Witch trials in Scotland
Witch trials in early modern Scotland were the judicial proceedings in Scotland between the early sixteenth century and the mid-eighteenth century concerned with crimes of witchcraft. In the late Middle Ages there were a handful of prosecutions for harm done through witchcraft, but the passing of the Witchcraft Act 1563 made witchcraft, or consulting with witches, capital crimes. The first major series of trials under the new act were the North Berwick witch trials, beginning in 1589, in which James VI played a major part as "victim" and investigator. He became interested in witchcraft and published a defence of witch-hunting in the Daemonologie in 1597, but he appears to have become increasingly sceptical and eventually took steps to limit prosecutions.
An estimated 4,000 to 6,000 people, mostly from the Scottish Lowlands, were tried for witchcraft in this period; a much higher rate than for neighbouring England. There were major series of trials in 1590–91, 1597, 1628–31, 1649-50 and 1661–62. Seventy-five per cent of the accused were women. Modern estimates indicate that over 1,500 persons were executed. Most of those executed were strangled and then burnt. The hunts subsided under English occupation after the Civil Wars during the period of the Commonwealth led by Oliver Cromwell. In the 1650s and returned after the Restoration in 1660, causing some alarm and leading to the Privy Council of Scotland limiting arrests, prosecutions and torture. There was also growing scepticism in the later seventeenth century, while some of the factors that may have contributed to the trials, such as economic distress, subsided. Although there were occasional local outbreaks of witch-hunting, the last recorded executions were in 1706 and the last trial in 1727. The Scottish and English parliaments merged in 1707, and the unified British parliament repealed the 1563 Act in 1736.
Many causes have been suggested for the hunts, including economic distress, changing attitudes to women, the rise of a "godly state", the inquisitorial Scottish judicial system, the widespread use of judicial torture, the role of the local kirk, decentralised justice and the prevalence of the idea of the diabolic pact. The proliferation of partial explanations for the witch-hunt has led some historians to proffer the concept of "associated circumstances", rather than one single significant cause.

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Witch trials in early modern Scotland - Wikipedia, the free ...
Witch trials in early modern Scotland were the judicial proceedings in Scotland between the early sixteenth century and the mid-eighteenth century concerned ...
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Witch_trials_in_early_modern_Scotland
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North Berwick witch trials - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The North Berwick witch trials were the trials in 1590 of a number of people from East Lothian, Scotland, accused of witchcraft in the St Andrew's Auld Kirk in ...
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/North_Berwick_witch_trials
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The Great Scottish Witch Hunt of 1597 - Wikipedia, the free ...
The Great Scottish Witch Hunt of 1597 was a series of nationwide witch trials that took place in the whole of Scotland from March to October 1597. At least 400 ...
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Great_Scottish_Witch_Hunt_of_1597
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Scotland's most infamous witch trials - The Scotsman
Oct 23, 2012 ... RECORDS of Scotland's witch trials, the majority of which stretched over a period of 200 years during the 16th and 17th centuries, shed light on ...
www.scotsman.com/lifestyle/heritage/scotland-s-most-infamous-witch-trials-1-2594330
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Survey of Scottish Witchcraft - Introduction to Scottish Witchcraft
In particular, we do not know whether these witches were executed (see How many witches were executed?). In most cases we have a record that a trial was ...
www.shca.ed.ac.uk/Research/witches/introduction.html
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North Berwick witch trials - Education Scotland
In 1590 King James VI presided personally over a witchcraft trial. He believed that Francis Stuart, 5th Earl of Bothwell, had plotted with a coven of witches to ...
www.educationscotland.gov.uk/scotlandshistory/unioncrownsparliaments/northberwickwwitchtrials/index.asp
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Uncover the truth behind Scotland's infamous witch trials - Scotland ...
