Welfare in France
This article is about the social protection system in France. For details about the institution dealing with the French public insurance system, see Social Security in France.
Welfare in France (also known as social protection, from French: Protection sociale) includes all systems whose purpose is to protect people against the financial consequences of social risks (illness, maternity, old age, unemployment).
Social welfare refers to all the mechanisms of collective foresight, enabling individuals to cope with the financial consequences of "social risks". These are situations that could jeopardize the economic security of the individual or his family (defined as a group of people bound by ties of lineage and alliance), causing a decline in its resources or increase its expenditure (old age, sickness, disability, unemployment, maternity, family responsibilities, etc.). In France, the welfare system make up for about 500 billion euros annually, or more than 30% of GDP.
The origin of social protection in France dates back to medieval times, with fraternal benefit societies. In the second half of the nineteenth century, systems of social assistance developed gradually, often launched by employers marked by social Catholicism, then relayed by the first laws. In 1930, modern social insurance was created, offering employees protection against certain risks: accidents, sickness, disability, maternity, old age, death ... During the Second World War, the National Council of Resistance designed the system of Social security, now at the heart of social protection. It was created just after the Liberation, by an order of 4 October 1945, followed by other texts. Gradually, protection has covered the entire population, while the benefits extend.
When creating Social Security, France imitated more the Bismarckian system (insurance for workers) than the Beveridge one (widespread solidarity). Over the years, the solidarity (as opposed to a system of contributions) has gradually developed in the French system, which the foundation remains the concept of insurance. However, the desire to establish a universal system has faced opposition. This explains why the French welfare system is plural, with a wide variety of actors. The most important is the general scheme for employees of industry, commerce and services.

This is an excerpt from the article Welfare in France from the Wikipedia free encyclopedia. A list of authors is available at Wikipedia.
The article Welfare in France at en.wikipedia.org was accessed 31 times in the last 30 days. (as of: 11/19/2013)
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France - Social Security and Welfare | ExpatFocus.com
Those who are resident in France need to be registered with the French social security system so that they can be sure of the benefits to which they are entitled.
www.expatfocus.com/expatriate-france-social-security
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CBN TV - France's Reckoning: Rich, Young Flee Welfare …
France's Reckoning: Rich, Young Flee Welfare State. France's Reckoning: Rich, Young Flee Welfare State
www.cbn.com/tv/3255110732001
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Social protection in France - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Welfare in France (also known as social protection, from French: Protection sociale) includes all systems whose purpose is to protect people against the financial ...
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Social_protection_in_France
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Au Revoir to France's Welfare Model as Socialists Cut Spending ...
Oct 8, 2014 ... Oct. 9 (Bloomberg) -- The glory days of France's welfare model may be behind it. The country's Socialist government led by Prime Minister ...
www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2014-10-08/au-revoir-to-france-s-welfare-model-as-socialists-cut-spending
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The French social security system - Family benefits
... of the Social Security Code, "any French or foreign person residing in France .... all costs are paid by the health insurance system, the state or social welfare.
www.cleiss.fr/docs/regimes/regime_france/an_4.html
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U.S. rivals France for top welfare spending - Chicago Tribune
Nov 28, 2014 ... We Americans pride ourselves on not having a "welfare state." We're not like Europeans. We're more individualistic and self-reliant, and ...
www.chicagotribune.com/news/opinion/commentary/ct-oecd-social-security-perspec-1201-20141126-story.html
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European Welfare States - Information and Resources
FRENCH WELFARE STATE. Introduction: Three different traditions, Monarchy, Revolution, and Catholicism have shaped France. In the 1850's the church and ...
www.pitt.edu/~heinisch/ca_fran.html
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France's welfare state set to get a little stingier - The Local
Oct 10, 2014 ... France's welfare state is renowned worldwide for its generosity but the government has suggested that it might be time to tighten purse strings ...
www.thelocal.fr/20141010/frances-welfare-state-set-to-get-stingier
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French welfare changes spark debate over 'universality' - BBC News
Nov 10, 2014 ... A central principle of western Europe's post-war welfare system comes up for ... The universality of benefit payments in France could now be ...
www.bbc.com/news/world-europe-29984290
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Vive la difference: French minister explains why France is still a ...
Mar 4, 2015 ... Laurence Rossignol, France's minister for the family, older people ... It is this French drive for a “more sustainable welfare state, not less of a ...
www.theguardian.com/society/2015/mar/04/france-older-people-care-welfare-state-spending-priority
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Welfare in France in science
Family, Dependence, and the Origins of the Welfare State ...
