Walking reflex
Primitive reflexes are reflex actions originating in the central nervous system that are exhibited by normal infants, but not neurologically intact adults, in response to particular stimuli. These reflexes disappear or are inhibited by the frontal lobes as a child moves through normal child development. These primitive reflexes are also called infantile, infant or newborn reflexes.
Older children and adults with atypical neurology (e.g. people with cerebral palsy) may retain these reflexes and primitive reflexes may reappear in adults. Reappearance may be attributed to certain neurological conditions including, but not limited to, dementia, traumatic lesions, and strokes. An individual with cerebral palsy and typical intelligence can learn to suppress these reflexes, but the reflex might resurface under certain conditions (i.e. during extreme startle reaction). Reflexes may also be limited to those areas affected by the atypical neurology, (i.e. individuals with cerebral palsy that only affects their legs retaining the Babinski reflex but having normal speech); for those individuals with hemiplegia, the reflex may be seen in the foot on the affected side only.
Primitive reflexes are primarily tested with suspected brain injury for the purpose of assessing frontal lobe functioning. If they are not being suppressed properly they are called frontal release signs. Atypical primitive reflexes are also being researched as potential early warning signs of autistic spectrum disorders.

This is an excerpt from the article Walking reflex from the Wikipedia free encyclopedia. A list of authors is available at Wikipedia.
The article Walking reflex at en.wikipedia.org was accessed 42 times in the last 30 days. (as of: 09/05/2013)
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Primitive reflexes - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The walking or stepping reflex is present at birth, though infants this young cannot support their own weight. When the soles of their feet touch a flat surface they ...
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Primitive_reflexes
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Learn More About the Stepping Reflex in Newborns
Definition of stepping reflex, a reflex present in newborns ... Recipient's Email. This field is required. Separate multiple addresses with commas.
babyparenting.about.com/od/newborndevelopment/g/steppingreflex.htm
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Newborn Reflexes - What to Expect
Walking (or stepping) reflex. Trigger: Holding baby upright with his feet on a flat surface; Response: Baby lifts one foot, then the other, as if walking; Duration: ...
www.whattoexpect.com/baby-behavior/newborn-reflexes.aspx
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Grasping, walking & other reflexes - Birth
Newborns are born with several reflexes, including a grasping reflex, a walking and stepping reflex, the fencing reflex and the traction response reflex.
www.birth.com.au/newborn-reflexes/grasping-walking-other-reflexes
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walking reflex - definition of walking reflex by Medical dictionary
a series of steplike motions of an infant's legs when the infant is held under the arms and with the feet in contact with a surface. The reflex disappears at ...
medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/walking+reflex
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A newborn infant can take steps. Why can't she walk? | BrainFacts ...
Jul 3, 2013 ... It's important to note that the walking CPG is not a reflex. Built into the spinal cord are sets of reflexes, such as the stretch reflex and the ...
blog.brainfacts.org/2013/07/a-newborn-infant-can-step-why-cant-she-walk/
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Infant reflexes: MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia
A reflex is a muscle reaction that happens automatically in response to ... forward as if to break a fall, even though this reflex appears long before the baby walks.
www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/003292.htm
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Infant - newborn development: MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia
Babinski reflex -- toes fan outward when sole of foot is stroked; Moro reflex ( startle ... Crawling may begin; Infant can walk while holding an adult's hand; Infant is ...
www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/002004.htm
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Newborn babies walk the walk | Science News
Infants strut a runway wearing electrodes to show how the Walking reflex works.
www.sciencenews.org/article/newborn-babies-walk-walk
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Newborn-Reflexes - Lucile Packard Children's Hospital Stanford
Step reflex. This reflex is also called the walking or dance reflex because a baby appears to take steps or dance when held upright with his or her feet touching a ...
www.stanfordchildrens.org/en/topic/default?id=newborn-reflexes-90-P02630
Search results for "Walking reflex"
Google: approx. 2.290.000
Walking reflex in science
PLOS ONE: Reflex Control of Robotic Gait Using Human Walking Data
Oct 27, 2014 ... Reflex Control of Robotic Gait Using Human Walking Data. Catherine A. ... Editor: Michael Fehlings, University of Toronto, Canada. Received: ...
Reflex control of robotic gait using human walking data ...
Oct 28, 2014 ... Control of human walking is not thoroughly understood, which has implications in developing suitable strategies for the retraining of a ...
Reflex excitation of muscles during human walking - Research ...
Reflex excitation of muscles during human walking. Publication: Research ... ID: 81524. © VBN, Aalborg University · vbn@aub.aau.dk · About VBN Log in to Pure.
Characterization of the human quadriceps stretch reflex during walking
Characterization of the human quadriceps stretch reflex during walking. Publication: Research ... Cortical contribution to crossed reflexes in walking humans. Publication: ... VBN, Aalborg University · vbn@aub.aau.dk · About VBN Log in to Pure.
Newborn-Reflexes - University of Rochester Medical Center
The Moro reflex causes the baby to cry, throw back his or her head, and then pull his or her limbs into the body. Tonic reflex. The tonic reflex is often called the ...
