Warning colors
Aposematism (from apo- away, and semantic sign/meaning), perhaps most commonly known in the context of warning coloration, describes a family of antipredator adaptations where a warning signal is associated with the unprofitability of a prey item to potential predators. It is one form of "advertising" signal, with many others existing, such as the bright colours of flowers which lure pollinators. The warning signal may take the form of conspicuous colours, sounds, odours or other perceivable characteristics. Aposematic signals are beneficial for both the predator and prey, both of which avoid potential harm.
This tendency to become highly noticeable and distinct from harmless organisms is the antithesis of crypsis, or avoidance of detection. Aposematism has been such a successful adaptation that harmless organisms have repeatedly evolved to mimic aposematic species, a pattern known as Batesian mimicry. Another related pattern is Müllerian mimicry, where aposematic species come to resemble one another.

This is an excerpt from the article Warning colors from the Wikipedia free encyclopedia. A list of authors is available at Wikipedia.
The article Warning colors at en.wikipedia.org was accessed 19 times in the last 30 days. (as of: 10/31/2013)
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Aposematism - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Aposematism is one form of an "advertising" signal (with many others existing, such as the bright colours of flowers which lure pollinators). The warning signal ...
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aposematism
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Warning coloration | Define Warning coloration at Dictionary.com
a bold, distinctive pattern of color characteristic of a poisonous or unpalatable organism, as the skunk or the monarch butterfly, that functions as a warning to and ...
dictionary.reference.com/browse/warning+coloration
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BBC Nature - Warning colours videos, news and facts
Warning colours (aposematism) describes colouration and other markings that send a signal to predators to keep away, often because the owner is poisonous ...
www.bbc.co.uk/nature/adaptations/Aposematism
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BIOL B242 - WARNING COLOUR AND MIMICRY
Warning colours are usually (but not always) bright and conspicuous. As in road- signs, bright, contrasty warning patterns are probably easier to learn: they are ...
www.ucl.ac.uk/~ucbhdjm/courses/b242/Mimic/Mimic.html
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Warning Colors
Warning colors. Bumble Bee, Honeybee, Hornworm. Milkweed Bug, Monarch Butterfly, Palm Beetle. Spanish Festoon, Velvet Ant, Yellow Jacket.
cals.ncsu.edu/course/ent425/tutorial/Ecology/warning/index.htm
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Warning Coloration in Animals: Examples, Lesson & Quiz ...
These species use warning colorations, or brightly colored or distinctive markings on their bodies. Commonly used bright colors include reds, oranges, and ...
education-portal.com/academy/lesson/warning-coloration-in-animals-examples-lesson-quiz.html
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The problem of warning coloration « Why Evolution Is True
Jul 5, 2010 ... Many species have bright and conspicuous colors. When these colored individuals are dangerous or distasteful, the pattern is called warning ...
whyevolutionistrue.wordpress.com/2010/07/05/the-problem-of-warning-coloration/
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Animals with Warning Colors | Project Noah
Animals with Warning colors. Bring your pictures of animals with Warning colors ( Aposematic) and all the information you have of them Sign in to join mission.
www.projectnoah.org/missions/8126202
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Color + Design Blog / Warning Colors by COLOURlovers ...
Jan 28, 2010 ... Warning colors are found throughout nature: the bumblebee, the skunk, the cuddle fish, the coral snake,... These animal's bright colors stand ...
www.colourlovers.com/blog/2010/01/28/warning-colors
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Warning Colors in the Animal World
Feb 7, 2014 ... These Warning colors are good for both predators and prey and can be seen in a variety of species, ranging from moths to mammals, across the ...
www.amnh.org/explore/news-blogs/on-exhibit-posts/warning-colors-in-the-animal-world
Search results for "Warning colors"
Google: approx. 527.000.000
Warning colors in science
BIOL B242 - WARNING COLOUR AND MIMICRY
Mimicry is a great example of evolution by natural selection. Outline of a lecture on the subject from the Evolutionary Genetics course at University College, ...
Warning Colors
Warning colors. Bumble Bee, Honeybee, Hornworm. Milkweed Bug, Monarch Butterfly, Palm Beetle. Spanish Festoon, Velvet Ant, Yellow Jacket.
Aposematism - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The bright colours of this granular poison frog serve as a warning to predators of its noxious taste. ... Some forms of warning coloration provide this distance dependent camouflage by having an effective pattern and .... Oxford University Press.
Some like it loud - NESCent
Warning coloration paved the way for louder, more complex calls in certain ... Evolutionary Synthesis Center (NESCent), the University of British Columbia, and  ...
