Walk up(must have solved Puzzle 026)Journal EntrySeeking Out Future Luke (US)To Where Future Luke Awaits (UK)Pick up three hint coinsCarefully examine the fountain on the left(the fountain must be on)The fountain turns off after solving Puzzle 027 and remainsoff until after talking to Luke at the statue in Chapter 10144 Mr 8:20Hint 1Hint 2Hint 3Super HintSolutionPerson E is Mr 8:20Progress620 Picarats and 99 Hint Coins026 Upon Reflection027 A Game of CardsThis free video game walkthrough is for the Nintendo DSProfessor Layton and the Unwound Future WalkthroughProfessor Layton and the Lost Future Walkthrough.
professorlayton3walkthrough.blogspot.com/2009/01/puzzle144.html
Venezuela and the Battle against Transgenic Seeds | venezuelanalysis.com
venezuelanalysis.com/analysis/10236
12