Witch trials in Scotland
Witch trials in early modern Scotland were the judicial proceedings in Scotland between the early sixteenth century and the mid-eighteenth century concerned with crimes of witchcraft. In the late Middle Ages there were a handful of prosecutions for harm done through witchcraft, but the passing of the Witchcraft Act 1563 made witchcraft, or consulting with witches, capital crimes. The first major series of trials under the new act were the North Berwick witch trials, beginning in 1589, in which James VI played a major part as "victim" and investigator. He became interested in witchcraft and published a defence of witch-hunting in the Daemonologie in 1597, but he appears to have become increasingly sceptical and eventually took steps to limit prosecutions.
An estimated 4,000 to 6,000 people, mostly from the Scottish Lowlands, were tried for witchcraft in this period; a much higher rate than for neighbouring England. There were major series of trials in 1590–91, 1597, 1628–31, 1649-50 and 1661–62. Seventy-five per cent of the accused were women. Modern estimates indicate that over 1,500 persons were executed. Most of those executed were strangled and then burnt. The hunts subsided under English occupation after the Civil Wars during the period of the Commonwealth led by Oliver Cromwell. In the 1650s and returned after the Restoration in 1660, causing some alarm and leading to the Privy Council of Scotland limiting arrests, prosecutions and torture. There was also growing scepticism in the later seventeenth century, while some of the factors that may have contributed to the trials, such as economic distress, subsided. Although there were occasional local outbreaks of witch-hunting, the last recorded executions were in 1706 and the last trial in 1727. The Scottish and English parliaments merged in 1707, and the unified British parliament repealed the 1563 Act in 1736.
Many causes have been suggested for the hunts, including economic distress, changing attitudes to women, the rise of a "godly state", the inquisitorial Scottish judicial system, the widespread use of judicial torture, the role of the local kirk, decentralised justice and the prevalence of the idea of the diabolic pact. The proliferation of partial explanations for the witch-hunt has led some historians to proffer the concept of "associated circumstances", rather than one single significant cause.

This is an excerpt from the article Witch trials in Scotland from the Wikipedia free encyclopedia. A list of authors is available at Wikipedia.
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North Berwick witch trials - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The North Berwick witch trials were the trials in 1590 of a number of people from East Lothian, Scotland, accused of witchcraft in the St Andrew's Auld Kirk in ...
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/North_Berwick_witch_trials
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The Great Scottish Witch Hunt of 1597 - Wikipedia, the free ...
The Great Scottish Witch Hunt of 1597 was a series of nationwide witch trials that took place in the whole of Scotland from March to October 1597. At least 400 ...
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Great_Scottish_Witch_Hunt_of_1597
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Historical Witches and Witchtrials in Scotland
(Source: Ewen, Witch Hunting, 42. Kiechhefer, Richard. European witch trials. Berkeley, 1979). 1479, Scotland, Edinburgh, 12+ ??? ? 12 women and "several" ...
www.personal.utulsa.edu/~marc-carlson/witchtrial/scotland.html
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Survey of Scottish Witchcraft - Introduction to Scottish Witchcraft
Mar 13, 2008 ... Q. How many witches were there in Scotland? ... In trials involving neighbours' testimony, the accused witch is often seen to have lived with ...
www.shc.ed.ac.uk/Research/witches/introduction.html
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Scotland's most infamous witch trials - Heritage - Scotsman.com
Oct 23, 2012 ... RECORDS of Scotland's witch trials, the majority of which stretched over a period of 200 years during the 16th and 17th centuries, shed light on ...
www.scotsman.com/lifestyle/heritage/scotland-s-most-infamous-witch-trials-1-2594330
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North Berwick witch trials - Education Scotland
In 1590 King James VI presided personally over a witchcraft trial. He believed that Francis Stuart, 5th Earl of Bothwell, had plotted with a coven of witches to ...
www.educationscotland.gov.uk/scotlandshistory/unioncrownsparliaments/northberwickwwitchtrials/index.asp
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James I and Witchcraft - History Learning Site
Between 1603 and 1625, there were about twenty witchcraft trials a year in Scotland – nearly 450 in total. Half of the accused were found guilty and executed.
www.historylearningsite.co.uk/james-I-witchcraft.htm
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BBC - History - Scottish History
THE WITCH HUNT Prick which witch ? One of the stranger activities in Scotland between 1550 and 1700 was the witch hunt. Belief in the supernatural and spell ...
www.bbc.co.uk/history/scottishhistory/union/oddities_union_2.shtml
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Brief History of The Scottish Witch Trials - Pt 1: The Accused
Dec 3, 2009 ... I have a longheld interest in the witch trials of Scotland as it touches on so many of my particular interests. This first part just thinks on the ...
