Villers-Cotterets edict
The Ordinance of Villers-Cotterêts (French: Ordonnance de Villers-Cotterêts) is an extensive piece of reform legislation signed into law by Francis Ist of France on August 10, 1539 in the city of Villers-Cotterêts.
Largely the work of Chancellor Guillaume Poyet, this legislative edict in 192 articles dealt with a number of government, judicial and ecclesiastical matters (ordonnance générale en matière de police et de justice).
Articles 110 and 111, the most famous, called for the use of French in all legal acts, notarized contracts and official legislation in order to avoid any linguistic confusion:
Nous voullons et ordonnons qu’ilz soient faictz et escrits si clerement qu’il n’y ait ne puisse avoir aucune ambiguïté ou incertitude, ni lieu à en demander interpretacion.
We wish and order that [judicial acts] be drawn up and written so clearly that there be neither ambiguity nor uncertainty nor the possibility of ambiguity or uncertainty, nor grounds for asking for interpretation thereof.
Et pour ce que telles choses sont souventesfoys advenues sur l'intelligence des motz latins contenuz esdictz arretz, Nous voulons que doresenavant tous arretz ensemble toutes autres procedeures, soyent de nous cours souveraines ou aultres subalternes et inferieures, soyent de registres, enquestes, contractz, commissions, sentences, testamens et aultres quelzconques actes et exploictz de justice ou qui en dependent, soient prononcez, enregistrez et delivrez aux parties en langage maternel francoys et non autrement.[translation needed here]
The major goal of these articles was to discontinue the use of Latin in official documents (although Latin continued to be used in church registers in some regions of France), but they also had an effect on the use of the other languages and dialects spoken in many regions of France (see Languages of France).
Other articles that baptisms (which was needed for determining the age of candidates for ecclesiastical office) and burials should be recorded by priests, and required that these acts be signed by notaries.
Another article prohibited guild and trade federations (toute confrérie de gens de métier et artisans) in an attempt to suppress workers' strikes (although mutual-aid groups were unaffected).
Many of these clauses marked a move towards an expanded, unified and centralized state and the clauses on the use of French marked a major step towards the linguistic and ideological unification of France at a time of growing national sentiment and identity.

This is an excerpt from the article Villers-Cotterets edict from the Wikipedia free encyclopedia. A list of authors is available at Wikipedia.
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Ordinance of Villers-Cotterêts - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Printed version of the Ordinance of Villers-Cotterêts, August 1539, ... Largely the work of Chancellor Guillaume Poyet, this legislative edict in 192 articles dealt ...
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ordinance_of_Villers-Cotter%C3%AAts
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Edict of Villers-Cotterets (France [1539]) -- Encyclopedia Britannica
The legal reform known as the Edict of Villers-Cotterêts (1539), however, established Francien as the only official language (as against both Latin and other ...
www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/629231/Edict-of-Villers-Cotterets
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The Force of a Law: Derrida, Montaigne, and the Edict of Villers ...
This law has come to be known by the name of the place where it was signed: the Edict of Villers-Cotterêts. Officially issued as the Ordonnance générale sur le ...
muse.jhu.edu/journals/the_comparatist/v036/36.chenoweth.html
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or, How Derrida and Montaigne Read the Edict of Villers-Cotterêts
This paper examines the place of the Edict of Villers-Cotterêts the law famous for establishing monolingualism in France in the work of Michel de Montaigne and ...
citation.allacademic.com/meta/p481746_index.html?PHPSESSID=92a02c8dab9beaa76181c6b832d83619
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Royal Edict of Villers- Cotterêts D. Foy
NOTE: I wrote this essay to accompany Snorri Sturluson's Laundromat, a stunning homage in photographs to the laundromats of New York City. You can pick the ...
dfoyble.com/?tag=royal-edict-of-villers-cotterets
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translations of EDICT OF VILLERS COTTERETS - translate EDICT ...
translation of EDICT OF VILLERS COTTERETS,translations from English, translation of EDICT OF VILLERS COTTERETS English.
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Edict of Villers-Cotterets - The Free Dictionary Encyclopedia
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Definitions of villers cotterets edict - OneLook Dictionary Search
We found one dictionary that includes the word villers cotterets edict: General dictionaries General (1 matching dictionary). Villers-Cotterets edict: Wikipedia, the ...
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Definitions of edict of villers-cotterets - OneLook Dictionary Search
We found one dictionary that includes the word edict of villers-cotterets: General dictionaries General (1 matching dictionary). Edict of Villers-Cotterets: Wikipedia  ...
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Edict van Villers-Cotterêts - Noun, Dutch | sprawk - Translating the ...
Ordinance of Villers-Cotterêts (English); The term "Edict van Villers-Cotterêts" in Dutch has translations, definitions, examples and common related words.
www.sprawk.com/en_US/term/Dutch/Edict-van-Villers-Cotter%C3%AAts
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Villers-Cotterets edict in science
Ordinance of Villers-Cotterêts - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Printed version of the Ordinance of Villers-Cotterêts, August 1539, ... Largely the work of Chancellor Guillaume Poyet, this legislative edict in 192 articles dealt ...
