Zahir of Aleppo
Az-Zahir Ghazi (or al-Malik az-Zahir Ghazi; 1172 – 8 October 1216) was a Kurdish governor and then ruler of Aleppo from 1186 to 1216. He was the third son of Saladin and his lands included northern Syria and a small part of Mesopotamia.
In 1186, when az-Zahir was 15 years of age, his father appointed him governor of Aleppo, Mosul and supporting areas which had recently been taken from the Zengids. At the same time his two older brothers were appointed, respectively, as governor of Syria (al-Afdal) and Egypt (al-Aziz). The lands that az-Zahir received had been under the control of his uncle, Saladin's brother al-Adil, and al-Adil took an avuncular interest in az-Zahir. As the third son, when he inherited in 1193 he was to owe suzerainty to his eldest brother, al-Afdal, in Damascus. However, he failed to do so, and he conducted his affairs independently from his brothers.
In 1193, faced with the on-going revolt of Zengid 'Izz al-Din in Mosul, he called upon his uncle, al-Adil, to provided the forces to suppress the revolt, which was quickly quelled. In 1194 az-Zahir received Latakia as part of a settlement in which he recognized al-Afdal's authority. However by 1196 al-Afdal had proved himself incompentant as a ruler, and had lost the support of his uncle, al-Adil. Az-Zahir joined with his brother al-Aziz and uncle al-Adil in deposing and exiling al-Afdal. In October 1197, noting that Amalric of Lusignan had retaken the port at Beirut and that Bohemond III of Antioch was threatening the ports of Latakia and Jableh, az-Zahir destroyed the ports. Although Bohemond took the two locations, they were no longer advantageous, and he soon withdrew. At which point az-Zahir reoccupied them, and rebuilt the fortress at Latakia.
While ruler in Aleppo he kept many of his father's advisors. He appointed Baha ad-Din as a qadi ("judge") in Halab. He brought the unorthodox as-Suhrawardi to Halab, but was forced to imprison him in 1191 due to the demands of the orthodox ulama ("men of learning").
When al-Aziz died in Egypt in 1198 and was succeeded by his son al-Mansur, a boy of nine, al-Aziz's ministers, worried about the ambitions of al-Adil, summoned al-Afdal from exile to act as Regent of Egypt in the name of his young nephew. Early in the next year, while al-Adil was in the north suppressing an Artuqid rebellion, al-Afdal and az-Zahir came together in alliance and were joined by most of the other Ayyubid princes. Together they besieged Damascus, but as it held out for several months az-Zahir, as did other Ayyubid princes, lost interest and withdrew his troops. Al-Adil was not pleased and after conquering Egypt, he returned and reduced az-Zahir's territories to the area around Aleppo, forcing him to recognize overarching al-Adil suzerainty. During the last decade of his life he skirmished with crusaders and lent his army to support other Ayyubid princes. In 1206, King Leo of Cilicia defeated az-Zahir forces at the Battle of Amq, but was unable to secure any permanent advantage against Aleppo. In 1207, the French attacked and besieged Homs and its emir, an Ayyubid prince called Mujadid Shirkuh II, appealed to az-Zahir, whose troops lifted the siege.
Prior to his death in 1216, Az-Zahir appointed his younger son al-Aziz Muhammad (b. 1213) to succeed him.

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Az-Zahir Ghazi - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Az-Zahir Ghazi (or al-Malik az-Zahir Ghazi; 1172 – 8 October 1216) was governor and then ruler of Aleppo from 1186 to 1216. He was the third son of Saladin ...
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Az-Zahir_Ghazi
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Pedigree: Ghiyath-ed-din al-ZAHIR (Sultan/Governor) of ALEPPO
Ghiyath-ed-din al-ZAHIR (Sultan/Governor) of ALEPPO. aka Al-Malik Al-Zaher Ghazi. Born: ? Died: aft. 1216. Poss. HRH Charles's 29-Great Grandfather. Poss.
fabpedigree.com/s048/f020467.htm
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Aleppo - the Citadel
The hill at the centre of modern Aleppo was already inhabited at the time of ... by the fortifications built in 1210 by al-Malik az-Zahir Ghazi, third son of Saladin, ...
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File:Ayyubid Az Zahir 1204 Aleppo.jpg - Wikimedia Commons
Dec 29, 2012 ... File:Ayyubid Az Zahir 1204 Aleppo.jpg. From Wikimedia Commons, the free media repository. Jump to: navigation, search. File; File history; File ...