hubpages.com/hub/Brief-History-of-Scottish-Witch-Trials-Pt-1-The-Accused
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North Berwick Witch Trials (Scotland, 1590 - 1592) - Witchcraft
The North Berwick witch trials ran for two years from 1590 to 1592 and implicated at least seventy people from southern Scotland, including several nobles of the ...
www.witchcraftandwitches.com/trials_north_berwick.html
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Witch trials in Scotland in science
Introduction to Scottish Witchcraft - University of Edinburgh
Mar 13, 2008 ... Q. How many witches were there in Scotland? ... In trials involving neighbours' testimony, the accused witch is often seen to have lived with ...
Witch trials in early modern Scotland - Wikipedia, the free ...
Witch trials in early modern Scotland were the judicial proceedings in Scotland .... ed., The Scottish Witch-Hunt in Context (Manchester: Manchester University ...
Liv Helene Willumsen - Witchcraft Trials
Seventeenth-Century Witchcraft Trials in Scotland and Northern Norway. Abstract of Ph.D. ... It is based on my Master's thesis from 1984, University of Tromsoe.
Witchcraft in Early Modern Scotland: An Introduction to the Topic and ...
Feb 10, 2010 ... Witchcraft in Early Modern Scotland is an essay by Hugh V McLachlan of Glasgow Caledonian University, and serves as an introduction to the literature. ... This was about the trial of several people who were accused of ...
Newes from Scotland - Special collections - University of Glasgow
Glasgow University Library Special Collections news from Scotland. ... It claims to give a true account of a famous trial of alleged witches in North Berwick which ...
Witch Trials in England, Ireland and Scotland - University of Tulsa
Jul 12, 2004 ... Kieckhefer, Richard. European witch trials, their foundations in popular and learned culture, 1300-1500. Berkeley: University of California Press ...
North Berwick witch trials - Education Scotland
In 1590 King James VI presided personally over a witchcraft trial. ... Logo and image for the Survey of Scottish Witchcraft section of the University of Edinburgh ...
[PDF]Getting Shot of Elves: Healing, Witchcraft and Fairies - Alaric Hall
This paper re-examines the evidence of the Scottish witchcraft trials for beliefs ... numerous attestations of Scottish fairy-belief in the witchcraft trials, on which this ...... Seminar series at the University of Glasgow, at which I received much helpful ...
Renaissance and Reformation: Witch-hunts of Scotland: How the ...
This is a paper about how the Trial of Doctor Fian helped fuel King James' ... It is after the trial of Doctor Fian that the witch hunts in Scotland, and later England, flourished. .... Baltimore, Maryland: The John Hopkins University Press, 1981 ...
Books on the term Witch trials in Scotland
The Scottish Witch-Hunt in Context
The Scottish Witch-Hunt in Context
Julian Goodare, 2002
Covering the whole period of the Scottish witch-hunt, from the mid-16th century to the early 18th, this book is a collection of essays on Scottish witchcraft and witch-hunting.
Daemonolgie
Daemonolgie
2008
Demonology is the systematic study of demons or beliefs about demons. Demonology is an orthodox branch of theology. This book was written by King James I of England (VI of Scotland) who was also the Editor of the King James Bible. King James believed in witch craft and magic and had suspected witches put to death. William Shakespeare wrote the play...
A Calendar of Cases of Witchcraft in Scotland, 1510-1727
A Calendar of Cases of Witchcraft in Scotland, 1510-1727
George F. Black, 2003
Trial of Elizabeth or Bessie Dunlop. One of the most interesting of the witch trials. "Conuict and brynt." Pitcairn, Criminal trials, v. 1, p. 49-58; Hume Brown, Scotland before 1700, p. 207- 217. In her confession she mentions a wizard, Thomas ...
Shadow of Night (All Souls Trilogy, Bk 2)
Shadow of Night (All Souls Trilogy, Bk 2)
2013
Amazon Best Books of the Month, July 2012: Deborah Harkness burst onto the scene with her 2011 debut A Discovery of Witches, a book that introduced legions of fans to Diana Bishop, an Oxford scholar, and Matthew Clairmont, a handsome geneticist. Diana also happened to be a witch, and Matthew a vampire—and readers couldn’t get enough of them, right ...
Scottish Witchcraft Trials 1891
Scottish Witchcraft Trials 1891
J. W. Brodie-Innes, 2003
The average modern reader on the subject of witchcraft seems only doubtful whether the greatest measure of his scornful pity should be bestowed on the poor silly victims of fantastic delusion or on the grossly superstitious, ignorant and ...
