Vietnam War, 1961-1975
The Vietnam War (Vietnamese: Chiến tranh Việt Nam, in Vietnam also known as the American War, Vietnamese: Chiến tranh Mỹ), also known as the Second Indochina War, was a Cold War-era proxy war that occurred in Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia from December 1956 to the fall of Saigon on 30 April 1975. This war followed the First Indochina War and was fought between North Vietnam—supported by the Soviet Union, China and other communist allies—and the government of South Vietnam—supported by the United States and other anti-communist countries. The Viet Cong (also known as the National Liberation Front, or NLF), a lightly armed South Vietnamese communist common front directed by the North, fought a guerrilla war against anti-communist forces in the region. The People's Army of Vietnam (a.k.a. the North Vietnamese Army) engaged in a more conventional war, at times committing large units into battle. As the war wore on, the part of the Viet Cong in the fighting decreased as the role of the NVA grew. U.S. and South Vietnamese forces relied on air superiority and overwhelming firepower to conduct search and destroy operations, involving ground forces, artillery, and airstrikes. In the course of the war, the U.S. conducted a large-scale strategic bombing campaign against North Vietnam, and over time the North Vietnamese airspace became the most heavily defended airspace of any in the world.
The U.S. government viewed American involvement in the war as a way to prevent a Communist takeover of South Vietnam. This was part of a wider containment strategy, with the stated aim of stopping the spread of communism. According to the U.S. domino theory, if one state went Communist, other states in the region would follow, and U.S. policy thus held that accommodation to the spread of Communist rule across all of Vietnam was unacceptable. The North Vietnamese government and the Viet Cong were fighting to reunify Vietnam under communist rule. They viewed the conflict as a colonial war, fought initially against forces from France and then America, as France was backed by the U.S., and later against South Vietnam, which it regarded as a U.S. puppet state. Beginning in 1950, American military advisors arrived in what was then French Indochina. U.S. involvement escalated in the early 1960s, with troop levels tripling in 1961 and again in 1962. U.S. involvement escalated further following the 1964 Gulf of Tonkin incident, in which a U.S. destroyer clashed with North Vietnamese fast attack craft, which was followed by the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution, which gave the U.S. president authorization to increase U.S. military presence. Regular U.S. combat units were deployed beginning in 1965. Operations crossed international borders: bordering areas of Laos and Cambodia were heavily bombed by U.S. forces as American involvement in the war peaked in 1968, the same year that the Communist side launched the Tet Offensive. The Tet Offensive failed in its goal of overthrowing the South Vietnamese government but became the turning point in the war, as it showed that South Vietnam was unable to fend for itself against the North, despite many years of massive U.S. military aid. As the point of U.S. victory was indeterminate, U.S. ground forces were gradually withdrawn as part of a policy known as Vietnamization, which aimed to end American involvement in the war while transferring the task of fighting the Communists to the South Vietnamese themselves. Despite the Paris Peace Accord, which was signed by all parties in January 1973, the fighting continued.
In the U.S. and the Western world, a large anti-Vietnam War movement developed. This movement was both part of a larger Counterculture of the 1960s and also fed into it.
Direct U.S. military involvement ended on 15 August 1973 as a result of the Case–Church Amendment passed by the U.S. Congress. The capture of Saigon at the hands of the North Vietnamese Army in April 1975 marked the end of the war, and North and South Vietnam were reunified the following year. The war exacted a huge human cost in terms of fatalities (see Vietnam War casualties). Estimates of the number of Vietnamese service members and civilians killed vary from 800,000 to 3.1 million. Some 200,000–300,000 Cambodians, 20,000–200,000 Laotians, and 58,220 U.S. service members also died in the conflict.

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Vietnam War (1961-1975) - Stanford University
Four years after President John F. Kennedy sent the first American troops into Vietnam, Martin Luther King issued his first public statement on the war.