The development of European welfare states in this century has often been seen as a response to the ... Cambridge University Press logo ... This study of social policies in Britain and France between 1914 and 1945 contests this interpretation .
The Welfare State - Robert Gordon University
France: Solidarity and insertion. Social protection in France is based on the principle of solidarity: the commitment is declared in the first ...
Higher education in France: Lots of testing, lots of planning, not lots ...
Feb 6, 2014 ... In this series, an American in Paris pits the French welfare state against ... and the only one of France's university's to make it into the top 100 ...
[PDF]The Evolution of the Welfare State: Social Rights and the ... - jstor
Paul V. Dutton, Origins of the French Welfare State : The Struggle for Social. Reform in France , 1914-1947 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2002).
Welfare State Reform in France - Social Work - Oxford Bibliographies
Jul 24, 2013 ... Introduction. The French welfare state is often presented as very peculiar. From abroad, it seems both complex and hybrid, since it mixes ...
Social Welfare Department (university) - WordReference Forums
I am translating an American transcript into French, and one of the academic departments on the transcript is Social Welfare. Would I translate ...
Books on the term Welfare in France
Origins of the French Welfare State: The Struggle for Social ...
Paul V. Dutton, 2002
This is the first comprehensive analysis of public and private Welfare in France available in English, or French, which offers a deeply-researched explanation of how France's welfare state came to be and why the French are so attached to it ...
Welfare Reform: A Comparative Assessment of the French and ...
Neil Gilbert, Antoine Parent
The evidence in this volume suggests that while the details may vary, welfare reforms in France and the United States have more in common than is often acknowledged.
France in Crisis: Welfare, Inequality, and Globalization ...
Timothy B. Smith, 2004
Timothy Smith argues that the French economy and society is in crisis and that globalization is not to blame.
The French Welfare State: Surviving Social and Ideological ...
John Ambler, 1993
"Nathanson addresses with renewed insight a problem that has vexed Whitman scholars at least since James E. Miller, Jr.'s A Critical Guide to Leaves of Grass turned Whitman into a respectable academic subject; that is, the unusual status of ...
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Welfare in France
U.S. rivals France for top welfare spending - Chicago Tribune
Complexity of U.S. system disguises vast amount of social spending.
www.chicagotribune.com/news/opinion/commentary/ct-oecd-social-security-perspec-1201-20141126-story.html
In France's Welfare State Status Quo, Are We Seeing America's Future? - Forbes
The more welfare, the less well-being.
www.forbes.com/sites/realspin/2012/12/07/in-frances-welfare-state-status-quo-are-we-seeing-americas-future/
Welfare Lessons from France | Cato Institute
www.cato.org/publications/commentary/welfare-lessons-france
France's welfare state set to get a little stingier - The Local
France’s welfare state is renowned worldwide for its generosity but the government has suggested that it might be time to tighten purse strings when it comes to the sensitive issues of unemployment benefits and family allowances. However, whether it will or not is another question.
www.thelocal.fr/20141010/frances-welfare-state-set-to-get-stingier
Making work pay | The Economist
Top 100 rankings of the best business schools. Find full-time MBA, part-time MBA, online MBA, and EMBA.
www.economist.com/node/18836714
French Regions Face Welfare Squeeze - The Euro Crisis - WSJ
With its budget for 2014, the French government stressed what it called unprecedented efforts to control spending, while resorting less to new taxes. Slow growth, however, has raised the burden on the country’s generous welfare system.
blogs.wsj.com/eurocrisis/2013/09/26/french-regions-face-welfare-squeeze/
The NYT Doesn't Like the French Welfare State | Beat the Press | Blogs | Publications | The Center for Economic and Policy Research
Earlier this year the NYT gained considerable notoriety for claiming the Danish welfare state was on its last legs. While the
www.cepr.net/blogs/beat-the-press/the-nyt-doesnt-like-the-french-welfare-state
Au Revoir to France’s Welfare Model as Socialists Cut Spending - Bloomberg Business
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www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2014-10-08/au-revoir-to-france-s-welfare-model-as-socialists-cut-spending
France's Reckoning: Rich, Young Flee Welfare State - World - CBN News - Christian News 24-7 - CBN.com
France's day of reckoning has arrived: Its wealthy, best and brightest are saying goodbye to a nation they believe doesn't want them to succeed or become rich.
www.cbn.com/cbnnews/world/2014/February/Frances-Reckoning-Rich-Young-Flee-Welfare-State/
IWF -The American Welfare State Ranks Second to France
Better solutions require candor, not more denial.
www.iwf.org/blog/2795690/The-American-Welfare-State-Ranks-Second-to-France
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