Jul 13, 2014 ... HUNDREDS of witches were burned at the stake and drowned in Scottish lochs - but were the women branded spell-casters bad or mad?
www.scotlandnow.dailyrecord.co.uk/lifestyle/uncover-truth-behind-scotlands-infamous-3834588
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Historical Witches and Witchtrials in Scotland
Jun 9, 2004 ... (Source: Ewen, Witch Hunting, 42. Kiechhefer, Richard. European witch trials. Berkeley, 1979). 1479, Scotland, Edinburgh, 12+ ?
www.personal.utulsa.edu/~marc-carlson/witchtrial/scotland.html
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North Berwick Witch Trials (Scotland, 1590 - 1592) - Witchcraft
The North Berwick witch trials ran for two years from 1590 to 1592 and implicated at least seventy people from southern Scotland, including several nobles of the ...
www.witchcraftandwitches.com/trials_north_berwick.html
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James I and Witchcraft - History Learning Site
Issues involving witchcraft were still an issue in Scotland but views on witchcrafr were ... Therefore these trials were of especial interest to him and he suddenly ...
www.historylearningsite.co.uk/james-I-witchcraft.htm
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Witch trials in early modern Scotland - Wikipedia, the free ...
Witch trials in early modern Scotland were the judicial proceedings in Scotland ..... ed., The Scottish Witch-Hunt in Context (Manchester: Manchester University ...
Survey of Scottish Witchcraft - Introduction to Scottish Witchcraft
Q. How many witches were there in Scotland? ... In trials involving neighbours' testimony, the accused witch is often seen to have .... The University of Edinburgh ,
North Berwick witch trials - Education Scotland
In 1590 King James VI presided personally over a witchcraft trial. ... Logo and image for the Survey of Scottish Witchcraft section of the University of Edinburgh  ...
Liv Helene Willumsen - Witchcraft Trials
Seventeenth-Century Witchcraft Trials in Scotland and Northern Norway. Abstract of Ph.D. ... It is based on my Master's thesis from 1984, University of Tromsoe.
Newes from Scotland - Special collections - University of Glasgow
Glasgow University Library Special Collections news from Scotland. ... It claims to give a true account of a famous trial of alleged witches in North Berwick which ...
Early Modern Folk Belief & Witch Trials - University of Glasgow
Witchcraft and Belief in Early Modern Scotland. Palgrave Macmillan, pp. 95-118. Available in paperback. Troughout Scottish history, many people believed in ...
Witchcraft
In English witch trials, however, sexual contact with demons was virtually never .... In 1676 in Paisley, Scotland, Sir George Maxwell's illness was explained ...
Uncover the truth behind Scotland's infamous witch trials - Scotland ...
Jul 13, 2014 ... The first major Scottish witch trials took place in 1590, presided over by ... Researchers at Edinburgh University have used historical records to ...
Books on the term Witch trials in Scotland
The Scottish Witch-Hunt in Context
Julian Goodare, 2002
A collection of essays on Scottish witchcraft and witch-hunting, which covers the whole period of the Scottish witch-hunt, from the mid-sixteenth century to the early eighteenth.
Daemonolgie
Daemonolgie
2008
Demonology is the systematic study of demons or beliefs about demons. Demonology is an orthodox branch of theology. This book was written by King James I of England (VI of Scotland) who was also the Editor of the King James Bible. King James believed in witch craft and magic and had suspected witches put to death. William Shakespeare wrote the play...
Military Governors and Imperial Frontiers C. 1600-1800: A ...
Andrew MacKillop, Steve Murdoch, 2003
We do not know if Cunningham was involved in any witch-trials in Scotland, but it is worth noting that his home district of Fife had many witch-hunts and trials. Indeed, during the intensive Scottish witch-hunts of 1591-1597 Fife was, according ...
Shadow of Night (All Souls Trilogy, Bk 2)
Shadow of Night (All Souls Trilogy, Bk 2)
2013
Amazon Best Books of the Month, July 2012: Deborah Harkness burst onto the scene with her 2011 debut A Discovery of Witches, a book that introduced legions of fans to Diana Bishop, an Oxford scholar, and Matthew Clairmont, a handsome geneticist. Diana also happened to be a witch, and Matthew a vampire—and readers couldn’t get enough of them, right ...
