Revolutionary Movement of October 8
The Revolutionary Movement 8th October (MR8) (in Portuguese: Movimento Revolucionário 8 de Outubro) was a Brazilian political movement, formerly an urban guerrilla group. During the military dictatorship in Brazil, the MR8 was formed by Brazilian Communist Party members who disagreed with the party's decision not to take part in the armed resistance against the military government - the so-called Dissidência da Guanabara (DI-GB). The name Movimento Revolucionário 8 de Outubro was taken from another organization, which had been recently destroyed by police repression: as the dictatorship's propaganda boasted about police efficiency in the suppression of "terrorists", the DI-GB started taking actions under the same name, as a way to demoralize the regime. The new organization defined itself as Marxist-Leninist. MR8 was the main force behind the kidnapping of American ambassador Charles Burke Elbrick in 1969, the basis of the film Four Days in September.
In the late 1970s, the MR8 conducted a thorough auto-criticism for their participation in the armed resistance against the dictatorship. Under the leadership of Daniel Terra, it defined the struggle for "democratic liberties" as the main task for the Brazilian left. As such, it became active inside the MDB, the party of the "allowed opposition", under the leadership of Orestes Quércia. It had an important role in the reawakening of the students' movement in 1976-77.
However, in 1978, the MR-8 again shifted its policies. It came to believe that the "national issue" was more important than the "democratic issue"; while it never abandoned the struggle against the dictatorship, it became increasingly aggressive against other leftist tendencies, particularly the Trotskyists, which were frequently seen as anti-national and supportive of "petty-bourgeois issues" like feminism, environmentalism, gay rights, etc. During this phase, the MR-8 became increasingly isolated within the left, prompting alliances among most other tendencies against their provocative actions.
While they had played an important role in the students' movement in 1977, when the working class and unionist movement came again into political play in 1978, MR8's role was at the best marginal, and frequently negative. At that point, they developed an intense political enmity towards the unionist leadership of the ABC Region, which later gave birth to the Workers' Party. Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva and other leaders of the party, and its union branch CUT, were described as "social-democrats", "yellow unionists", "imperialist agents", and accused of dividing the opposition against the dictatorship - i.e. the MDB.
With the end of the dictatorship, they were the only significant part of the Brazilian left to remain within the PMDB, the continuation of the MDB. Most other tendencies joined the Workers' Party, while the Brazilian Communist Party and the Communist Party of Brazil re-launched themselves as independent political parties. As such, the MR8 is a bit of an oddity in Brazilian politics: while it considers itself "Marxist-Leninist", it is not organized under democratic centralism, and it operates within a bourgeois centre-to-left political party, in direct contradiction with Marxist-Leninist tenets of independence from bourgeois organizations.
MR8 maintained a high international profile, and developed close relations with the government of Saddam Hussein in Iraq. In the late 1990s, MR8 somewhat softened its violent opposition to the other leftist tendencies, and became a more common-sense socialist group, even supporting Lula's run for presidency in 2002 and his government, while at the same time increasing its nationalist streak.
MR8 publishes a twice-weekly newspaper titled Hora do Povo.

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Revolutionary Movement 8th October - Wikipedia, the free ...
The Revolutionary Movement 8th October (MR8) (in Portuguese: Movimento Revolucionário 8 de Outubro) was a Brazilian political movement, formerly an ...
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Revolutionary_Movement_8th_October
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Revolutionary Movement of October 8 - Terrorist Organization Profile ...
Terrorist Organization Profile: Revolutionary Movement of October 8 (MR-8). Mothertongue Name: Movimento Revolucionário Oito de Outubro. Aliases: n/a.
www.start.umd.edu/start/data_collections/tops/terrorist_organization_profile.asp?id=4119
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Revolutionary Movement of October 8 | Terrorist Groups | TRAC
Revolutionary Movement of October 8, also known as MR-8 is an inactive group formed c. 1965. TRAC Analysis: Ideology. Left Wing Terrorist Groups (Marxist).
www.trackingterrorism.org/group/revolutionary-movement-october-8
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october 8 revolutionary movement - OneLook Dictionary Search
We found one dictionary that includes the word october 8 revolutionary movement: General dictionaries General (1 matching dictionary). October 8 ...
