Ritornello form
A ritornello (Italian; "little return") is a reinviting passage in Baroque music for orchestra or chorus. The first or final movement of a solo concerto, concerto grosso, or aria may be in "ritornello form", in which the ritornello is the opening theme, always played tutti, which returns in whole or in part and in different keys throughout the movement. In this, ritornello form differs from the rondo.
Ritornello form was favoured by Bach, Vivaldi, Telemann and Handel in chamber works, vocal pieces and, most prominently, in solo concerti and concerti grossi in a ‘tutti-solo-tutti-solo-tutti’ pattern. The ritornello, or the ‘tutti’ section, functions as a refrain or chorus while the solo sections may expand upon the short melodic lines of the tutti. At the end of the movement the entire ritornello returns in the home key. J.S. Bach's Brandenburg Concertos offer excellent examples. In opera seria, the ritornello functioned as the main structural support for the da capo aria, in which it was successively repeated.
The final section of a fourteenth century madrigal had previously been called the ritornello and a similar technique had been employed by Giovanni Gabrieli in his 16th century motets. The instrumental interludes in early Baroque operas were also termed ritornelli.
Ritornellos often consist of sequences.
Ritornello construction faded with the advent of the new sonata form but received renewed interest in the 20th century.

This is an excerpt from the article Ritornello form from the Wikipedia free encyclopedia. A list of authors is available at Wikipedia.
The article Ritornello form at en.wikipedia.org was accessed 153 times in the last 30 days. (as of: 11/11/2013)
Images on Ritornello form
Preview image:
Original:
Search results from Google and Bing
1
1
1
Ritornello - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Ritornello form was favoured by Bach, Vivaldi, Telemann and Handel in chamber works, vocal pieces and, most prominently, in solo concerti and concerti grossi ...
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ritornello
2
2
2
Ritornello form - The Free Dictionary
ri·tor·nel·lo (r tôr-n l l ). n. pl. ri·tor·nel·li (-l ) or ri·tor·nel·los. 1. An instrumental interlude recurring after each stanza in a vocal work. 2. A passage or section for full ...
www.thefreedictionary.com/Ritornello+form
3
3
3
Ritornello Form - Tarantino, Todd
Many Baroque concertos are structured in a form known as Ritornello form. In this form, a repeated section of music, the ritornello (literally, "the little thing that ...
toddtarantino.com/hum/ritornelloform.html
6
6
4
ritornello (music) -- Encyclopedia Britannica
In the Middle Ages, the term ritornello referred to the last two lines of a madrigal, as well as to a verse form having three lines, with the first and third rhyming.
www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/504620/ritornello
4
>30
5
Ritornello Form? - Ask.com
Ritornello form refers to the way in piece of music begins which a phrase or paragraph that repeats itself. In Baroque music, ritornellos were the term used to.
www.ask.com/question/what-is-ritornello-form
5
>30
6
Appendix - Rondo and Ritornello Forms in Tonal Music
Ritornello. Ritornello has its roots in the Baroque genres of opera and concerto. However, it is not clear whether the instrumental Ritornello forms were adopted ...
www.humanities.mcmaster.ca/~mus701/macmacvol2/contents/appendix.htm
7
>30
7
Baroque music - Ritornello and concerto - Guitarpress
Ritornello form in Baroque music - a predecessor of sonata form, and a common orchestral framework during the Baroque era.
www.guitarpress.com/hsp22.html
8
>30
8
Rondo Form & Ritornello Form
Final movements of classical concertos are often in rondo form. The orchestra may present the initial refrain, repeated immediately by the soloist, or vice versa.
www3.northern.edu/wieland/theory/form/rondo.htm
9
>30
9
Define ritornello | Dictionary and Thesaurus
In Ritornello form, the tutti opens with a theme called the ritornello (refrain). This theme, always played by the tutti, returns in different keys throughout the ...
ritornello.askdefine.com/
>30
4
10
ritornello - definition of ritornello by…
ri·tor·nel·lo (r tôr-n l l) n. pl. ri·tor·nel·li (-l) or ri·tor·nel·los. 1. An instrumental interlude recurring after each stanza in a vocal work.
www.thefreedictionary.com/ritornello
Search results for "Ritornello form"
Google: approx. 102.000
Ritornello form in science
5 - Ritornello forms - University Publishing Online
Search in this book. Advanced Search · Home · Browse by Subject · Humanities · Music · Seventeenth-century music · Bach: Mass in B Minor; Ritornello forms pp ...