Low-bandwidth reflex-based control for lower power walking: 65 km ...
Jun 12, 2014 ... Low-bandwidth reflex-based control for lower power walking: 65 km on a single ... 3Delft University of Technology, Delft, The Netherlands.
Soleus H-reflex gain in humans walking and running under ...
We conclude that the nervous system adjusts H-reflex threshold but not H-reflex gain between walking and running. These findings provide insight into potential ...
Phase-dependent reflex reversal in human leg muscles during walking
Reflex responses during walking were elicited in humans by stimulation of the tibial nerve at the ankle. ... Zotero | Groups > University of Utah INIP > Library >.
Functionality of the Contralateral Biceps Femoris Reflex Response ...
Jun 24, 2014 ... [1] proposed that the cBF reflex acts to slow the forward progression of the body in ... walking on, the cBF reflex would be inhibited because the necessity to break .... Biomedical Engineering Department, University of Houston.
Pediatric Neurologic Examination Videos ... - University of Utah
Reflexes - Plantar Reflex video. Primitive Reflexes - Suck, Root video. Primitive Reflexes - Moro video. Primitive Reflexes - Galant video. Primitive Reflexes ...
Books on the term Walking reflex
Life Span Motor Development
Kathleen Haywood, Nancy Getchell, 2009
The investigators concluded that the involuntary Walking reflex could be transformed into voluntary walking (see also Zelazo, 1983). They proposed that the disappearance of the reflex was due to disuse, that the period of reflex inhibition ...
Lovell and Winter's Pediatric Orthopaedics
Wood W. Lovell, Robert B. Winter, Raymond T. Morrissy, 2006
Bleck (7) studied 73 children who were 12 months of age or older and were not yet walking. He used seven tests to predict whether an infant would subsequently walk. One point was assigned for each primitive reflex that was still present, and ...
Achars Textbook Of Pediatrics (4Th Edn)
Swarna Rekha Bhat (ed.)
This means that no amount of practice can teach a child to walk unless the central nervous system is ready for it. ... The Walking reflex is elicited by holding the baby upright over the table so that the sole of the foot presses against the table.
Developmental Psychiatry
Michael Rutter, 1987
skilful activity are not in their view the reflex actions which have been described, and it is assumed that these reflex ... Primary walking is a reflex and an interesting question concerns the relation which this may have to true or secondary ...
Saunders Comprehensive Review for the NCLEX-RN® Examination, 6e (Saunders Comprehensive Review for Nclex-Rn)
Saunders Comprehensive Review for the NCLEX-RN® Examination, 6e (Saunders Comprehensive Review for Nclex-Rn)
2013
Often called the 'the best NCLEX® exam review book ever,' Saunders Comprehensive Review for the NCLEX-RN® Examination provides everything you need to prepare for the NCLEX exam - complete content review and over 5,100 NCLEX examination-style questions in the book and online. Don't make the mistake of assuming the quality of the quest...
Intermediate Health and Social Care
2000
Rooting reflex: babies turn their heads when their faces are touched. They are trying to find their mother's nipple. ~ Stepping or Walking reflex: when the babies are supported and their feet are allowed to touch a solid surface, their legs move in ...
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Blog posts on the term
Walking reflex
A newborn infant can take steps. Why can’t she walk? | BrainFacts.org Blog
Posted 3 Jul 2013 by John Kubie.
blog.brainfacts.org/2013/07/a-newborn-infant-can-step-why-cant-she-walk/
Primitive reflexes - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Primitive_reflexes
Stepping Reflex of an Infant | 'Mike's Creation Blog
www.creation-science-prophecy.com/blog/mikes_creation_blog/stepping_reflex_of_an_infan.html
Reflex control could improve walking after incomplete spinal injuries
A training regimen to adjust the body’s motor reflexes may help improve mobility for some people with incomplete spinal cord injuries, according to a study supported by the National Institutes of Health.
www.nih.gov/news/health/feb2013/ninds-05.htm
Thumb-Walk Spinal Reflex on Hands | Balanced Women's Blog
Inspires Vibrational Energy Self-Healing Practices
balancedwomensblog.com/thumb-walk-spinal-reflex-on-hands/
Leash Walking | Ahimsa Dog Blog
If your dog pulls on the leash, then the walk is neither healthy for your dog nor relaxing for you. It's also a sign that you and your dog are not paying
ahimsadogtraining.com/blog/leash-walking/
Learn More About the Stepping Reflex in Newborns
Definition of stepping reflex, a reflex present in newborns
babyparenting.about.com/od/newborndevelopment/g/steppingreflex.htm
Loose Leash Walking Fundamentals | Smart Animal Training Systems...
blog.smartanimaltraining.com/2014/07/28/loose-leash-walking-fundamentals/
ATNR - Occupational Therapy for Children
The Asymmetrical tonic neck reflex (ATNR) is a primitive reflex that is found in new born babies and normally remains untilaround 6 months. It emerges in utero at around 18 weeks after conception and … Hosted by OverBlog
occupationaltherapyforchildren.over-blog.com/article-atnr-105923600.html
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