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Vietnam War - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Vietnam War (Vietnamese: Chiến tranh Việt Nam), also known as the Second Indochina War and also known in Vietnam as the Resistance War Against America …
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America's Wars in Vietnam, 1961-1975
The wars in Vietnam lasted 30 years. They began when France tried to restore colonial rule after World War II. Fear of losing Southeast Asia to the ...
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Aug 28, 2013 ... Short History of Military Nursing Tags: military, military nursing, nurse, nursing, vietnam, war, women, world war i, world war ii, wwi, wwii.
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Vietnam War Timeline: 1961 - 1962
6th, Soviet premier Nikita Khrushchev makes a speech promising support for "wars of national liberation". 7th, The Royal Laotian Army launches a failed attempt ...
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Online Military Records in AAD
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The Vietnam War -1961 - 1975 by Sunnyskies - Storybird
Nov 16, 2009 ... This is a brief history of the United States War with Vietnam.
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Oct 29, 2013 ... How much do you know about World War II? The Korean War? The Vietnam War ? Or what about Operation Desert Storm and Iraqi Freedom?
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The battle behind bars : Navy and Marine POWs in the Vietnam War
Vietnam War, 1961–1975—Prisoners and prisons, American. ... This image, part of a Pentagon corridor exhibit during the Vietnam War, depicts the environment ...
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Vietnam War, 1961-1975. Vietnam War, 1961-1975 -- Personal narratives. Vietnam War, 1961-1975 -- Personal narratives, American. Vietnam War, 1961-1975 ...
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Vietnam War (1961-1975)
Answering press questions after addressing a Howard University audience on 2 March 1965, King asserted that the war in Vietnam was ''accomplishing ...
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A bibliography of more than 4000 items, on the Vietnam War and related issues. ... Of Current Operations (CHECO) Reports Of Southeast Asia (1961-1975).
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Between a River and a Mountain: The AFL-CIO and the Vietnam War (Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, c2005), by Edmund F. Wehrle (page images at ...
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Vietnam War, 1961-1975--Protest movements. Dean Albertson's History 384 oral history collection (University of Massachusetts Amherst. Special Collections ...
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Vietnam War, 1961-1975. (104); nixon, richard m. (richard milhous), 1913-1994. ( 63); johnson, lyndon b. (lyndon baines), 1908-1973. (59); democratic party (u.s.)  ...
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Vietnam War, 1961-1975--Study and teaching--United States. ... The Academic Career series is arranged alphabetically by university and includes materials ...
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Vietnam Veterans Memorial (Washington, D.C.) ВТ Vietnamese Conñict, 1961-1975— Monuments-Washington (D.C.) War memorials-Washington (D.C.) Vietnam Veterans Memorial 10th Anniversary Day, 1992 (May Subd Geog) BT Special ...
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Motion pictures and the war UF Vietnamese Conflict, 1961-1975, in motion pictures _ Prisoners and prisons, Laotian NT Operation Lazarus, 1982 _ Prisoners and prisons, North Vietnamese NT Sontay Raid, 1970 _ Protest movements NT ...
The Columbia History of the Vietnam War
David L. Anderson, 2013
Vietnam War, 1961–1975. 2. Vietnam War, 1961–1975—Infl uence. 3. Vietnam War, 1961–1975—Social aspects. 4. Vietnam War, 1961–1975—Political aspects —United States. I. Anderson, David L., 1946– II. Title: Columbia history of the ...
Navy Medicine in Vietnam: Passage to Freedom to the Fall of ...
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Medicine, Naval—Vietnam—History—20th century. 4. United States. Navy— Medical care—Vietnam—History—20th century. 5. United States1 Navy— Medical personnel—Biography. 6. Vietnam War, 1961-1975—Personal narratives, ...
Not a Gentleman's War: An Inside View of Junior Officers in ...
Ron Milam, 2009
Army—History—Vietnam War, 1961–1975. 2. United States. Army—Officers— History—20th century. 3. United States. Army—Military life—History—20th century. 4. Vietnam War, 1961-1975—United States. 5. Vietnam War, 1961–1975 —Social ...
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