4 - Ritornello form in Carter's Boston and ASKO concertos pp. 80-109
Cambridge University Press ... Elliott Carter Studies; Ritornello form in Carter's Boston and ASKO concertos ... Ritornello form in Carter's Boston and .
Appendix - Rondo and Ritornello Forms in Tonal Music
However, it is not clear whether the instrumental Ritornello forms were ..... William Renwick, The Langloz Manuscript, ( New York : Oxford University Press, 2001), ...
Sonata form - Western Michigan University
1st movement: Fast, in the home key (Form = Concerto-sonata form, a blending of Baroque Ritornello form and Classic Sonata form) 2nd movement: Slow, in a ...
Musical Form - Western Michigan University
Rondo Form - Sonata-Rondo Form - Theme and Variations Form - Ritornello form - Arch Form To review all these for Section 1 of the "Musical Forms" exam, ...
University of Louisiana at Lafayette : MUS 300 : Ritornello Form
8 Ritornello Lesson Form Found in FAST movements of baroque concertos (1st and 3rd movements) Ritornello theme: recurring melodic idea played by whole ...
Displaying items by tag: ritornello form - College Music Symposium
Reinventing Ritornello form: Mahler's Kindertotenlieder and the Music of J.S. Bach. Published in 2004 ... Matthew Shaftel, Florida State University This email ...
BAROQUE CONCERTO
(click for here for definitions of form and genre) then remind me to discuss the terms in ... Most of the opening movements are in Ritornello form, which Torelli had ...
Books on the term Ritornello form
Classical Form: A Theory of Formal Functions for the ...
Classical Form: A Theory of Formal Functions for the ...
William E. Caplin, 1998
A defining feature of this classical concerto is its employment of a formal scheme derived from the baroque "Ritornello form" and strongly infused with elements of the sonata. This concerto form is used in the first movement of all classical ...
Sonata Forms (Revised Edition)
Sonata Forms (Revised Edition)
Charles Rosen, 1988
Everything you always wanted to know about the sonata, but were afraid to ask, answered at surprising length and with copious musical illustrations. Sonatas are generally thought of as being always organized into exposition, development, and recapitulation, but, writes Rosen, "...it is very dubious that a unique sonata form can be so defined e...
The Harvard Concise Dictionary of Music and Musicians
The Harvard Concise Dictionary of Music and Musicians
Don Michael Randel, 1999
Don Michael Randel. Ritornello sonata form of the late 18th and the early 19th century. - - r A r. 1 52 Concerto two viola parts, a standard 17th-century scoring). These are merely compositions for the ripieno alone (i.e., for string orchestra and  ...
Bach: Music in the Castle of Heaven
Bach: Music in the Castle of Heaven
John Eliot Gardiner, 2013
“[I]t is hard to imagine what the English maestro John Eliot Gardiner. . . might do to surpass Bach: Music in the Castle of Heaven in its commitment, scope and comprehensiveness. . . . [He] has done a masterly, monumental job of taking the measure of Bach the man and the musician.” –The New York Times “With Bach we seek the elusive man hiding, perh...
The Harvard Dictionary of Music
The Harvard Dictionary of Music
Don Michael Randel, 2003
The opening movements also parallel the solo concerto in utilizing a type of *Ritornello form (without solo sections), in which the opening material recurs from one to several times in various keys, the last statement normally in the tonic.
Concerti musicali: opus 6
Concerti musicali: opus 6
Giuseppe Torelli, John G. Suess, 2002
In addition, opus 6 contains twelve allegro movements referred to as "ritornello" type. In these movements, Torelli anticipates many of the features of the mature Ritornello form, as defined by Claude Palisca: "the Ritornello form is an application  ...