The Concept of Woman: The Early Humanist Reformation, ...
Prudence Allen, 2005
other text on Witch trials in Scotland, Christina Larner supports this claim of the high percentage 01 women: The Scottish witch-hunt was arguably one of the major witch-hunts of Europe. During its peaks it was matched only by those of the  ...
Witchcraft and Magic in Europe, Volume 4: The Period of the ...
Bengt Ankerloo, Stuart Clark, William Monter, 2002
The Period of the Witch Trials William Monter Bengt Ankerloo, Stuart Clark. and did not ... The first major persecution was connected with a sensational witchcraft case involving both the royal houses of Denmark and Scotland. In 1589, King ...
The Witch
The Witch
2012
Mary Johnston (November 21, 1870 – May 9, 1936) was an American novelist and women's rights advocate. The daughter of an American Civil War soldier who became a successful lawyer, Mary Johnston was born in the small town of Buchanan, Virginia. A small and frail girl, she was educated at home by family and tutors. She grew up with a love of boo...
The Encyclopedia of Witches, Witchcraft and Wicca
Rosemary Guiley, 2008
A similar act was passed in Scotland the same year. During the reign of James VI (1567–1602), brutal witch hunts took place in Scotland, involving barbaric torture and burning at the stake (see North BerwICk WItChes). Though James feared ...
My Brother's Keeper (Historical Fantasy, Historical Drama)
My Brother's Keeper (Historical Fantasy, Historical Drama)
Lorrieann Russell, 2012
**From Lorrieann Russell, the author of By Right of Blood.Scottish noble William Fylbrigge has finally come into his own after being named as the Earl of Sutherland and heir to Lord Edward, the Duke of Stonehaven -- titles that his older brother Thomas always expected would be his own. With the assistance of some dangerous new allies, including the...
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Witch trials in Scotland
North Berwick witch trials - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/North_Berwick_witch_trials
Witch trials in early modern Scotland - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Witch_trials_in_early_modern_Scotland
The Scottish Witch trials! - Regan Walker
www.reganwalkerauthor.com/author-blog/the-scottish-witch-trials
The History Blog » Blog Archive » Memorial to Scottish witchcraft trial victims unveiled
Over the course of five trials in 1662, a court convened in the peaceful hamlet of Crook of Devon, County of Perth in central Scotland tried 13 people for witchcraft. Out of that number, ten women and one man were condemned and executed.
www.thehistoryblog.com/archives/21127
Witch Hunts in Scotland: Scottish Witch Isobel Gowdie and King James' Role in Witch Trials
Isobel Gowdie was a Scottish woman accused of witchcraft during the witch hunts of the 17th century. This article discusses her story, witchcraft in Scotland, and King James' role in witch hunts.
carolynemerick.hubpages.com/hub/Profile-of-an-Accused-Witch-Isobel-Gowdie
The war on witches | History Extra
History enthusiasts should visit the BBC History Magazine website for book reviews, heritage visits, history quizzes and TV and radio previews
www.historyextra.com/witchcraft
King James I - NORTH BERWICK WITCH TRIALS
James believes in witchcraft, and supports the torture of suspected
www.awesomestories.com/asset/view/NORTH-BERWICK-WITCH-TRIALS-King-James-I
The Pittenweem Witch Trials
In 1705, as a result of some wild stories told by a 16 year old boy, three people died and…
www.historic-uk.com/HistoryUK/HistoryofScotland/The-Pittenweem-Witch-Trials/
Chronicles of an Anthropology Nerd : North Berwick Witch Trials in Scotland
There were many witch trials going on in Scotland, especially in the 17th century. Somewhere between 3,000 and 4,000 accused witches may have been executed in Scotland in during the period of 1560-1707.
anthrobum.blogspot.com/2011/04/north-berwick-witch-trials-in-scotland.html
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