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Constructions of power and piety in medieval Aleppo - Google Books Result
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Ayyubids of Aleppo, al-Zahir Ghazi, AH 582-613/ AD 1186-1216, AE ...
Ayyubids, Branch at Aleppo (Halab), al-Zahir Ghiyath al-Din Ghazi b. Salah al- Din, AH 582-613/ AD 1186-1216, AE fals (21mm, 3.79gm, 6h), Halab, AH 589.
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An Ayyubid Notable and His World: Ibn Al-ʻAdīm and Aleppo as ... - Google Books Result
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The David Collection - The Late Abbasids, Atabegs, and Ayyubids
The Ayyubid Rulers of Aleppo, 582-658 H/1186-1259 AD. Ruler and dates. Ghiyath al-Din al-Zahir Ghazi ibn al-Nasir Yusuf I, (582-613 H/1186-1216 AD) ...
www.davidmus.dk/en/collections/islamic/dynasties/late-abbasids/coins/c408?print=1
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Queen Daifah Khatoun - Enana Dance Theater
This marriage reunites the Ayubid empire, ending the rivalry between King Adel and King Zahir Ghazi. Aleppo flourishes through the return of her daughter, ...
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The Chronicle of Ibn Al-Athir for the Crusading Period from ... - Google Books Result
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Zahir of Aleppo in science
Nedal Zahir Raslan - United Arab Emirates | LinkedIn
View Nedal Zahir Raslan's (United Arab Emirates) professional profile on ... Join LinkedIn and access Nedal Zahir Raslan's full profile. ... Aleppo University ...
Zahir Makhoul - Canada | LinkedIn
View Zahir Makhoul's (Canada) professional profile on LinkedIn. LinkedIn is ... Join LinkedIn and access Zahir Makhoul's full profile. It's free! ... Aleppo University ...
University of Aleppo - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
University of Aleppo (Arabic: جامعة حلب‎, also called Aleppo University) is a public ... What was to become the University of Aleppo consisted of a Faculty of ...
Ancient City of Aleppo - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Al-Sultaniyah Madrasa, begun by Aleppo governor Az-Zahir Ghazi and .... Pettinato, Giovanni (Johns Hopkins University Press, 1991) Ebla, a new look at history ...
Aleppo - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
For centuries, Aleppo was the region of Syria's largest city and the Ottoman Empire's third, after İstanbul and ...... Hammam al-Sultan built in 1211 by Az-Zahir Ghazi. ..... The number of the students in Aleppo University is more than 60,000.
Al-Madrasa al-Zahiriyya - ArchNet
Variant Names, Zahiriyya Madrasa, al-Madrasah al-Zahiriyah, Zahiriyah Madrasa , ... Location, Aleppo, Syria ... It was built by al-Zahir al-Ghazi in 1217. ... The Pennsylvania State University: The Pennsylvania State University Press, 141-142 .
Baybars al-Bunduqdari, the First Great Mameluke Ruler of Egypt
One character of this period who stands out was Zahir Baybars (Baybars al- Bunduqdari), who ruled ... The Tartar were pursued beyond Aleppo and swept out of Syria, and it would seem that Baybars .... American University in Cairo Press, The ...
11 - Gertrude Bell Archive - Newcastle University Library - List ...
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Books on the term Zahir of Aleppo
Constructions of power and piety in medieval Aleppo
Constructions of power and piety in medieval Aleppo
Yasser Tabbaa, 1997
When Salah al-Dln finally conquered Aleppo on 11 June 1183, he gave it first to his favorite son al-Zahir GhazI, at the time only eleven years of age. GhazI presided as sultan over the largest iqtd' in Syria for just six months, after which Salah ...
An Ayyubid Notable and His World: Ibn Al-ʻAdīm and Aleppo as ...
An Ayyubid Notable and His World: Ibn Al-ʻAdīm and Aleppo as ...
D. W. Morray, 1994
Under al-Zahir and his successors Aleppo became the most prosperous of the Ayyubid possessions after Egypt.8 The territory which al-'Adil agreed to respect in return for al-Zahir's acknowledging his suzerainty, was a broad band of country ...
A History of the Crusades: The Later Crusades, 1189-1311
A History of the Crusades: The Later Crusades, 1189-1311
Kenneth Meyer Setton, Robert Lee Wolff, Harry Williams Hazard, 2005
Bohemond's position in Antioch was further strengthened by his allies. The Templars backed him, as did the Hospitallers for the moment, won over by the settlement of an old debt of Raymond III of Tripoli. Az-Zahir of Aleppo again promised aid ...
The Chronicle of Ibn Al-Athir for the Crusading Period from ...