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HTS 3067A —— REVOLUTIONARY MOVEMENTS IN THE ...
revolutionary movements and to suggest the broader significance such movements may have in the ... September 28; October 1,3,5, 8, 10, 12, 17, 19. Films on ...
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October-8-revolutionary-movement | Define ... - Dictionary.com
october-8-revolutionary-movement. - no dictionary results. No results found for october-8-revolutionary-movement. Please try spelling the word differently, ...
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Bush's repeated remarks about "axis of evil" under fire - Past news
Pyongyang, April 28 (KCNA) -- A joint statement was made public by the Workers' Party of Korea and the October 8 Revolutionary Movement of Brazil in ...
www.kcna.co.jp/item/2002/200204/news04/28.htm
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RW Online: Revolutionary Internationalist Movement - Revcom.us
From the Revolutionary Internationalist Movement, For a Century of People's Wars! ... On the Death of Comrade Wilberto Ventura, RW #1073, October 8, 2000.
www.revcom.us/s/corim.htm
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Lenin's What Is To Be Done?: Dogmatism And 'Freedom of Criticism'
Thus, the demand for a decisive turn from revolutionary Social-Democracy to .... In the modern socialist movement, however, there is no conflict of class ...... of the German Social-Democratic Party held on September 21–26 (October 3–8), 1898  ...
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Revolutionary Student Movement - Carleton | Facebook
The other, a revolutionary movement, fixes as its objective to lead the student movement into the most general struggle to abolish capitalism, ... Sunday, December 8 at 7:00pm in EST .... Happy 96th Anniversary of the October Revolution!
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Revolutionary Movement of October 8 - Terrorist Organization Profile ...
Revolutionary Movement of October 8 (MR-8) ... region of Brazil, and had links with radical student circles in the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro and with the ...
Revolutionary Movement 8th October - Wikipedia, the free ...
The Revolutionary Movement 8th October (MR8) (in Portuguese: Movimento Revolucionário 8 de Outubro) was a Brazilian political movement, formerly an ...
Revolution of 1905 - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Revolution of 1905 was a wave of mass political and social unrest that spread through .... of the peasantry, and the fountain head of the revolutionary movement. .... Students of universities, other schools of higher learning, and occasionally those .... A strike by railway workers on 21 October [O.S. 8 October] 1905 quickly ...
Revolutionary Left Movement (Chile) - Wikipedia, the free ...
The Revolutionary Left Movement (MIR) (Spanish Movimiento de Izquierda ... When MIR was founded on 12 October 1965 at the locals of an anarchist union in ..... 6-8, Page 28, Center for Latin American Studies, Arizona State University, ...
Weather Underground - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The "Days of Rage", their first public demonstration on October 8, 1969, was a riot in ... The Weathermen grew out of the Revolutionary Youth Movement (RYM) ..... and that university-campus-based demonstrations needed to be punctuated ...
Tlatelolco massacre - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
[8] According to the reports of the head of the Federal Directorate of Security 1,345 people ... There were movement committees at each school and heady experiences of ... A revolution was happening - not Che's revolution - but a revolution from .... On 2 October 1968, around 10,000 university and high school students ...
Bihar Movement - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
It was also called Total Revolution Movement and JP Movement later in ... of Madhya Pradesh caused 8 youth students killed on 17 August 1973 owing ... On 18 February 1974, Patna University Students Union organised convention which invited student ... He called for three day state wide strike starting from 3 October and ...
History of Solidarity - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Solidarity gave rise to a broad, non-violent, anti-communist social movement that, .... Meanwhile Solidarity had been transforming itself from a trade union into a social movement or more specifically, a revolutionary movement. .... On October 8, 1982, Solidarity was banned. ..... Central European University Press. pp. p.34.
2011–13 Chilean student protests - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
No new public universities have been built since the end of the Chilean transition to ... Protest march in Santiago during the 2006 Penguin Revolution ... Additionally, some segments of the student movement have called for additional changes, ..... los problemas los estudiantes no estarían marchando, Emol, October 8, 2011.
Books on the term Revolutionary Movement of October 8
Leading the Way: The Media and the Struggle Against ...
Leading the Way: The Media and the Struggle Against ...
Elizabeth A. Stein, 2008
Indicates that I interviewed at least one member from this group. movements underground and radicalized them. ... MR-8 Movimento Revolucionario 8 de Outubro (Revolutionary Movement - October 8), was part of a dissident group of the ...