The Witch
The Witch
2012
Mary Johnston (November 21, 1870 – May 9, 1936) was an American novelist and women's rights advocate. The daughter of an American Civil War soldier who became a successful lawyer, Mary Johnston was born in the small town of Buchanan, Virginia. A small and frail girl, she was educated at home by family and tutors. She grew up with a love of boo...
My Brother's Keeper (Historical Fantasy, Historical Drama)
My Brother's Keeper (Historical Fantasy, Historical Drama)
Lorrieann Russell, 2012
**From Lorrieann Russell, the author of By Right of Blood.Scottish noble William Fylbrigge has finally come into his own after being named as the Earl of Sutherland and heir to Lord Edward, the Duke of Stonehaven -- titles that his older brother Thomas always expected would be his own. With the assistance of some dangerous new allies, including the...
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Blog posts on the term
Witch trials in Scotland
The Pendle Pageant: Hag, Heathen or Harlot? | All Quiet On The Wench Front
Herstory at its fucking finest.
allquietonthewenchfront.com/2013/05/18/the-hags-heathens-and-harlots-of-pendle-hill/
The Golden Dawn Blog: Witch Hunts and Holocaust Denial
by Golden Dawn Imperator David Griffin Regular readers of the Golden Dawn blog will recall ongoing debate regarding the survival of important aspects of ancient Pagan times and their relevance to contemporary esotericism. There are still leaders in the Golden Dawn community, for example, who even today remain in denial of the extent of witch trials and other persecution.
hermetic-golden-dawn.blogspot.com/2013/05/witch-hunts-and-holocaust-denial.html
e g r e g o r e s: "Witch trials were comparatively rare"? (Or, Shit Malcolm Gaskill says)
Once again I must turn my attention to the unedifying public spectacle of a noted scholar grotesquely misrepresenting the most basic historical facts in the name of dispelling "myths". The following is from an op-ed piece written by Malcolm Gaskill ("one of Britain's leading authorities on the history of witchcraft", if he does say so himself, and, to be fair, he is in fact a well respected scholar and author of innumerable important publications on historical Witchcraft) and published in The Guardian on April 5, 2010 (Witch-hunts then -- and now): "The history of witchcraft helps us to understand this tragic phenomenon [modern cases of violence against people accused of Witchcraft].
egregores.blogspot.com/2013/04/witch-trials-were-comparatively-rare-or.html
Download Scottish Witchcraft & Magick: The Craft of the Picts e-book - Zellmeyer
Scottish Witchcraft & Magick: The Craft of the Picts book download Raymond Buckland Download Scottish Witchcraft & Magick: The Craft of the Picts Here ;s Mary Queen of Scots ; . The Undomestic Witch: Scottish Witches , Fairies and Old Religion . Download Scottish Witchcraft & Magick: The Craft of...
slobbbai.typepad.com/blog/2013/05/download-scottish-witchcraft-magick-the-craft-of-the-picts-e-book.html
Scots Witches and Elfland Advisors » The Juggler
culture.pagannewswirecollective.com/2013/04/scots-witches-and-elfland-advisors/
The History Blog » Blog Archive » Memorial to Scottish witchcraft trial victims unveiled
Over the course of five trials in 1662, a court convened in the peaceful hamlet of Crook of Devon, County of Perth in central Scotland tried 13 people for witchcraft. Out of that number, ten women and one man were condemned and executed.
www.thehistoryblog.com/archives/21127
Witchcraft and the Reformation | tudorblogger
A blog about everything Tudor!
tudorblogger.wordpress.com/2013/05/02/witchcraft-and-the-reformation-2/
Chronicles of an Anthropology Nerd : North Berwick Witch Trials in Scotland
There were many witch trials going on in Scotland, especially in the 17th century. Somewhere between 3,000 and 4,000 accused witches may have been executed in Scotland in during the period of 1560-1707.
anthrobum.blogspot.com/2011/04/north-berwick-witch-trials-in-scotland.html
Steve Sailer: iSteve: How anthropology explains the Richwine witch-hunt
Literal witch-hunts remain common in places like Papua New Guinea, and anthropological research into them is useful for thinking about the Jason Richwine witch-hunt. hbd chick writes: To disbelieve in witchcraft is the greatest of heresies what happened to jason richwine this week — and everyone else who’s been watsoned for politically incorrect crimethink, like john derbyshire — was a witch-hunt.
isteve.blogspot.com/2013/05/how-anthropology-explains-richwine.html
Read About The History Of Witchcraft Trials in Scottish Lands | Beith Online
www.beith.org/2011/10/read-about-the-history-of-witchcraft-trials-in-scottish-lands/
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