The Chronicle of Ibn Al-Athir for the Crusading Period from ...
D. S. Richards, 2010
The ruler of Aleppo, al-Zahir Ghazl, son of Saladin, assembled his troops and asked for assistance from other [239] princes. He gathered many horse and foot and left Aleppo to move against the son of Leon. The latter had camped on the ...
Crusader Art in the Holy Land, From the Third Crusade to the Fall ...
Crusader Art in the Holy Land, From the Third Crusade to the Fall ...
Jaroslav Folda, 2005
The Aleppo coin features a hexagram or six-pointed star of the "Seal of Solomon" type on both the obverse and the reverse, both containing identifying inscriptions in Arabic. On one side is found al-Zahir's name and titles, while on the other ...
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Zahir of Aleppo
Berkah dari Negeri yang di berkahi: Aleppo Citadel
Location : Aleppo, Syria Date : 10th to 15th century Style/Period : Ayyubid, Hamdanid, Mamluk Centuries : 10th, 12th, 13th Building Type : military Building Usage : citadel Keywords :777 core monuments The Citadel of Aleppo is the most prominent historic architectural site in Aleppo. It was recognized as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1986.
min-syaamina.blogspot.com/2008/06/aleppo-citadel.html
Ayyubid dynasty | Islamic History
islamichistoryonline.com/ayyubid-dynasty/
Arabic Tourist Places: Aleppo Castle
Castle,of,Aleppo,Syria,قلعة,حلب,سوريا Citadel of Aleppo Castle is Syria located in the city of Aleppo in northern Syria, characterized castle magnitude and one of the largest castles in the world and dates back castle to ancient times, and sits castle on a hill in the center of the city of Aleppo and rise of the castle majestic scenery is by stairs Omadrj huge passes through the gate Mrtfah in the center and built on arches ranging in height up to the main gate of the castle. == Description Castle == castle is surrounded within a semi-circular and the number of towers belonging to different civilizations, inside the castle towering find us an integrated city buildings, mosques and halls, stores and arenas, theater, shops and a lot of effects, has me the castle during the reign of Sultan Malik al-Zahir Ghazi Ben Salah religion, main gate فأقيمت and some of the facilities inside the castle.
arabictouristplaces.blogspot.com/2012/10/Aleppo-Castle.html
Roj Bash Kurdistan • Video: The Greatest Kurdish Heroes Ever • Page 2 • Music & Video
www.northerniraq.info/forums/viewtopic.php?t=11966&p=95465
Aleppo – Architecture and History | botsop
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botsop.wordpress.com/2012/10/11/aleppo-architecture-and-history/
Syria Today 27-10-2012 | Local coordination committees of Syria
www.lccsyria.org/10412
Bearing witness: the destruction of the Old city of Aleppo, the second oldest city in the world, Part three continued | alisariram
This WordPress.com site is dedicated to the Syrian Revolution
alisariram.wordpress.com/2013/04/18/bearing-witness-the-destruction-of-the-old-city-of-aleppo-the-second-oldest-city-in-the-world-part-three-continued/
Dynastology: [June 13] Ali az-Zahir, caliph of the Fatimid Empire
The Fatimid Empire in the years preceding Ali's reignTrue Name: الظاهر بالله‎Parents: Abu 'Ali Mansur Tariqu I-Hakim, caliph of the Fatimid Empire Date of Birth: 20 June 1005 House: Fatimid Predecessor: Al-Hakim Reign: 1021 – 1036 Summary: The Fatimid Empire was a Sevener Shi'a dynasty that arose in Egypt in rebellion against the Sunni Caliphate of the Abbasids. When Ali az-Zahir first became caliph of the Fatimids in 1021, he was still young and his sister, Sitt al-Mulk, ruled until her death in 1023.
dynastology.blogspot.com/2012/06/june-13-ali-az-zahir-caliph-of-fatimid.html
Syrian Rebels Accused Of Terrorizing Population As Kidnappings, Torture Are Rampant
By Michel Stors/The Media LineALEPPO, Syria – Khalil trembles as he recounts his harrowing experience as a prisoner of the rebel Free Syrian Army (FSA). He was rounded up in a security sweep in January in his Aleppo neighborhood of Hanno.
www.huffingtonpost.com/2013/04/30/syrian-rebels-terrorize-population-torture-kidnappings_n_3186444.html
Dayfa Khatun | WISE Muslim Women
The Women’s Islamic Initiative in Spirituality and Equality (WISE) is a global program, social network and grassroots social justice movement led by Muslim women.
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