Trans-Dniester Region
Transnistria (also called Trans-Dniestr or Transdniestria) is a breakaway state located mostly on a strip of land between the River Dniester and the eastern Moldovan border with Ukraine. Since its declaration of independence in 1990, and especially after the War of Transnistria in 1992, it is governed as the Pridnestrovian Moldavian Republic (PMR, also known as Pridnestrovie) a state with limited recognition that claims territory to the east of the River Dniester, the city of Bender, and its surrounding localities located on the west bank. The terms "Transnistria" and "Pridnestrovie" both reference the Dniester River.
The Republic of Moldova does not recognise the PMR and considers most of the territory of Transnistria as part of Moldova as the Autonomous territorial unit with special legal status Transnistria (Unitatea teritorială autonomă cu statut juridic special Transnistria), or Stînga Nistrului ("Left Bank of the Dniester").
After the dissolution of the USSR, tensions between the newly created Moldova and the de facto sovereign state of Pridnestrovia that unlike Moldova did not want to separate from the Russian Federation escalated into a military conflict that started in March 1992 and was concluded by a ceasefire in July 1992. As part of that agreement, a three-party (Russia, Moldova, Transnistria) Joint Control Commission supervises the security arrangements in the demilitarized zone, comprising twenty localities on both sides of the river. Although the ceasefire has held, the territory's political status remains unresolved: Transnistria is an unrecognized but independent presidential republic with its own government, parliament, military, police, postal system, and currency. Its authorities have adopted a constitution, flag, national anthem, and coat of arms. However, after a 2005 agreement between Moldova and Ukraine, all Transnistrian companies that seek to export goods through the Ukrainian border must be registered with the Moldovan authorities. This agreement was implemented after the European Union Border Assistance Mission to Moldova and Ukraine (EUBAM) started its activity in 2005. Most Transnistrians also have Moldovan citizenship, but many Transnistrians have Russian and Ukrainian citizenship.
Because of the Russian military contingent present in Transnistria, the European Court of Human Rights considers Transnistria "under the effective authority or at least decisive influence of Russia".
Transnistria, Nagorno-Karabakh, Abkhazia, and South Ossetia are post-Soviet "frozen conflict" zones. These four unrecognized states maintain friendly relations with each other and form the Community for Democracy and Rights of Nations.

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Trans-Dniester Region | Infoplease.com
Trans-Dniester Region or Transnistria, region , E Moldova, between the Dniester River and the Ukrainian border. A narrow territory some 120 mi
www.infoplease.com/encyclopedia/world/trans-dniester-region.html
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Transnistria - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The terms "Transnistria" and "Pridnestrovie" both reference the Dniester River. ... The region is also known in English as "Trans-Dniestr" or "Transdniestria".
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Transnistria
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BBC News - Trans-Dniester profile - Overview
The separatist region of Trans-Dniester - a narrow strip of land between the Dniester river and the Ukrainian border - proclaimed independence from Moldova in ...
www.bbc.com/news/world-europe-18284837
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BBC News - Trans-Dniester profile - Overview - BBC.com
Oct 17, 2013 ... The separatist region of Trans-Dniester - a narrow strip of land between the Dniester river and the Ukrainian border - proclaimed independence ...
www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-europe-18284837
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BBC News - Trans-Dniester profile
Dec 26, 2011 ... The separatist region of Trans-Dniester - a narrow strip of land between the Dniester river and the Ukrainian border - proclaimed independence ...
news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/europe/country_profiles/3641826.stm
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Transdniester: More Than Just Lenin Statues
Oct 8, 2013 ... Transnistria Tours is one of a growing number of travel agencies in Moldova and Transdniester to offer guided tours of the region, a tiny sliver of ...
www.rferl.org/content/transdniester-tourism-lenin/25130341.html
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In Moldova's Breakaway Transdniester, A Tale Of Two Cities
May 24, 2013 ... Efforts to move Transdniester's center of administration from Tiraspol to the breakway region's second city, Bender (pictured), have caused ...
www.rferl.org/content/moldova-transdniester-bender-tiraspol-osce/24996653.html
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Moldovan PM: Crimea Crisis Reminiscent Of Transdniester
Mar 1, 2014... if you don't tackle at home -- it spreads to the whole region," Leanca said. Moscow-backed Transdniester unilaterally declared independence ...
www.rferl.org/content/moldova-crimea-reminds-transdniester/25281583.html
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Transnistria travel guide - Wikitravel
It roughly corresponds to the territory between the Dniester River and Ukraine. ... Transnistria is divided into 5 administrative regions and two free cities. .... Official exchange rates can be found at the website of the Trans-Dniestr Republican ...
wikitravel.org/en/Transnistria
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Moldova's Feud With Transdniester Worries Region :: Balkan Insight
Jun 24, 2013 ... Growing dispute between Moldova and the break-away Transdniester region is causing concern in the EU and neighbouring Romania.
www.balkaninsight.com/en/article/tensions-in-moldova-worries-romania
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Trans-Dniester Region in science
Transnistria - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The terms "Transnistria" and "Pridnestrovie" both reference the Dniester River. ... The region is also known in English as "Trans-Dniestr" or "Transdniestria". ...... Postkommunismens Antropologi, University of Copenhagen, 12–14 April 1996.
