Trans-Dniestr Republic
Transnistria (also called Trans-Dniestr or Transdniestria) is a breakaway state located mostly on a strip of land between the River Dniester and the eastern Moldovan border with Ukraine. Since its declaration of independence in 1990, and especially after the War of Transnistria in 1992, it is governed as the Pridnestrovian Moldavian Republic (PMR, also known as Pridnestrovie) a state with limited recognition that claims territory to the east of the River Dniester, the city of Bender, and its surrounding localities located on the west bank. The terms "Transnistria" and "Pridnestrovie" both reference the Dniester River.
The Republic of Moldova does not recognise the PMR and considers most of the territory of Transnistria as part of Moldova as the Autonomous territorial unit with special legal status Transnistria (Unitatea teritorială autonomă cu statut juridic special Transnistria), or Stînga Nistrului ("Left Bank of the Dniester").
After the dissolution of the USSR, tensions between the newly created Moldova and the de facto sovereign state of Pridnestrovia that unlike Moldova did not want to separate from the Russian Federation escalated into a military conflict that started in March 1992 and was concluded by a ceasefire in July 1992. As part of that agreement, a three-party (Russia, Moldova, Transnistria) Joint Control Commission supervises the security arrangements in the demilitarized zone, comprising twenty localities on both sides of the river. Although the ceasefire has held, the territory's political status remains unresolved: Transnistria is an unrecognized but independent presidential republic with its own government, parliament, military, police, postal system, and currency. Its authorities have adopted a constitution, flag, national anthem, and coat of arms. However, after a 2005 agreement between Moldova and Ukraine, all Transnistrian companies that seek to export goods through the Ukrainian border must be registered with the Moldovan authorities. This agreement was implemented after the European Union Border Assistance Mission to Moldova and Ukraine (EUBAM) started its activity in 2005. Most Transnistrians also have Moldovan citizenship, but many Transnistrians have Russian and Ukrainian citizenship.
Because of the Russian military contingent present in Transnistria, the European Court of Human Rights considers Transnistria "under the effective authority or at least decisive influence of Russia".
Transnistria, Nagorno-Karabakh, Abkhazia, and South Ossetia are post-Soviet "frozen conflict" zones. These four unrecognized states maintain friendly relations with each other and form the Community for Democracy and Rights of Nations.

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Transnistria travel guide - Wikitravel
It roughly corresponds to the territory between the Dniester River and .... Official exchange rates can be found at the website of the Trans-Dniestr Republican ...
wikitravel.org/en/Transnistria
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Transnistria - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Limited to the breakaway Republic of Abkhazia, Nagorno-Karabakh Republic ... Transnistria (also called Trans-Dniestr or Transdniestria) is a breakaway state ... land between the River Dniester and the eastern Moldovan border with Ukraine.
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Transnistria
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BBC News - Trans-Dniester profile - Overview
The separatist region of Trans-Dniester - a narrow strip of land between the ... the Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic, from two disparate elements: the mainly ...
www.bbc.com/news/world-europe-18284837
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BBC News - Trans-Dniester profile - Overview - BBC.com
Oct 17, 2013 ... The separatist region of Trans-Dniester - a narrow strip of land ... Moldova's forerunner, the Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic, from two ...
www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-europe-18284837
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BBC News - Trans-Dniester profile
Dec 26, 2011 ... The separatist region of Trans-Dniester - a narrow strip of land ... Moldova's forerunner, the Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic, from two ...
news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/europe/country_profiles/3641826.stm
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In Moldova's Breakaway Transdniester, A Tale Of Two Cities
May 24, 2013 ... Efforts to move Transdniester's center of administration from ... with Transdniester declaring independence from the Republic of Moldova.
www.rferl.org/content/moldova-transdniester-bender-tiraspol-osce/24996653.html
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Trans-Dniester Republican Bank
Trans-Dniester Republican Bank ... ABOUT INTRODUCTION IN THE CIRCULATION OF TRANS-DNIESTER GOLD COINS RUSSIAN EMPRESS EKATERINA II ...
www.cbpmr.net/?lang=en
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Trans-Dniester Region | Infoplease.com
Trans-Dniester Region or Transnistria, region , E Moldova, between the ... 1990s, and the proclamation of a Trans-Dniester Republic, with Tiraspol as its capital.
www.infoplease.com/encyclopedia/world/trans-dniester-region.html
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Transdniester - GlobalSecurity.org
Feb 2, 2014 ... In early 1994, the government of the "Dnestr Republic" had armed forces of ... Constitutional system: Trans-Dniester Moldavian Republic is an ...
www.globalsecurity.org/military/world/war/transdniester.htm
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Moldova vs. Trans-Dniester - East-West Working Group
The government of Moldova wanted Trans-Dniester to remain part of Moldova, because almost all of the republic's industry is concentrated there and because ...
ewwg.vlamynck.eu/cst/cst-mold/trans.html
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Trans-Dniestr Republic in science
Transnistria - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Limited to the breakaway Republic of Abkhazia, Nagorno-Karabakh ... Transnistria (also called Trans-Dniestr or Transdniestria) is a breakaway state located ... land between the River Dniester and the eastern Moldovan border with Ukraine. ...... Postkommunismens Antropologi, University of Copenhagen, 12–14 April 1996.