Revolution and Revolutionaries: Guerrilla Movements in Latin America (Jaguar Books on Latin America)
Revolution and Revolutionaries: Guerrilla Movements in Latin America (Jaguar Books on Latin America)
1999
Few publications cover the full span of the history of revolutionary movements in Latin America. In Revolution and Revolutionaries, editor Daniel Castro examines all aspects of guerrilla warfare-from revolutionary programs to the repressive tactics used by various governments to rid themselves of the threats presented by revolutionary movements. In...
Speaking of Flowers: Student Movements and the Making and ...
Speaking of Flowers: Student Movements and the Making and ...
Victoria Langland, 2013
Student Movements and the Making and Remembering of 1968 in Military Brazil Victoria Langland ... Culture) Movimento Revolucionário 8 Outubro (Revolutionary Movement of October 8) Partido Comunista Brasileiro (Brazilian Communist ...
Che Guevara: His Revolutionary Legacy
Che Guevara: His Revolutionary Legacy
2009
Olivier Besancenot lives in France, where he works as a postal carrier. He received 1,498,581 votes in the first round of the French presidential elections in 2007.Michael Löwy is Research Director in Sociology at the National Centre for Scientific Research in Paris.
Revolutionary Movements in Latin America: El Salvador's FMLN ...
Revolutionary Movements in Latin America: El Salvador's FMLN ...
Cynthia McClintock, 1998
Nikolai Portugalov, Der Spiegel, October 8, 1990, in Foreign Broadcast Information Service (hereafter, FBIS)/Soviet Union ... revolutionary movement” by force overrode “bourgeois” concepts such as sovereignty and national self- determination.
We Created Chavez: A People’s History of the Venezuelan Revolution
We Created Chavez: A People’s History of the Venezuelan Revolution
George Ciccariello-Maher, 2013
“Ciccariello-Maher’s history of the Venezuelan left is essential to understanding the Chávez era.” - Dorothy Kronick, The New Republic“Terrific.” - Greg Grandin, The Nation“[A] crisply written social and political history of the critical decades leading up to Chávez's election in 1998. . . . For those who want to see the revolution continue, C...
Spanish and Latin American Transitions to Democracy
Spanish and Latin American Transitions to Democracy
Carlos H. Waisman, Raanan Rein, 2006
... those opposed to the military regime organized the Movimento Democratico Brasileiro (Brazilian Democratic Movement - MDB). ... Party - PCBR) and the Movimento Revolucionario 8 de Outubro (October 8 Revolutionary Movement - MR-8).
Speaking of Flowers: Student Movements and the Making and Remembering of 1968 in Military Brazil
Speaking of Flowers: Student Movements and the Making and Remembering of 1968 in Military Brazil
Victoria Langland, 2013
“In this compelling book, Victoria Langland shows how Brazilian student activists of the 1960s generation rattled a military dictatorship, and turned into powerful symbols – martyrs and militants whose memory drove the politics of repression, opposition, and democratization. The result is striking new insight on the practical and symbolic legacies ...
Annali della Fondazione Giangiacomo Feltrinelli (1996). ...
Annali della Fondazione Giangiacomo Feltrinelli (1996). ...
Fernando Devoto, Torcuato S. Di Tella, 1997
... Democratic Allendista Left) (Chile) MIR - Movimiento de Izquierda Revolucionaria (Movement of the Revolutionary Left) (Bolivia) ... -8 - Movimento Revolucionario 8 de Outubro (8 October Revolutionary Movement) (Brazil) MRL - Movimiento ...
Queering the Public Sphere in Mexico and Brazil: Sexual Rights Movements in Emerging Democracies
Queering the Public Sphere in Mexico and Brazil: Sexual Rights Movements in Emerging Democracies
2010
“The detailed analysis of the different efforts in each country and the careful cross-national comparison makes this work an essential source for any scholar working on Brazil, Mexico, democratization in Latin America, and the emergence of gender and sexual movements demanding equal rights and an end to discrimination.” - James N. Green, The Americ...