Trans-Dniester Region | Infoplease.com
Trans-Dniester Region or Transnistria, region , E Moldova, between the Dniester River and the Ukrainian border. A narrow territory some 120 mi.
Trans-Dniester Region - Facts from the ... - Yahoo! Education
Trans-Dniester Region - or Transnistria, region (2004 preliminary pop. ... The Trans-Dniester Region is populated by a Russian... ... Columbia University Press  ...
Trans-Dniester Region - Facts from the ... - Yahoo! Education
Trans-Dniester Region - or Transnistria, region in E Moldova, between the Dniester River and the Ukrainian border. The Trans-Dniester Region of Moldova is populated by a Russian and Ukrainian... ... Columbia University Press ...
BBC News - Trans-Dniester profile - Overview - BBC.com
Oct 17, 2013 ... The separatist region of Trans-Dniester - a narrow strip of land between the Dniester river and the Ukrainian border - proclaimed independence ...
BBC News - Trans-Dniester profile
Dec 26, 2011 ... The separatist region of Trans-Dniester - a narrow strip of land between the Dniester river and the Ukrainian border - proclaimed independence ...
Trans-Dniester Region - Encyclopedia - The Free Dictionary
... about Trans-Dniester Region. Information about Trans-Dniester Region in the Columbia Encyclopedia, Computer Desktop Encyclopedia, computing dictionary.
Trans Dniester - Encyclopedia - The Free Dictionary
Information about Trans Dniester in the Columbia Encyclopedia, Computer Desktop Encyclopedia, ... Transnistria: see Trans-Dniester Region Trans-Dniester Region or Transnistria, ... Trans European Mobility Program for University Studies
Moldova vs. Trans-Dniester - East-West Working Group
"In the Trans-Dniester Region, where Ukrainians and Russians comprised 26 percent and ..... Zhidas Daskalovski, American University in Bulgaria, Blagoevgrad.
Books on the term Trans-Dniester Region
The Newly Independent States of Eurasia: Handbook of Former ...
The Newly Independent States of Eurasia: Handbook of Former ...
Stephen K. Batalden, 1997
The Trans-Dniester Issue The Trans-Dniester Region (also called Transnistria) is the narrow Moldovan corridor along the eastern side of the Dniester River, adjacent to the Ukrainian border. Before the Soviet occupation of Bessarabia in 1940, ...
TRANS-DNIESTER REPUBLIC: An entry from Macmillan Reference USA's Encyclopedia of Russian History
TRANS-DNIESTER REPUBLIC: An entry from Macmillan Reference USA's Encyclopedia of Russian History
2004
The label Transnistria has historically applied to lands that today lie inside both the Republic of Moldova and Ukraine, but it now refers specifically to the area between the Dniester River and the Ukrainian border. Since 1990, residents of this territory have claimed independence from Moldova. Despite a lack of international recognition, the Dnie...
Human Rights in Moldova: The Turbulent Dniester
Human Rights in Moldova: The Turbulent Dniester
Erika Dailey, Jeri Laber, 1993
The fall of 1989 was the beginning of the movement for the autonomy of the Trans- Dniester region. In the period between January and October, 1990, referendums were held in Bendery and the majority of the left bank settlements ( except for a ...
The Foreign Policy of Russia: Changing Systems, Enduring ...
The Foreign Policy of Russia: Changing Systems, Enduring ...
Robert H. Donaldson, Joseph L. Nogee, 2005
Moldova's efforts to stop the secession and enforce its authority in the Trans- Dniester region led to widespread fighting in 1992. The rebellious Russians were aided by the Fourteenth Army, which as a component of the Soviet armed forces  ...
Landmine Monitor Report 1999: Toward a Mine-free World
Landmine Monitor Report 1999: Toward a Mine-free World
1999
The Russian (Soviet) 1 4th Army has been based in the Transdniester region of Moldova since 1956. The stockpile of Russian arms and ammunition in the Transdniester region is huge, reportedly containing 500,000 tons of weaponry ...
Ukraine's Foreign and Security Policy 1991-2000
Ukraine's Foreign and Security Policy 1991-2000
Roman Wolczuk, 2002
In particular, Smirnov, in recognition of the economic importance of Ukraine's neighbouring regions for the Transdniester economy, sought a liberalisation of ties between the two states, as allowed for by the memorandum, which permitted the ...
Barbarism and Civilization: A History of Europe in our Time
Barbarism and Civilization: A History of Europe in our Time
2007
The twentieth century in Europe witnessed some of the most brutish episodes in history. Yet it also saw incontestable improvements in the conditions of existence for most inhabitants of the continent - from rising living standards and dramatically increased life expectancy, to the virtual elimination of illiteracy, and the advance of women, ethnic ...
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