White Huns
The Hephthalites (or Ephthalites), also known as the White Huns, were a nomadic confederation in Central Asia during the late antiquity period. The Hephthalite Empire, at the height of its power (in the first half of the 6th century), was located in the territories of present-day Afghanistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan, Kazakhstan, Pakistan, India and China. The stronghold of the Hephthalite power was Tokharistan on the northern slopes of the Hindukush, present-day northeastern Afghanistan. By 479, the Hephthalites had conquered Sogdiana and driven the Kidarites westwards, and by 493 they had captured areas of present-day northwestern China (Dzungaria and the Tarim Basin). By the end of the 5th century, the Hephthalites overthrew the Indian Gupta Empire to their southeast and conquered northern and central India. But later they were defeated and driven out of India by the Indian kings Yasodharman and Narasimhagupta in the 6th century.
In Chinese chronicles, the Hephthalites are called Yanda or Ye-ti-i-li-do, while older Chinese sources of c. 125 AD call them Hoa or Hoa-tun and describe them as a tribe living beyond the Great Wall in Dzungaria. Elsewhere they were called the "White Huns", known to the Greeks as Ephthalite, Abdel or Avdel, to the Indians as Sveta Huna ("white Huns"), Chionite or Turushka, to the Armenians as Haital, and to the Persians and Arabs as Haytal or Hayatila, while their Bactrian name is ηβοδαλο (Ebodalo). According to most specialist scholars, the spoken language of the Hephthalites was an East Iranian language but different from the Bactrian language that was utilized as the "official language" and minted on coins. They may be the eponymous ancestors of the modern Pashtun tribal union of the Abdali, the largest tribal union in Afghanistan.

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White Huns - Infoplease
White Huns or Hephthalites (hĕfˈthəlĪtsˌ) [key], people of obscure origins, possibly of Tibetan or Turkish stock. They were called Ephthalites by the Greeks, and ...
www.infoplease.com/encyclopedia/society/white-huns.html
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Controversies in History: Who are White Huns
During the 5th century, the Gupta dynasty in India reigned in the Ganges basin with the Kushan empire occupied the area along the Indus. Huns invaded India.
controversialhistory.blogspot.com/2008/03/myth-of-huns-invasion-of-india.html
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White Huns for Kids!
In the 300s AD, the White Huns were living in the kingdom of the Rouran, in Central Asia north-west of China. Probably the White Huns were mostly ...
www.historyforkids.org/learn/centralasia/history/hephthalites.htm
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Chapter 12 – The Gupta Empire and the White Huns - Ibiblio
Chapter 12 – The Gupta Empire and the White Huns. From 455 to 606 A.D.. The general prevalence of Buddhism in Northern India, including Kashmir, ...
www.ibiblio.org/britishraj/Jackson2/chapter12.html
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White Huns – FREE White Huns information | …
White Huns – Encyclopedia.com has White Huns articles, White Huns pictures, video and information at Encyclopedia.com - a FREE online library
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White Huns - Afghan Chamber
White Huns. Hephthalites, people of obscure origins, possibly of Tibetan or Turkish stock. They were called Ephthalites by the Greeks, and Hunas by the Indians.
www.afghanchamber.com/history/White_Huns.htm
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Ancient World History: Huns - blogspot.com
The White Huns were steppe nomads who grew to power in Central Asia, China (where they were called Xiongnu (Hsiung-nu), and northern India …
earlyworldhistory.blogspot.com/2012/03/huns.html
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Hephthalite Empire - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Hephthalites (or Ephthalites), also known as the Sveta Huna(in sanskrit), White Huns, were a nomadic confederation in Central Asia in Late Antiquity. At the ...
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hephthalite_Empire
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The White Huns - The Hephthalites - The Silkroad Foundation
They are also known as the White Huns, different from the Hun who led by Attila invading the Roman Empire. They are described as a kindred steppe people ...
www.silk-road.com/artl/heph.shtml
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White Huns - Ethnonym - TurkicWorld - Web hosting, …
Avars: Citation from Mirfatyh Zakiev Genesis of Türks and Tatars ETYMOLOGY OF ETHNONYM “White Huns” Abdaly (Ephthalites), Ak-hun-lar, Apakhtark, Apak ...
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White Huns in science
Hephthalite Empire - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
1 History; 2 Etymology; 3 Origins; 4 History; 5 Uar; 6 Religion; 7 White Huns in ..... "The Cambridge history of early Inner Asia, Volume 1", Cambridge University ...
White Huns - Infoplease
White Huns or Hephthalites (hĕfˈthəlĪtsˌ) [key], people of obscure origins, possibly of Tibetan or Turkish stock. They were called Ephthalites by the Greeks, and ...
White Huns – FREE White Huns information | Encyclopedia.com ...
White Huns – Encyclopedia.com has White Huns articles, White Huns pictures, video and information at ... Licensed from Columbia University Press.
The White Huns - The Hephthalites - The Silkroad Foundation
They are also known as the White Huns, different from the Hun who led by Attila invading the Roman Empire. They are described as a kindred steppe people ...
White Huns for Kids!