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Blog posts on the term
Revolutionary Movement of October 8
What the Arab Spring Tells Us About the Future of Social Media in Revolutionary Movements / ISN
Revolutionary movements and insurgencies have benefitted from social media, especially when it comes to recruitment, mobilization and information warfare. But has this media actually made political resistance more effective? Richard Lindsay doesn’t think so – it’s traditional media that still has the upper hand.
www.isn.ethz.ch/Digital-Library/Articles/Detail/?lng=en&id=174233
Gus Hall Action Club: William Z. Foster: "Lenin Cleared the Road for Socialism in America!!"
Reprinted from Starry Messenger : Comrade Lenin of RussiaRises in the marble tombOn guard with the fighters forever -The world is our room!! - Langston Hughes, Ballad of Lenin Lenin put American Communism on a rock hard scientific footing. Daniel Mason reports that "The interplay between Lenin and the United States was very extensive.
gushallactionclub.blogspot.com/2013/12/william-z-foster-lenin-cleared-road-for_17.html
A Roundtable Review of Dr. Suzy Kim’s Everyday Life in the North Korean Revolution, 1945–1950 | Sino-NK
A Roundtable Review of Dr. Suzy Kim’s Everyday Life in the North Korean Revolution, 1945–1950 By Sino-NK | December 17, 2013 | No Comments Background image near Folklore Village in Sariwon, DPRK | Image: David Stanley Dr.
sinonk.com/2013/12/17/a-roundtable-review-of-dr-suzy-kims-everyday-life-in-the-north-korean-revolution-1945-1950/
Mandela’s Strategy Inspires US Communist Revolution
New Zeal Marxist-Leninist revolution is a subtle and often slow process. While most people focus on the often spectacular and bloody finale, they fail...
gulagbound.com/43291/must-read-mandelas-strategy-inspires-us-communist-revolution/
Monday READ - 16 December 2013 | MyFDL
my.firedoglake.com/greydog/2013/12/16/monday-read-16-december-2013/
HELP-Matrix Blog: Instances of Use of United States Armed Forces Abroad, 1798 - 2004 ~by Richard F. Grimmett
++++ ++++ Instances of Use of United States Armed Forces Abroad, 1798 - 2004 ~by Richard F. Grimmett http://www.
help-matrix.blogspot.com/2013/12/instances-of-use-of-united-states-armed.html
The Armenian Aspirations and Revolutionary Movements | Ermeni Sorunu - The Armenian Issue
Photo, taken on the spot, of some of Msulim victims assassinated with hachets by Armenians in the village of Koollar. 1- Malik, the Bosniac 2- Ali, son of Abdulmejid 3- Seyid son of Ali (aged 14 years) 4- Abdulgani son of Omer 5- Mecid son of Abdulgani 6- Huseyin son of Abdullah 7- Yusuf son…
cetinbayramoglusorun.wordpress.com/2013/12/17/the-armenian-aspirations-and-revolutionary-movements-32/
What the Arab Spring Tells Us About the Future of Social Media in Revolutionary Movements | Small Wars Journal
smallwarsjournal.com/jrnl/art/what-the-arab-spring-tells-us-about-the-future-of-social-media-in-revolutionary-movements
Revolutionary Student Movement Toronto- Orientation: Thurs Oct 10 | rsmtoronto
The Revolutionary Student Movement sees its mission to create a combative, anti-capitalist student movement that will serve the proletariat and oppressed peoples in the fight against exploitation. We’re committed to making the city a site of class struggle! We currently have chapters at University of Toronto, Centennial College and York, and are looking to expand…
rsmtoronto.wordpress.com/2013/10/06/revolutionary-student-movement-toronto-orientation-thurs-oct-10/
Five Stages Of Movement’s For Revolutionary Change | PopularResistance.Org
We need to go beyond what has been done plenty of times in history -- to overthrow unjust governments through nonviolent struggle -- and create a strategy that builds at the same time as it destroys. We need a strategy that validates alternatives, supports the experience of freedom, and expands the skills of cooperation. We need a political strategy that is at the same time a community strategy, one that says "yes" to creative innovation in the here and now and links today's creativity to the new society that lies beyond a power shift. With the help and feedback of many activists from a number of countries I've created a strategic framework that aims to support today's activists, something like the way Otpur activists were supported by their strategy. I call it strategy for a living revolution. The strategy not only encourages creating new tactics and more boldness in using the best of the old, but it also helps activists sort out which tactics will be most effective.
www.popularresistance.org/five-stages-of-movements-for-revolutionary-change/
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