Welfare in France
This article is about the social protection system in France. For details about the institution dealing with the French public insurance system, see Social Security in France.
Welfare in France (also known as social protection, from French: Protection sociale) includes all systems whose purpose is to protect people against the financial consequences of social risks (illness, maternity, old age, unemployment).
Social welfare refers to all the mechanisms of collective foresight, enabling individuals to cope with the financial consequences of "social risks". These are situations that could jeopardize the economic security of the individual or his family (defined as a group of people bound by ties of lineage and alliance), causing a decline in its resources or increase its expenditure (old age, sickness, disability, unemployment, maternity, family responsibilities, etc.). In France, the welfare system make up for about 500 billion euros annually, or more than 30% of GDP.
The origin of social protection in France dates back to medieval times, with fraternal benefit societies. In the second half of the nineteenth century, systems of social assistance developed gradually, often launched by employers marked by social Catholicism, then relayed by the first laws. In 1930, modern social insurance was created, offering employees protection against certain risks: accidents, sickness, disability, maternity, old age, death ... During the Second World War, the National Council of Resistance designed the system of Social security, now at the heart of social protection. It was created just after the Liberation, by an order of 4 October 1945, followed by other texts. Gradually, protection has covered the entire population, while the benefits extend.
When creating Social Security, France imitated more the Bismarckian system (insurance for workers) than the Beveridge one (widespread solidarity). Over the years, the solidarity (as opposed to a system of contributions) has gradually developed in the French system, which the foundation remains the concept of insurance. However, the desire to establish a universal system has faced opposition. This explains why the French welfare system is plural, with a wide variety of actors. The most important is the general scheme for employees of industry, commerce and services.

This is an excerpt from the article Welfare in France from the Wikipedia free encyclopedia. A list of authors is available at Wikipedia.
The article Welfare in France at en.wikipedia.org was accessed 41 times in the last 30 days. (as of: 06/09/2013)
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France is unhappy despite welfare state…
Les misérables: Despite welfare state and wine, unhappiness reigns in France
news.nationalpost.com/2013/03/26/les-miserables-despite-welfare-state-and-wine-unhappiness-reigns-in-france/
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Social protection in France - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Welfare in France (also known as social protection, from French: Protection sociale) includes all systems whose purpose is to protect people against the financial ...
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Social_protection_in_France
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Category:Welfare in France - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Pages in category "Welfare in France". The following 6 pages are in this category, out of 6 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Category:Welfare_in_France
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French government cuts immigrants welfare by 83% | EUTimes.net
Dec 28, 2012 ... It seems that migration policies of a leading country in Europe, France, are seriously changing. The country is no longer able to hold back the ...
www.eutimes.net/2012/12/french-government-cuts-immigrants-welfare-by-83/
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Welfare in France: Making work pay | The Economist
Jun 16, 2011 ... DECADES after America started to experiment with “workfare”, requiring those on welfare to do some work in return for their handouts, France ...
www.economist.com/node/18836714
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Welfare Lessons from France | Cato Institute
As France enters another week of urban rioting by Muslim and African youth, there is temptation for Americans to simply sit back and enjoy the spectacle. France ...
www.cato.org/publications/commentary/welfare-lessons-france
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In France's Welfare State Status Quo, Are We Seeing America's ...
Dec 7, 2012 ... Welfare has become a characteristic of President Obama's domestic policies. There has been a surge in American citizens on welfare over the ...
www.forbes.com/sites/realspin/2012/12/07/in-frances-welfare-state-status-quo-are-we-seeing-americas-future/
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European Welfare States - Information and Resources
FRENCH WELFARE STATE. Introduction: Three different traditions, Monarchy, Revolution, and Catholicism have shaped France. In the 1850's the church and ...
www.pitt.edu/~heinisch/ca_fran.html
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The Welfare State - Robert Gordon University
Social protection in France is based on the principle of solidarity: the commitment is declared in the first article of the French Code of ...
www2.rgu.ac.uk/publicpolicy/introduction/wstate.htm
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Image of France as a generous welfare state marred by grim reality ...
Mar 21, 2011 ... Combination of high taxes and punishing national insurance leaves French workers with one of the lowest rates of take home pay of any ...
www.guardian.co.uk/world/2011/mar/21/france-economics-financial-crisis
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Welfare in France in science
Origins of the French Welfare State - Cambridge University Press
This is the first comprehensive analysis of public and private Welfare in France available in English, or French, which offers a deeply-researched explanation of ...
Origins of the French Welfare State - Cambridge Books Online ...
Origins of the French Welfare State. The Struggle for Social Reform in France, 1914–1947. By Paul V. Dutton Northern Arizona University. New Studies in ...
Eric Jabbari, Pierre Laroque and the welfare state in postwar France ...
Apr 2, 2013 ... Eric Jabbari, Pierre Laroque and the welfare state in postwar France (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2012. Pp. 188. ISBN 9780199289639 ...
New Directions in Welfare - 2013 OECD-Universities Joint ...