[PDF]The Evolution of Warning Coloration Is Not Paradoxical - JStor
4Cardiff School of Biosciences, Cardiff University, Museum Avenue, Cardiff Wales ... warning coloration is still widely considered to be a paradox, because it has ...
Some like it loud: Warning coloration paved the way for louder, more ...
Oct 25, 2014 ... Species of poison frogs that utilize bright warning coloration as protection ... the University of British Columbia, and other research universities ...
[PDF]Color contrast and stability as key elements for effective ... - Frontiers
Jun 17, 2014 ... 1 Butterfly Genetics Group, Department of Zoology, University of ... warning signals often combine red, orange, yellow, and black colors, and ...
Color contrast and stability as key elements for effective warning ...
Jun 17, 2014 ... Vivid warning signals (aposematism) have evolved repeatedly throughout ... 1 Butterfly Genetics Group, Department of Zoology, University of ...
[PDF]Effects of Warning Lamp Color and Intensity on ... - SAE International
The University of Michigan. Transportation Research Institute ..... information about the effects of warning lamp intensity and color that could be used to develop.
Books on the term Warning colors
Warning Colors
Kimberley Jane Pryor, 2009
Types of Warning colors The most common Warning colors are colors that can be seen easily, such as red and yellow. Animals often have two or more Warning colors. Sometimes bright colors are combined with brown or black. Sometimes ...
Poison Frogs and Other Amphibians
Andrew Solway, 2006
Looks at the various ways in which poison frogs and other amphibians have adapted to their surroundings, and covers such topics as habitat, defenses, camouflage, and diet.
Exploring Life Science: Cells - digestive systems
2000
In nature, too, red is an attractive color. Red flowers attract the attentions of birds. As they drink the flower's nectar, these creatures pollinate the plants by picking up and spreading pollen. Red can also be a warning color in nature. An animal ...
Hitchcock's Romantic Irony
Richard Allen, 2007
feature of Hitchcock's color design. The close of Torn Curtain makes a knowing reference to the colors of warning as Sarah and Michael, desperate to escape from East Germany, are trapped in an opera house. Michael looks at the yellow and ...
The Color of Nature: An Exploratorium Book
The Color of Nature: An Exploratorium Book
Pat Murphy, 1996
If we would only stop and smell the roses once in a blue moon, we'd discover some amazing things on this planet. Why are wildflowers so brightly colored? To attract the attention of honeybees, of course. Why are flamingos pink? Because of the pigments in the crustaceans they eat. Perhaps only a physics professor would know that you can tell th...
Creep Crawlies: Butterflies, Bees, Ladybugs, and More!
Jacqueline Clarke, 2002
SCIENCE Color-Coded Bugs Children learn that insects communicate through visual signals, then make a traffic light to ... Ask them to name the colors and tell what each one means, (red = stop; yellow = go slow or warning; green = go} Tell  ...
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Blog posts on the term
Warning colors
Color + Design Blog / Warning Colors by COLOURlovers :: COLOURlovers
www.colourlovers.com/blog/2010/01/28/warning-colors
Warning Colors in the Animal World
In the natural world, many different animal species use bright colors and patterns to advertise the fact that they would make a horrible snack.
www.amnh.org/explore/news-blogs/on-exhibit-posts/warning-colors-in-the-animal-world
Warning Colors in the Animal World | The Rainforest Site Blog
blog.therainforestsite.com/warning-colors-in-the-animal-world/
Warning coloration | Define Warning coloration at Dictionary.com
Warning coloration definition, a bold, distinctive pattern of color characteristic of a poisonous or unpalatable organism, as the skunk or the monarch butterfly, that functions as a warning to and defense against predators. See more.
dictionary.reference.com/browse/warning+coloration
The Mysterious “Save For Web” Color Shift | Viget
viget.com/inspire/the-mysterious-save-for-web-color-shift
Aposematism - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aposematism
Warning Coloration - Rocky Mountain National Park (U.S. National Park Service)
Warning Coloration
www.nps.gov/romo/warning_coloration.htm
Consumer Reports issues warning about caramel color in food and drinks | Protecting Your Pocket
Here's yet another reason to not drink soft drinks. Consumer Reports said today that its tests show consumers are unnecessarily exposed to potential cancer risk in many soft drinks.
protectingyourpocket.blog.palmbeachpost.com/2014/01/23/consumer-reports-issues-warning-about-caramel-color-in-food-and-drinks/
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