Edict of Villers-Cotterets (France [1539]) -- Encyclopedia Britannica
The legal reform known as the Edict of Villers-Cotterêts (1539), however, established Francien as the only official language (as against both Latin and other ...
"The Force of a Law: Derrida, Montaigne, and the Edict of Villers ...
Finally, reading Derrida and Montaigne reading the Edict of Villers-Cotterets .... were written as lectures to be delivered at Anglophone universities in the 1980s.
Books on the term Villers-Cotterets edict
Language, Culture and Communication in Contemporary Europe
Charlotte Hoffmann, 1996
Even if the selection of the Ile-de- France dialect and its special status were not new in 1539, there is little doubt that the Edicts of Villers-Cotterets were of great importance, administratively as well as symbolically, in the history of French.
The Return of Martin Guerre
The Return of Martin Guerre
Natalie Zemon Davis, 1984
The Inventive Peasant Arnaud du Tilh had almost persuaded the learned judges at the Parlement of Toulouse, when on a summer's day in 1560 a man swaggered into the court on a wooden leg, denounced Arnaud, and reestablished his claim to the identity, property, and wife of Martin Guerre. The astonishing case captured the imagination of the Contin...
Trends in Romance Linguistics and Philology: Bilingualism ...
Rebecca Posner, John N. Green, 1993
The Edict of Villers- Cotterets (1539), which prescribed the use of the "langage maternel francoys" in all administrative and juridical activities, is a set-piece in the most superficial histories of French and the French-Occitan language conflict.
French: From Dialect to Standard
R. Anthony Lodge, 1993
Finally, in 1539 François I emits his famous Ordinance of Villers- Cotterêts whereby tous arrestz ensemble toutes aultres ... Like the edicts of 1490, 1510 and 1535, Villers-Cotterêts was directed primarily against the use of Latin as the judicial/ ...
The Cult of the Nation in France: Inventing Nationalism, 1680-1800
The Cult of the Nation in France: Inventing Nationalism, 1680-1800
2003
In a work of lucid prose and striking originality, Bell offers the first comprehensive survey of patriotism and national sentiment in early modern France, and shows how the dialectical relationship between nationalism and religion left a complex legacy that still resonates in debates over French national identity today.
Voices of France
Sheila Perry, Marie Cross, 1997
Two of these will serve to illustrate the dual aspect of linguistic interventionism: the Villers-Cotterets Ordinances (a series of edicts) and the decree of 20 July 1794. The Villers-Cotterets Ordinances, promulgated in 1539 by Francois I, marked ...
Aspects of Contemporary France
Sheila Perry, 2002
In order to achieve this, from the fifteenth century onwards, a series of royal edicts gradually eliminated Latin, but the first step towards the establishment of French as official language was taken by Francois I in the Villers-Cotterets Ordinances ...
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Villers-Cotterets edict
Ordinance of Villers-Cotterêts - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ordinance_of_Villers-Cotter%C3%AAts
Edict of Villers-Cotterets (France [1539]) -- Encyclopedia Britannica
Edict of Villers-Cotterets (France [1539])
www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/629231/Edict-of-Villers-Cotterets
"The Force of a Law: Derrida, Montaigne, and the Edict of Villers-Cotterets (1539)" by Chenoweth, Katie - The Comparatist, Vol. 36, May 2012 | Online Research Library: Questia
When the year 1539 appears on timelines of French language history, it marks the moment when...
www.questia.com/library/journal/1G1-289620874/the-force-of-a-law-derrida-montaigne-and-the-edict
The lost tongue of Provence | Antimoon Forum
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Take a look at our interactive learning Note about Nation State - created from Mind Map. An online Note which displays a summary of the key study points you need to learn for your exam.
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The lost tongue of Provence | News | theguardian.com
Unless you happen to be at the Occitan festival in the Italian village of Sancto Lucio di Coumboscuro this week, it's extremely unlikely that you will hear Occitan spoken by more than a few elderly people…
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As any genealogist will tell you, researchers whose ancestors lived in Quebec are fortunate. The sheer volume of surviving civil registers and the manner in which both Catholic and Protestant registers were kept make them a valuable resource. In fact, Quebec has been called "a genealogist's paradise!" The careful recording of vital statistics in Quebec…
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Van Gogh's Chair: Parlez-vous provençal?
Readers of “Sunflowers” will notice the occasional word/phrase in French sprinkled in for flavor, but also the occasional word/phrase in Provençal — a separate language that today is spoken by a minority but in van Gogh’s time was experiencing a virtual renaissance. Provençal is a dialect of the language termed Occitan by modern linguists and known in French as la langue d’oc.
vangoghschair.blogspot.com/2009/12/parlez-vous-provencal.html
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