May 22, 2013 ... The 3rd International 'New Directions in Welfare' conference will be held from 3-5 July 2013 at the OECD Headquarters in Paris, France.
The Welfare State - Robert Gordon University
Social protection in France is based on the principle of solidarity: the commitment is declared in the first article of the French Code of ...
Katherine Lynch Rethinks the French Welfare State
Mar 2, 2011 ... Katherine Lynch Rethinks the French Welfare State. Katherine A. Lynch of Carnegie Mellon University is featured in the next Washington ...
Origins of the French Welfare State: The Struggle for Social Reform ...
Origins of the French Welfare State: The Struggle for Social Reform in France, ... Hardcover: 268 pages; Publisher: Cambridge University Press (June 10, 2002) ...
Books on the term Welfare in France
Creating the Welfare State in France, 1880-1940
Creating the Welfare State in France, 1880-1940
Timothy B. Smith, 2003
In Creating the Welfare State in France, 1880-1940 Timothy Smith argues that although post-World War II politicians have attempted to take credit for the creation of welfare state, the social reform movement in France actually grew out of ...
Family, Dependence, and the Origins of the Welfare State: Britain ...
Family, Dependence, and the Origins of the Welfare State: Britain ...
Susan Pedersen, 1993
This book is innovative in the range and scope of its research, its comparative focus, and its argument, which poses a challenge to older class-based interpretations of the development of the welfare state.
France in Crisis: Welfare, Inequality, and Globalization Since 1980
France in Crisis: Welfare, Inequality, and Globalization Since 1980
Timothy B. Smith, 2004
Timothy Smith argues that the French economy and society is in crisis and that globalization is not to blame.
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Blog posts on the term
Welfare in France
The Debate Over Welfare Reform in Britain ... and Even France - NYTimes.com
The claim by a wealthy British politician this week that he could live on just a few pounds a day is reigniting debate over how much welfare support governments should provide for the poor. Read more…
rendezvous.blogs.nytimes.com/2013/04/02/rich-vs-poor-british-debate-welfare/
GalliaWatch: Welfare extended - to immigrants
Marine Le Pen reacts to an Appeals Court decision regarding subsidies to children residing in France but born elsewhere. At the same time she points out that subsidies to French families are being cut: A decision by the Appeals Court on April 5 extends to all children of immigrants the benefit of subsidies as part of the family policy entitlement.
galliawatch.blogspot.com/2013/05/welfare-extended-to-immigrants.html
Improving Animal Welfare and Economic Sustainability in Bull Fattening Systems in France: A Comparison of Three Different Feeding Programmes - The Beef Site
Feeding late maturing young bulls on high concentrate diets needs adjustment of both animal feeding behaviour and rumen adaptation which can be done by feeding maize silage according to researchers at the National Institute of Agronomic Research, Saint-Genès Champanelle, France who state good economic results are achievable alongside animal welfare.
www.thebeefsite.com/articles/3533/improving-animal-welfare-and-economic-sustainability-in-bull-fattening-systems-in-france-a-comparison-of-three-different-feeding-programmes
Europe could face 'revolution' if US welfare standards used | The Daily Caller
(Reuters) - German Finance Minister Wolfgang Schaeuble warned on Tuesday that failure to win the battle against youth unemployment could tear Europe apart, while abandoning the continent's welfare model in favour of tougher U.S. standards would cause revolution.
dailycaller.com/2013/05/28/europe-could-face-revolution-if-it-used-us-welfare-standards/
France tells Migrants to Fuck off… Cuts Immigrant Welfare by 83% | Truth Militia
Exposing the Establishment Lies (by Truth Militia)
truthmilitia.com/2013/04/30/french-government-tells-migrants-to-fuck-off-cuts-immigrant-welfare-by-83/
French Government Cuts Immigrants Welfare by 83% | American Renaissance
The amount given to immigrants who want to go home will also be reduced.
www.amren.com/news/2012/12/french-government-cuts-immigrants-welfare-by-83/
Half of French People 18-34 Would Leave France | FrontPage Magazine
I don’t want to work all my life in order to pay taxes that will, for the most part, only go to service the 1,900 billion euros of debt.
frontpagemag.com/2013/dgreenfield/half-of-french-people-18-34-would-leave-france/
Wolf Richter: A Revolt Against Corporate Welfare Programs For Multinationals In France « naked capitalism
Commentary on current economic and financial news.
www.nakedcapitalism.com/2012/12/wolf-richter-a-revolt-against-corporate-welfare-programs-for-multinationals-in-france.html
Tax Research UK » Labour needs to tackle tax reliefs, not benefits
It’s now commonplace to say Francois Hollande has got a great deal wrong in France, and to some extent that’s true. But not this one, from the FT: France’s socialist government, under strong pressure to reform its big and costly social welfare system, has unveiled plans to make annual net savings of €1.
www.taxresearch.org.uk/Blog/2013/06/04/labour-needs-to-tackle-tax-reliefs-not-benefits/
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