In the 300s AD, the White Huns were living in the kingdom of the Rouran, in Central Asia north-west of China. Probably the White Huns were mostly ...
White Huns in Gandhara: An Overview (Corrected) | Muhammad B ...
TAXILA INSTITUTE OF ASIAN CIVILIZATIONS The White Huns An Overview .... is the work of Professor Paul Harrison of Stanford University, who deciphered a ...
Hephthalites
They are also referred to as "White Huns" in some histories, a term derived from a quotation from Procopius' History of the Wars, in which he writes, "The ...
Ancient World History: Huns
The White Huns were steppe nomads who grew to power in Central Asia, China ( where they were called Xiongnu (Hsiung-nu), and northern India during the ...
White huns | Learn everything there is to know about White huns at ...
White Huns or Hephthalites , people of obscure origins, possibly of Tibetan or ... Licensed from Columbia University Press. Huns. The Huns were an early ...
Controversies in History: Who are White Huns
Mar 12, 2008 ... They are also known as the White Huns, different from the Hun who led by Attila invading the Roman Empire. They are described as a kindred ...
Books on the term White Huns
The Khyber Pass: A History of Empire and Invasion
Paddy Docherty, 2007
In AD 427,during the reign of the legendary Sasanian hunter-king Bahram V,the White Huns penetrated as far as the modern city of Tehran, before the Persians agreed to pay tribute; as the White Huns returned home,Bahram ambushed them  ...
Taxila (Sirkab): 1944-5
Amalananda Ghosh
Coins of the White Huns (R.U.C. nos. 300-13) number only thirty-two — all of Ephthalites or silver, but they constitute a valuable series in themselves and all the more so Whlte Huns because of the circumstances of their finding, which leave no ...
History of Civilizations of Central Asia: The crossroads of ...
Ahmad Hasan Dani, 1999
The struggle of the White Huns against the Gupta emperors, and their establishment of an independent empire south of the Hindu Kush, has been discussed earlier (see Chapter 6). Harmatta's view that there was a Khingil dynasty ruling over ...
Archaelogical Survey of India Volume II.
Alexander Cunningham, 1871
As to the reading of the doubtful title my present impression is, that the first half of it represents the title of Shaki, Written Zai, which occurs so frequently on the coins of the Little Yuchi, EPHTHALITES, on White Huns. I suggested formerly that ...
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White Huns
White Huns
White Huns or Hephthalites , people of obscure origins, possibly of Tibetan or Turkish stock. They were called Ephthalites by the Greeks, and
www.infoplease.com/encyclopedia/society/white-huns.html
Ancient World History: Huns
The White Huns were steppe nomads who grew to power in Central Asia, China (where they were called Xiongnu (Hsiung-nu), and northern India during the fourth and fifth centuries c.e. Different from the Huns organized under Attila, the White Huns were believed to have had white skin and elongated heads. Although it is unknown what the White Huns called themselves; they may have assumed the name Hua or Huer.
earlyworldhistory.blogspot.com/2012/03/huns.html
Hephthalite Empire - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hephthalite_Empire
Controversies in History: Who are White Huns
During the 5th century, the Gupta dynasty in India reigned in the Ganges basin with the Kushan empire occupied the area along the Indus. Huns invaded India.
controversialhistory.blogspot.com/2008/03/myth-of-huns-invasion-of-india.html
White Huns – FREE White Huns information | Encyclopedia.com: Find White Huns research
White Huns – Encyclopedia.com has White Huns articles, White Huns pictures, video and information at Encyclopedia.com - a FREE online library
www.encyclopedia.com/doc/1E1-WhiteHun.html
White Huns and Pashtuns | History of Pashtuns
The Wars of Afghanistan: Messianic Terrorism, Tribal Conflicts, and the ...By Peter Tomsen.
historyofpashtuns.blogspot.com/2014/11/white-huns-and-pashtuns.html
White Huns in Gandhara: An Overview (Corrected) | Muhammad B Naveed - Academia.edu
By Muhammad B Naveed in History and Archaeology.
www.academia.edu/4882029/White_Huns_in_Gandhara_An_Overview_Corrected_
Who were the Hephthalites/White Huns ?
The Hephthalites (or Ephthalites), also known as the White Huns, were a nomadic confederation in Central Asia during the late antiquity period. The Hephthalite Empire, at the height of its power (in the first half of the 6th century), was located in the territories of present-day Afghanistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan, Kazakhstan, Pakistan, India and China. The stronghold of the Hephthalite power was Tokharistan on the northern slopes of the Hindukush, present-day
www.theapricity.com/forum/showthread.php?79272-Who-were-the-Hephthalites-White-Huns
PAKISTAN: White Huns - Hephthalites - Iranian Huns
White Huns - Hephthalites - Iranian HunsWhite Huns - HephthalitesSilk Road FoundationThe Origin of Hephthalites The paucity of record in Hephthalites or Ephthalites provides us fragmentary picture of their civilization and empire. Their background is uncertain.
mehmoodahmed.blogspot.com/2008/11/white-huns-hephthalites-iranian-huns.html
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