Trans-Dniester Republican Bank
Trans-Dniester Republican Bank ... ABOUT INTRODUCTION IN THE CIRCULATION OF TRANS-DNIESTER GOLD COINS RUSSIAN EMPRESS EKATERINA II ...
Trans-Dniester Region | Infoplease.com
Trans-Dniester Region or Transnistria, region , E Moldova, between the ... 1990s, and the proclamation of a Trans-Dniester Republic, with Tiraspol as its capital.
EDUCATION IN TRANS-DNIESTER MOLDAVIAN REPUBLIC
According to the Constitution of Trans-Dniester Moldavian Republic all citizens ... The republic has its state university – Trans-Dniester State University, which is ...
IRB: Information on the current political status of the Transdniester ...
Apr 18, 1997 ... The border between Moldova and the Transdniester Republic is jointly patrolled by Moldovan, ... Georgetown University, Washington. 18 April ...
Trans-Dniester 'Nation' Resents Shady Reputation - New York Times
Mar 5, 2002 ... Not a single card-carrying nation recognizes the Trans-Dniester region as an ... People say spooky things about the Trans-Dniester Republic, as Mr. ... at Georgetown University in Washington, said in a recent interview.
The frozen conflict between Moldova and Transnistria - The Guardian
Dec 17, 2013 ... Given all this, the Trans-Dniester Republic proclaimed its secession from ... Henry Srebrnik is a professor of political science at the University of ...
Moldova vs. Trans-Dniester - East-West Working Group
"In the Trans-Dniester region, where Ukrainians and Russians comprised 26 percent and ... With Trans-Dniester being an autonomous republic under their control, it would .... Zhidas Daskalovski, American University in Bulgaria, Blagoevgrad.
Trans-Dniester Region - Encyclopedia - The Free Dictionary
Information about Trans-Dniester Region in the Columbia Encyclopedia, ... and the proclamation of a Trans-Dniester Republic, with Tiraspol Tiraspol , city (1995  ...
Trans-Dniester Region - Facts from the Encyclopedia - Yahoo ...
Trans-Dniester Region - or Transnistria, region (2004 preliminary pop. 555000) ... Columbia University Press ... on the side of the secessionists in the early 1990s, and the proclamation of a Trans-Dniester Republic, with Tiraspol as its capital.
Books on the term Trans-Dniestr Republic
The Newly Independent States of Eurasia: Handbook of Former ...
The Newly Independent States of Eurasia: Handbook of Former ...
Stephen K. Batalden, 1997
By the time this Trans-Dniester region was incorporated with Bessarabia as a Soviet union republic (the Moldavian SSR), it had become predominantly Eastern Slavic (Russian and Ukrainian). The region's 1990 population (approximately ...
Managing Conflict in the Former Soviet Union: Russian and ...
Managing Conflict in the Former Soviet Union: Russian and ...
Alekseĭ Georgievich Arbatov, 1997
Transdniester also took steps to arm itself, primarily by seizing weapons from depots belonging to the former Soviet army. The Transdniester Republic continued to adopt measures that were in direct contravention to the Moldovan Constitution, ...
Human Rights in Moldova: The Turbulent Dniester
Human Rights in Moldova: The Turbulent Dniester
Erika Dailey, Jeri Laber, 1993
Seventy-nine percent of all voters in the Trans-Dniester region took part in these referendums, and 96 percent voted for the institution of the Trans- Dniester Republic. The Presidium of Moldovan Supreme Soviet declared the results of the  ...
The European Mosaic
The European Mosaic
David Gowland, Richard Dunphy, Charlotte Lythe, 2014
The frozen conflict in Transdniester In the wake of the nationalist unrest that spread across the USSR in the late 1980s and early 1990s, the Soviet Republic of Moldova emerged as an independent state in January 1992. Fearing that Moldova ...
International Norms and Standards for the Protection of ...
International Norms and Standards for the Protection of ...
Björn Arp, 2008
Proceeding from the necessity for the fastest and full solution of relations between the Republic of Moldova and Trans-Dniester Moldavian Republic exclusively through peaceful political means; Reaffirming their commitment to the principles of ...
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