Form, Program, and Metaphor in the Music of Berlioz
Form, Program, and Metaphor in the Music of Berlioz
Stephen Rodgers, 2009
This book was first published in 2009. Few aspects of Berlioz's style are more idiosyncratic than his handling of musical form. This book, the first devoted solely to the topic, explores how his formal strategies are related to the poetic and dramatic sentiments that were his very reason for being. Rodgers draws upon Berlioz's ideas about...
From Vivaldi to Viotti: A History of the Early Classical ...
From Vivaldi to Viotti: A History of the Early Classical ...
Chappell White, 1992
2 In contrast to the first movement, the slow movement exhibits three basic types of form: the Ritornello form, the binary form, and the ternary or rondo form.3 Of the three, the rondo form was the latest to appear; it emerged only in the 1770s, with  ...
Conventional Wisdom: The Content of Musical Form (Ernest Bloch Lectures)
Conventional Wisdom: The Content of Musical Form (Ernest Bloch Lectures)
Susan McClary, 2001
Based on the Bloch Lectures given at the University of California at Berkeley, McClary's latest book continues her study of the ideas and issues surrounding the relationship between societal forces and music. Using examples of vocal and instrumental music from the 17th to the 20th centuries, McClary (musicology, Univ. of California, Los Angele...
Development of Google searches


Blog posts on the term
Ritornello form
Music In Its Past and Present: Ritornello Form
Many Baroque concertos are structured in a form known as Ritornello form. Ritornello form was prevalent in early opera before being adopted in instrumental music.
musicasitwas.blogspot.com/2011/02/ritornello-form.html
CD of QUANTZ FLUTE CONCERTOS (NAXOS) RECEIVES CRITICAL ACCLAIM » Mary Oleskiewicz
by admin Posted on December 4, 2013.
baroqueflutist.org/new-releases/early-music-reviews-cd-of-quantz-flute-concertos-naxos
Schiff in Kaleidoscopic Bach Partitas : Seen and Heard International
seenandheard-international.com/2013/10/schiff-kaleidoscopic-bach-partitas/
Concerto for Violin in A minor J.S.Bach BWV 1041 — Musician Matters
musicianmatters.com/music-analysis/concerto-for-violin-in-a-minor-j-s-bach-bwv-1041/
Ritornello form @ sweetisly :: 痞客邦 PIXNET ::
Dear All: 本週複習課有同學要我講解一下Ritornello form,課後已經回答過一遍了 但是怕有些同學太害羞(還是因為覺得我臉太臭XDD),有同樣問題卻不敢私下問我 所以小天使在此再次為
sweetisly.pixnet.net/blog/post/23461171-ritornello-form
Baroque and early jazz compared - Syncrat Publishing
Baroque and Early Jazz are two styles of music that one would not normally compare. With nearly 200 years separating them,...
www.syncrat.com/1k3
verba docent » Gloria: Right-Hand Man
Hendrik van Balen, Trinity (Christ at God's right hand), 1620 I have been so lucky in my oboists in my “Bach lifetime”! The oboe plays such a huge role in Bach’s vocal works, and I truly could never have considered our complete cantata project in Sydney had I not had such a wonderful stable of oboists, including some very gifted young players. When I was discussing the tempo for the “Qui sedes ad dexteram Patris” with Joyce Alper, who played principal oboe in our Worcester performance, she earned my immediate respect by saying, “I hope you don’t mind a relatively fast tempo—I see this movement as a dance.
dessoff.org/MusicDirectorBlog/2012/02/gloria-right-hand-man/
A of L midterm Flashcards - ProProfs
www.proprofs.com/flashcards/story.php?title=l-midterm_1
First Night Saratoga 2013
Maestro Gioacchino Longobardi, Conductor | Date: 12/31/12 | Time: 6:00pm and 8:00pm | Place: TBD | Free and open to the public with First Night Admission button
ssyo.org/first-night-saratoga-2013/
123